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For the founder of the Crufts dog show see: Charles Cruft
Charles Cruft
January 12, 1826(1826-01-12) – March 23, 1883 (aged 57)
Charles Cruft.jpg
Charles Cruft
Place of birth Terre Haute, Indiana
Place of death Terre Haute, Indiana
Place of burial Woodlawn Cemetery, Terre Haute
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch Union Army
Rank Brevet Major General
Battles/wars American Civil War

Charles Cruft (January 12, 1826 – March 23, 1883) was a teacher, lawyer, railroad executive, and a Union general during the American Civil War.

Biography

Cruft was born in Terre Haute, Indiana. He graduated from Wabash College in 1842. He was employed as a bank clerk, lawyer, president of the St. Louis, Alton, and Terre Haute Railroad (1855–1858), and published the Terre Haute Express newspaper (1860).

When the Civil War broke out in 1861, Cruft witnessed the First Battle of Bull Run as a civilian. This encouraged him to return to his native Indiana and raised the 31st Indiana Infantry; he was appointed its colonel on September 20, 1861. At the Battle of Fort Donelson, he commanded a brigade in Lew Wallace's division and was wounded during the fighting. He was again wounded, in the head, shoulder, and left thigh, at the Battle of Shiloh while leading his regiment in the Hornet's Nest. He was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers on July 16, 1862. He recovered and commanded a brigade at the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky, where he was again wounded. He commanded a brigade during the Battle of Perryville, but was not engaged in the fighting. He fought at Stones River and Chickamauga. At Chattanooga he commanded the 1st Division, IV Corps, and took part in the fight for Lookout Mountain. He led his division during the Atlanta Campaign and commanded a Provisional Division, composed of units from the Army of the Tennessee that could not rejoin William T. Sherman for the March to the Sea, at the Battle of Nashville. Cruft was brevetted major general of volunteers March 5, 1865, and mustered out in August.

Cruft returned to Terre Haute and resumed his legal practice. He died at his home and is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Terre Haute.

See also

References

  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Indiana in the Civil War
  • Wabash Valley Profiles [1]
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