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Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond: Wikis

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Richmond as painted by George Romney, c1777.
Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, 1758, by Sir Joshua Reynolds

Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond and Lennox, KG, PC, FRS (22 February 1735 – 29 December 1806) was a British politician and office holder noteworthy for his advanced views on the issue of parliamentary reform. He associated with the Rockingham Whigs and rose to hold the post of Southern Secretary.

Contents

Career

The Earl of March, as he was known from birth, was educated at Westminster School and succeeded his father as Duke of Richmond and Lennox in 1750. He had many sisters, including the Ladies Caroline Lennox, Emily Lennox, Louisa Lennox and Sarah Lennox. He was admitted a Fellow of the Royal Society on 11 December 1755.[1]

From 1756 to 1758 Richmond was the Colonel of the 33rd Regiment of Foot. In 1757 a second battalion (2nd/33rd) had been raised and in 1758 this battalion became an independent regiment, the 72nd Regiment of Foot. Richmond was appointed Colonel of the new regiment and his younger brother George Lennox took command of the 33rd Regiment (1st/33rd). The 72nd Regiment was disbanded in 1763 at the end of the Seven Years' War.[2]

The Duke of Richmond was appointed British ambassador extraordinary in Paris in 1765, and in the following year he became a secretary of state in the Rockingham Whig administration, resigning office on the accession to power of the Earl of Chatham.

Mary, Duchess of Richmond, by William Wynne Ryland after Angelica Kauffmann

In the debates on the policy that led to the War of American Independence Richmond was a firm supporter of the colonists; and he initiated the debate in 1778 calling for the removal of the troops from America, during which Chatham was seized by his fatal illness. He also advocated a policy of concession in Ireland, with reference to which he originated the phrase "a union of hearts" which long afterwards became famous when his use of it had been forgotten. In 1779 the duke brought forward a motion for retrenchment of the civil list; and in 1780 he embodied in a bill his proposals for parliamentary reform, which included manhood suffrage, annual parliaments and equal electoral areas.

Richmond sat in Rockingham's second cabinet as Master-General of the Ordnance; and in 1784 he joined the ministry of William Pitt. He now developed strongly Tory opinions, and his alleged desertion of the cause of reform led to a violent attack on him by Lauderdale in 1792, which nearly led to a duel between the two noblemen. Richmond died in December 1806, and, leaving no legitimate children, he was succeeded in the peerage by his nephew Charles, son of his brother, General Lord George Henry Lennox. The adjoining towns of Richmond and Lenox in Massachusetts were named in his honor.

He became a Privy Counsellor in 1765.

In 1802 he opened the family seat at Goodwood to horseracing. More than two hundred years later, Goodwood has grown to be a world-renowned racecourse.

Ancestry

External links

References

  1. ^ "Lists of Royal Society Fellows". http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/page.asp?id=1727. Retrieved 2006-12-15.  
  2. ^ History of the Duke of Wellington's Regiment, (page 41), Brereton / Savoury, ISBN 0952155206
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
The Earl of Hertford
British Ambassador to France
1765 – 1766
Succeeded by
The Earl of Rochford
Political offices
Preceded by
Henry Seymour Conway
Secretary of State for the Southern Department
1766
Succeeded by
The Earl of Shelburne
Preceded by
The Viscount Townshend
Master-General of the Ordnance
1782 – 1783
Succeeded by
The Viscount Townshend
Preceded by
The Viscount Townshend
Master-General of the Ordnance
1784 – 1795
Succeeded by
The Marquess Cornwallis
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Egremont
Lord Lieutenant of Sussex
1763 – 1806
Succeeded by
The Duke of Norfolk
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Lennox
Duke of Richmond
3rd creation
1750 – 1806
Succeeded by
Charles Lennox
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Charles Lennox
Duke of Lennox
2nd creation
1750 – 1806
Succeeded by
Charles Lennox
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