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The 2nd Duke of Grafton.

Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton PC (25 October 1683 – 6 May 1757) was an Irish and English politician.

He was born the only child of Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton and Isabella Bennet, 2nd Countess of Arlington. His father was an illegitimate son of Charles II of England and Barbara Villiers, 1st Duchess of Cleveland.

Fitzroy inherited his father's peerages on 9 October 1690. He was Lord High Steward at King George I's coronation. He became a Privy Counsellor in 1715 and a Knight of the Garter in 1721. He also served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1720 to 1724 and Lord Chamberlain from 1724 until his death. In 1719 he was one of main subscribers in the Royal Academy of Music (1719), a corporation that produced baroque opera on stage. In 1739 he supported the creation of what was to become one of London's most notable charities, the Foundling Hospital. He sat on that charity's original Court of Governors with such fellow Governors as the Duke of Bedford, the Lord Vere and the Lord Mayor of London.

He married Lady Henrietta Somerset, daughter of Charles Somerset, Marquess of Worcester and Rebecca Child; they had seven children:

  • Charles Henry FitzRoy, Earl of Euston (13 April 1714 - 18 December 1715).
  • George FitzRoy, Earl of Euston (24 August 1715 - 7 July 1747). He was married 10 October 1741 to Lady Dorothy Boyle (14 May 1724 - 2 May 1742) elder daughter of Richard Boyle, 4th Earl of Cork, 3rd Earl of Burlington and his wife Lady Dorothy Savile, daughter of William Savile, 2nd Marquess of Halifax. The Earl was notorious for mistreating his wife, who died seven months after their marriage, and died childless.[1]
  • Lord Augustus FitzRoy (16 October 1716 - 24 May 1741). He was married to Elizabeth Cosby, daughter of Colonel William Cosby who served as a colonial Governor of New York. They were parents to two sons, who founded branches still extant today.
Isabella, Countess of Hertford by Alexander Roslin (1765)
Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow

The Duke also fathered an illegitimate son, Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore.

References

  1. ^ Leo van der Pas. George Fitzroy, Earl of Euston (1715-1747) from Brigitte Gastel-Lloyd's Worldroots website. Retrieved in cached version on 7 October 2009.
  • R.H. Nichols and F A. Wray, The History of the Foundling Hospital (London: Oxford University Press, 1935).
Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Bolton
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1720 – 1724
Succeeded by
The Lord Carteret
Preceded by
The Duke of Newcastle
Lord Chamberlain
1724 – 1757
Succeeded by
The 4th Duke of Devonshire
Honorary titles
Vacant
Title last held by
The 1st Duke of Devonshire
Lord High Steward
1714
Vacant
Title next held by
The Lord Cowper
Preceded by
The Earl of Dysart
Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk
1705 – 1757
Succeeded by
The Duke of Grafton
Vice-Admiral of Suffolk
1705 – 1757
Vacant
Title next held by
The Marquess of Hertford
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry FitzRoy
Duke of Grafton
1690 – 1757
Succeeded by
Augustus FitzRoy
Preceded by
Isabella Bennett
Earl of Arlington
1723 – 1757
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The Duke of Grafton
File:Charles Fitzroy, 2nd Duke of Grafton by William
Born 25 October 1683(1683-10-25)
Died 6 May 1757 (aged 73)
Spouse Lady Henrietta Somerset
Children Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore
Charles FitzRoy, Earl of Euston
George FitzRoy, Earl of Euston
Lord Augustus FitzRoy
Lord Charles FitzRoy
Caroline Stanhope, Countess of Harrington
Lady Harriet FitzRoy
Isabella Seymour-Conway, Countess of Hertford
Parents Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton
Isabella Bennet, 2nd Countess of Arlington

Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton PC (25 October 1683 – 6 May 1757) was an Irish and English politician.

He was born the only child of Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton and Isabella Bennet, 2nd Countess of Arlington. His father was an illegitimate son of Charles II of England and Barbara Villiers, 1st Duchess of Cleveland.

Fitzroy inherited his father's peerages on 9 October 1690. He was Lord High Steward at King George I's coronation. He became a Privy Counsellor in 1715 and a Knight of the Garter in 1721. He also served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1720 to 1724 and Lord Chamberlain from 1724 until his death. In 1719 he was one of main subscribers in the Royal Academy of Music (1719), a corporation that produced baroque opera on stage. In 1739 he supported the creation of what was to become one of London's most notable charities, the Foundling Hospital. He sat on that charity's original Court of Governors with such fellow Governors as the Duke of Bedford, the Lord Vere and the Lord Mayor of London.

He married Lady Henrietta Somerset, daughter of Charles Somerset, Marquess of Worcester and Rebecca Child; they had seven children:

  • Charles Henry FitzRoy, Earl of Euston (13 April 1714 – 18 December 1715).
  • George FitzRoy, Earl of Euston (24 August 1715 – 7 July 1747). He was married 10 October 1741 to Lady Dorothy Boyle (14 May 1724 – 2 May 1742) elder daughter of Richard Boyle, 4th Earl of Cork, 3rd Earl of Burlington and his wife Lady Dorothy Savile, daughter of William Savile, 2nd Marquess of Halifax. The Earl was notorious for mistreating his wife, who died seven months after their marriage, and died childless.[1]
  • Lord Augustus FitzRoy (16 October 1716 – 24 May 1741). He was married to Elizabeth Cosby, daughter of Colonel William Cosby who served as a colonial Governor of New York. They were parents to two sons, who founded branches still extant today.
(1765)
Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow
]]

The Duke also fathered an illegitimate son, Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore.

References

  1. ^ Leo van der Pas. George Fitzroy, Earl of Euston (1715–1747) from Brigitte Gastel-Lloyd's Worldroots website. Retrieved in cached version on 7 October 2009.
  • R.H. Nichols and F A. Wray, The History of the Foundling Hospital (London: Oxford University Press, 1935).
Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Bolton
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1720 – 1724
Succeeded by
The Lord Carteret
Preceded by
The Duke of Newcastle
Lord Chamberlain
1724 – 1757
Succeeded by
The 4th Duke of Devonshire
Honorary titles
Vacant
Title last held by
The 1st Duke of Devonshire
Lord High Steward
1714
Vacant
Title next held by
The Lord Cowper
Preceded by
The Earl of Dysart
Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk
1705 – 1757
Succeeded by
The Duke of Grafton
Vice-Admiral of Suffolk
1705 – 1757
Vacant
Title next held by
The Marquess of Hertford
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry FitzRoy
Duke of Grafton
1690 – 1757
Succeeded by
Augustus FitzRoy
Preceded by
Isabella Bennett
Earl of Arlington
1723 – 1757


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