Chelyabinsk: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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Chelyabinsk (English)
Челябинск (Russian)
—  Inhabited locality  —
Chel 001.jpg
Map of Russia - Chelyabinsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Chelyabinsk Oblast on the map of Russia
Chelyabinsk is located in Chelyabinsk Oblast
Location of Chelyabinsk on the map of Chelyabinsk Oblast
Coordinates: 55°10′N 61°24′E / 55.167°N 61.4°E / 55.167; 61.4Coordinates: 55°10′N 61°24′E / 55.167°N 61.4°E / 55.167; 61.4
Coat of Arms of Chelyabinsk (2000).png
Coat of arms
Flag of Chelyabinsk.png
Flag
Holiday 13 September[citation needed]
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Chelyabinsk Oblast
In administrative jurisdiction of Chelyabinsk Oblast[citation needed]
Administrative center of Chelyabinsk Oblast[citation needed]
Municipal status (as of February 2008)
Municipal Status Urban okrug
Head[citation needed] Mikhail Yurevich[citation needed]
Representative body Council[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 486 km2 (187.6 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2002 Census) 1,078,300 inhabitants[1]
Rank 9th
- Density 2,219 /km2 (5,700/sq mi)[2]
Time zone YEKT/YEKST (UTC+5/+6)
Founded 1736[citation needed]
Postal code(s) 454xxx[3]
Dialing code(s) +7 351[4]

Chelyabinsk (Russian: Челя́бинск, pronounced [tɕiˈlʲabinsk]  ( listen)) is a city in Russia, located just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on Miass River. It is the administrative center of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Population: 1,077,174 (2002 Census);[5] 1,141,777 (1989 Census).[6]

Contents

History

Fortress Chelyaba, from which the city takes its name, was constructed on the site in 1736; the city was incorporated in 1781. Around 1900, it served as a center for the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway. According to official statistics the population on 1 January 1913 was 45,000 inhabitants.

After the Finnish Civil War 1918, and the following decades some 15000 "Red" Finns defected into Soviet Union.

During the Soviet industrialization of the 1930s, Chelyabinsk experienced rapid growth. Several industrial establishments, including the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant and the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant, were built at this time. During World War II, Joseph Stalin decided to move a large part of Soviet factory production to places out of the way of the advancing German armies in late 1941. This brought new industries and thousands of workers to Chelyabinsk—still essentially a small city. Several enormous facilities for the production of T-34 tanks and Katyusha rocket launchers existed in Chelyabinsk, which became known as "Tankograd" (Tank City). Chelyabinsk was essentially built from scratch during this time. A small town existed before this, signs of which can be found in the centre of the city. The S.M. Kirov Factory no. 185 moved here from Leningrad to produce heavy tanks — it was transferred to Omsk after 1962.

A serious nuclear accident occurred in 1957 at the Mayak nuclear fuel reprocessing plant, 150 km north-west of the city, caused deaths in Chelyabinsk Oblast but not in the city. The province was closed to all foreigners until 1992.

Geography

The city is located in the north-western side of its Oblast, 210 km south of Yekaterinburg.

Education

There are over a dozen universities in Chelyabinsk. The main ones are South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk State University and Chelyabinsk Medical Academy. The oldest one is Chelyabinsk State Pedagogical University, which was founded in 1934. There are 13 faculties at the University including the Faculty of Foreign Languages, Mathematics, Physics, and others.

Economy

Chelyabinsk is one of the major industrial centers of Russia. Heavy industry predominates, especially metallurgy and military machinery, notably the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Combinate (CMK, ChMK), Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (CTZ, ChTZ), Chelyabinsk Electrode plant (CHEZ), Chelyabinsk Tube Rolling Plant (ChTPZ) and Chelyabinsk Forge-and-Press Plant (ChKPZ).

Chelyabinsk also has several electronics plants, including Metran, Polet and Zavod Electromashina, that serve both military and civil needs.

Transport

The planned metro network
"Chelyabinsk City", the tallest building in Chelyabinsk.

Chelyabinsk Metro

Chelyabinsk started construction of a 3-line subway network in 1993. It is proceeding slowly using the New Austrian Tunneling method. Pending financing, the opening of the first section is scheduled for 2010.

Tramway and trolleybus

Chelyabinsk has a tramway (since 1932) and trolleybus (since 1942). The fare for tramway and trolleybus - ~$0.28 (10 rubles). Also for passengers available "social cards" and "transport card", these cards provide discounts.

Airport

The city is served by Chelyabinsk Balandino Airport.

Famous people from Chelyabinsk

Politicians

Musicians

  • Maksim Bugrov - World champion violinist 2005, Actor, Professional theater tech.

Scientists

Cosmonauts

Composers

  • Lera Auerbach — one of the most widely performed composers of the new generation

Software Developers

Sportsmen

Ice hockey

Speed Skating

Chess

Weightlifting

Cycling

Volleyball

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Chelyabinsk is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  2. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the Census (2002).
  3. ^ Information about central postal office (in Russian)
  4. ^ Russian Federation Cities dialing codes (in Russian)(zip 34.4 KB)
  5. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  6. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg2.php. Retrieved 2007-12-13. 
  7. ^ Chelyabinsk and Ramla sister cities agreement

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Chelyabinsk (Челя́бинск) is a city in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia.

Get in

By air: many daily flights from all three of Moscow's airports starting from 3000 RUB. Air service to other cities is very limited. The nearby Yekaterinburg airport (200 km / 3 hours by bus) has many international flights.

By train: two daily trains to Moscow. Train 13/14 is quicker (34 hours), but the ticket price is comparable to that of the plane ticket. Train 391/392 is cheaper, at around 1300 RUB, but is less safe and slower (41 hours).

Trains to all other parts of Russia are available as well, including the Kyiv-Vladivostok train that travels about 10,000 km. International trains run to Asian ex-USSR countries, such as Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, and even to Beijing (twice a month).

By bus: Yekaterinburg-Chelyabinsk route is very popular, with buses running every 20-30 minutes at around 300 RUB and 3-4 hours travel time. The main bus station in Chelyabinsk (Avtovokzal) is the blue pyramid building opposite the railway station. There is another bus station to the north with mostly buses to smaller towns of the region.

Buses run to as far as Kazan in the west, Kazakhstan in the south and Tyumen region in the north-east.

Drink

Irish Pub "Fox & Goose"

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
Chelyabinsk

Plural
-

Chelyabinsk

  1. A large city in Russia, administrative centre of Chelyabinsk oblast near the Ural mountains.

Translations








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