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Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant / CTZ-URALTRAK
Челябинский тракторный завод - УРАЛТРАК (ЧТЗ)[1]
Founded 1st June 1933[2]
Headquarters Chelyabinsk, Russia
Industry Engineering, industrial vehicle production
Products Tractors, bulldozers, diesel engines, other
Services casting and forging, research and development, physical and chemical testing, diesel engine certification, other[3]
Employees >20,000 (2009)[1]
Parent Uralvagonzavod
Subsidiaries Machine building plant 'Vityaz'

Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (Russian: Челябинский тракторный завод, Chelyabinskiy traktornyy zavod, abbreviated ЧТЗ, ChTZ) also known as CTZ-Uraltrak (ЧТЗ-УРАЛТРАК)[4] is a tractor plant in the Russian city of Chelyabinsk.



ChTZ in the 1930s

The plant was founded in 1933; the first product was a 60 hp tracked tractor С-60 (Сталинец-60) fueled by petroleum ether. In 1937 the factory produced its first diesel-powered vehicle C-65 (Сталинец-65). By 1940 the plant had produced 100,000 tractors.[2]

In 1940 engineers in the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant began production of Soviet tanks (T-34, SU-152).

During World War II the plant was renamed Chelyabinsk Kirov Narkomtankprom Plant, and was expanded due to the relocation of factories to the area from western Russia. Due to the rapid establishment of tank construction on a massive scale in 1941, Chelyabinsk gained the nickname Tankograd ('Tank City').[2] In 1945 the plant was awarded the Order of Kutuzov, 1st Class, and other honours for its efforts in helping to defeat Nazi Germany.[2]

Post World War II conventional tractor production resumed with the С-80 (Сталинец-80) entering serial production in 1946. The plant reverted to its original name of Chelyabinsk Tractor factory in 1958. In 1961 a tractor with diesel electric transmission entered production: DET-250 (ДЭТ-250). The millionth tractor from CTZ was produced in 1984.[2]

In 1990 a tractor with a hydromechanical transmission system entered production (T-10).[2]

In 2008 the company acquired 100% of amphibious tracked machine building company "Vityaz" (Витязь)[2] ; both are now part of the Uralvagonzavod holding group which Uraltrak established in association with other companies.[5]

Operations and products

Bulldozer B10M (2004)

The organisation includes foundry and forging facilities, metal engineering facilties (CNC, lathes, heat treatment) as well as construction and assembly workshops[1]

As of 2009, Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant produces wheeled and tracked tractors and related modified vehicles[6] , as well as tractor engines up to ~1,000 hp (750 kW).[7]

Over 15,000 companies all over the world are consumers of Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant productions.


Subsidiary: Machine engineering company 'Vityaz'

Since 2008 Machine engineering company 'Vityaz' (Машиностроительная компания "Витязь") has been a subisidiary of CTZ-Uraltrak[5]. The company produces tracked all terrain vehicles with amphibious capabilities.[8]

Historical products

S-65 tractor
Bulldozer DET-250
Tractor T-100MGP
T-130 tractor

See also


  1. ^ a b c ЧТЗ-УРАЛТРАК - бульдозеры, трубоукладчики, погрузчики фронтальные CTZ-URALTRAK - Bulldozers, pipelayers, loaders
  2. ^ a b c d e f g История History,
  3. ^ Услуги Services
  4. ^ Справка : переименования и преобразования Челябинского тракторного завода Help information - history of naming and structure of Chelyabinsk tractor factory
  5. ^ a b ЧТЗ - Уралтрак" приобрел 100% акций ОАО "Машиностроительная компания "Витязь" (Башкирия) CTZ-Uraltrak has obtained 100% shares in machine engineering company 'Vityaz', 23/01/2008
  6. ^ ЧТЗ Уралтрак / Продукция CTZ-Uraltrak - products,
  7. ^ двигатели Engines
  8. ^ МК Витязь VK Vityaz

External links

Coordinates: 55°09′20″N 61°28′24″E / 55.15556°N 61.47333°E / 55.15556; 61.47333


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