Charlie Gardiner (ice hockey): Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Born December 31, 1904(1904-12-31),
Edinburgh, Scotland
Died June 13, 1934 (aged 29),
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Height
Weight
6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)
176 lb (80 kg; 12 st 8 lb)
Position Goaltender
Caught Right
Pro clubs Chicago Black Hawks (NHL)
Career 1927 – 1934
Hall of Fame, 1945

Charles Robert "Chuck" Gardiner (December 31, 1904 – June 13, 1934) was a Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender who played for the Chicago Black Hawks in the National Hockey League. Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, Gardiner moved with his family to Canada as a child. Playing all of his junior hockey in or around Winnipeg, Manitoba, Gardiner joined the Chicago Black Hawks in the 1927–28 season. He played seven seasons with Chicago, winning two Vezina Trophies, earning three berths to the First All-Star team, and a berth to the Second All-Star team. In 1934, Gardiner became the only NHL goaltender to captain his team to a Stanley Cup win. A few months after winning the Cup, Gardiner died from a brain hemorrhage brought on by a tonsillar infection, at the age of 29. He became posthumously a charter member of the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1945.

Contents

Early life

Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, Gardiner moved to Winnipeg, Manitoba with his family at age seven, in 1911.[1] Gardiner quickly started playing ice hockey, with the same passion as the children who were born in Canada. A poor skater, he played goaltender as a child. Playing on Winnipeg's frozen ponds, Gardiner employed an acrobatic style, instead of the nearly-universal stand-up style played in that era, to avoid having his hands and feet frostbitten.[2] By the age of 14, Gardiner made the intermediate team of the Selkirk Fishermen.[3]

Pre-NHL career

Gardiner played junior ice hockey with the Winnipeg Tigers of the Manitoba Junior Hockey League (MJHL) for three seasons, from 1921 to 1924.[4][5] He joined the Selkirk Fishermen senior team for the 1924–25 season. Gardiner appeared in 18 games for Selkirk, posting two shutouts and a 1.83 goals against average. However, the Fishermen were eliminated in the playoffs, losing the two-game series 2–0.[4] The following season, Gardiner joined the Winnipeg Maroons of the Central Hockey League (CHL), which was later renamed the American Hockey Association (AHA).[6] Playing two seasons in Winnipeg, Gardiner appeared in 74 games, posting 12 shutouts, and 2.14 and 2.16 goals-against average in the two seasons, respectively.[4]

Chicago Black Hawks

Gardiner (far bottom right) at the Ace Bailey Benefit All-Star Game

Gardiner joined the Chicago Black Hawks in the 1927–28 season. In his first season with the Black Hawks, Gardiner played in 40 out of 44 of Chicago's games. Posting a 2.83 goals average, Gardiner won or tied only eight games, with three of those games being shutouts. The following season, Gardiner appeared in all of 44 of Chicago's games.[4] Known as the NHL's "goalless wonders",[1] Chicago scored only 33 goals the entire season, finishing with a 7–29–8 record.[7] Gardiner posted five shutouts and a 1.85 goals against average that season.[4] After being booed by the Chicago fans, Gardiner nearly retired, before being talked out of it by Duke Keats.[1]

After the NHL changed its rules to allow forward passing in the offensive zone in the 1929–30 season, goal scoring increased league-wide. While Chicago increased its goals scored to 117,[7] Gardiner's goals against average rose by only 0.57, to 2.42.[4] Gardiner's total number of shutouts fell by two, from five to three.[4] Chicago improved its regular season record to 21–18–15,[7] placing second in the American Division,[8] and making the playoffs. In the playoffs, the Black Hawks lost to the Montreal Canadiens 3–2 in a two-game, total-goal series, losing and tying one game.[9] In the 1930–31 season, Chicago placed, once more, second in the American Division,[8] with a 24–17–3 record.[7] Gardiner recorded one of his best statistical years, recording 12 shutouts to go with a 1.73 goals against average.[4] He was also named, for the first time, to the First All-Star team.[6] In the playoffs, Chicago advanced to the Stanley Cup final, losing once more to the Montreal Canadiens, three games to two.[10] Posting a 5–3–2 record in the playoffs, Gardiner had another two shutouts and a 1.32 goals against average.[4]

In the 1931–32 season, Chicago posted a 18–19–7 regular season record.[7] Gardiner posted four shutouts and a 1.85 goals against average.[4] Gardiner was named to the First All-Star Team, and won the Vezina Trophy for his first time.[6] Placing second in the American Division for the third season in a row,[8] the Black Hawks lost a two-game, total-goal series 6–2 to the Toronto Maple Leafs.[11] Gardiner posted a 1–1 playoff record, with one shutout and a 3.00 goals against average.[4] In the 1932–33 season, Chicago missed the playoffs, with a 16-20-12 record,[7] placing fourth in the American Division.[8] Gardiner recorded five shutouts, with a 2.01 goals against average.[4] He was named, for his only time, to the Second All-Star team.[6]

Before the beginning of the 1933–34 season, Gardiner's teammates unanimously elected him captain.[12] During the regular season, Chicago posted a 20–17–11 record.[7] Gardiner had 10 shutouts, and a 1.63 goals against average.[4]He was named for the third time to the First All-Star team, and won the Vezina Trophy for the second time.[6] On February 14, 1934, he was a participant of the Ace Bailey Benefit All-Star Team, playing goaltender for the All-Stars, who played against the Toronto Maple Leafs. In the playoffs, Gardiner had a 6–1–1 record, with two shutouts and a 1.33 goals against average, as Chicago won its first Stanley Cup in franchise history.[4] During the Stanley Cup parade, Chicago defenseman Roger Jenkins carted Gardiner in a wheelbarrow around Chicago's business district after a pre-playoff bet.[13]

Playing with a tonsillar infection for most of the season, Gardiner was often slumped over his crossbar during breaks in games, nearly blacking out. After leaving for a singing lesson in June 1934, Gardiner, a baritone, collapsed. He went into a coma, from which he never woke. Gardiner died at age 29, on June 13, 1934, from a brain hemorrhage brought on by the infection.[13]

Legacy

Gardiner was the first goaltender who caught with his right hand to win the Vezina Trophy.[14] He is the only NHL goaltender to captain his team to a Stanley Cup victory.[14][15] In 1945, Gardiner became a charter member of the Hockey Hall of Fame. In 1998, he was ranked number 76 on The Hockey News' list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players. Gardiner is an Honored Member of Canada's Sports Hall of Fame,[16] Manitoba Sports Hall of Fame and Museum,[3] and the Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame.[5] Overall, he played 316 NHL games, winning 122, with a goals against average of 2.02 goals, and 42 shutouts. In the playoffs, Gardiner appeared in 21 games, with a 1.37 goals against average and five shutouts.[16][17]

Career Statistics

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Regular season and playoffs

    Regular season   Playoffs
Season Team League GP W L T Min GA SO GAA GP W L T Min GA SO GAA
1921–22 Winnipeg Tigers MJHL 1 0 1 0 60 6 0 6.00
1922–23 Winnipeg Tigers MJHL 6 370 19 0 3.08
1923–24 Winnipeg Tigers MJHL 1 1 0 0 60 0 1 0.00
1924–25 Selkirk Fishermen MHL 18 1080 33 2 1,83 2 0 2 0 120 6 0 3.00
1925–26 Winnipeg Maroons CHL 38 2280 82 6 2.16 5 300 10 1 2.00
1926–27 Winnipeg Maroons AHA 36 17 14 5 2203 77 6 2.14 3 0 3 0 180 8 0 2.67
1927–28 Chicago Black Hawks NHL 40 6 32 2 2420 114 3 2.83
1928–29 Chicago Black Hawks NHL 44 7 29 8 2758 85 5 1.85
1929–30 Chicago Black Hawks NHL 44 21 18 5 2750 111 3 2.42 2 0 1 1 172 3 0 1.05
1930–31 Chicago Black Hawks NHL 44 24 17 3 2710 78 12 1.73 9 5 3 1 638 14 2 1.32
1931–32 Chicago Black Hawks NHL 48 18 19 11 2989 92 4 1.85 2 1 1 0 120 6 1 3.00
1932–33 Chicago Black Hawks NHL 48 16 20 12 3010 101 5 2.01
1933–34 Chicago Black Hawks NHL 48 20 17 11 3050 83 10 1.63 8 6 1 1 542 12 2 1.33
NHL totals 316 112 152 52 19687 664 42 2.02 21 12 6 3 1472 35 5 1.43
  • NHL statistics are from NHL.com.[18]

Awards

NHL

Award Year(s)
Vezina Trophy 1932, 1934
First All-Star Team Goaltender 1931, 1932, 1934
Second All-Star Team Goaltender 1933

See also

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c Allen, Duff & Bower 2002, p. 202
  2. ^ Allen, Duff & Bower 2002, p. 200
  3. ^ a b "Honoured Members—Charlie Gardiner". Manitoba Hall of Fame and Museum. http://www.halloffame.mb.ca/honoured/1989/cGardiner.htm.  
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Charlie Gardiner — Career statistics". Hockey Hall of Fame. http://www.legendsofhockey.net:8080/LegendsOfHockey/jsp/LegendsMember.jsp?mem=p194504&type=Player&page=statsawards&list=ByName#photo. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  
  5. ^ a b "Charles Roberts "Chuck" Gardiner". Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame. http://www.mbhockeyhalloffame.ca/honoured/players.html?category=7&id=9. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  
  6. ^ a b c d e "Charlie Gardiner — Biography". Hockey Hall of Fame. http://www.legendsofhockey.net:8080/LegendsOfHockey/jsp/LegendsMember.jsp?mem=p194504&type=Player&page=bio&list=ByName#photo. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Chicago Black Hawks seasons". hockeydb.com. http://hockeydb.com/ihdb/stats/teamseasons.php?tid=35. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  
  8. ^ a b c d "Chicago Blackhawks". hockey-reference.com. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/CHI/. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  
  9. ^ "1929-30 Chicago Black Hawks season". hockey-reference.com. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/CBH/1930.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  
  10. ^ "1930-31 Chicago Black Hawks season". hockey-reference.com. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/CBH/1931.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  
  11. ^ "1931-32 Chicago Black Hawks season". hockey-reference.com. http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/CBH/1932.html. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  
  12. ^ Pincus 2006, p. 46
  13. ^ a b Allen, Duff & Bower 2002, p. 203
  14. ^ a b Allen, Duff & Bower 2002, p. 199
  15. ^ Allen, Duff & Bower 2002, p. 201
  16. ^ a b "Honoured Members—Charlie Gardiner". Canadian Sports Hall of Fame. http://www.cshof.ca/hm_profile.php?i=155. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  
  17. ^ "Chuck Gardiner". hockeydb.com. http://www.hockeydb.com/ihdb/stats/pdisplay.php3?pid=1840. Retrieved 2008-08-18.  
  18. ^ NHL.com (2009), Charlie Gardiner's NHL Profile, NHL.com, http://www.nhl.com/ice/player.htm?id=8449966, retrieved 2009-12-09  

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Helge Bostrom
Chicago Black Hawks captains
1933–34
Succeeded by
Johnny Gottselig
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Roy Worters
Winner of the Vezina Trophy
1932
Succeeded by
Tiny Thompson
Preceded by
Tiny Thompson
Winner of the Vezina Trophy
1934
Succeeded by
Lorne Chabot

Simple English

Born December 31, 1904(1904-12-31),
Edinburgh, Scotland
Died June 13, 1934 (aged 29),
Winnipeg, MB, CAN
Position Goaltender
Shot Right
NHL team Chicago Black Hawks
Playing career 1927 – 1934
Hall of Fame, 1945

Charles Robert Gardiner (December 31, 1904June 13, 1934) was a Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender who played for the Chicago Black Hawks in the National Hockey League.

Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, Gardiner moved to Winnipeg, Manitoba with his family at age seven. He played junior hockey with the Winnipeg Tigers from 1921 to 1924, and then joined the Selkirk Fishermen senior team for the 1924–25 season. The next year, Gardiner joined the Winnipeg Maroons of the Central Hockey League, which the following season became the American Hockey Association.

He joined the Chicago Black Hawks in 1927 and played there for seven years. Gardiner won the Vezina Trophy in 1932 and 1934. He was a First Team All-Star in 1931, 1932, and 1934. In 1933–34, as captain, he led the Black Hawks to their first Stanley Cup. He died three weeks later in Winnipeg at age 29.

Gardiner was an original member of the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1945. In 1998, he was ranked number 76 on The Hockey News' list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players.

Achievements and awards

  • NHL First All-Star Team Goalie (1931, 1932, & 1934)
  • NHL Second All-Star Team Goalie (1933)
  • Vezina Trophy Winner (1932 & 1934)
  • Stanley Cup Championship (1934)
  • Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1945
  • “Honoured Member” of Canada's Sports Hall of Fame
  • “Honoured Member” of Manitoba Sports Hall of Fame and Museum
  • “Honoured Member” of the Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame
  • Selected to Manitoba's All-Century Second All-Star Team
  • In 1998, he was ranked number 76 on The Hockey News' list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players

Other websites


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