The Full Wiki

Charter: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Charter

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An example of a charter (Magna Carta).

A charter is the grant of authority or rights, stating that the granter formally recognizes the prerogative of the recipient to exercise the rights specified. It is implicit that the granter retains superiority (or sovereignty), and that the recipient admits a limited (or inferior) status within the relationship, and it is within that sense that charters were historically granted, and that sense is retained in modern usage of the term. Also, charter can simply be a document giving royal permission to start a colony.

The word entered the English language from the Old French charte (ultimately from the Latin word for "paper"), but the concept is universal and transcends language. It has come to be synonymous with the document that lays out the granting of rights or privileges.

Contents

Colloquial usages

The term is used for a special case (or as an exception) to an institutional charter. A charter school, for example, is one that has different rules, regulations, and statutes than a state school.

Charter is sometimes used as a synonym for 'rent' or 'lease', as in the 'charter' of a bus or boat by an organization, intended for a similar group destination.

A charter member of an organization is an original member; that is, one who became a member when the organization received its charter.

Different types of charters

Anglo-Saxon Charters are documents from the early medieval period in Britain which typically make a grant of land or record a privilege. They are usually written on parchment, in Latin but often with sections in the vernacular, describing the bounds of estates, which often correspond closely to modern parish boundaries. The earliest surviving charters were drawn up in the 670s; the oldest surviving charters granted land to the Church, but from the eighth century surviving charters were increasingly used to grant land to lay people.

Advertisements

Charter colony

The British Empire used to three main types of colonies as it sought to expand its territory to distant parts of the earth. These three types were royal colonies, proprietary colonies, and charter colonies. A charter colony by definition is a "colony…chartered to an individual, trading company, etc., by the British crown."[1] Although charter colonies were not the most prevalent of the three types of colonies in the British Empire, they were by no means insignificant.

Congressional charter

A congressional charter is a law passed by the United States Congress that states the mission, authority and activities of a group. Congress issued federal charters from 1791 until 1992 under Title 36 of the United States Code.

Municipal charter

A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs. Municipal incorporation occurs when such municipalities become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located. Often, this event is marked by the award or declaration of a municipal charter.

Project charter

In project management, a project charter or project definition (sometimes called the terms of reference) is a statement of the scope, objectives and participants in a project. It provides a preliminary delineation of roles and responsibilities, outlines the project objectives, identifies the main stakeholders, and defines the authority of the project manager. It serves as a reference of authority for the future of the project. Also a helpful tool in establishing your project goals in a six sigma project.

Royal Charter

In medieval Europe, royal charters were used to create cities (ie, localities with recognised legal rights and privileges). The date that such a charter was granted is considered to be when a city was "founded", regardless of when the locality originally began to be settled.

At one time a royal charter was the only way in which an incorporated body could be formed, but other means (such as the registration process for limited companies) are generally now used instead.

See also

External links

== References ==


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to charter article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia

Contents

English

Pronunciation

Etymology

From Old French chartre, from Latin chartula (diminutif of charta).

Noun

Singular
charter

Plural
charters

charter (plural charters)

  1. a document issued by some authority, creating a public or private institution, and defining its purposes and privileges
  2. a similar document conferring rights and privileges on a person, corporation etc
  3. a contract for the commercial leasing of a vessel, or space on a vessel
  4. the temporary hiring or leasing of a vehicle
  5. a deed

Translations

Adjective

charter (not comparable)

Positive
charter

Comparative
not comparable

Superlative
none (absolute)

  1. leased or hired

Translations

Verb

Infinitive
to charter

Third person singular
charters

Simple past
chartered

Past participle
chartered

Present participle
chartering

to charter (third-person singular simple present charters, present participle chartering, simple past and past participle chartered)

  1. (transitive) to grant or establish a charter
  2. (transitive) to lease or hire something by charter

See also

Translations

Anagrams


French

Etymology

From English charter.

Noun

charter m. (plural charters)

  1. a charter flight
  2. a charter plane
  3. a charter pilot

Anagrams


Italian

Etymology

From English charter

Noun

charter m. inv.

  1. Charter plane or flight

Adjective

charter inv.

  1. charter (attributive)

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message