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Charles Frederick
Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Reign 1828–1853
Predecessor Charles Augustus
Successor Charles Alexander
Spouse Maria Pavlovna of Russia
Issue
Prince Charles
Marie, Princess of Prussia
Augusta, German Empress; Queen of Prussia
Charles Alexander
House House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Father Charles Augustus, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Mother Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
Born 2 February 1783(1783-02-02)
Weimar
Died 8 July 1853 (aged 70)
Schloss Belvedere, Weimar

Karl Friedrich, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (2 February 1783 – 8 July 1853) was a Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

Biography

Born in Weimar, he was the eldest son of Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Luise Auguste of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Karl Frederick succeeded his famous father as Grand Duke when he died, in 1828. His capital, Weimar continued to be a cultural center of Central Europe, even after the death of Goethe, in 1832. Johann Nepomuk Hummel made his career in Weimar as Kapellmeister until his death in 1837. Franz Liszt settled in Weimar in 1848 as Kapellmeister and gathered about him a circle that kept the Weimar court a major musical centre. Due to the intervention of Liszt, the composer Richard Wagner found refuge in Weimar after he was forced to flee Saxony for his role in the revolutionary disturbances there in 1848-49. Wagner's opera Lohengrin was first performed in Weimar in August 1850.

He died at Schloss Belvedere, Weimar, in 1853.

Family and children

In St. Petersburg on 3 August 1804, Karl Frederick married with the Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia, daughter of Emperor Paul I. They had four children:

Obverse of a Charles Frederick thaler, 1841.

Ancestry

Preceded by
Karl August
Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
1828–1853
Succeeded by
Karl Alexander
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