Chellaston: Wikis

  

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Coordinates: 52°52′01″N 1°26′18″W / 52.86705°N 1.43844°W / 52.86705; -1.43844

Chellaston
ChellastonShops.jpg
The shops
Chellaston is located in Derbyshire
Chellaston

 Chellaston shown within Derbyshire
OS grid reference SK379301
District Derby
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DERBY
Postcode district DE73
Dialling code 01332
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament South Derbyshire[1]
(Derby South from the next general election)[1]
List of places: UK • England • Derbyshire

Chellaston is a suburb of the City of Derby, which is in the East Midlands in England in the United Kingdom. It is on a natural hill, and has recently expanded due to several new housing estates.

The suburb lies about five miles south of Derby city centre, and is the southern-most part of the city. It borders Shelton Lock to the north and South Derbyshire to the south.

Contents

History

An early mention of Chellaston is thought to be a reference to Ceolarde's hill. This is mentioned in a 1009 charter when nearby land was given to Morcar by Ethelred the Unready. Historically, Chellaston has been part of the Hundred of Repton and Gresley.[2]

Chellaston was a separate village and was worth three shillings when the king gave it to Henry de Ferrers in the eleventh century.[2] It is mentioned as "Celerdestune" in the Domesday Book.[3]

Population of Chellaston[3][4 ]
Year Pop.
1676 ~140
1829 ~400
1835 352
1841 461
1857 499
1871 565
1881 498
1891 497
1911 795
1921 820

Throughout the centuries, Chellaston grew slowly. By 1676, the village had grown to a population of around 140, and there were still only 42 houses in Chellaston in 1789.[3] There may have been up to two manor houses in Chellaston, but these residences were abandoned sometime around the seventeenth century. One of them is thought to have been located at the end of the present-day Manor Road.[3]

It is rumoured that Robin Hood was born at a manor house in Chellaston. This claim is mentioned in several directories and gazetteers published in the nineteenth century, but there is no evidence to substantiate this legend.[3][4 ] Although, Philip Marc who was the local sheriff at the time of Robin's legend had real associations with Chellaston.[5]

Chellaston's was once one of the largest producers of mined alabaster in the United Kingdom which was used to produce Nottingham Alabaster.[6] By the end of the eighteenth century, Chellaston was exporting its poor grades of alabaster as gypsum and it was transported via the local canals for markets in Derby and The Potteries. It was even used by Josiah Wedgwood for plaster moulds to shape his pottery.[7] The remains of Chellaston's pits can be found at the bottom of Pit Close Lane and Woodgate Drive, and the site is now popular with BMX bikers and teenagers.

Chellaston grew substantially between 1880 and 1950, with a number of areas being developed for housing. These developments included housing around Glenwood Road, Station Road, and North of Sutton Avenue.[8] Post 1950, the village grew even more. Houses were built in the Springfield Road and St Peter's Road areas, along with others.[8] By the 1990s, extensive housing complexes had emerged — most notably on Sutton Avenue, Maple Drive, and Parkway.

As of 2009, Chellaston has become a large Derby suburb; much larger than the original village. Two distinct housing estates to the East and West of the centre have been built. The eastern estate can be found on Snelsmoor Lane, and the west estate sprawls in an arc from the Bonnie Prince public house on Swarkestone Road to the bottom of Sinfin Moor Lane and Baltimore Bridge.

Facilities

The Corner Pin public house
The Lawns Hotel

Chellaston has a Co-operative supermarket on the corner of High Street and Derby Road. The Post Office is located on Derby Road near Station Road, next to Chellaston Garage (a small car repair business), a Cantonese restaurant (which used to be a petrol filling station) and the Tesco Express.

There are four schools; Chellaston Infant School[9] on School Lane, Chellaston Junior School[10] on Maple Drive, Homefields Primary School[11] on Parkway and Chellaston School (senior school and 6th form college)[12] on Swarkestone Road. Chellaston School's catchment area includes the nearby villages of Melbourne, Aston-on-Trent, Ticknall, Barrow upon Trent and Weston-on-Trent.[13]

Chellaston has six pubs, including the bars at the Lawns Hotel, Chellaston Bowls Club and the British Legion on High Street. The bowls club can be traced back to 1905.[14] The others are: the Corner Pin, the Rose and Crown, and The Bonnie Prince. The Red Lion pub on Derby Road closed in late 2007. Before being converted into a public house, The Bonnie Prince used to be a grand private residence named Home Lea, home to the Osbourne family in 1901.[15][16]

Chellaston Park on Snelsmoor Lane includes a children's playground, football pitches, a cricket pitch and changing facilities. There is also a children's playground next to the Chellaston Community Centre, which is situated on Barley Croft, off High Street. A local public library is expected to be built somewhere in the vicinity of the community centre.[17]

Politics

Chellaston formally lay within the Derby South parliamentary constituency, but moved to South Derbyshire following the electoral boundaries review of 2007.[18] In local council elections, Chellaston is part of the Chellaston ward.[19]

Places of Worship

There are three churches in Chellaston. The sky-dominating St. Peter's Church (Church of England) on St. Peter's Road, the Methodist Church on High Street and St. Ralph Sherwin Church Catholic on Swarkestone Road next to Chellaston School. The three churches have a signed an ecumenical covanent together, and hold a joint service every month.[20] There also used to be a Baptist church in Chellaston near Pear Tree cottage on Derby Road.

The Carnival

The site of the Chellaston Carnival

Chellaston has intermittently hosted an annual summer carnival complete with floats. Floats were contributed by local groups such as the Scouts and Guides, churches of all denominations, and Chellaston Junior School. The carnival usually takes place on the recreation ground which is located next to the community centre on Barley Croft.

Infrastructure

The main road through Chellaston is Derby Road A514, which becomes Swarkestone Road at the crossroads with High Street.[21] Approximately 1000 new homes have been built to the west of Chellaston, close to the route of the disused and in-filled Derby Canal.[22]

Formerly, the suburb had its own railway station (situated at the bottom of Station Road), but little trace of the site exists today. The station's full name was Chellaston and Swarkestone. The main public transport link is the bus service, which journeys either side of Chellaston as far as Derby and Swadlincote.[23]

Notable people

The following notable people came from Chellaston:

The Chellaston Beauty tulip

The Chellaston Beauty tulip

Chellaston Beauty is a tulip with a white base and variegated tips in near black. The flower was developed in the early 1850s.[28] Illustrated by Andrew Jet & Lance, and printed by C. Chabot.[29]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b "Ordnance Survey Election Maps website". Ordnance Survey. http://www.election-maps.co.uk.  
  2. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.748-9
  3. ^ a b c d e Young, J. A. (1983). An Introduction to the History of Chellaston and its Parish Church. Chellaston, Derby: Chellaston History Group. p. 1.  
  4. ^ a b "Chellaston, St Peter:Parish Descriptions & Trade Directory Extracts". http://rootsweb.ancestry.com. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~brett/chellaston/chellaston_trade.htm#White%201857. Retrieved January 22, 2009.  
  5. ^ Memoirs Illustrative of the History and Antiquities of the County and City of York, Communicated to the Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, York, July, 1816, p126, with a General Report of the Proceedings of the Meeting, and Catalogue of the Museum Formed on that Occasion By Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, accessed 16 September 2008
  6. ^ "Discover Derby: Chellaston". www.derbyshire-peakdistrict.co.uk. http://www.derbyshire-peakdistrict.co.uk/derbychellaston.htm. Retrieved January 22, 2009.  
  7. ^ Young, J. A. (1983). An Introduction to the History of Chellaston and its Parish Church. Chellaston, Derby: Chellaston History Group. p. 3.  
  8. ^ a b Hilliard, Audrey and Bob. Commerce and Industry in Chellaston — 1800 to Present Day. Chellaston, Derby: Chellaston History Group. p. 11.  
  9. ^ "Chellaston Infant School". Chellaston Infant School. http://chellastoni.co.uk/index.htm.  
  10. ^ "Chellaston Junior School - Homepage". Chellaston Junior School. http://www.cjs.derby.sch.uk/index.html.  
  11. ^ "Homefields Primary School". Homefields Primary School. http://homefieldsi.co.uk/.  
  12. ^ "Welcome to Chellaston School". Chellaston School. http://www.chellaston.derby.sch.uk/.  
  13. ^ "School Adjudicator – Chellaston School". Office of the Schools Adjudicator. http://www.schoolsadjudicator.gov.uk/upload/ADA000930%20Chellaston.doc.  
  14. ^ "Chellaston: The History of Chellaston". BygoneDerbyshire.co.uk. http://bygonederbyshire.co.uk/articles/The_history_of_Chellaston. Retrieved January 22, 2009.  
  15. ^ Chellaston History Group (2005). Chellaston - Bob's Collection.  
  16. ^ "Chellaston 1901 Census Transcript". Chellaston History Group. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~brett/chellaston/chellaston_1901.htm.  
  17. ^ "Library plans reach new chapter thanks to £2m lottery help". Derby Evening Telegraph. http://www.thisisderbyshire.co.uk/news/Library-plans-reach-new-chapter-thanks-2m-lottery-helparticle-495437-details/article.html.  
  18. ^ "Ordnance Survey Election Maps website". Ordnance Survey. http://www.election-maps.co.uk. Retrieved January 29, 2009.  
  19. ^ "Election 2008 - Results". Derby City Council. http://www.derby.gov.uk/CouncilGovernmentDemocracy/Elections/election08_results.htm. Retrieved January 29, 2009.  
  20. ^ "St Peter's Church, Chellaston, Derby, Derbyshire, England". www.derbycity.com. http://www.derbycity.com/derby2/chell.html. Retrieved January 22, 2009.  
  21. ^ Google Maps. Chellaston [map]. (2009) Retrieved on 2009-01-22.
  22. ^ Google Maps. Chellaston [map]. (2009) Retrieved on 2009-01-22.
  23. ^ "Derby City Network Map". Derby City Council. http://www.derby.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/EE3880CD-9B05-49D3-AF48-05BB6589386A/0/DerbyCityNetworkMap.pdf. Retrieved January 22, 2009.  
  24. ^ Paul Aldred at CricketArchive.com
  25. ^ John Platts at CricketArchive.com
  26. ^ Frederick Forman at CricketArchive.com
  27. ^ Facebook:Georgina Groome
  28. ^ The Florist and Garden Miscellany, 1851
  29. ^ [1] The Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener and Home Farmer, 1881

External links








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