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Coordinates: 46°26′04″N 4°16′31″E / 46.4344444444°N 4.27527777778°E / 46.4344444444; 4.27527777778

Commune of Charolles

Blason Charolles (avec chef).svg
Location
Charolles is located in France
Charolles
Administration
Country France
Region Bourgogne
Department Saône-et-Loire
Arrondissement Charolles
Canton Charolles
Statistics
Elevation 282 m (930 ft) avg.
Land area1 19.92 km2 (7.69 sq mi)
Population2 3,153  (2006)
 - Density 158 /km2 (410 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 71106/ 71120
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Semence River in Charolles, 1904

Charolles is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne in eastern France.

Contents

Geography

Charolles is located at the confluence of the Semence and the Arconce rivers, 39 m. W.N.W. of Mâcon.

History

Charolles was the capital of Charolais, an old division of France, which from the early 14th century gave the title of count to its possessors. In 1327 the county passed by marriage to the house of Armagnac, and in 1390 it was sold to Philip of Burgundy. After the death of Charles the Bold, who in his youth had borne the title of count of Charolais, it was seized by Louis XI of France, but in 1493 it was ceded by Charles VIII to Maximilian of Austria, the representative of the Burgundian family. Ultimately passing to the Spanish kings, it became for a considerable period an object of dispute between France and Spain, until at length in 1684 it was assigned to the great Condé, a creditor of the king of Spain. It was united to the French crown in 1771.

Sights

The ruins of the castle of the counts of Charolais occupy the summit of a hill in the immediate vicinity of the town.

Economy

According to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1911):

There are stone quarries in the vicinity; the town manufactures pottery, and is the centre for trade in the famous breed of Charolais cattle and in agricultural products.

People

Charolles was the birthplace of:

commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne in eastern France.

See also

References

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CHAROLLES, a town of east-central France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Saone-et-Loire, situated at the confluence of the Semence and the Arconce, 39 m. W.N.W. of Macon on the Paris-Lyon railway. Pop. (1906) 3228. It has a sub-prefecture, tribunals of primary instance and commerce, and a communal college. There are stone quarries in the vicinity; the town manufactures pottery, and is the centre for trade in the famous breed of Charolais cattle and in agricultural products. The ruins of the castle of the counts of Charolais occupy the summit of a hill in the immediate vicinity of the town. Charolles was the capital of Charolais, an old division of France, which from the early 14th century gave the title of count to its possessors. In 1327 the countship passed by marriage to the house of Armagnac, and in 1390 it was sold to Philip of Burgundy. After the death of Charles the Bold, who in his youth had borne the title of count of Charolais, it was seized by Louis XI. of France, but in 1493 it was ceded by Charles VIII. to Maximilian of Austria, the representative of the Burgundian family. Ultimately passing to the Spanish kings, it became for a considerable period an object of dispute between France and Spain, until at length in 1684 it was assigned to the great Conde, a creditor of the king of Spain. It was united to the French crown in 1771.


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