Chattanooga: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

(Redirected to Chattanooga, Tennessee article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chattanooga, Tennessee
—  City  —
Chattanooga from Lookout Mountain

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): Scenic City (official), River City
Location within the U.S. State of Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°2′44″N 85°16′2″W / 35.04556°N 85.26722°W / 35.04556; -85.26722
Country United States
State Tennessee
Counties Hamilton, Marion, Rhea
Government
 - Mayor Ron Littlefield (D)
Area
 - City 143.2 sq mi (370.8 km2)
 - Land 135.2 sq mi (352.2 km2)
 - Water 8.0 sq mi (20.6 km2)
Elevation 676 ft (206 m)
Population (2008)
 - City 170,880
 Density 1,264/sq mi (485/km2)
 Metro 518,441
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 423
FIPS code 47-14000[1]
GNIS feature ID 1307240[2]
Website www.chattanooga.gov

Chattanooga is the fourth-largest city in Tennessee (after Memphis, Nashville and Knoxville), and the seat of Hamilton County. Located in southeastern Tennessee on Chickamauga Lake and Nickajack Lake, which are both part of the Tennessee River, Chattanooga lies approximately 104 miles (167 km) to the north-northwest of Atlanta, Georgia, 120 miles (190 km) to the southwest of Knoxville, about 135 miles (217 km) to the southeast of Nashville, and about 148 miles (238 km) to the northeast of Birmingham, Alabama. Chattanooga abuts the Georgia border, and the region is where three major interstate highways, I-24, I-75, and I-59, meet.

The city, which has a downtown elevation of approximately 680 feet (210 m), lies at the transition between the ridge-and-valley portion of the Appalachian Mountains and the Cumberland Plateau. The city is therefore surrounded by various mountains and ridges. The official nickname for Chattanooga is the Scenic City.

Contents

History

The first inhabitants of the Chattanooga area were Native American Indians. Sites dating back to the Upper Paleolithic period showed continuous occupation through the Archaic, Woodland, Mississippian/Muskogean (900-1650), and Cherokee (1776–1838) periods.

The first part of the name "Chattanooga" derives from the Muskogean word cvto /cható/ - 'rock'[3]. The latter may be derived from a regional suffix -nunga meaning dwelling or dwelling place.

Cherokee Chief John Ross, whose first language was English and whose family moved to the area in the 19th century, was said to have stated[4] that Chattanooga was Cherokee for "The Big Catch" because of good fishing on the Tennessee River.

A late 19th century history recounted:

With only occasional allusion to the various interpretations of Cherokee names, which have so long been accepted as true, their actual meaning, as derived from John Ross, the celebrated Cherokee chief, and from Lewis Ross, his brother, are here given. Chattanooga, originally was the name of a small Indian hamlet, situated near the base of Lookout Mountain, on the bank of Chattanooga creek. It means, in the Cherokee language, "to draw fish out of water", and hence was applied to the collection of huts, which were occupied by Indian fishermen. The humble hamlet disappeared, and its name, at first suggestive and appropriate, was inherited by the town of the white man, with meaningless application. A somewhat similar name was applied by the Cherokees to the cliffs, rising boldly from the river above the town, which was derived from Clanoowah, the name of a warlike but diminutive hawk, which was supposed to embody the spirit of the tribe. These cliffs were the favorite nesting-place of the bird, and hence a name was given which expressed this fact, and which, perhaps, has suggested the myth, that 'Chattanooga' means 'eagle's nest.'[5]

The earliest Cherokee occupation dates from Dragging Canoe, who in 1776 separated himself and moved downriver from the main tribe to establish Native American resistance (see Chickamauga Wars) to European settlement in the southeastern United States. In 1816 John Ross, who later became Principal Chief, settled here and established Ross's Landing. Located along what is now Broad Street, it became one of the centers of Cherokee Nation settlement, which also extended into Georgia and Alabama.[6]

In 1838 the US government forced the Cherokees, along with other Native American Indians from southeastern U.S. states, to relocate in what is presently the state of Oklahoma. Their journey west became known as the "Trail of Tears" for their exile and fatalities along the way. The US Army used Ross's Landing as the site of one of three large internment camps, or "emigration depots", where Native Americans were held prior to the journey on the Trail of Tears. The other two were Fort Payne, Alabama and the largest at Fort Cass, Tennessee.[7]

In 1838, the community of Ross's Landing incorporated as the city of Chattanooga, the Creek word for Lookout Mountain.[8] The city grew quickly, initially benefiting from a location well-suited for river commerce. With the arrival of the railroad in 1850, Chattanooga became a boom town. The city was known as the site "where cotton meets corn," referring to its location along the cultural boundary between the mountain communities of Southern Appalachia to the north and the cotton-growing states to the south.[6]

Confederate prisoners of war at a railroad depot in Chattanooga

During the American Civil War, Chattanooga was a center of battle. During the Chickamauga Campaign, Union artillery bombarded Chattanooga as a diversion and occupied it on September 9, 1863. Following the Battle of Chickamauga, the defeated Union Army retreated to safety in Chattanooga. On November 23, 1863, the Battles for Chattanooga began when Union forces led by Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant reinforced troops at Chattanooga and advanced to Orchard Knob against Confederate troops besieging the city. The next day, the Battle of Lookout Mountain was fought, driving the Confederates off the mountain. On November 25, Grant's army routed the Confederates in the Battle of Missionary Ridge. These battles were followed the next spring by the Atlanta Campaign, beginning just over the nearby state line in Georgia and moving southeastward.

Market Square in 1907

After the war ended, the city became a major railroad hub and industrial and manufacturing center.[9] By the 1930s it was known as the "Dynamo of Dixie", inspiring the 1941 Glenn Miller big-band swing song "Chattanooga Choo Choo". The same mountains that provided Chattanooga's scenic backdrop became shrouded by the industrial pollutants that they trapped and held over the community.

In 1969, the federal government declared that Chattanooga's air was the dirtiest in the nation. But environmental crises were not the only problems plaguing the city. Like other early industrial cities, Chattanooga entered the 1980s with serious socioeconomic challenges, including job layoffs due to deindustrialization, a deteriorating city infrastructure, racial tensions and social division. Because of these factors, in the 1980s, Chattanooga lost over 10 percent of its population. However, since the 1980s, Chattanooga has become the only major city in the United States to regain growth in the 2 decades since.[10]

In recent years, private and governmental resources have been invested in transforming the city's tarnished image. They have worked to revitalize its downtown and riverfront areas, making use of its natural resources.[11][12] An early cornerstone of this project was the restoration of the historic Walnut Street Bridge. The Walnut Street Bridge is the oldest surviving bridge of its kind in the Southeastern United States.[13]

Efforts to improve the city include the "21st Century Waterfront Plan" - a $120 million redevelopment of the Chattanooga waterfront and downtown area. The Tennessee Aquarium has become a major waterfront attraction that has helped to spur neighborhood development.[14] Over the last ten years the city has won three national awards for outstanding "livability", and nine Gunther Blue Ribbon Awards for excellence in housing and consolidated planning.[15]

Economy

Downtown Chattanooga

Chattanooga's economy includes a diversified and growing mix of manufacturing and service industries.

Notable Chattanooga businesses include Access America Transport, BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee, CBL & Associates, The Chattanooga Bakery, Chattem, the world's first Coca-Cola bottling plant, Coker Tire, Coptix, Covenant Transport, Double Cola, Gordon Biersch Brewery Restaurant Group, Krystal, Litespeed, Miller & Martin, National Model Railroad Association, Olan Mills, Inc., Republic Parking System, Retro Television Network (RTN), Rock/Creek,Tricycle Inc., and Unum. The city also hosts large branch offices of Cigna, AT&T, T-Mobile USA and UBS. McKee Foods Corporation, maker of Little Debbie brand snack cakes, is a privately held, family-run company headquartered in nearby Collegedale, Tennessee.

Notable companies that have manufacturing or distribution facilities in the city include Alstom, BASF, DuPont, Invista, Komatsu, Rock-Tenn, Plantronics, Domtar Corp., Norfolk Southern, Alco Chemical, Colonial Pipeline and Buzzi Unicem. The William Wrigley Jr. Company has a prominent presence in Chattanooga, now the sole production facility for Altoids breath mint products. There is also a Vulcan Materials quarry in the vicinity of the city.

On July 15, 2008, Volkswagen Group of America announced plans to build its new production facility in Chattanooga.[16] The $1 billion plant, due to open in 2011, will serve as the group's North American manufacturing headquarters. The plant is the first for Volkswagen since the 1988 closure of New Stanton, Pennsylvania's auto plant.[17]

In addition to corporate business interests, there are many retail shops in Chattanooga, including three shopping malls: Hamilton Place Mall in East Brainerd, Northgate Mall in Hixson, and Eastgate Town Center in Brainerd.

Utilities

Chickamauga Lock and Dam on the Tennessee River at Chattanooga

Electric power for most of the city and surrounding area is provided by the city-run Electric Power Board (EPB). Beginning in the summer of 2009, the EPB is also providing high-speed Internet service, video, and telephone service to business and residential customers throughout Hamilton County.[18] The services that the EPB is providing to residents and businesses in Hamilton County is done via what will be the nation's largest municipally owned fiber-optic system.[19] The TVA operates the nearby Sequoyah Nuclear Power Plant, Chickamauga Dam and the Raccoon Mountain Pumped-Storage Plant, all of which provide electricity to the greater Chattanooga area.

Natural gas and water are provided by the privately run Chattanooga Gas Company and Tennessee-American Water Company, respectively. In 2005 Mayor Ron Littlefield stated his desire for the city to purchase the Tennessee-American Water Company,[20], which was sold in a public offering in 2007.[21] Former Mayor Jon Kinsey's attempts to have the city buy control of Tennessee-American Water were defeated in court.

Comcast is the cable provider for most areas of the city. The incumbent telephone company is AT&T. However, competing phone companies, cellular phones and VoIP are beginning to make inroads. A major interstate fiber optics line operated by AT&T traverses the city, making its way from Atlanta to Cincinnati.

Politics, government and law

The current mayor is Ron Littlefield, a long-time city councilman, who was elected in a run-off election in April 2005. Mayor Littlefield was reelected to a second four year term in March 2009.

The city operates under a charter granted by the state legislature in 1852, and the charter has been subsequently amended. As of 2009, the city operates with a strong mayor system.

The city's legislative branch is split up into nine districts, with a council member for each district selected in partisan elections. The current council members are Deborah Scott (District 1), Sally Robinson (District 2), Pam Ladd (District 3), Jack Benson (District 4), Russell Gilbert (District 5), Carol Berz (District 6), Manuel "Manny" Rico (District 7), Andrae McGary (District 8) and Peter Murphy (District 9).

See also a list of Mayors of Chattanooga, Tennessee.

Education

Primary and secondary education

Most of Chattanooga's primary and secondary education is funded by the government. The public schools in Chattanooga (and Hamilton County) fall under the purview of the Hamilton County School System.[22] The Howard School, now a magnet school, was the first public school in the area, established in 1865 after the Civil War.[23] The Chattanooga School for the Arts and Sciences is another public magnet school.[24]

In addition, the city is home to several well-known private and parochial secondary schools, including Baylor School,[25] Boyd-Buchanan School,[26] McCallie School,[27] Girls Preparatory School,[28] Chattanooga Christian School,[29] and Notre Dame High School.[30] Grace Baptist Academy is a K-12 private school well-known for its academics and middle and secondary sports programs, having had several male and female sports teams that have played at the state tournament level.[31] Brainerd Baptist School is a small Christian elementary school.[32] Siskin Children's Institute in Chattanooga is a specialized institution in the field of early childhood special education.[33]

Higher education

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga's Founders Hall

The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga is the second largest campus of the University of Tennessee System, with a student population of over 10,000.[34] The University of the South at Sewanee lies about seventy miles to the northwest of Chattanooga. Chattanooga State Technical Community College and several religious schools are located here, including Tennessee Temple University. Chattanooga also has a branch of the University of Tennessee College of Medicine, which provides medical education to medical students, residents, and other medical professionals in southeast Tennessee through an affiliation with Erlanger Health System.

Public library

As the name implies, the Chattanooga-Hamilton County Bicentennial Library system has been jointly operated by the city and county governments since 1976.[35] The city was gifted with a Carnegie library in 1904, and the two-story purpose-built marble structure survives to this day at Eighth Street and Georgia Avenue as commercial office space. In 1939, the library moved to Douglas Street and McCallie Avenue and shared the new building with the John Storrs Fletcher Library of the University of Chattanooga. This building is now called Fletcher Hall and houses classrooms and offices for the University. The city library was moved to its third and current location in 1976 at the corner of Tenth and Broad streets.

Health care

Chattanooga's health care sector has three hospital systems. Erlanger Hospital is a non-profit academic teaching center affiliated with the University of Tennessee's College of Medicine.[36] It's also the area's primary trauma center, a Level-One Trauma Center for adults, and the only provider of tertiary care for the residents of southeastern Tennessee, north Georgia, north Alabama, and western North Carolina.[36] Erlanger treats approximately 250,000 people every year.[36] In 2008, Erlanger was named one of the nation's "Top 100 teaching hospitals for cardiovascular care" by Thomson Reuters.[37] Erlanger has been operated by the Chattanooga-Hamilton County Hospital Authority since 1976.[38]

Parkridge Hospital is located east of downtown in the Glenwood District and is run by Tri-Star Healthcare. Tri-Star also operates Parkridge East Medical Center in nearby East Ridge. Also located downtown is Memorial Hospital, which is operated by Catholic Health Initiatives. In 2004, Memorial was named one of the "Top 100 teaching hospitals" by Solucient Top Hospitals.[39]

Culture and tourism

Museums

Modern extension of the Hunter Museum of American Art

Chattanooga is home to the Hunter Museum of American Art, a well known art museum. As the birthplace of the tow truck, Chattanooga is the home of the International Towing and Recovery Hall of Fame and Museum.[40] Another transportation icon, the passenger train, can be found at the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, or called TVRM by locals, which is the largest operating historic railroad in the South. Other notable museums include the Chattanooga Regional History Museum,[41] the National Medal of Honor Museum,[42] the Houston Museum,[43] the Chattanooga African American Museum,[44] and the Creative Discovery Museum.[45]

Arts and literature

Chattanooga has a range of performing arts in different venues. Its historic Tivoli Theatre has been renovated and is home to the Chattanooga Symphony and Opera, under the direction of Robert Bernhardt.[46] The Chattanooga Theatre Centre offers 15 productions each year in three separate theater programs: the Mainstage, the Circle Theater, and the Youth Theater.[47] Another popular performance venue is Memorial Auditorium.

Chattanooga hosts several writing conferences, including the Conference on Southern Literature and the Festival of Writers, both sponsored by the Arts & Education Council of Chattanooga.[48]

Attractions

Tennessee Aquarium

Chattanooga touts many attractions, including the Tennessee Aquarium, caverns, and new waterfront attractions along and across the Tennessee River. In the downtown area is the Chattanooga Choo Choo Hotel, housed in the renovated Terminal Station and exhibiting the largest HO model train layout in the United States. Also downtown are the Creative Discovery Museum, a hands-on children's museum dedicated to science, art, and music; an IMAX 3D Theatre; and the newly expanded Hunter Museum of American Art. The Tennessee Riverwalk, an approximately 13-mile (21 km) long trail running alongside the river, is another attraction for both tourists and residents alike.

Across the river from downtown is the North Shore district, roughly bounded by the Olgiati Bridge to the west and Veterans Bridge to the east. The newly renovated area draws locals and tourists to locally owned independent boutiques and restaurants, plus attractions along the Chattanooga Riverpark system, including Coolidge Park and Renaissance Park. Chattanooga's only floating hotel, the Delta Queen, is a unique attraction alongside the North Shore, and is permanently docked at Coolidge Park.

The Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park is not far from the downtown area.

Parks and natural scenic areas provide other attractions. The red-and-black painted "See Rock City" barns along highways in the Southeast are remnants of a now-classic Americana tourism campaign to attract visitors to the Rock City tourist attraction in nearby Lookout Mountain, Georgia. The mountain is also the site of Ruby Falls and Craven's House.[49] The Lookout Mountain Incline Railway is a steep funicular railway that rises from the St. Elmo Historic District to the top of the mountain, where passengers can visit the National Park Service's Point Park and the Battles for Chattanooga Museum.[50] Formerly known as Confederama, it contains a diorama that details the Battle of Chattanooga. From the military park, visitors can enjoy the panoramic views of Moccasin Bend and the Chattanooga skyline from the mountain's famous "point" or from vantage points along the well-marked trail system.

Near Chattanooga, the Raccoon Mountain Reservoir, Raccoon Mountain Caverns and Reflection Riding Arboretum and Botanical Garden boast a number of outdoor and family fun opportunities. Other arboretums include Bonny Oaks Arboretum, Cherokee Arboretum at Audubon Acres and Cherokee Trail Arboretum. The Ocoee River, host to a number of events at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, features rafting, kayaking, camping and hiking. Also just outside Chattanooga is the Lake Winnepesaukah amusement park. The Cumberland Trail begins in Signal Mountain, just outside of Chattanooga.

Maggie the Mayfield cow at the Chattanooga Market.

Festivals and events

Chattanooga hosts the Riverbend Festival, an annual nine-day music festival held in June in the downtown area. One of the most popular events is the "Bessie Smith Strut", a one-night showcase of blues and jazz music named for the city's most noted blues singer. The annual "Southern Brewer's Festival" and the "River Roast" festival celebrate such traditional Southern staples as beer and barbecue.

New events, such as GoFest![51], "Between the Bridges" wakeboard competition and Talespin[52] attract new audiences. Back Row Films is a city-wide celebration of film co-sponsored by the Hunter Museum of American Art, the Arts & Education Council and UTC.[53]

"Nightfall"[54] is the free weekly concert series in Miller Plaza on Friday nights that continues to bring an eclectic mix of rock, blues, jazz, reggae, zydeco, funk, bluegrass, and folk to downtown Chattanooga from Memorial Day until the end of September. The Chattanooga Market features events all year round as part of the "Sunday at the Southside", including an Oktoberfest in mid-October.

The Chattanooga Dulcimer Festival, held each June, features workshops for mountain dulcimer, hammered dulcimer, and auto harp, among others, along with performances by champion performers from across the nation.[55] Chattanooga is also the center of much bluegrass music. In 1935, as well as from 1993 to 1995, the city hosted the National Folk Festival.

Sports

Chattanooga was the home of the NCAA Division I Football Championship game, which has been held at the Max Finley Stadium, which is south of downtown, since 1997.

The Chattanooga Lookouts, a Class AA Southern League baseball team affiliated with the Los Angeles Dodgers,[56] boast a loyal following and respectable participation in season-end playoffs. Games take center stage at the downtown AT&T Field with tickets starting at only $4.

Annually, the first weekend in November, the Head of the Hooch rowing regatta, takes place in downtown Chattanooga. The head race originally took place on the Chattahoochee River in Atlanta, giving it the name the Head of the Hooch. With 1,800+ boats in 2009, this ranked as the 2nd largest regatta in the United States.[57] In addition to thousands of rowers descending on Chattanooga, there are festivities like hot-air balloon rides and a street market.

Chattanooga is also home to Chattanooga FC, a semi-profesional soccer team that currently plays in the National Premier Soccer League.

Outdoor sports

Due to its location at the junction of the Cumberland Plateau and the southern Appalachians, Chattanooga has become a haven for outdoor sports such as hunting, fishing, trail running, road running, adventure racing, rock climbing, mountain biking and road biking. The city boasts a number of outdoor clubs: Scenic City Velo, SORBA-Chattanooga, The Wilderness Trail Running Association, and The Chattanooga Track Club. The city also funds Outdoor Chattanooga, an organization focused on promoting outdoor recreation. In September 2004, the city appointed its first-ever executive director of Outdoor Chattanooga to implement the organization's mission, which includes promoting bicycling for transportation, recreation and active living.[58] For paddlers, Chattanooga offers the Tennessee River Blueway, a 50-mile (80 km) recreational section of the Tennessee River that flows through Chattanooga and the Tennessee River Gorge. In the spring of 2009, the Tennessee Aquarium launched their high speed catamaran, the River Gorge Explorer, to allow up to 70 people to explore the Tennessee River Gorge.[59] The Explorer departs from the Chattanooga Pier.[60]

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 155,554 people, 65,499 households, and 39,626 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,150.5 people per square mile (444.2/km²). There were 72,108 housing units at an average density of 533.3/sq mi (205.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.71% White, 36.06% Black, 0.29% American Indian, 1.54% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.01% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. 2.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The 2006 revised estimated population was 168,293 which is an 8.4% percent increase over the original 2006 estimate. In 2009, the US Census Bureau estimated that Chattanooga's overall population grew some 9.3% from 2000 to 2008, which is as fast as Tennessee's largest cities. Also, the Census Bureau reported that it estimated that the city of Chattanooga added some 15,326 residents since the 2000 census, for an estimated 2008 population of 170,880 people.[10]

There were 65,499 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.92. Same-sex couple households comprised 0.4% of all households.[61]

In the city the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,006, and the median income for a family was $41,318. Males had a median income of $31,375 versus $23,267 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,689. About 14.0% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.

Chattanooga's Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Hamilton, Marion, and Sequatchie counties in Tennessee and Catoosa, Dade, and Walker counties in Georgia, grew from 476,531 people, as of the 2000 census, to 496,704 people, as estimated on July 1, 2006.[62] By July 1, 2008, the US Census Bureau had estimated the Chattanooga metropolitan area had grown to 518,441 people, up 9.6% from July 2006.[63] The Chattanooga-Cleveland-Athens Combined Statistical Area, which includes Bradley, Hamilton, Marion, McMinn, Polk, and Sequatchie counties in Tennessee, and Catoosa, Dade, and Walker counties in Georgia, had an estimated population of 658,201 in 2006.[64] The Chattanooga-Cleveland-Athens Combined Statistical Area had an estimated population of 683,095 people, as of July 1, 2008, up 9.6% from July 2006.[65]

Geography and climate

Location of Chattanooga, Tennessee

The city is located at latitude 35°4' North, longitude 85°15' West.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 143.2 square miles (370.8 km²), of which, 135.2 square miles (350.2 km²) of it is land and 8.0 square miles (20.6 km²) of it (5.56%) is water.

The most prominent natural features in and around Chattanooga are the Tennessee River and the surrounding highlands. The city is nestled between the southwestern Ridge-and-valley Appalachians and the foot of Walden's Ridge; the river separates the ridge from the western side of downtown. Several miles east, the city is bisected by Missionary Ridge, which hosted an important battle of the American Civil War.

The Tennessee River is impounded by the TVA's Chickamauga Dam north of the downtown area. Five automobile bridges, one railroad trestle, and one pedestrian bridge cross the river.

Road transport is served by Interstate 75 to Atlanta and Knoxville, Interstate 24 to Nashville, and Interstate 59 to Birmingham. Chattanooga and the surrounding area is served by the Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport. Rail freight is offered by CSX to Atlanta and Nashville, and Norfolk Southern to Atlanta, Birmingham, Cincinnati, Knoxville and Memphis.

Neighborhoods

In addition to the restoration of downtown, many of Chattanooga's neighborhoods have experienced a rebirth of their own. Chattanooga has many buildings on the National Register of Historic Places, including three neighborhoods: Fort Wood, Ferger Place, and St. Elmo.

  • Alton Park
  • Avondale
  • Brainerd
  • Bonny Oaks
  • Bushtown
  • Clifton Hills
  • East Brainerd
  • East Chattanooga
  • East Lake
  • East Ridge
  • Eastdale
  • Ferger Place
  • Fort Wood
  • Glenwood
  • Highland Park
  • Hixson
  • Hwy 58
  • Jefferson Heights
  • Lookout Valley also known as Tiftonia and Wauhatchie
  • Lupton City
  • Missionary Ridge
  • North Chattanooga
  • Orchard Knob
  • Pineville
  • Red Bank
  • Riverview
  • Rossville (not to be confused with the nearby city of Rossville, Georgia)
  • Southside
  • Tyner
  • St. Elmo

Important suburbs

Climate

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F/°C 78/26 79/26 87/31 93/34 99/37 104/40 109/43 105/41 102/39 94/34 84/29 78/26
Norm High °F/°C 49/9 54/12 62/17 72/22 79/26 86/30 90/32 89/32 83/28 72/22 61/16 52/11
Norm Low °F/°C 30/-1 33/1 40/4 47/8 56/13 65/18 69/21 68/20 62/17 49/9 40/4 33/1
Rec Low °F/°C -10/-23 1/-17 8/-13 25/-4 34/1 41/5 51/11 50/10 36/2 22/-6 4/-16 -2/-19
Precip in./mm 5.40/137 4.85/123 6.19/157 4.23/107 4.28/109 3.99/101 4.73/120 3.59/91 4.31/109 3.26/83 4.88/124 4.81/122
Source: WeatherByDay.com [31]

According to the National Weather Service in Morristown, Tennessee (which has responsibility for all of east Tennessee), the heaviest snowfall in Chattanooga (both by storm total and 24-hour period) was 20.0 inches (50.8 cm) during the Great Blizzard of 1993. The most snow in one season was 23.9 inches (60.7 cm) in 1894-95. The coldest temperature ever recorded was −10 °F (−23 °C) in 1899, 1966, and 1985 (on Feb. 13, Jan. 31 and 21, respectively). [66]

Transportation

Considered to be a gateway to the Deep South, Chattanooga's transportation infrastructure has developed into a complex and intricate system of railroads, streets, airports and waterways.

Principal highways

See also List of Tennessee state highways

Major surface routes

  • Brainerd Road/Lee Highway (U.S. 11)/(U.S. 64)
  • Broad Street
  • Cummings Highway (US 41)/(US 72)
  • Dayton Blvd (U.S. 27 North)
  • East Brainerd Road
  • Georgia Avenue
  • Hixson Pike
  • Main Street (U.S. 76)
  • McCallie Avenue
  • Ringgold Road
  • Rossville Boulevard (U.S. 27)
  • Signal Mountain Boulevard (U.S. 127)

Tunnels

  • Bachmann Tubes, (also unofficially known as The East Ridge Tunnels), which carry Ringgold Road into the neighboring city of East Ridge.
  • Missionary Ridge Tunnels (also unofficially known as McCallie or Brainerd Tunnels), which carry McCallie and Bailey Avenues through Missionary Ridge where the route continues as Brainerd Road.
  • Stringer's Ridge Tunnel, which carries Cherokee Boulevard through Stringer's Ridge where the route continues as Dayton Boulevard.
  • Wilcox Tunnel, which carries Wilcox Boulevard through Missionary Ridge and connects to Shallowford Road.

Public transit

The city is served by a publicly run bus company, the Chattanooga Area Regional Transportation Authority. CARTA operates 17 routes, including a free electric shuttle service in the downtown area, and free wireless internet on certain "smartbuses".[67]

Railroad lines

Despite a new emphasis on the technology and service sectors, Chattanooga maintains ties to the past and still serves as a major freight hub with Norfolk Southern (NS) and CSX running trains on their own (and each other's) lines. The Norfolk Southern Railway's enormous DeButts Yard is just east of downtown, Shipp's Yard and CSX's Wauhatchie Yard are southwest of the city. Indeed, the two railroad companies are among the largest individual landowners in the city (the Federal Government is another). The Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, the largest historic operating railroad in the South, and the Chattooga and Chickamauga Railway also provides railroad service in Chattanooga.

Since both NS and CSX both run through Chattanooga, here are the lines that run through the town (the AAR codes are used for the following railroads: NS for Norfolk Southern, CSXT for CSX Transportation, TNVR for the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, and CCKY for Chattooga and Chickamauga Railway):

Also, the Lookout Mountain Incline Railway, often referred to as the Incline Railway by locals, as well as being a tourist attraction, is sometimes used for commuting by Lookout Mountain residents, particularly during wintry weather, when travelling up and down the mountain could be very dangerous.

Despite the relatively high level of freight rail activity, there is no passenger rail service in the city for either commuters or long-distance travelers.

Bridges

Bridges in Chattanooga

Being bisected by a major waterway, Chattanooga has several large bridges that allow people to traverse the Tennessee River. They are, from west to east:

  • Market Street Bridge - Officially called the John Ross Bridge. It is a bascule span, which is a type of drawbridge. The bridge was completed in 1917 for the then-astronomical sum of USD $1,000,000. Having stood for decades since its last major overhaul, the Tennessee Department of Transportation declared it unsafe in late 2004. The bridge was closed in 2005 for a long-overdue renovation and reopened on August 4, 2007.[68]
  • Walnut Street Bridge – Also known as "The Walking Bridge", it is one of the centerpieces of Chattanooga's urban renewal, and is the second longest pedestrian bridge in the nation. Constructed in 1891, the bridge was declared unsafe and closed to traffic in 1978. It was on the verge of being demolished in the late 1980s when public demand led to it being restored as a pedestrian-only span that opened in 1993.[9][13]
  • Veterans Memorial Bridge – Completed in 1984, this structure has helped commuters from Hixson, Lupton City and other northern areas reach downtown quickly.[9]
  • C.B. Robinson Bridge – Opened in 1981, this bridge carries Dupont Parkway from Amnicola Highway to Hixson Pike and Route 153.[9]

Air travel

The Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport offers non-stop service to various domestic destinations via regional and national airlines, including Allegiant Airlines, American Eagle, Delta Connection, and US Airways Express.[70]

Media and communications

The city of Chattanooga is served by numerous local, regional and national media outlets which reach approximately one million people in four states: Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia and North Carolina.

Newspapers

The Chattanooga Times Free Press, the area's only daily newspaper, is published every morning. It was effectively formed in 1999 from two papers that had been bitter rivals for half a century, the Times and the News-Free Press. The Times was once owned by Adolph Ochs, who later bought the New York Times. The Times had been the morning paper and had a generally more liberal editorial page. The News-Free Press, whose name was the result of an earlier merger, was an afternoon daily and its editorials were more conservative than those in the Times. In 1999, the Free Press was bought by an Arkansas company, WEHCO Media, publisher of the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, which then bought The Times from the Ochs heirs. The Times Free Press is the only known newspaper in the United States to have 2 editorial pages, each reflecting opposite ends of the political spectrum. The Times' editorial page, which is liberal, is on the left page and the Free Press' editorial page, which is conservative, is on the right page.[71]

The "Chattanooga Pulse" is a weekly alternative newspaper, published every Thursday. It was formed in 2003 by Zachary Cooper and Michael Kull, running independently until 2008, when the paper was purchased by local broadcast radio and website development firm Brewer Media Group. The newspaper shares news gathering resources with Brewer Media Group's WPLZ Pulse News 95.3FM news talk radio station, and the www.chattanoogapulse.com news website.

Online media

The Chattanoogan and its website "Chattanoogan.com" is an online media outlet that concentrates on news from Chattanooga. The publisher is John Wilson, previously a staff writer for the Chattanooga Free Press.[72][73]

Nooga.com is an online newspaper like website that began in 1999 and is updated many times daily with local, state and national news of interest to citizens living and working in the Chattanooga, North Alabama and Northwest Georgia areas. The site is webmastered by Rick Igou.

Radio

Chattanooga has the following radio stations:

AM
  • WUUS 980 AM - Talk / WUUS Talk 980AM (Licensed to Rossville, GA)
  • WFLI 1070 AM - Southern gospel (Licensed to Lookout Mountain, TN)
  • WGOW 1150 AM - News/talk / NewsRadio 1150 [32]
  • WNOO 1260 AM - Urban gospel and Motown
  • WDOD 1310 AM - Sports/1310 Fox Sports Radio
  • WDEF-AM 1370 AM - Sports/1370 Fox Sports Radio
FM
  • WUTC 88.1 FM - NPR [33]/Mixed music / Music 88. Operated by UTC. First and only station in Chattanooga to be broadcasting in HD Radio. (Licensed to Chattanooga, TN)
  • W203AZ 88.5 FM - Religious/CSN international [34]
  • WMBW 88.9 FM - Christian / Moody Radio For The Heart Of The Southeast. Owned and operated by Moody Bible Institute. (Licensed to Chattanooga, TN)
  • WDYN 89.7 FM - Southern Gospel / WDYN Radio [35] Operated By Tennessee Temple University. (Licensed to Chattanooga, TN)
  • W211BG 90.1 FM - Religious [36] (Licensed to Walden, TN)
  • WSMC 90.5 FM - Classical/NPR/PRI[37] Operated by Southern Adventist University. (Licensed to Collegedale, TN)
  • WAWL-FM 91.5 FM - College Alternative / 91 Rock The Wawl Chattanooga State Technical Community College (Licensed to Chattanooga, TN)
  • WDEF-FM 92.3 FM - Adult contemporary / Sunny 92.3[38] (Licensed to Chattanooga, TN)
  • WSAA 93.1 FM - Adult Hits / 93.1 Jack FM[39] (Licensed to Benton, TN)
  • WMPZ 93.5 FM - Urban oldies / Groove 93[40] (Licensed to Harrison, TN)
  • WJTT 94.3 FM - Urban contemporary / Power 94 [41] (Licensed to Red Bank, TN)
  • WAAK-LP 94.7 FM - Variety [42] (Low power station licensed to Boynton/Ringgold, GA)
  • WPLZ 95.3 FM - News/Talk [43] (Licensed to Cleveland, TN)
  • WDOD 96.5 FM - 96.5 The Mountain—Chattanooga's #1 Hit Music Station[44] (Licensed to Chattanooga, TN)
  • WUUQ 97.3, & 99.3 FM - Classic Country QCountry 97.3/99.3 (Licensed to South Pittsburg, TN)
  • WLND 98.1 FM - Hot AC / 98.1 LND (Licensed to Signal Mountain, TN)
  • WOOP 99.9 FM, Classic country, old-time gospel, bluegrass and mountain music. [45] Operated by the Traditional Music Resource Center, (Licensed to Cleveland, TN)
  • WUSY 100.7 FM, Contemporary country / US101 [46] (Licensed to Cleveland, TN)
  • WOCE 101.9 FM, Spanish (Licensed to Ringgold, GA)
  • WGOW 102.3 FM, [47] News/talk (Licensed to Soddy-Daisy, TN)
  • WBDX 102.7 FM, [48] Contemporary Christian (Licensed to Trenton, GA)
  • WLLJ 103.1 FM, [49] Contemporary Christian (Simulcast with WBDX 102.7) (Licensed to Etowah, TN)
  • WKXJ 103.7 FM, Top 40 / 103.7 Kiss FM [50] (Licensed to Walden, TN)
  • WALV 105.1 FM, [51] ESPN Sports Talk
  • WRXR 105.5 FM, [52] Active rock (Licensed to Rossville, GA)
  • WSKZ 106.5 FM, [53] Classic rock
  • WOGT 107.9 FM, [54] Contemporary country / The Duke (Licensed to East Ridge, TN)

Television

Chattanooga's television stations include:

See also List of television stations in Tennessee, List of television stations in Georgia

Notable residents

The following people were born, currently live, or have lived in Chattanooga:

Sister cities

Chattanooga has five sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Chattanooga also has two twinning cities: Italy Ascoli Piceno, Italy, and United Kingdom Swindon, United Kingdom.

Other communities named Chattanooga

Other places named Chattanooga include Chattanooga, Oklahoma and a community named Chattanooga in Mercer County, Ohio.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ A Dictionary of Creek/Muskogee, Margaret McKane Mauldin
  4. ^ folk etymology. source?
  5. ^ Thomas Budd Van Horne and Edward Ruger, History of the Army of the Cumberland, 1875, p.407
  6. ^ a b Timothy Ezzell, Chattanooga. Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, 2002. Retrieved 2009-08-14.
  7. ^ Vicki Rozema, Voices from the Trail of Tears. Voices from the Trail of Tears, 2003. Retrieved 2009-08-19.
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ a b c d e f [2]
  10. ^ a b [3]
  11. ^ [4]
  12. ^ [5]
  13. ^ a b [6]
  14. ^ "waterfront_exec_summary.pdf (application/pdf Object)". www.rivercitycompany.com. http://www.rivercitycompany.com/pdfs/media/waterfront_exec_summary.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  15. ^ City of Chattanooga
  16. ^ Volkswagen wants slice of American pie AUSmotive.com
  17. ^ [7]
  18. ^ [8]
  19. ^ [9]
  20. ^ "Littlefield: "We Want Local Control" Of The Water Company". The Chattanoogan. 2005-12-19. http://www.chattanoogan.com/articles/article_77517.asp. Retrieved 2007-03-24. 
  21. ^ "Parent Company Of Tennessee-American Water To Be Sold In Public Offering". The Chattanoogan. 2006-03-25. http://www.chattanoogan.com/articles/article_82620.asp. Retrieved 2007-03-24. 
  22. ^ [10]
  23. ^ [11]
  24. ^ [12]
  25. ^ [13]
  26. ^ [14]
  27. ^ [15]
  28. ^ [16]
  29. ^ [17]
  30. ^ [18]
  31. ^ [19]
  32. ^ Brainerd Baptist School website
  33. ^ [20]
  34. ^ [21]
  35. ^ http://www.lib.chattanooga.gov/ Library Website
  36. ^ a b c [22]
  37. ^ "Top 100 Hospitals 2008". Thomson Reuters. 2008. http://www.100tophospitals.com/winners/cardiowinners.aspx. Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  38. ^ Erlanger Board of Trustees
  39. ^ "Top 100 Hospitals 2004". Solucient. 2004. http://www.100tophospitals.com/Winners/national04/benchmarks.asp. Retrieved 2007-03-24. 
  40. ^ The International Towing and Recovery Hall of Fame and Museum
  41. ^ Chattanooga Regional History Museum
  42. ^ National Medal of Honor Museum, Chattanooga, Tennessee
  43. ^ index.html
  44. ^ Chattanooga African American Museum
  45. ^ The Creative Discovery Museum
  46. ^ Chattanooga Symphony and Opera: Welcome!
  47. ^ Chattanooga Theatre Centre
  48. ^ The Arts & Education Council of Chattanooga
  49. ^ [23]
  50. ^ [24]
  51. ^ GoFest!
  52. ^ Talespin
  53. ^ The Back Row Film Series
  54. ^ [25]
  55. ^ http://www.chattanoogadulcimerfestival.com
  56. ^ Chattanooga Lookouts official site; affiliate stated on top right-hand corner of web page
  57. ^ Head of the Hooch
  58. ^ [26]
  59. ^ [27]
  60. ^ [28]
  61. ^ 2000 Census Data on Same-sex couple households
  62. ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (CBSA-EST2006-01)" (CSV). 2006 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-19. http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2006/CBSA-EST2006-01.csv. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  63. ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CBSA-EST2008-01)" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-19. http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2008/CBSA-EST2008-01.csv. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  64. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006". U.S. Census Bureau. 2006. http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/CBSA-est2006-annual.html. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  65. ^ "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CBSA-EST2008-02)" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-19. http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2008/CBSA-EST2008-02.csv. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  66. ^ http://74.125.47.132/search?q=cache:7RHrEAvuxb8J:www.srh.noaa.gov/mrx/skywarn/awareness/wwaw2008.pdf+Newfound+Gap+blizzard+1993&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=10&gl=us&client=opera
  67. ^ http://www.chattanoogan.com/articles/article_113678.asp The Chattanoogan, September 19, 2007.
  68. ^ Market Street Bridge Project // What's Happening
  69. ^ [29]
  70. ^ http://www.chattairport.com/flight_info/destinations.htm
  71. ^ [30]
  72. ^ "The Chattanoogan". Chattanoogan.com. http://www.chattanoogan.com/. Retrieved 2009-07-21. "Chattanoogan.com was launched Sept. 1, 1999, as one of the first full-service web-only daily newspapers in the country. Since that date, it has proven to be a pace-setter in the rapidly-developing field of Internet news publishing and has drawn a wide following and readership. It currently gets about 50,000-80,000 visits per day." 
  73. ^ "Internet Newspaper to Appear in Chattanooga, Tenn.". Chattanooga Times/Free Press. 1999. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-55639266.html. Retrieved 2009-07-22. "A new Internet venture that calls itself one of the first full-service Web-only newspapers in the country is slated to appear today in Chattanooga. Chattanoogan.com will publish Monday through Friday on the Internet at www.chattanoogan.com, said publisher and co-owner John Wilson on Tuesday. Mr. Wilson, formerly with the Chattanooga Free Press for 28 years and the Hamilton County historian, said the Internet paper will offer local news, sports, features, weather, obituaries, opinion, health and classified advertising. ..." 
  74. ^ "Chattanooga Timeline: 1907-1927". WDEF.com. 2007. http://wdef.com/node/5017. Retrieved 2007-11-11. 
  75. ^ "Will Marion Cook". Library Of Congress. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/ihas/loc.natlib.ihas.200038839/default.html. 
  76. ^ "Dennis Haskins - Biography". IMDB. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0368172/bio. Retrieved 2007-11-11. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Chattanooga[1] is the 4th largest city in Tennessee. It is the seat of Hamilton County. It is in Southeast Tennessee on the Tennessee River and near the border of Georgia. It is, in fact, the home of the Chattanooga Choo Choo, the tune made popular by Glenn Miller.

Walnut Street Bridge at Night
Walnut Street Bridge at Night

Understand

During the American Civil War, Chattanooga was a major railroad station and at the center of a number of pitched battles. These battles are remembered through numerous battlefield parks and Civil War attractions located in and around the city.

In more modern times, the city has received national recognition for the renaissance of its once dilapidated downtown and redevelopment of its riverfront. An early cornerstone of this project was the restoration of the historic Walnut Street Bridge, which is now the world's longest pedestrian bridge.

Chattanooga is the corporate headquarters and home of Olan Mills, Blue Cross & Blue Shield of TN, Rock Creek Outfitters, Krystal, Chattem, Unum, The Chattanooga Bakery (home of the Moon pie), and Miller Industries, the largest tow truck manufacturer in the world; Chattanooga is the birthplace of the tow truck. Chattanooga is also home to the Tennessee Valley Authority, a self-funding government agency which operates numerous power plants in the South. Following the city's industrial decline, many businesses in the banking and insurance industries set up operations in Chattanooga. The city is home to large branch offices of Cigna, AT&T and UBS.

Within the last ten years the city has won 3 national awards for outstanding "livability", and 9 Gunther Blue Ribbon Awards for excellence in housing and consolidated planning.

As of the census of 2000, there are 155,554 people, 65,499 households, and 39,626 families residing in the city. There are 72,108 housing units at an average density of 205.9/km² (533.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 59.71% White, 36.06% African American, 0.29% Native American, 1.54% Asian. 2.11% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Get in

By plane

There is regular air service through the Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport (IATA: CHA) [2]. The airport is located east of downtown Chattanooga and you can easily get transportation from the airport to local hotels.

It is serviced by:

  • American Eagle, [3].
  • Northwest Airlink, [4].
  • US Airways Express, [5].
  • Delta Connection Carriers, [6].
  • Allegiant Air, [7] (Nonstop service only to Orlando, Tampa, and Fort Lauderdale; no onestops or connections).

There are non-stop flights to/from Chattanooga:

By car

I-75 (North-South) and I-24 (East-West) intersect in Chattanooga.

  • Greyhound, 960 Airport Road, 1-800-231-2222, [8]. Service to Chattanooga begins and ends at their station found near the airport.

By boat

Chattanooga is accessible by way of the Tennessee River by personal water craft.

  • Ross's Landing, downtown Chattanooga. There are 11 mooring posts with electrical and water hookups.
  • Chickamauga Marina, Chickamauga Lake at the Chickamauga Dam, Kings Point Rd, +1 423 622-1978, [9]. Full service marina, complete with laundry/bath house. Fuel Dock/Ships Store open 7 days year round accepting all major credit cards. Hours: Summer, May 1 - Sept 30, Su-Th 8:30AM-6:30PM and F-Sa 8:30AM-7PM; Winter, Oct 1 - Apr 30, M-Su 8:30AM-5:30PM.
  • Gold Point Yacht Harbor, just off the Tennessee River at mile marker 472, +1 423 622-1978, [10]. Constructed in 2001 and nestled into a picturesque cove. All business for Gold Point Yacht Harbor is conducted from the marina office located at the Chickamauga Marina.
  • Shady Grove Harbor, Longitude 85° 08' Latitude 35° 16', 1805 Clift Eldridge Rd, Soddy Daisy, +1 423 332-5613 (fax: +1 423 332-5971, emergency: +1 423 332-4784 or +1 423 332-2728), [11]. To get to the harbor, enter the Soddy Creek Channel at Mile Marker 487, then travel 1.3 miles up Soddy Creek. Summer (Apr 1 - Labor Day) open 7 days 8AM-8PM; Winter, F-Tu 10AM-6PM. The Ship Store is equipped to satisfy all boating needs.
  • Island Cove Marina and Resort, Mile marker 477.5 on the Tennessee River, 6701 Highway 58, Harrison, +1 423 344-8331 (fax: +1 423 344-6275), [12]. Featuring a full stocked ship store, transient dockage, bath house, laundry and a 24 hour fuel dock. They were recently awarded a 5 Anchor Rating by Quimby's Cruise Guide. Ship Store hours: Summer, M-Sa 8AM-6PM, Su 9AM-6PM; Winter, M-Sa 8AM-5PM, Su 10AM-5PM. Sydney's On the River restaurant also on site.
Downtown Chattanooga
Downtown Chattanooga

By car

When a speed limit is not posted, assume that it is 35mph, especially when downtown or in a residential area.

Rental Car Companies:

  • National Car Rental, Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport, +1 423 855-2229, [13].
  • Dollar Rent A Car, +1 423 855-2232, [14].
  • Avis Rent A Car, Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport, +1 423 855-2232, [15].
  • Enterprise Rent A Car, Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport, +1 423 296-9902, [16].
  • Donna's Rent A Car, 1419 South Moore Road, +1 423 899-5621.
  • Thrifty Car Rental, Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport, +1 423 892-8983.
  • Access Car Rental, 2114 Chapman Rd, +1 423 894-3833.
  • Access Car Rental, 3150 Broad Street, +1 423 634-7771.
  • Hertz Rent a Car, Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport, +1 423 855-8131.

By bus

The Chattanooga Area Regional Transportation Authority, better known as CARTA, provides one of the easiest way to move around downtown Chattanooga via a free electric shuttle that operates between the Holiday Inn Choo-Choo and Tennessee Aquarium, along with new service to Chattanooga's North Shore shops and Coolidge Park.

There are also buses servicing the remainder of the city for a fare:

Main Line

  • Adult - $1
  • Seniors - $.50
  • Persons with Disability - $.50
  • Students - $.50
  • Children 5 and under are free with a paying passenger

CARTA schedules are available at many of the local banks, shopping malls, social service agencies, hospitals, colleges, universities, the downtown post office, libraries and through CARTA.

Rock City
Rock City
  • Rock City, 1400 Patton Road (Located approximately 6 miles from downtown), 1-800-854-0675, [17]. Located on Lookout Mountain, Rock City has been an attraction in some form or another since 1823. However, not until Garnet Carter, inventor of Miniature Golf, and his wife opened Rock City Gardens in 1932 it was not a huge draw. Carter hired Clark Byers to travel the nation's highways, offering to paint farmer's barns in exchange for letting them paint "See Rock City" on them. Rock City Gardens features a 4100ft walking trail, a 90 foot waterfall, a 180-foot long suspension bridge, and Lover's Leap where you can "see seven states." Open year round, except Christmas Day, at 8:30AM. From the middle of November until the end of the year, they have the "Enchanted Garden of Lights" from 6PM-9PM which features local school/church groups performing and the entire gardens decorated in holiday lights. Adult admission is $12.95, Children ages 3 - 12 are $6.95, 2 and under are free. Combination tickets covering Rock City, Ruby Falls, and the Incline are available at any of the three attractions.
Ruby Falls
Ruby Falls
  • Ruby Falls, 1720 South Scenic Highway, +1 423 821-2544, [18]. This thundering 145 foot waterfall inside Lookout Mountain has been a popular attraction since 1929. Named after the founder's wife, Ruby Falls was found by Leo Lambert in 1923 as he and his corporation were drilling a shaft to open the historic Lookout Mountain Cave to the public. During the drilling, a small opening was located and after a 17 hour trip, Leo emerged with tales of beautiful rock formations and a spectacular waterfall. Parking is on-site, attended and free. Allow approximately two hours for your visit. Those with claustrophobia may be a little unnerved by the elevator ride into the caverns. No strollers are permitted and the cave tour is not wheelchair accessible. Ruby Falls is open from 8AM-8PM (except Christmas Day), the attraction is weatherproof and 60 degrees year round. Adult admission is $12.95, Children ages 3 - 12 are $5.95, 2 years and under are free. Combination tickets covering Rock City, Ruby Falls, and the Incline are available at any of the three attractions.
Lookout Mountain at sunset as seen from downtown Chattanooga
Lookout Mountain at sunset as seen from downtown Chattanooga
  • Incline Railway, 3917 St Elmo (Near Interstate 24), +1 423 821-4224, [19]. In November of 1895, the Incline in its second incarnation made its first ascent up Lookout Mountain on what is the steepest passenger incline in the world. Renovation in that was completed in 1986 has brought the station back to its original splendor. Traveling at a 72.7% grade, the trolley-styled cars pass at the midpoint of the 45 minute one-way trip. After arriving at the upper station, a short walk will take you to Point Park where a spectacular view of Mocassin Bend and the Tennessee River await you. Adult admission, round trip, is $10. Children, ages 3 - 12, $5. Between Memorial Day and Labor Day, the Incline is open from 8:30AM-9:30PM; During April, May, September, and October from 9AM-6PM; and from November through March, from 10AM-6PM.
  • Chattanooga Choo Choo, 1400 Market Street, 1-800-TRACK29 (872-2529)[20], Erected in 1908 with an 85 foot cast iron dome rising majestically over the lobby, the Terminal Station served thousands of passengers until 1970 when the trains stopped running. In 1973, after a 4 million dollar renovation, it was reopened to the public as a hotel. Authentic private rail cars were furnished as unique sleeping quarters. Holiday Inn welcomed the hotel into its family in 1989 after another 4 million dollars were invested. The dome is decorated with magnificent colors and it is stunning when lit up at night, and the Choo Choo Holiday Inn is preparing to enter its second century as a premier hotel and convention center. The private rail car rooms are still available, and there are a variety of shops and dining options on the 35 acre complex. While there, see the worlds largest model railroad setup showing a scale version of the Chattanooga valley, an authentic 1880's steam engine (the only one of its type in the area), and the beautifully restored Terminal Station.
  • Tennessee Aquarium, 1 Broad Street, (Which has become the center of tourism in Downtown Chattanooga), 1-800-262-0695, [21].
    Tennessee Aquarium as seen from the Market Street Bridge
    Tennessee Aquarium as seen from the Market Street Bridge
    The Tennessee Aquarium features two buildings, "Ocean Journey" and "River Journey." The River Journey focuses on freshwater environments, carrying you through mountains forests, swamps, valley and lakes, both in the Tennessee Valley and throughout the world. Some of the special attractions are the seahorses and otters. The Ocean Journey building, a recent addition to the campus, offers opportunity to touch stingrays, visit a butterfly garden and see sharks. Both buildings stand out in the skyline with their pitched glass roofs and have become a popular landmark for photographers. Expect to tour for at least two and a half hours, more during the summer. During the summer, hours are extended and tickets are time-stamped. Purchasing tickets in advance during the summer months (or even all year) is an extremely good idea. Not only are they cheaper, you can also plan on an entry time. Combination tickets for the Aquarium, IMAX and Creative Discovery Museum are available. First admittance at 10AM and last at 6PM, outside of summer months.
  • Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park, 1101 McCallie Avenue, (2 miles from downtown Chattanooga), +1 423 697-1322, [22]. Also referred to as the "Warner Park Zoo", it is on 6 acres in the middle of Warner Park. March – October the park is open 9AM–5PM, everyday, November – February 10AM–5PM, everyday, and closed New Years Day, Christmas Day, Martin Luther King Day, and Thanksgiving Day. Admission is $6 for Adults, $4 for Seniors, $3 for Children Age 3 - 15.
  • International Towing and Recovery Hall of Fame and Museum, 3315 Broad Street, +1 423 267-3132. [23] The museum can be found on the right in a blue and white building as you drive toward the mountain, a short drive from downtown. Chattanooga was chosen as the site of the museum because the first wrecker was built here at the Ernest Holmes Company. You'll find dozens of antique tow trucks and pictures of Hall of Famers. Admission is $8 for adults, $7 for Seniors 55 and older, $4 for Children 6 - 18, and free for children 5 and under.
    Hunter Museum
    Hunter Museum
  • Chattanooga Regional History Museum, 400 Chestnut Street, +1 423 265-3247. [24] A museum featuring regularly changing exhibits concerning regional history. Adults $4, Seniors $3.50, Children ages 5 - 18 are $3.
  • Hunter Museum of American Art, [25]. Perched on an 80-foot bluff on the edge of the Tennessee River, the Hunter Museum of American Art offers stunning views of the river and the surrounding mountains. This panorama is equaled only by the exceptional collection of American art inside recognized as one of the country's finest. Open M-Tu and F-Sa 10AM-5PM; W 12PM-5PM, Th 10AM-9PM, Closed Wednesdays Labor Day through Memorial Day. Admission is $7 for Adults, $3.50 Children 3 - 12.
  • Creative Discovery Museum, Corner of Chestnut and 4th, +1 423 756-2738, [26]. Search for Lost Dinosaur Bones! Build Slot Cars! Create Your Own Music! Walk Through A Picture! Captain a ship in RiverPlay! Creative Discovery Museum isn't just for children, although it was designed for them in mind. There are lots of interactive exhibits here, enough to keep even the most hyperactive of kids entertained. Revolving exhibits, such as "Clifford, the Big Red Dog" and "Curious George" keep the Museum fresh for multiple visits. Creative Discovery Museum was voted as one of the top 20 children's museums in the nation by Child magazine. Plan on spending approximately 2 hours in the Museum. 2008 admission is $8.95 for adults and children ages 2 and up. Family memberships are available. Value-pack tickets for the Aquarium, IMAX and Creative Discovery Museum are also available. Visit the website for current hours.
  • Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, 4119 Cromwell Rd, +1 423 894-8028, [27]. Ride the 50 minute Missionary Ridge Local for a guided tour of their restoration shop or grab the 4 hour roundtrip ride into Chickamauga, Georgia. Special tours like the Autumn Leaf special or the Steam All the Way available seasonally. Tickets $12.50 - $79.
  • Houston Museum of Decorative Arts, 201 High Street, +1 423 267-7176, [28]. Located in a century-old Victorian house in the Bluff View Art District. It is home to antique glass and ceramics, as well as antique furniture, music boxes, coverlets and other rare pieces from the collection of the late Anna Safley Houston. It boasts the world’s largest collection of pitchers. Open M-F 9:30AM-4PM. Open seasonally on Sa and Su. Closed major holidays. Admission: Adults $7, Children (4-12) $3.50. Discounts available for groups of 20 or more.
  • Coolidge Park. This park features a beautifully restored carousel, a pavilion, an interactive play fountain, and lots of open space where the Navy and Marine Reserve Center once stood. A short walk across the Walnut Street Bridge allows visitors to enjoy Chattanooga's most popular park. It is part of the Tennessee Riverpark, a 22 mile long public park along the Tennessee River. Coolidge park is also a Wi-Fi Hotspot thanks to the City of Chattanooga [29] and AirNet Group [30].
    Watch the activity [31] in Coolidge park through an entire day/night cycle of June 9 and 10, 2003. (Requires Windows Media Player)
  • Walnut Street Bridge. The renovation of this 113-year old historic bridge as a linear pedestrian park was completed in May 1993. It is the oldest and largest surviving truss bridge in the South. The Walnut Street Bridge was condemned and slated for demolition when local citizens convinced the City of Chattanooga to commit the funds earmarked for the bridge’s demolition to its restoration, providing the balance of the renovation cost could be raised. As the World's longest pedestrian bridge it serves as the link between downtown Chattanooga and the now thriving Northshore District.
  • Renaissance Park. Another Northshore park. Adjacent to Coolidge Park, this 23 acre urban wetland park is a product of Chattanooga's 21st Century Waterfront project. Plans are underway to create an outdoor center to promote outdoor activities in the Chattanooga area, as well as a nature trail through the park.
  • Tennessee River Walk. A continuous 10 mile path stretching from Ross's Landing in the heart of downtown Chattanooga to the Tennessee Riverpark and the Chickamauga Dam, stopping various times along the way to open up into picnic areas. Start the trail in any number of places along Amnicola Highway, Riverside Drive, or Downtown. This linear greenway continues to grow and expand through several different projects.
  • Ross's Landing. A site of great significance for its relevance in Cherokee Indian and Chattanooga history, Ross's Landing has recently been renovated, adding a large pier, natural amphitheater and a large greenspace. Wrapping underneath Riverfront Parkway is a unique water feature for visitors to cool off in. Several mooring posts are available for boaters to make a stop off at this beautiful space.
  • Miller Park, 910 Market Street. The park, one-acre in the middle of downtown, is very popular with the downtown lunch crowd. It has an outdoor amphitheater, a large fountain and beautiful grassy areas. Homeless people are known to relax in the shade here and a number of mission organizations stop here to offer free lunches to them. Some residents have complained that these free lunches bring more homeless to the park area, but the ones that do frequent the area tend to leave well enough alone. Panhandling or begging is rare.
  • Miller Plaza, 850 Market Street. Directly across from Miller Park is a pavilion, outdoor stage and a fountain. This site is used a couple of regular, free concert series: "Nightfall" and "Rhythm & Noon." The Nightfall series [32], held each Friday evening from May through September, is extremely popular, especially with area bikers, but it is still a very friendly crowd. Rhythm & Noon [33] is held every Friday from May through August. Miller Plaza is also a WiFi hotspot sponsor by the City of Chattanooga [34] and AirNet Group [35].
  • Heritage park, 1428 Jenkins Road. A 22-acre park featuring a walking track, picnic tables with grills, and a bocce ball court.
  • Chattanooga Nature Center, 400 Garden Road, +1 423 821-1160, [36]. M-Sa 9AM-5PM. Established in 1979, the Chattanooga Nature Center includes a 1400 foot boardwalk meandering through seasonal wetland and lowland forest. The CNC sponsors summer camps each year and space is always limited. Admission is $6 for adults, $3 for children ages 4 - 11 and seniors 65+.0 The CNC is only minutes from Downtown Chattanooga and it is well worth the trip.
  • Reflection Riding, Located at the Chattanooga Nature Center, +1 423 821-9582, [37]. M-Sa 9AM-5PM year round, and Su 1PM-5PM March through October. This 300-acre arboretum, botanical garden and historic site located on Lookout Mountain. The seasons are most evident as your travel through the grounds, with summer's wildflowers and autumn's changing of colors. There are also rental facilities available on the acreage, perfect for parties, weddings or other occasions. Cost of admission is $6 per car, or you can pay per individual for admission to both Reflection Riding and the Chattanooga Nature Center.
  • Maclellan Island, located under Veteran's Bridge in the middle of the Tennessee River, [38]. An 18 acre island that was granted by Robert J. Maclellan to the Chattanooga Audubon Society in with to intent for it to be used as a wildlife sanctuary. Tours of the island are available through the Chattanooga Ducks.
  • River Gallery Sculpture Garden, 400 East 2nd Street. Located in the Bluff View Art district, this piece of greenspace on the bluff near the Veteran's Bridge offer a little peace and a lot of beautiful art.
  • Bijou Theater, 215 Broad Street, +1 423 265-5220. A modern 7 screen movie theater located on the block next to the Aquarium. Occasionally offers independent films in addition to the standard commercial releases.
  • Chattanooga Theatre Center, 400 River Street, +1 423 267-8534, [39]. It was founded in 1924 as the "Little Theatre", but this community theater has grown up: it has a modern facility and grown up name. Classes, as well as auditions for the more than 15 productions are held year round.
  • IMAX 3D Theater, 201 Chestnut Street (Just across the street from the Tennessee Aquarium), +1 423 266-4629, [40]. This six-story high IMAX 3D Theater features two 3D films that change regularly, often themed closely to the latest special attraction at the Aquarium. Currently showing Sharks 3D and Wild Safari 3D, this IMAX does not show any feature films. Tickets purchased at the box office may not be for an immediate showing, so advance purchases are best for planning purposes. Single movie tickets are $7.95 for Adults, $5.50 for Children 3-12. Double Feature tickets are $11.95 and $8.50. Combination tickets for the Aquarium, IMAX and Creative Discovery Museum are available.
  • Memorial Auditorium, 399 Mccallie Avenue, +1 423 757-5042. Home to dozens of events, from graduations to live music, throughout the year.
  • Tivoli Theater, 709 Broad Street, +1 423 757-5050. Known as the "Jewel of the South," the Tivoli has entertained Chattanoogans, offering everything from silent movies to Broadway blockbusters, for over 75 years. One nugget of its history: in 1926 the Tivoli became one of the first public buildings in the country to be air conditioned. The Tivoli was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974 and received a $7 million renovation that was revealed to an excited audience in 1989. Currently the Tivoli is the home of the Chattanooga Symphony and Opera Association. It also offers a venue to other music artists, Broadway shows and dance troupes. Recently the Tivoli has installed a movie projector, calling back to its early days a first class movie house.
  • Chattanooga National Cemetery, 1200 Bailey Avenue, +1 423 855-6590, [41]. Initially designated as a national cemetery "in commemoration of the Battles of Chattanooga, Nov. 23 - 27, 1863" by Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas on Christmas Day of 1863. In addition to Civil War veterans, there are 78 German prisoners of war from the First World War and a number of prisoners of war from Germany and other Axis countries dating from the Second World War, the largest number of German (and other Axis) POWs interred in the United States. The 120 acre cemetery was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1996 and it features one of five memorial entrance archways built in national cemeteries. The archway approaches 40 feet in height. A number of other monuments have been erected throughout the cemetery.
  • Climb the Walnut Street Bridge Climbing Wall, Inside Coolidge Park, +1 423 266-5709 (The Adventure Guild), [42]. From April through November, the wall is open F 6PM-9PM, Sa 1PM-9PM, and Su 1PM-5PM. Climb on one of the limestone towers that supports the Walnut Street Bridge. Located within Coolidge Park, the wall is open seasonally to the general public and for groups on a reservation basis. There are as many as 30 distinct climbing routes perfect for novices to experienced climbers. All equipment is provided! The price for open climbing $5 per-hour-per-person with a three climb minimum or $15 for the entire day, with the capability to come and go as you'd like.
  • Ride the Carousel in Coolidge Park. All of the various animals represented on the carousel were hand carved in St. Elmo, a historic neighborhood in Chattanooga. The carousel is 50 cents for children 12 or under and Seniors 55 or over. There are no wet clothes allowed on the carousel since it is all hand carved wood.
  • Play in the fountain at Coolidge Park. If you've got kids, be sure to bring them either a change of clothes or a swimsuit as the fountain is nearly irresistible. If they are still in diapers, swim diapers are required. Water spouting animals ring the fountain area and are fair game for climbing. Adults have been known to throughly enjoy playing in the water as well...
  • Walk the Riverwalk. Enjoy the natural beautiful of Chattanooga's riverfront by taking a walk down its linear greenspace. This project has drawn and inspired civic leaders from around the country. Take a picnic lunch and slip under the shade to watch time pass you by in any one of a number of picnic areas along the way.
  • Take a ride on the Southern Belle Riverboat, 201 Riverfront Parkway, Pier 2, +1 423 266-4488 or 1-800-766-2784, [43]. The Southern Belle is a lovely paddlewheel boat that cruises the Tennessee River near Chattanooga. Lunch, dinner or just sightseeing cruises are available. The "Dixeland Dinner Cruise" features delicious slow-cooked prime rib, shrimp creole and live music. Starting in mid-October, the Fall Leaf Cruises begin allowing you to take a ride up the river and marvel at the changing colors of the trees. The Riverboat is also available for private parties, including the opportunity to be wed on the promenade deck. Sight seeing cruises are $12 for Adults, and $5.25 for Children ages 3 - 12. Lunch Cruises, $17 for Adults and $8 for Children, and the Dinner Cruise is $31 for Adults, $17 for Children. Expect to spend between 1 hour and 2 1/2 hours on the river, depending on your cruise type.
  • Attend the Annual Riverbend Festival, +1 423 756-2211, [44]. An annual nine-day music festival that just celebrated its 25th year that consumes the riverfront part of downtown. 6 stages, including one on a barge, and vendors are set up all over the area. Don't expect big, crazy headliners, though - the organizers of the festival have said time and time again that they bring in acts that A) They can afford and B) Will make the majority of the attendees happy. Some nights can get a little rowdy, as this is the south and beer certainly is popular, but the local Sheriff's Department and Police Department bring out their finest to keep things safe. For fans of the blues, be sure to check out the Bessie Smith Strut, which features great blues artists and the town's finest BBQ.
  • See a Chattanooga Lookouts baseball game at Bellsouth Park, 201 Power Alley (Less than a block from the Aquarium), Box Office Telephone +1 423 267-4849, Office Telephone +1 423 267-2208, [45]. The Chattanooga Lookouts, an AA farm team for the Cincinnati Reds, have moved from Historic Engle Stadium into the brand new, $10 million dollar, AT&T Field. The brick walled stadium sits on Hawk Hill and offers the majority of their seating along the first base line. General Admission is $4 for Adults, $2 for Seniors 55+ and Children 7 - 12, with children 6 and under getting in free. Upper Box Seats are $5 and Lower Box Seats are $8. If you really want to splurge, skyboxes are available as well: 14 seats for $275, 32 for $425 per night.
  • Enjoy Lake Winnepesaukah Amusement Park, Lakeview Drive, Rossville, GA, [46]. (Almost literally just over the state line) 1-877-525-3946. Lake Winnie, as it's referred to amongst the locals, has been putting smiles on faces for 80 years. With rides for the whole family and concerts featuring famous country artists, Lake Winnie is open Thursday through Sunday from late April through early August. They are also open on weekends in the beginning of April and after the end of the summer season into September. Gate Admission, required of everyone, is $3. An unlimited ride pass, the best deal, is $19. You can, however, pick up individual ride tickets for $.80 each or a strip of 14 for $10. Each ride ranges from 2 to 5 tickets. (All prices listed for the 2005 season) All guests under 21 must accompanied by a parent or adult chaperone - it seems that too many people were just dropping their kids off.
  • Explore the Raccoon Mountain Caverns, 319 West Hills Drive, +1 423 821-9403 or 1-800-823-2267, [47]. Visit Raccoon Mountain's 5 1/2 miles of explored and mapped passageways in the Lookout Valley either on a 45 minute, come-as-you-are walking tour or on a deeper cave expedition. The front portion of the cave, the Crystal Palace, is where you'll take a guided walking tour. Admission for this trip is $11 for Adults (13 - 64), $10 for Seniors (65+), and $5.50 for Children (5 - 12). The "wild cave" tours have a number of different packages, prices and times. They range from 1 hour to 8 hours, even overnight if you'd like and from $25 to $100 per person, with discounts for groups. All equipment, lights, helmets, pads, and gloves, are part your wild cave admission. The caves are open year round except Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day, rain or shine, because it's underground...
  • Play Mini Golf at Sir Gooney's Family Fun Center, 5918 Brainerd Road, +1 423 892-5922, [48]. The mini-golf is great, but don't limit yourself to just that! They've got two mini-golf courses, three go-karts, paintball, bumper boats, batting cages, karaoke, laser tag and an arcade! Each attraction has its own price, but expect to spend between $2 and $14 per attraction. As they say, "Fun for all ages!"
  • Take a ride with the Chattanooga Ducks, 201 West 5th Street, +1 423 756-3825, [49]. Climb aboard a World War II era amphibious vehicle for a tour of downtown Chattanooga before it glides into the water for a tour of the Tennessee River. Tours run from 10AM to around dusk and last approximately 1 hour.
  • University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, 615 McCallie Avenue, [50]. A public university, UTC is the second largest campus in the University of Tennessee system.
  • 'Chattanooga State Technical Community College, [51]. A publicly funded junior college.
  • Covenant College, [52]. A private Christian college.
  • Tennessee Temple University, [53]. A private Christian college.
  • Southern Adventist University, [54]. A Seventh-day Adventist university.
  • 212 Market Restaurant, 212 Market Street, +1 423 265-1212, [55]. Cooking classes.
  • Mia Cucina, 2115 Gunbarrel Road, +1 423 648-4208, [56]. Cooking classes.

Buy

You'd be stupid if you didn't at least get one postcard with "See Rock City" on it!

  • Hamilton Place Mall, 2100 Hamilton Place Blvd. (Exit #5 on Interstate 75) Mall Management, +1 423 855-5282. Customer Service +1 423 894-7177, [57]. M-Sa 10AM-9PM, Su 12PM-6PM. With over 200 stores, 30 eateries, and 17 theater screens, Hamilton Place Mall is a very popular shopping complex in the Chattanooga area.
  • Northgate Mall, 271 Northgate Mall, (In Hixson, north of downtown Chattanooga), +1 423 875-4351, [58]. M-Sa 10AM-9PM, Su 12:30PM-6PM. Over 100 stores, along with a number of great restaurants and theater screens. Opening Fall of 2005 is the new Carmike Stadium Seating theater.
  • Warehouse Row, 1110 Market Street, +1 423 267-1127, 1-888-260-7620 (fax: +1 423 267-1129), [59]. Part of the Prime Outlets family, Warehouse Row is the premier fashion center in the Chattanooga area. This is an elegant setting, with hardwood floors and two levels of famous brand name stores. Hours: (Jan-Mar) M-Sa 10AM-7PM, Su 12PM-6PM; (Apr-Dec) M-Sa 10AM-8PM, Su 12PM-6PM. Closed Easter, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, and New Years Day.
  • East Ridge Flea Market, 6725 Ringgold Road, +1 423 894-3960, [60]. Sa-Su 9AM-6PM. Located in nearby East Ridge, just off of Interstate 75, the East Ridge Flea Market is one of Tennessee's largest indoor flea markets. Featuring over 200 vendors, you are very much nearly guaranteed to find a bargain. Free parking and air conditioned.

North Shore District

Located on the north shore of the Tennessee River, just across from downtown Chattanooga, the North Shore represents a great triumph in city growth and development. What was once a street of abandoned buildings and run-down homes has become one of the city's focal points. Mixed-use business and residential developments are underway, bringing even more people to the area. Coolidge Park, one of the city's most popular greenspaces, is the centerpiece of the North Shore District. The renovation of the Walnut Street Bridge as a pedestrian bridge is also heralded as part of the dramatic growth in the area. Frazier Avenue is considered to be the "Main Street" of this area, and many unique businesses are located here, such as

  • Rock Creek Outfitters, 100 Tremont Street (Corner of Tremont and Frazier), +1 423 265-5969, [61]. (Other locations at 2200 Hamilton Place Blvd, 191 River Street, and in Ocoee, TN. The River Street location, 2 minutes from the main store, specializes in kayaks and canoes.) M-Sa 10AM-6PM and Su 1PM-5PM. Founded in 1987, this is one of Chattanooga's best and well-known outdoor supply stores. With a large list of top quality brand names and highly knowledgeable staff, Rock Creek can get you into the best stuff out of doors in the Chattanooga Area.
  • Knitting Mill Antiques, 205 Manufacturers Road (in the Northshore district, minutes from Frazier Avenue), +1 423 267-1922 (fax: +1 423 267-1929).

Southside District

This area between the Chattanooga Choo-Choo and Finley Stadium is still being renovated but has been popular for redevelopment. Several retail businesses have opened along Market Street near the Choo-Choo, but these listed here a little off the well-beaten tourist path:

  • Chattanooga Market, 1826 Carter Street at the First Tennessee Pavilion, [62]. Seasonal Sundays, 12PM-5PM. Themed events including live music are scheduled throughout the growing season. Vendors set up booths, which includes area farmers, artists, and restaurants.
  • Galleries At Southside, 1404 Cowart Street, +1 423 267-8101.

St. Elmo District

In contrast to the more metropolitan downtown, the quaint, historic St. Elmo district at the foot of Lookout Mountain offers a walkable residential area with several small boutique shops and restaurants [63], including

  • The Mod
  • Clock Works and Vintage Watches, +1 423 821-2703, 3905 St. Elmo Avenue, [64]

Eat

Budget

Plenty of fast food restaurants litter the town, although not as many in the downtown area.

  • Clumpie's, 26B Frazier Avenue, +1 423 267-5425, [65]. A great little ice cream shop located on Frazier Avenue in the heart of the Northshore.
  • Nikki's Drive Inn, 899 Cherokee Blvd, +1 423 265-9015. (Right outside the tunnels, 2 minutes from Market Street) Great hush puppies and short-order food. A Chattanooga institution for more than 20 years.
  • Bea's Restaurant, 4500 Dodds Avenue, +1 423 867-3618. A little off the beaten path, Bea's offers real home cooking. Take a seat at a table, any table, occupied or not, and start grabbing what you'd like off the lazy susan in the center of the table.
  • Zarzour's Restaurant, 1627 Rossville Avenue (off Main Street), +1 423 266-0424. This fabulous "meat and 3" defines down-home atmosphere. Established in 1918, it's certainly one of Chattanooga's oldest establishments. The menu changes daily, but you can always get the best burger in town. Featured in Gourmet magazine and the book "Road Food".
  • Lee's Armandos,4767 highway 58,423894-1413. These are the best burgers you will ever eat.a great place to order in or carry out,a true mom and pop joint.it also has various other locations throughout chattanooga.

Mid-range

Downtown

  • Sushi Nabe of Kyoto, +1 423 634-0171, [66]. Open 7 days. Some of the best Sushi in Chattanooga. Located inside Coolidge Park, this restaurant is extremely convenient and serves fantastic food. Not only is traditional sushi available, but also simpler fare such as Chicken Tarayaki. If you're eating sushi, keep in mind that rolls are 6 pieces and Nigiri are 2. The bill at the end of the meal depends on how much and what you ate! Casual, family dining.
  • Sticky Fingers, Downtown restaurant at +1 423 265-RIBS, Hamilton Place at +1 423 899-RIBS, [67]. Open 7 days. Some of the best BBQ in Chattanooga! Top rated ribs: Memphis Style Wet, Memphis Style Dry, Tennessee Whiskey, Habanero Hot, Carolina Sweet. Average price of $10. Two locations in Chattanooga, one downtown in Jack's Alley at 420 Broad Street, the other on the perimeter of Hamilton Place Mall. Casual, family dining.
  • Big River Grille & Brewing Works, 222 Broad Street, +1 423 267-2739. Open 7 days. Located in a large, renovated warehouse only a 1/2 block from the Tennessee Aquarium, Big River is a part of the Gordon Biersch family and Chrissy's favorite spot along with the sister location in Nashville. The restaurant, separated from the main bar by a beautiful brick wall, features an amazing menu with an average price of $15. Expect it to be very busy on summer weekends. Patio seating available. Casual, family dining.
  • Hair of the Dog, An English Neighborhood Pub, 334 Market Street, +1 423 265-4615, [68]. M-F 11AM-3AM, Sa-Su 12PM-3AM. With the look and feel of an old English pub, this is quickly becoming a local favorite. A custom hand operated dumb-waiter delivers food and drinks to their second level where there are dart boards, pool tables and a great jukebox. A full bar with an assortment of over 50 beers compliments their small but exceptional "un-ordinary" menu. Be sure to check out their rotating specials.
  • Taco Mac, 423 Market Street, +1 423 267-8226, [69]. M-F 11AM-3AM, Sa-Su 12PM-3AM. Sports-bar style restaurant showcasing buffalo wings and a wide range of beers on tap or in a bottle.
  • Out of The Blue Bakery Cafe. Located in the center at the Riverpark on Amnicola. In addition to delicious sandwiches, pick up a kite for a flight through the park! Casual, family dining.
  • River Street Deli, 151 River Street (in the heart of the Northshore in Coolidge Park), +1 423 756-3354. A New York Deli sitting in Coolidge Park. These fantastic deli sandwiches from an actual New Yorker are perfect fare for a day lounging in the park. Open for lunch M-Sa, but if you can squeeze a reservation, you may be lucky enough to attend on of the famous themed dinners on a Friday night! Casual, family dining.
  • Pisa Pizza, 551 River Street, +1 423 756-7492, [70]. M-Th 11AM-10PM, F 11AM-11PM, Sa 12PM-9PM. Established in 1999 near what was to become Coolidge Park, Pisa Pizza has 38 toppings, 5 pasta dishes and 6 different hot hoagies to serve you in its' Chattanooga decorated dining room. If you plan on dining often, be sure to pick up their punch card - your 11th pizza is free. Featuring lunch specials from 11AM to 2PM, they are open seven days a week. Casual, family dining.
  • Lupi's Pizza Pies, 406 Broad Street, +1 423 266-5874. The Chattanooga Pulse calls Lupi's tomato sauce "the city's best" and their calzones are "football-sized." Casual, family dining.
  • Mellow Mushroom, 205 Broad Street, +1 423 266-5564, [71]. Part of the Atlanta based chain featuring Spring Water based dough and excellent ingredients. Located next to the Bijou Movie Theater and less than a block from the Aquarium, the 60s and 70s themed pizziria features outdoor seating for those beautiful summer nights in the scenic city. Casual, family dining.
  • Cheeburger Cheeburger, 138 Market Street (across from the Aquarium), +1 423 265-4108, [72]. This 50s and 60s themed restaurant is part of a Florida based chain that "has been known to make burgers without cheese." Try your hand (or mouth?) at their "Famous Pounder" and if you finish it all by your lonesome, you'll be forever immortalized on their wall of fame. Featuring an à la carte menu of ingredients, your burger is unique to you. Artichoke Hearts? Got 'em. Guacamole, Roasted Red Peppers, Bleu Cheese - they've got those too. Shakes and Malts are also a favorite on their menus. Expect to spend around $7 - $9 per person. Casual, family dining.
  • River Inn Restaurant, 2134 Suck Creek Road, +1 423 886-7476. Tu-Th 5PM-9PM, F-Su 12PM-10PM. A little Catfish house nestled alongside the river. In addition to Catfish, Flounder, Trout, Frog Legs, are available as well as the standard steak and chicken fare. Two large decks, one covered, the other screened and a large inside room with fireplace will give you plenty of room to enjoy your meal. Docking facilities available as well, so boats are an approved form of transport! Located about 20 minutes from downtown Chattanooga. Casual, family dining.
  • Buffalo Wild Wings, 507 Broad Street, +1 423 877-2356. Wings are the specialty in this nationwide chain, but the burgers aren't too bad either. Enjoy a comfortable, family-friendly, yet sports-bar type atmosphere. Casual, family dining.
  • Porker's Bar-B-Que, 1251 Market Street, +1 423 267-2726. Some of the very best BBQ you can find in town, located near the Choo-Choo. Casual, family dining.
  • Wally's Restaurant, 1600 McCallie Avenue, +1 423 698-4643, [73]. M-F 6AM-8PM, Sa 6AM-2PM. Breakfast from 6AM-11AM. Classic meat-and-three (vegetables) style restaurant that has been serving Chattanooga for over 70 years.
  • Sekisui, 200 Market Street, +1 423 267-4600. Japanese dining just across from the Aquarium, on the same block as 212 Market restaurant, upstairs.
  • Pickel Barrel, 1012 Market Street, +1 423 266-1103. Housed in the historic Park Plaza building, a unique triangular building with traditional Victorian architecture. Serves a wide range of pub foods to a wide range of customers. Casual environment with some outdoor seating.
  • Northshore Grille, 16 Frazier Avenue, +1 423 757-2000, [74]. Located in the booming Northshore district just above Coolidge Park, Northshore Grille bills themselves as a "Smokin' Crabshack & Canteen." Casual, family dining with outdoor seating available.

St. Elmo

  • Mojo Burrito, [75], 3815 St. Elmo Avenue, +1 423 822-MOJO, and 138B Market Street (right by the aquarium), +1 423 266-2255. Located only minutes from downtown in Historic St. Elmo, Mojo Burrito makes some of the best, fresh, healthy, customizable food you can find. Expect to spend around $7 - $9 for your meal including a big fat burrito. Casual, family dining.
  • Mr. T's Pizza, +1 423 825-6787.
  • Purple Daisy Picnic Cafe 4001 Saint Elmo Ave, (423) 822-6477. Great, homestyle barbeque. Have the "dirt pie" for dessert!

Brainerd/Hamilton Place Mall

  • The Chop House [76] A Chattanooga favorite for great steaks and chops in a warm, friendly environment. Well-known for their famous, delicious and massive onion rings.
  • NaGoYa Sushi Bar, 4921 Brainerd Road, +1 423 899 9252. M-Sa. Small Japanese family restaurant. Nigiri, Maki and home made oriental dishes and fresh sauces. Fourteen tables, five cooks, five wait staff, excellent service.
  • Carrabba's Italian Grill, 2040 Hamilton Place Blvd (on the road ringing the mall in front of the Ross shopping complex), +1 423 894-9970, [77]. M-Th 4PM-10:30PM, F 4PM-11:30PM, Sa 3PM-11:30PM, Su 11AM-10PM. Slightly upscale Italian restaurant that is part of nationwide chain.
  • Outback Steakhouse, 2120 Hamilton Place Blvd, +1 423 899-2600, [78]. M-Th 4PM-10:30PM, F 4PM-11PM, Sa 3PM-11PM, Su 12PM-10AM. This steakhouse is part of the nationwide chain.
  • Red Lobster Restaurant, 2200 Bams Drive (just outside the mall ring road), +1 423 490-3488, [79]. Part of the nationwide chain of seafood restaurants.
  • Olive Garden Italian Restaurant, 2200 Hamilton Place Blvd (on the left as you enter the Hamilton Place Mall complex from Shallowford Road), +1 423 899-7707, [80]. Su-Th 11AM-10PM, F-Sa 11AM-11PM. Part of the nationwide chain serving Italian fare at affordable prices.
  • Acropolis, 2213 Hamilton Place Blvd (on the right as you enter the Hamilton Place Mall complex from Shallowford Road), +1 423 899-5341. Serving a large menu of Greek fare in a family-style restaurant.
  • Kanpai of Tokyo, 2200 Hamilton Place Blvd (in the Toys R Us complex next to the mall), +1 423 855-8204, [81]. Lunch M-Th 11:30AM-2PM, F 12PM-2PM. Dinner M-Th 5PM-9:30PM, F-Sa 5PM-10PM, Su 5PM-8PM. Hibachi style Japanese cooking as well as sushi.
  • Logan's Roadhouse, 2119 Gunbarrel Road (just outside of the mall complex), +1 423 499-4339, [82]. Su-Th 11AM-10PM, F-Sa 11AM-11PM. Part of the nationwide chain with steaks and burgers as their main meals.
  • Applebee's, 2342 Shallowford Village Dr, +1 423 499-1999, [83]. Part of the nationwide chain serving "American" fare. (Located just over the interstate from the Mall, near the Holiday Inn).
  • Cracker Barrel, 2346 Shallowford Village Dr, +1 423 892-0977, [84]. (Located just over the interstate from the Mall, near the Holiday Inn) This Lebanon, TN based restaurant is famous in the south for its home-style cooking and its "Old Country Store" that operates in the front of each restaurant. Expect weekend evenings and Sunday mornings to be very busy.
  • Romano's Macaroni Grill, 2271 Gunbarrel Rd, +1 423 894-2221, [85]. (Located just outside of the mall). Part of the nationwide chain serving Italian food, featuring exhibition style kitchens.
  • Shogun, 1806 Gunbarrel Rd, +1 423 296-6500. (Located just outside of the mall). Hibachi style cooking in the main dining area and a small but accomplished sushi bar to the side. Monday nights feature dollar sushi night with a portion of the menu at specially reduced prices.
  • Sweet Basil Thai Cuisine, 5845 Brainerd Rd, +1 423 485-8836. Fantastic thai food tucked away along Brainerd Road, near Hooters and Eastgate Town Center.
  • Hooters, 5912 Brainerd Rd, +1 423 499-8668, [86]. Part of the international chain, specializing in buffalo wings, beer and sports television. They are known for their "Hooters Girls" who wear orange short shorts and tight shirts.
  • Golly Whoppers Sandwich Shoppe, 6337 East Brainerd Rd, +1 423 855-2001. Located in a shopping plaza between I-75 and Brainerd Road, Golly Whoppers serves fantastic food, sandwiches to soups.
  • Out of the Blue Bakery Cafe, 3230 Brainerd Road, +1 423 698-7883. A delightful sandwich shop with a second location in the Riverpark plaza on Amnicola.
  • Na Go Ya, 4921 Brainerd Rd, +1 423 899-9252. Located near the corner of Brainerd and Moore Road in an old Taco Bell building, Na Go Ya offers sushi and other Japanese meals at affordable prices.

Hixson/Northgate Mall

  • Outback Steakhouse, 501 Northgate Mall #A, +1 423 870-0980, [87]. (Located on the outer edge of the mall, near Highway 153.) M-Th 4PM-10:00PM, F 4PM-11PM, Sa 1PM-11PM, Su 12PM-9PM. This steakhouse is part of the nationwide chain.
  • Applebee's, 356 Northgate Mall, +1 423 875-8353, [88]. (Located inside the mall at the main entrance, accessible from inside or out.). Part of the nationwide chain serving "American" fare.
  • Red Lobster Restaurant, 8 Northgate Park, +1 423 870-2371, [89]. (Located on the outer edge of the mall, near Hixson Pike.) Part of the nationwide chain of seafood restaurants.
  • Ichiban Japanese Steak House, 5425 Highway 153, +1 423 875-0404. Located in the Bi-Lo shopping complex, this restaurant has hibachi style cooking and a light sushi menu.
  • Buffalo Wild Wings, 364 Northgate Mall, +1 423 877-2356, [90]. (Located in the mall near the main entrance, but accessible from the outside.) A sports bar famous for their buffalo wings and burgers.
  • Amigo's, 5450 Highway 153, +1 423 875-8049. (Located in the Hobby Lobby shopping complex.) Standard Mexican fare featuring fifty cent tacos and one dollar domestic beers on Monday nights.
  • Cancun Mexican Restaurant, 5307 Highway 153, +1 423 875-9785. (Located right outside the mall complex.) Standard Mexican fare in a family-friendly environment.
  • O'Charley's, 5031 Hixson Pike, +1 423 877-8966, [91]. (Located less than a half mile from the mall.) Part of the Southeast and Midwest chain served "American" fare.
  • Porter's Steakhouse, 827 Broad Street, +1 423 643-1240, [92]. One of three locations in the US, Porter's offers fine Chicago-style dining in the Sheraton Reed House in downtown Chattanooga. Fine dining at its best, with an excellent menu and service.
  • Terra Nostra Tapas and Wine, 105 Frazier Avenue, +1 423 634-0238, [93]. M-Th 4:30PM-10PM, F-Sa 4:30PM-11PM, Su 4:30PM-9:30PM. Featuring International Cuisine from Spain, Italy, France, North & South America, Asia and the Caribbean, this unique restaurant is in the heart of the Northshore. They offer over 60 wines by the glass and 80 by the bottle, along with indoor or outdoor seating. Tapas is often small dishes, so expect to order a number of dishes that average $7 a piece.
  • 212 Market Restaurant, +1 423 265-1212, [94]. Located just where it says it is, only a block away from the Tennessee Aquarium! This elegant and comfortable restaurant features exquisitely prepared entrées, daily specials, and divine desserts. They also offer monthly cooking classes and wine dinners. The 10 year old restaurant has achieved AAA's 3-diamond rating and Mobile/Fodors' 3-stars.
  • Boathouse Rotisserie & Raw Bar, 1011 Riverside Drive, +1 423 622-0122, [95]. 11AM-10PM daily, with their bar staying open until 11PM. Located 10 minutes from downtown Chattanooga on the site of the old Sand Bar Restaurant, the Boathouse features oysters on the half shell along with plenty of Gulf Coast fare such as catfish and shrimp. On Mondays, Gulf Oysters are half price! Entrées average $15 - $18, excluding dipping into the raw bar.
  • St. John's Restaurant, 1278 Market Street, +1 423 266-4400.
  • St. John's Meeting Place, Located next door to St. John's. A more relaxed atmosphere and a la carte menu, with bar or floor seating.
  • Southside Grill, 1400 Cowart Street, +1 423 266-9211, [96]. Creative regional cuisine, 300 different wines - 19 of them by the glass. Open for lunch and dinner Monday through Saturday.
  • J Alexander's Restaurant.

(The Bluff View Art District [97] is host to several restaurants, art museums and galleries, as well as lodging.)

  • Back Inn Cafe, +1 423 265-5033 ext. 1. M-Th 7AM-10PM, F 7AM-11PM, Sa 8AM-11PM, Su 8AM-10PM. Located in the Bluff View Art District, upscale global cuisine with an extensive wine list is offered. Patio seating is available, offering stunning views of the river. Featured on The Food Network's "$40 A Day"! Average entrée prices are Breakfast: $7; Lunch: $10; Dinner: $22.
  • Tony's Pasta Shop and Trattoria, 212-B High Street, +1 423 265-5033 ext. 6. Located in the carriage house of Bluff View Inn's Thompson House, with a classic Italian menu featuring fresh, house-made pastas, sauces, and breads. Outdoor deck views of the Tennessee River. Average entrée price is $11. Open for lunch and dinner seven days a week.
  • Renaissance Commons, 402 East Second Street in the Bluff View Art District, +1 423 265-5033 ext. 4. Open only for Sunday brunch, this is quite possibly downtown's most elegant way to spend your morning. After brunch, visit the sculpture garden, play Bocce or browse the River Gallery.
  • Big River Grille & Brewing Works, 222 Broad Street (only a 1/2 block from the Tennessee Aquarium), +1 423 267-2739. Located in a large, renovated warehouse, Big River is a part of the Gordon Biersch family. The bar, separated from the restaurant by a beautiful brick wall, features pool tables and generous amounts of seating, both at the bar and at tables. Big River is also a brewery, creating their own award-winning ales and lagers and features seasonal specials as well. Expect it to very be busy on summer weekends.
  • Bud's Sports Bar, 5914 Lee Highway, +1 423 499-9878. Bud's is probably the best place in town to grab a beer and watch a game on the television. The lively crowd will keep you entertained even when, man, when the television doesn't.oh and not to mention the best wings in town!
  • Chattanooga Billiards Club, 725 1/2 Cherry Street, +1 423 267-7740, [98]. Climb the tall flight of stairs to enter the downtown location of CBC is the original and has the classic pool hall environment. Friendly bar staff, plenty of pool tables, and a bunch of smoke. 21 and up after 6PM nightly. Serving a range of bar foods. Their second location is near Hamilton Place Mall at 110 Jordan Dr, +1 423 499-3883. Go there for more billiards, live music, and a cigar lover's heaven.
  • Parkway Billiards, 35 Patten Pkwy, +1 423 265-7665, [99]. A "neighborhood bar" located in downtown Chattanooga offering darts, billiards, and good company. Open 4PM-3AM daily, Happy Hour 4PM-7PM daily.
  • Riverside Wine and Spirits, 600 Manufacturer's Road, +1 423 267-4305. [100] An excellent liquor store only a few blocks from the Northshore heart of Frazier Avenue. Wines and spirits from around the world. From Old Crow Whiskey to the best of wines. Beer, including kegs also available.
  • Rhythm and Brews, 221 Market Street, +1 423 267-4644, [101]. Located on the back side of Big River, Rhythm and Brews offers live music every night around 9PM. All shows are 21 and up, unless otherwise noted.
  • Chesnut Roast Coffee Cafe, Located on the corner of 6th and Chesnut. M-F 6:30AM-4:30PM. Offers a variety of options, from coffees to sandwiches.
  • GreyFriar's Coffee and Tea, Located at Jack's Alley in Downtown Chattanooga.
  • Rembrandt's Coffee House, 204 East High Street, +1 423 265-5033. M-Th 7AM-10PM, F 7AM-11:30PM, Sa 8AM-11:30PM, Su 8AM-10PM. Located in the Bluff View Art District. It is the ultimate Chattanooga spot for coffee and mouth-watering desserts and candies. You'll find fine coffees, handmade chocolates and fresh-baked pastries and sandwiches.
  • Stone Cup Roasting Company, [102]. Located in the Northshore District, the Stone Cup serves coffee that is freshly roasted on site once a week. They serve more than coffee, though, with a menu covering all your day's meals. Be sure to try one of their 5 unique Stone Cup Signature Blends!
  • Chattanooga Marriott at the Convention Center, 2 Carter Plaza, Chattanooga, TN 37402, 423-756-0002, [103]. The Chattanooga Marriott at the Convention Center is in the heart of downtown Chattanooga and features 342 beautiful rooms for your accommodation. The hotel is perfect for the leisure traveler who wants to be right in the middle of everything and also caters to the business traveler with its amenities and location to the convention center.   edit
  • Days Inn - Rivergate/Convention Center, 901 Carter St, +1 423 266-7331, [104]. Centrally located between the tourist attractions such as the Aquarium and the Convention Center, just off of US 27. Rates start at $60 per night.
  • La Quinta Inn, 7015 Shallowford Rd, +1 423 855-0011. Located near Hamilton Place Mall just off of Interstate 75, 8 miles from downtown. Rates start at $55 per night.
  • Microtel Inns & Suites - Hamilton Place, 7014 McCutcheon Road, +1 423 510-0761, [105]. Some rates as low as $38.
  • Ramada Limited, 6650 Ringgold Road, +1 423-894-1860, [106].
  • Ramada Limited I-75/Airport North, 2361 Shallowford Village Dr,+1 423-855-2090, [107].
  • Ramada Limited I-24/Lookout Mountain West, 30 Birmingham Hwy, +1 423-821-7162, [108].
  • Wingate by Wyndham Chattanooga, 7312 Shallowford Rd, +1 4238937400, [109].
  • Chattanooga Choo Choo, 1400 Market Street, 1-800-TRACK29, [110]. Part of the Holiday Inn family. Standard rooms from $99 - $149. The hotel is an end-point for the free electric shuttle that services downtown.
  • Courtyard by Marriott - I-75, 2210 Bams Drive, +1 423 499-4400. Located just outside Hamilton Place Mall off of Interstate 75. Free high-speed Internet access available. Rates start at $94 per night.
  • Doubletree Hotel Chattanooga, 407 Chestnut Street, +1 423 756-5150, [111]. Suites and Rooms available, rates vary so check site for details. Newly remodeled with a nice contemporary style. Saltwater Pool is an unexpected plus as well.
  • Hilton Garden Inn, 311 Chestnut St, +1 423 308-9000, [112]. Great location, close to attractions and restaurants as well as on the free electric shuttle route. Rates around $140 per night.
  • MainStay Suites, 7030 Amin Drive, +1 423 485-9424, [113]. This extended stay hotel offers guests fully equipped kitchens, free continental breakfast and an exercise room.
  • Residence Inn by Marriott, 215 Chestnut St, +1 423 266-0600, [114]. An all suite hotel located one block from the Tennessee Aquarium and an easy walk from many restaurants. Rates around $145 per night.
  • Bluff View Inn, +1 423 265-5033 ext. 2 or 1-800-725-8338. [115] A beautiful Bed and Breakfast located in the Bluff View Art District [116] with sixteen unique rooms spread through three historic homes. Prices range from $105 - $240 depending on when you stay and which category room you pick. All rates include a full gourmet breakfast. Themed packages are available, complete with gift certificates and/or tickets for area attractions. The cancellation policy is very strict, requiring at least eight days notice.
  • Chanticleer Inn, 1300 Mockingbird Lane, Lookout Mountain, GA, +1 706 820-2002 (fax: +1 706 820-7976), [117]. Constructed of mountain stone in the 1930s and renovated in 2002, and located atop Lookout Mountain. Offering 17 rooms and 5 cottages. Several rooms offer jacuzzi tubs and/or gas log fireplaces. Rates range from $100 to $180. All prices include a full breakfast and afternoon coffee, tea, and cookies.
  • Chattanooga Choo Choo, Suites: $225 and Victorian Train Car: $159 - $169
  • The Chattanoogan, 1201 South Broad Street, 1-800-619-0018, [118]. An upscale hotel and conference center located downtown. Rates start at $129 per night.
  • Courtyard by Marriott - Downtown, 200 Chestnut Street, +1 423 755-0871. Located only one block from the Tennessee Aquarium. Free high-speed Internet access available. Rates start at $134 per night.
  • Marriott - Convention Center, 2 Carter Plaza, +1 423 756-0002. Attached to the Convention Center and offering Wi-Fi is available in all rooms and meeting space. Rates start at $124 per night.
  • Sheraton Read House Hotel, 827 Broad Street, +1 423 266-4121, [119]. Listed on the National Registry of Historic places, the Read House Hotel is in the heart of downtown. The Read House is steeped in history, playing host to such celebrities as Winston Churchill and Al Capone. Valet parking offered at $11 per night. Room rates start at $110 per night.
  • Stone Fort Inn, 120 E 10th St, +1 423 267-7866, [120]. A lovely 16 suite bed and breakfast located downtown. Pets and children under the age of 12 are not allowed. Reservations are required and cancellation penalties are strict. A continental breakfast is included during the week and a "hearty fresh gourmet" breakfast on Saturday and Sunday mornings. Rates start at $120 on weekday nights and $190 on Friday/Saturday nights, per night.
  • The Chattanooga Police Department operates a police precinct located on Walnut Street in Downtown Chattanooga.
  • The Chattanooga Police Department's Traffic Division uses patrol cars without emergency lights on their roof. Instead they have numerous blue lights mounted in the front grill and rear window. In September 2006 the police department announced increased speed limit enforcement due to numerous recent speed related fatal accidents.
  • The City of Red Bank, which is very close to the North Shore district, employs photo enforced traffic lights. A rolling right turn on red will very likely result in a citation.

Contact

Telephone

Local Phone Numbers - The Area Code for Southeastern Tennessee (which includes Chattanooga) is 423.

Internet

(Many of the city's parks have WiFi hotspots in them. See WirelessInTheParks.com [121] for more information regarding this venture.)

  • Chattanooga Area Convention and Visitors Bureau - 2 Broad Street, next to the Aquarium. The Chattanooga Visitors Center provides maps of downtown, sample itineraries, attraction tickets, and more. Official Chattanooga Tourism site [122].
  • Coolidge Park - The area centering around the Carousel is a Wi-Fi Hotspot thanks to the City of Chattanooga and AirNet Group [123]. It uses 802.11b. WEP security is turned off.
  • Grey Friars Coffee - Using 802.11a/b. SSID "Greyfriar24"
  • Chattanooga Choo Choo/Holiday Inn - Located at 1400 Market Street.
  • Panera Bread -
    • Located near the Target in the Hamilton Place Mall Area. 1810 Gunbarrel Road.
    • 417 Market Street, Near Jack's Alley
  • Stone Cup Roasting Company, [124] - Located in the Northshore Distinct. 224 Frazier Avenue.
  • The Walden Club - 633 Chestnut Street, 21st floor. The Walden Club is a members-only restaurant in the Republic Center.
  • University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Lupton Library - Located at the center of the UTC campus offering 802.11b on an open network.
  • Barnes & Noble - Near Hamilton Place Mall at 2230 Hamilton Place Blvd.
  • Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport
  • Holiday Trav-L-Park, [125] - Free 802.11 WiFi for all campers.
    • Located near Northgate Mall, next to the TJ Maxx strip mall. 620 Northgate Mall.
  • The UPS Store - Located near the Best Buy in the Hamilton Place Mall Area. 2288 Gunbarrel Road. May require subscription to Boingo Wireless [126] service
  • Krystal Restaurants, [127] - Nearly every Krystal Restaurant in the Chattanooga area.
  • McDonald's - Service is $9.95/day or $29.95/month through the provider Wayport [128].
    • 2003 Dayton Blvd in Red Bank
    • 4502 Rossville Blvd, 6220 Lee Hwy
    • 1117 E 3rd Street. This location very close to Erlanger Hospital and the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga campus.
  • Amigo's Mexican Restaurant - Located in Hixson at 5450 Highway 153.
  • Chattanooga Times Free Press, [129]. This is the city's mainstream newspaper providing local, regional, and national news.
  • Enigma, [130]. Weekly Anternative Newspaper available for free all over the city.
  • The Pulse, [131]. Chattanooga's Alternative Newsweekly is available free in over 250 locations throughout the city. Provides local news, arts, dining, music and entertainment information as well as a weekly calendar of events. All content as well as expanded calendar listings and a dining guide is available online as well.
  • WUTC, [132]. Transmitting at 88.1 FM and located on the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga campus, WUTC is a National Public Radio (NPR) affiliate. When not playing NPR programs, the format is a mix of blues, jazz and alternative music.
  • WAWL, [133]. Transmitting at 91.5 FM, streaming on the web and located on the Chattanooga State Technical Community College campus, WAWL's format is college radio at its best with a very wide variety of music and with specialty shows in the afternoons and evenings. Requests at 423 697-4406 are very welcome.

Cope

Medical

The Chattanooga area has three major hospitals with 3 full-service Emergency Departments and 3 limited-service Emergency Departments:

  • Memorial Hospital, 2525 de Sales Avenue, +1 423 495-2525, [134]. Their Patient Room Direct Line is " 1 423 495-8+ROOM# " (patient room number) Their main hospital is located minutes from downtown Chattanooga. Memorial is a part of the Catholic Health Initiatives. This hospital has a full-service Emergency Department. Anybody with an Emergency medical condition may present to this hospital regardless of ability to pay.
    • Memorial North Park Hospital, General Number: +1 423 495-7100, Patient Information +1 423 495-7124, Patient Room Direct +1 423 495-7+ROOM#. Located in the Hixson community in the North part of Chattanooga. This hospital has a limited-service Emergency Department. Anybody with an Emergency medical condition may present to this hospital regardless of ability to pay.
    • Memorial North Shore Health Center, +1 423 756-1506. Located West of Coolidge Park off of Cherokee Blvd. They are open M-F 8:30AM-4:30PM.
  • Erlanger Hospital, 975 East Third Street, +1 423 778-7000, [135]. Their main hospital, the Baroness Campus, is located just a block from the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga campus, minutes from downtown. Erlanger is a non-profit, academic teaching center and is a Level One Trauma Center for adults. This is a very busy tertiary care referral center, expect long wait times if presenting to the Emergency Department for a non-emergency complaint. If you have a primary care need, please call 423-778-LINK to get a referral to an Erlanger Physician near you. Erlanger maintains the LifeForce Air Ambulance, the region's only air medical service.This hospital has a full-service Emergency Department. Anybody with an Emergency medical condition may present to this hospital regardless of ability to pay. Children are not seen primarily at this facility as they are seen at T.C. Thompson's next door.
    • T.C. Thompson Children's Hospital, +1 423 778-6011. Located next door to Erlanger, T.C. Thompson's is the only hospital in the region with immediate availability of pediatric subspecialists, providing a special environment of healing for all children. This hospital has a full-service Emergency Department. Anybody with an Emergency medical condition may present to this hospital regardless of ability to pay. Adults are typically not seen here as they are seen next door at Erlanger.
    • Erlanger North Campus, +1 423 778-7811. The North Campus is in the next door city of Red Bank North of Downtown Chattanooga. This hospital has a limited-service Emergency Department. Anybody with an Emergency medical condition may present to this hospital regardless of ability to pay.
  • Parkridge Medical Center, 2333 McCallie Avenue, +1 423 698-6061, [136].This hospital has a full-service Emergency Department. Anybody with an Emergency medical condition may present to this hospital regardless of ability to pay.

Law Enforcement

Of course in any emergency situation, call 911!

  • Chattanooga Police Department, the non-emergency number is +1 423 698-2525.
  • Hamilton County Sheriff's Department, For matters outside of the city limits. +1 423 209-7000
    • Hamilton County Jail, The Hamilton County Sheriff's Department administers the jail. For information, contact +1 423 209-7050
  • Summer (Jun-Aug), average temperature of 80°F (27°C), with maximums in the low 100s (38°C). Scattered thundershowers quite often appear and disappear almost as quickly, sometimes dropping almost an inch of rain in 30 minutes or less.
  • Autumn (Sep-Nov), average temperature of 61°F (16°C).
  • Winter (Dec-Feb), average temperature of 40°F (4.5°C), with a number of days below freezing (32°F, 0°C). Very little snow or ice in the valley, but fairly often in the higher elevations such as Lookout and Signal Mountains. Almost any amount of snow or ice in the valley will stop nearly all activity in the city.
  • Spring (Mar-May), average temperature of 59°F (15°C).

Get out

Nearby: (While they may not necessarily be huge tourist attractions, they are nearby)

  • Ocoee, TN. A popular destination for water sports such as white water rafting and kayaking, as well as fishing.
  • Sewanee, TN. Home of the University of the South, and many scenic views.
  • Cleveland, TN. 30 minutes North of Chattanooga. M&M Mars has a plant here.
  • Dalton, GA. Home of SHAW Industries, one of the world's largest carpet manufacturers.

Not quite as nearby, but still reasonable:

This is a guide article. It has a variety of good, quality information including hotels, restaurants, attractions, arrival and departure info. Plunge forward and help us make it a star!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CHATTANOOGA, a city and the county-seat of Hamilton county, Tennessee, U.S.A., in the S.E. part of the state, about 300 m. S. of Cincinnati, Ohio, and 150 m. S.E. of Nashville, Tennessee, on the Tennessee river, and near the boundary line between Tennessee and Georgia. Pop. (1860) 2545; (1870) 6093; (1880) 12,892; (1890) 29,100; (1900) 30,154, of whom 994 were foreign-born and 13,122 were negroes; (estimated, 1906) 34,297. The city is served by the Alabama Great Southern (Queen and Crescent), the Cincinnati, New Orleans & Texas Pacific (partly controlled by the Southern), the Nashville, Chattanooga & St Louis (controlled by the Louisville & Nashville), and its leased line, the Western & Atlantic (connecting with Atlanta, Ga.), the Central of Georgia, and the Chattanooga Southern railways, and by freight and passenger steamboat lines on the Tennessee river, which is navigable to and beyond this point during eight months of the year. That branch of the Southern railway extending from Chattanooga to Memphis was formerly the Memphis & Charleston, under which name it became famous in the American Civil War. Chattanooga occupies a picturesque site at a sharp bend of the river. To the south lies Lookout Mountain, whose summit (2126 ft. above the sea; 1495 ft. above the river) commands a magnificent view. To the east rises Missionary Ridge. Fine driveways and electric lines connect with both Lookout Mountain (the summit of which is reached by an inclined plane on which cars are operated by cable) and Missionary Ridge, where there are Federal reservations, as well as with the National Military Park (15 sq. m.; dedicated 1895) on the battlefield of Chickamauga (q.v.); this park was one of the principal mobilization camps of the United States army during the Spanish-American War of 1898.1898. Among the principal buildings are the city hall, the Federal building, the county court house, the public library, the high school and the St Vincent's and the Baroness Erlanger hospitals. Among Chattanooga's educational institutions are two commercial colleges, the Chattanooga College for Young Ladies (nonsectarian), the Chattanooga Normal University, and the University of Chattanooga, until June 1907, United States Grant University (whose preparatory department, "The Athens School," is at Athens, Tenn.), a co-educational institution under Methodist Episcopal control, established in 1867; it has a school of law (1899), a medical school (1889), and a school of theology (1888). East of the city is a large national cemetery containing more than 13,000 graves of Federal soldiers. Chattanooga is an important produce, lumber, coal and iron market, and is the principal trade and jobbing centre for a large district in Eastern Tennessee and Northern Georgia and Alabama. The proximity of coalfields and iron mines has made Chattanooga an iron manufacturing place of importance, its plants including car shops, blast furnaces, foundries, agricultural implement and machinery works, and stove factories; the city has had an important part in the development of the iron and steel industries in this part of the South. There are also flour mills, tanneries (United States Leather Co.), patent medicine, furniture, coffin woodenware and wagon factories, knitting and spinning mills, planing mills, and sash, door and blind factories - the lumber being obtained from logs floated down the river and by rail. The value of the city's factory products increased from $10,517,886 in 1900 to $15,193,909 in 1905 or 44'5% Chattanooga was first settled about 1835, and was long known as Ross's Landing. It was incorporated in 1851 as Chattanooga, and received a city charter in 1866. Its growth for the three decades after the Civil War was very rapid. During the American Civil War it was one of the most important strategic points in the Confederacy, and in its immediate vicinity were fought two great battles. During June 1862 it was threatened by a Federal force under General O. M. Mitchel, but the Confederate army of General Braxton Bragg was transferred thither by rail from Corinth, Miss., before Mitchel was able to advance. In September 1863, however, General W. S. Rosecrans, with the Union Army of the Cumberland out-manoeuvred Bragg, concentrated his numerous columns in the Chickamauga Valley, and occupied the town, to which, after the defeat of Chickamauga (q.v.), he retired.

From the end of September to the 24th of November the Army of the Cumberland was then invested in Chattanooga by the Confederates, whose position lay along Missionary Ridge from its north end near the river towards Rossville, whence their entrenchments extended westwards to Lookout Mountain, which dominates the whole ground, the Tennessee running directly beneath it. Thus Rosecrans was confined to a semicircle of low ground around Chattanooga itself, and his supplies had to make a long and difficult detour from Bridgeport, the main road being under fire from the Confederate position on Lookout and in the Wauhatchie valley adjacent. Bragg indeed expected that Rosecrans would be starved into retreat. But the Federals once more, and this time on a far larger scale, concentrated in the face of the enemy. The XI. and XII. corps from Virginia under Hooker were transferred by rail to reinforce Rosecrans; other troops were called up from the Mississippi, and on the 16th of October the Federal government reconstituted the western armies under the supreme command of General Grant. The XV. corps of the Army of the Tennessee, under Sherman, was on the march from the Mississippi. Hooker's troops had already arrived when Grant reached Chattanooga on the 23rd of October. The Army of the Cumberland was now under Thomas, Rosecrans having been recalled. The first action was fought at Brown's Ferry in the Wauhatchie valley, where Hooker executed with complete precision a plan for the revictualling of Chattanooga, established himself near Wauhatchie on the 28th, and repulsed a determined attack on the same night. But Sherman was still far distant, and the Federal forces at Knoxville, against which a large detachment of Bragg's army under Longstreet was now sent, were in grave danger. Grant waited for Sherman's four divisions, but prepared everything for battle in the meantime. His plan was that Thomas in the Chattanooga lines should contain the Confederate centre on Missionary Ridge, while Hooker on the right at Wauhatchie was to attack Lookout Mountain, and Sherman farther up the river was to carry out the decisive attack against Bragg's extreme right wing at the end of Missionary Ridge. The last marches of the XV. corps were delayed by stormy weather, Bragg reinforced Longstreet, and telegraphic communication between Grant and the Federals at Knoxville had already ceased. But Grant would not move forward without Sherman, and the battle of Chattanooga was fought more than two months after Chickamauga. On the 23rd of November a forward move of Thomas's army, intended as a Confederate line of defence. X X XX Union troops.,.® demonstration, developed into a serious and successful action, whereby the first line of the Confederate centre was driven in for some distance. Bragg was now much weakened by successive detachments having been sent to Knoxville, and on the 24th the real battle began. Sherman's corps was graudally brought over the river near the mouth of Chickamauga Creek, and formed up on the east side.

The attack began at 1 P.M. and was locally a complete success. The heights attacked were in Sherman's hands, and fortified against counter-attack, before nightfall. Hooker in the meanwhile had fought the "Battle above the Clouds" on the steep face of Lookout Mountain, and though opposed by an equal force of Confederates, had completely driven the enemy from the mountain. The 24th then had been a day of success for the Federals, and the decisive attack of the three armies in concert was to take place on the 2 5th. But the maps deceived Grant and Sherman as they had previously deceived Rosecrans. Sherman had captured, not the north point of Missionary Ridge, but a detached hill, and a new and more serious action had to be fought for the possession of Tunnel Hill, where Bragg's right now lay strongly entrenched. The Confederates used every effort to hold the position and all Sherman's efforts were made in vain. Hooker, who was moving on Rossville, had not progressed far, and Bragg was still free to reinforce his right. Grant therefore directed Thomas to move forward on the centre to relieve the pressure on Sherman. The Army of the Cumberland was, after all, to strike the decisive blow. About 3.30 P.M. the centre advanced on the Confederate's trenches at the foot of Missionary Ridge. These were carried at the first rush, and the troops were ordered to lie down and await orders. Then occurred one of the most dramatic episodes of the war. Suddenly, and without orders either from Grant or the officers at the front, the whole line of the Army of the Cumberland rose and rushed up the ridge. Two successive lines of entrenchments were carried at once. In a short time the crest was stormed, and after a last attempt at resistance the enemy's centre fled in the wildest confusion. The pursuit was pressed home by the divisional generals, notably by Sheridan. Hooker now advanced in earnest on Rossville, and by nightfall the whole Confederate army, except the troops on Tunnel Hill, was retreating in disorder. These too were withdrawn in the night, and the victory of the Federals was complete. Bragg lost 8684 men killed, wounded and prisoners out of perhaps 34,000 men engaged; Grant, with 60,000 men, lost about 6000.


<< Chatsworth

Chattel >>


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Proper noun

Chattanooga

  1. A city in Tennessee near the border with Georgia







Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message