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Charles Dupuy


In office
4 April 1893 ‚Äď 3 December 1893
President Marie François Sadi Carnot
Preceded by Alexandre Ribot
Succeeded by Jean Casimir-Perier

In office
30 May 1894 ‚Äď 26 January 1895
President Marie François Sadi Carnot
Himself (acting)
Jean Casimir-Perier
Himself (acting)
Félix Faure
Preceded by Jean Casimir-Perier
Succeeded by Alexandre Ribot

In office
1 November 1898 ‚Äď 22 June 1899
President Félix Faure
Himself (acting)
√Čmile Loubet
Preceded by Henri Brisson
Succeeded by Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau

In office
25 June ‚Äď 27 June 1894
Preceded by Marie Fran√ßois Sadi Carnot
Succeeded by Jean Casimir-Perier
In office
16 January ‚Äď 17 January 1895
Preceded by Jean Casimir-Perier
Succeeded by F√©lix Faure
In office
16 February ‚Äď 18 February 1899
Preceded by F√©lix Faure
Succeeded by √Čmile Loubet

Born 5 November 1851(1851-11-05)
Died 23 July 1923 (aged 71)
Political party None

Charles Alexandre Dupuy (French pronunciation: [ Éa Āl dyp…•i]; 5 November 1851 - 23 July 1923) was a French statesman, three times prime minister.

Contents

Biography

He was born in Le Puy-en-Velay, Haute-Loire, Auvergne, where his father was a minor official. After a period as a professor of philosophy in the provinces, he was appointed a school inspector, thus obtaining a practical acquaintance with the needs of French education. In 1885 he was elected to the chamber as an Opportunist Republican. After acting as "reporter" of the budget for public instruction, he became minister for the department, in Alexandre Ribot's cabinet, in 1892. In April 1893 he formed a ministry himself, taking as his office that of minister of the interior, but resigned at the end of November, and on 5 December was elected president of the chamber. During his first week of office an anarchist, Vaillant, who had managed to gain admission to the chamber, threw a bomb at the president, and Dupuy's calm response --"Messieurs, la séance continue" -- gained him much credit.

In May 1894 he again became premier and minister of the interior; and he was at President Carnot's side when Carnot was stabbed to death at Lyons in June. He then stood for the presidency, but was defeated, and his cabinet remained in office till January 1895; under this government, Alfred Dreyfus was arrested and condemned (23 December 1894). The progress of the Dreyfus Affair cast its shadow over Dupuy, along with other French "ministrables," but in November 1898, after Henri Brisson had at last remitted the case to the judgment of the court of cassation, he formed a cabinet of Republican concentration.

In view of the apparent likelihood that the judges of the criminal division of the court of cassation--who formed the ordinary tribunal for such an appeal‚ÄĒwould decide in favour of Dreyfus, it was thought that Dupuy's new cabinet would be strong enough to reconcile public opinion to such a result; but, to the surprise of outside observers, Dupuy proposed a law in the chamber transferring the decision to a full court of all the divisions of the court of cassation. This arbitrary act, though adopted by the chamber, was construed as a fresh attempt to maintain the judgment of the first court-martial. In the interim, President F√©lix Faure (an anti-Dreyfusard) died, and the accession of √Čmile Loubet helped placate the public. The whole court of cassation decided that there must be a new court-martial, and Dupuy at once resigned (June 1899). In June 1900 he was elected senator for the Haute Sa√īne.

Although none of Dupuy's Presidential bids were successful, he served, due to his position as Prime Minister, as an Acting President of the French Republic for three separate occasions during vacancies.

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Dupuy's First Ministry, 4 April 1893 ‚Äď 3 December 1893

  • Charles Dupuy - President of the Council and Minister of the Interior
  • Jules Develle - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Julien L√©on Loizillon - Minister of War
  • Paul Peytral - Minister of Finance
  • Eug√®ne Gu√©rin - Minister of Justice
  • Louis Terrier - Minister of Commerce, Industry, and Colonies
  • Auguste Alfred Lef√®vre - Minister of Marine
  • Raymond Poincar√© - Minister of Public Instruction, Fine Arts, and Worship
  • Albert Viger - Minister of Agriculture
  • Jules Viette - Minister of Public Works

Dupuy's Second Ministry, 30 May 1894 - 26 January 1895

  • Charles Dupuy - President of the Council and Minister of the Interior and of Worship
  • Gabriel Hanotaux - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Auguste Mercier - Minister of War
  • Raymond Poincar√© - Minister of Finance
  • Eug√®ne Gu√©rin - Minister of Justice
  • F√©lix Faure - Minister of Marine
  • Georges Leygues - Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
  • Albert Viger - Minister of Agriculture
  • Th√©ophile Delcass√© - Minister of Colonies
  • Louis Barthou - Minister of Public Works
  • Victor Lourties - Minister of Commerce and Industry and of Posts and Telegraphs

Dupuy's Third Ministry, 1 November 1898 - 22 June 1899

  • Charles Dupuy - President of the Council and Minister of the Interior and Worship
  • Th√©ophile Delcass√© - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Charles de Freycinet - Minister of War
  • Paul Peytral - Minister of Finance
  • Georges Lebret - Minister of Justice
  • √Čdouard Locroy - Minister of Marine
  • Georges Leygues - Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
  • Albert Viger - Minister of Agriculture
  • Antoine Guillain - Minister of Colonies
  • Camille Krantz - Minister of Public Works
  • Paul Delombre - Minister of Commerce and Industry and of Posts and Telegraphs

Changes

  • 6 May 1899 - Camille Krantz succeeds Freycinet as Minister of War. Jean Monestier succeeds Krantz as Minister of Public Works.
Political offices
Preceded by
Alexandre Ribot
Prime Minister of France
1893
Succeeded by
Jean Casimir-Perier
Preceded by
Jean Casimir-Perier
Prime Minister of France
1894‚Äď1895
Succeeded by
Alexandre Ribot
Preceded by
Henri Brisson
Prime Minister of France
1898‚Äď1899
Succeeded by
Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau
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