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Charles Cousin-Montauban, Comte de Palikao


In office
9 August 1870 – 4 September 1870
Preceded by Émile Ollivier
Succeeded by Louis Jules Trochu (as President of the Government of National Defense)

Born 24 June 1796
Died January 8, 1878 (aged 81)
Political party None

Charles Guillaume Marie Appollinaire Antoine Cousin Montauban, comte de Palikao (24 June 1796 – 8 January 1878) was a French general and statesman.

Biography

Montauban was born in Paris. As a cavalry officer he saw much service in Algeria, but he was still only a colonel when in 1847 he effected the capture of Abdel Kadir. After rising to the rank of general of division and commanding the province of Constantine, he was appointed in 1858 to a command at home, and at the close of 1859 was selected to lead the French troops in the joint French and British expedition to China. His conduct of the operations did not escape criticism, but in 1862 he received from Napoleon III, the title of comte de Palikao (from the Battle of Palikao in Peking); he had already been made a senator. The allegation that he had acquired a vast fortune by the plunder of the Peking Summer Palace seems to have been without foundation.

In 1865 he was appointed to the command of the IV. army corps at Lyon, in the training of which he displayed exceptional energy and administrative capacity. In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 he was not given a command in the field, but after the opening disasters had shaken the Ollivier ministry he was entrusted by the empress-regent with the portfolio of war, and became president of the council (Aug. 10). He at once, with great success, reorganized the military resources of the nation. He claimed to have raised Marshal MacMahon's force at Châlons to 140,000 men, to have created three new army corps, 33 new regiments and 100,000 gardes mobiles, and to have brought the defences of the capital to a state of efficiency - all this in twenty-four days. He conceived the idea of sending the army of Châlons to raise the blockade of Metz. The scheme depended on a precision and rapidity of which the army of Châlons was no longer capable, and ended with the disaster of Sedan. After the capitulation of the emperor the dictatorship was offered to Palikao, but he refused to desert the empire, and proposed to establish a council of national defence, with himself as lieutenant-general of government. Before a decision was made, the chamber was invaded by the mob, and Palikao fled to Belgium.

In 1871 he appeared before the parliamentary commission of inquiry, and in the same year established Un Ministre de la guerre de vingt-quatre jours. He died at Versailles.

External links

  • Charles Cousin-Montauban, Souvenirs (Paris: Plon, 1932)-- extracts concerning the China campaign of 1860.

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Government offices
Preceded by
Émile Ollivier
Prime Minister of France
1870
Succeeded by
Louis Jules Trochu
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