Charles Town, West Virginia: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Not to be confused with the state capital, Charleston, West Virginia. For other cities of this name, see Charlestown.
City of Charles Town, West Virginia
—  City  —
Location of CharlesTown in West Virginia
Coordinates: 39°17′3″N 77°51′22″W / 39.28417°N 77.85611°W / 39.28417; -77.85611Coordinates: 39°17′3″N 77°51′22″W / 39.28417°N 77.85611°W / 39.28417; -77.85611
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Jefferson
Government
 - Mayor Peggy Smith
Area
 - Total 1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2)
 - Land 1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 512 ft (164 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 2,907
 Density 2,076.4/sq mi (801.7/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 25414
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-14610[1]
GNIS feature ID 1554110[2]
Website http://www.charlestownwv.us/

Charles Town is a city in and the county seat of Jefferson County, West Virginia, United States.[3] The population was 2,907 at the 2000 census. Due to its similar name, travelers have sometimes confused this city with the state's capital, Charleston.

Contents

History

Charles Washington, the founder of Charles Town, was born in Hunting Creek, now Fairfax County, Virginia on May 2, 1738. He was the youngest full brother of George Washington. He came to present Jefferson County between April and October 1780.

Happy Retreat

The home of Charles Washington, Happy Retreat, was erected in 1780. In 1786, on 80 acres (320,000 m²) of his adjoining land, Charles laid out the streets of Charles Town, naming many of them after his brothers and one after his wife, Mildred. He donated the four corner lots at the intersection of George and Washington Streets for public buildings of the town and county, provided the town become the seat of the county separated from Berkeley County. Jefferson County was formed in 1801 as he anticipated. The county court house stands on one of these lots, as did the jail until 1919 when it was demolished to be replaced by the post office.

Charles Washington died sometime between July and September, 1799, only a short while before the death of his brother George. Charles' and his wife Mildred's grave sites near Evitts Run have recently been located and surrounded by a stone wall.

In 2006, a non-profit corporation, called the Friends of Happy Retreat, Inc. (FOHR), purchased an option to buy the property outright. The goal of this group is to see Happy Retreat preserved as a national historic treasure while at the same time contributing to the public’s appreciation of the arts, local culture, and the rich history of the Washington family and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia.

Charles Town is also the location of the Gibson-Todd House, which was the site of the hanging of John Brown and which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Charles Town is located at 39°17′3″N 77°51′22″W / 39.28417°N 77.85611°W / 39.28417; -77.85611 (39.284237, -77.856211)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km²), all of it land.

Charles Town is located 73 miles northwest of Washington, D.C. and 75 miles southwest of Baltimore.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,907 people, 1,285 households, and 732 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,082.3 people per square mile (801.7/km²). There were 1,396 housing units at an average density of 999.9/sq mi (385.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.91% White, 17.54% African American, 0.10% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 1.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.55% of the population.

There were 1,285 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.5% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,538, and the median income for a family was $43,547. Males had a median income of $30,917 versus $22,241 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,104. About 13.2% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.

Notable natives and residents

History

Schools

For more information see Jefferson County Schools.

References

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message