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Sir Charles Edmond Knox
February 28, 1846(1846-02-28) – November 1, 1938 (aged 92)
Charles Edmond Knox, 1902.jpg
Knox in 1902
Nickname Nice Knox
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1865 – 1909
Rank Lieutenant General
Unit King's Shropshire Light Infantry
Commands held King's Shropshire Light Infantry
13th Infantry Brigade
4th Infantry Division
Battles/wars Bechuanaland Expedition
Second Boer War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Mention in Despatches (3)

Lieutenant General Sir Charles Edmond Knox KCB (28 February 1846 – 1 November 1938) was an Anglo-Irish soldier of the British Army.

Early life

Knox was the son of Robert Knox DD, Archbishop of Armagh, and of his wife Catherine Delia FitzGibbon, daughter of Thomas Gibbon FitzGibbon of Ballyseeda, County Limerick. He had two brothers and two sisters.[1] [2] His great-grandfather, Thomas Knox (died 1818) of Dungannon Park, County Tyrone, had been created the first Viscount Northland.[1]

He was educated at Eton[3] and Sandhurst.[4]

Career

On 30 June 1865, Knox was commissioned into the British Army's 85th Regiment of Foot (Bucks Volunteers) as an ensign by purchase.[5] This later became the 2nd Battalion the King's Shropshire Light Infantry, and the whole of his regimental service was done in that corps. On 7 August 1867, he was promoted lieutenant by purchase,[6] on 11 June 1876, captain in a death vacancy,[7] and on 1 July 1883, major.[8] He served under Sir Charles Warren in the Bechuanaland Expedition between 1884 and 1885 and while there raised and commanded the 4th Pioneer Regiment. The expedition did not see any fighting[4] but due to his performance Knox was promoted a brevet lieutenant colonel; brevet colonel on 9 December 1889;[9] and he was promoted substantive lieutenant colonel on 11 February 1890,[10] and was commanding officer of a battalion of his regiment from then to 11 February 1894.[11] After a period of half-pay,[12] he went on to command the 32nd Regimental District (Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry) based in Bodmin, from 29 January 1895 to 29 November 1899,[13] when he was promoted to temporary major general in command of an infantry brigade at Aldershot.[3][14][15][16]

Just five days later, with the outbreak of the Boer War, Knox was given command of 13th Infantry Brigade on the mobilisation of the 6th Division under General Kelly-Kenny,[17] which formed part of the South African Field Force. There he was wounded at the Battle of Paardeberg,[4] thrice Mentioned in Despatches,[18] promoted substantive major general,[19] appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) on 19 April 1901,[20] and awarded the King's South Africa Medal.[3][15][21] He was given command of 4th Division, 2nd Army Corps on 30 October 1902,[22] he was promoted lieutenant general on 6 December 1905,[23] and relinquished command on 1 June 1906.[24] He was offered the post of Governor of Bermuda, but declined on the grounds that he was unmarried.[4]

He was appointed Colonel of the Regiment of the King's Shropshire Light Infantry on 6 January 1907 and continued to hold the post until January 1921, though he retired from active service on 10 May 1909.[4][25][26][27]

He was a member of the Naval and Military Club.[3] In retirement he served as a company chairman.[28]

Knox died on 1 November 1938, his obituary in Time magazine dated November 14, 1938, reads:

Died. Sir Charles Edmond Knox, 92, British lieutenant general who in the Boer War chased elusive Boer General Christian Rudolph De Wet 800 miles but never caught him; of old age; in Putney, England.[29]

That in The Times noted:

Sir Charles' popularity amongst his fellows may be judged by his nickname "Nice Knox." Invariably cheerful, even in adversity, he had a great appreciation of the good things in life; but he always remembered others, particularly those under his command.[4]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Gordon, Alexander, "Knox, Robert Bent (1808–1893)", rev. David Huddleston, in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004). Subscription required for online access. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  2. ^ Archbishop Robert Knox Obituary in New York Times 24 October 1893 (attached to article DEMOCRATS SUPPORT SCHIEREN) (pdf file)
  3. ^ a b c d 'KNOX, Lieut-Gen. Sir Charles Edmond', in Who Was Who (London: A. & C. Black, 1920–2008), online edition by Oxford University Press, December 2007
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Lieut.-General Sir Charles Knox—A South African War Leader" (Obituaries). The Times. Thursday, 3 November 1938. Issue 48142, col B, p. 16.
  5. ^ London Gazette: no. 22985, p. 3294, 30 June 1865. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  6. ^ London Gazette: no. 23289, p. 4419, 9 August 1867. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  7. ^ London Gazette: no. 24357, p. 4731, 25 August 1876. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  8. ^ London Gazette: no. 25250, p. 3532, 13 July 1883. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  9. ^ London Gazette: no. 26002, p. 7282, 17 December 1889. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  10. ^ London Gazette: no. 26034, p. 1646, 18 March 1890. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  11. ^ London Gazette: no. 26484, p. 914, 13 February 1894. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  12. ^ London Gazette: no. 26489, p. 1225, 27 February 1894. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  13. ^ London Gazette: no. 26650, p. 4433, 6 August 1895. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  14. ^ London Gazette: no. 27141, p. 8184, 5 December 1899. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  15. ^ a b PD 134 Celebrities of the Army at militarymedals.ca
  16. ^ Commanding Officers of the Linked Battalions from 1881 to 1900 at lightinfantry.org.uk
  17. ^ London Gazette: no. 27142, p. 8258, 8 December 1899. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  18. ^ London Gazette: no. 27282, p. 847, 8 February 1901. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
    London Gazette: no. 27305, p. 2603, 16 April 1901. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
    London Gazette: no. 27459, p. 4836, 29 July 1902. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  19. ^ London Gazette: no. 27306, p. 2703, 19 April 1901. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  20. ^ London Gazette: no. 27306, p. 2695, 19 April 1901. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  21. ^ New Zealand Tablet, Volume XXVIII, Issue 25, 21 June 1900, Page 4 at paperspast.natlib.govt.nz
  22. ^ London Gazette: no. 27515, p. 237, 13 January 1903. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
    London Gazette: no. 27531, p. 1418, 3 March 1903. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  23. ^ London Gazette: no. 27861, p. 8814, 8 December 1905. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  24. ^ London Gazette: no. 27921, p. 4077, 12 June 1906. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  25. ^ London Gazette: no. 27990, p. 660, 29 January 1907. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  26. ^ London Gazette: no. 28249, p. 3561, 11 May 1909. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  27. ^ Succession of Colonels 1755 - 1963 (extracted from N. B. Leslie's The Succession of Colonels of the British Army From 1660 to the Present Day) at lightinfantry.org.uk
  28. ^ London Gazette: no. 28681, p. 354, 14 January 1913. Retrieved on 19 December 2008.
  29. ^ Births, marriages, and deaths (November 14, 1938) at time.com
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