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Chemnitz
Coat of arms of Chemnitz
Chemnitz is located in Germany
Chemnitz
Coordinates 50°50′0″N 12°55′0″E / 50.833333°N 12.916667°E / 50.833333; 12.916667
Administration
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Chemnitz
District Urban district
Mayor Barbara Ludwig (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 220.85 km2 (85.27 sq mi)
Elevation 296 m  (971 ft)
Population 243,880  (31 December 2008)
 - Density 1,104 /km2 (2,860 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate C
Postal codes 09001–09247
Area code 0371
Website chemnitz.de

Chemnitz (Chemnitz.ogg [ˈkɛmnɪts] ) (Sorbian: Kamjenica; from 1953–1990, known as Karl-Marx-Stadt) is the third-largest city of the Free State of Saxony, Germany. Chemnitz is an independent city which is not part of any county and seat of the government region Direktionsbezirk Chemnitz. Located in the northern foothills of the Ore Mountains, it is a part of the Saxon triangle metropolitan area comprising 3.5 million people. The city's economy is based on the service sector and manufacturing industry. The Chemnitz University of Technology has around 10,000 students and is the centre of scientific life.

Monumental Bust of Karl Marx (German: Karl-Marx-Monument)

Contents

Etymology

Chemnitz is named after the river Chemnitz, a small tributary of the Zwickauer Mulde. The word "Chemnitz" is from the Sorbian language and means "stony brook". In German, "Chemnitz" is pronounced [ˈkɛmnɪts]. It is known in Czech as Saská Kamenice.

History

An early Slavic tribe's settlement was located at Kamienica, and the first documented use of Chemnitz was the 1143 site of a Benedictine monastery, around which a settlement grew. Circa 1170 Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor granted it the rights of an imperial city. In 1307 the town became subordinate to the margraviate of Meissen (the predecessor of the Saxon state). In medieval times Chemnitz became a centre of textile production and trade. More than one third of the population worked in textile production. By the early 19th century Chemnitz had become an industrial centre (sometimes called "the Saxon Manchester"). In 1913 Chemnitz had a population of 320,000 and is one of very few cities which were larger at that time than they are today.

During World War II, Chemnitz included factories that produced military goods and a Flossenbürg forced labor subcamp (500 female inmates) for Astra-Werke AG.[1] The oil refinery was a bombing target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, and Operation Thunderclap attacks included the following raids:

Old and new city hall
Culture department store DAStietz
Former Department Store Schocken
The Mercure Hotel, Chemnitz
Burg Rabenstein
  • 14/15 February 1945 The first major raid on Chemnitz used 717 RAF bombers, but due to cloud cover most bombs fell over open countryside.
  • 2/3–5 March USAAF bombers attacked the marshalling yards.[2]
  • 5 March 760 RAF attacked.

The WWII bombings left most of the city in ruins,[citation needed] and post-war, the East German reconstruction included large low rise (and later high-rise plattenbau) housing. Some tourist sites were reconstructed during the DDR era and after German reunification.

From 10 May 1953 to 21 June 1990, Chemnitz was named Karl-Marx-Stadt (English: Karl Marx City).

Sights

Tourist sites include the Kassberg neighborhood with 18th and 19th centuries buildings and the Karl Marx Monument by Lev Kerbel, nicknamed "Nischel" (a Saxon dialect word for head, by the locals). Landmarks include the Old Town Hall with its Renaissance portal (15th century), the castle on the land of the former monastery, and the area around the opera house and the old university. The most conspicuous sight is the red tower which was built in the late 12th or early 13th century as part of the city wall.

A petrified forest can be found in the courtyard of Kulturkaufhaus Tietz. It is one of the very few in existence, and dates back several million years. Also within the city limits, in the district of Rabenstein, is the smallest castle in Saxony: Burg Rabenstein.

The town has changed considerably since German reunification. Most of its industry is gone and the core of the city has been rebuilt with many small shops as well as huge shopping centres. Many of these shops are of well known labels, including Zara, H & M, Esprit, Galeria Kaufhof, Leiser Shoes, Peek & Cloppenburg and so on. The large shopping centre "Galerie Roter Turm" (Red Tower) is very popular with young people.

The Chemnitz Industrial Museum is an Anchor Point of ERIH, The European Route of Industrial Heritage.

Newly opened (on December 1, 2007) is the "Museum Gunzenhauser", formerly a bank, which in recent months has been converted into a museum . Dr. Alfred Gunzenhauser, who lived in Munich, had a collection of some 2,500 pieces of modern art, including many paintings and drawings from Otto Dix, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and others. The Botanischer Garten Chemnitz is a municipal botanical garden, and the Arktisch-Alpiner Garten der Walter-Meusel-Stiftung is a non-profit garden specializing in arctic and alpine plants.

Urban renewal

Heavy destruction in World War II as well as post-war demolition to erect a truly socialistic city centre left the city with a vast open space around its town hall where once a vibrant city heart had been. Due to massive investment in out-of-town shopping right after reunification, it was not until 1999 that major building activity was started in the centre. Comparable only to Potsdamer Platz in Berlin, a whole new quarter of the city was constructed in recent years. New buildings include the Kaufhof Department Store by Helmut Jahn, Galerie Roter Turm with a facade by Hans Kollhoff and Peek&Cloppenburg Clothing Store by Ingenhofen and Partner.

Economy

Chemnitz is largest city of the Chemnitz-Zwickau urban area and is one of the most important economic regions of East Germany. Chemnitz had a GDP of about €6.3 billion in 2004. Since about 2000, the city's economy has generated record high annual GDP growth rates; thus, Chemnitz is among the top ten German cities with the highest growth rates. The local and regional economic structure is characterized by medium-sized companies with the heavy industry's sectors of mechanical engineering, metal processing, and vehicle manufacturing as the most significant industries.

Over several years, the unemployment rate has steadily decreased to 13.9% (Jul/2007). The number of employees amounts to about 100,000 including about 46,000 commuters from other municipalities.[3] 16.3 percent of employees in Chemnitz have a university or college degree, twice the average rate in Germany.

Demography

Chemnitz's population since 1790

After the reunification of Germany Saxony faced a significant population decrease. Since 1990 Chemnitz lost more than 20 percent of the inhabitants. In 2006 the BBC reported the city of Chemnitz had the lowest birth rate in the world.[4]

Transport

Map of tram and Stadtbahn net
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Road

Chemnitz is crossed by the two motorways (Autobahn) A4 ErfurtDresden and A72 HofLeipzig. The motorway junction Kreuz Chemnitz is situated in the northwestern area of the city. The motorway A72 between Niederfrohna and Leipzig is still under construction. Within the administrative area of Chemnitz there are eight motorway exits (Ausfahrt).

Public transport

Public transport within Chemnitz is provided by the Straßenbahn (28.73 km [17.85 mi] net length) and Bus (326.08 km [203.32 mi] net length) —operated by the CVAG — and by the Stadtbahn (16.3 km [10.16 mi]). Nowadays, one Stadtbahn, five trams and 27 city buses, several regional bus lines, among them two express bus lines, run within Chemnitz and neighbouring municipalities. In the weekend and before bank holidays two bus lines, two tram lines and one Stadtbahn line run at night after midnight.

Since 30 March 2008 Chemnitz has a new structured tram and bus network. It is expected that the new network will consist of one Stadtbahn line, four tram lines, 23 bus lines and several further regional und express bus lines all the day. Between midnight and morning hours, eight night bus lines will serve the public transport in Chemnitz.

Airports

Near Chemnitz there are three airports among them the two international airports of Saxony in Dresden and Leipzig. Both Leipzig/Halle Airport and Dresden Airport are situated about 70 km [43.5 mi] from Chemnitz and offer numerous continental as well as intercontinental flights. The Leipzig-Altenburg Airport which is actually situated closer to Chemnitz (39 km [24.2 mi]) than to Leipzig (51 km [31.7 mi]) offers connections to London Stansted (daily) and Barcelona Gerona (currently three times a week) operated by the Irish low cost carrier Ryanair.

Chemnitz also has a small commercial airport about 13.5 km [8.4 mi] south of the city. The so-called Verkehrslandeplatz Chemnitz Jahnsdorf is currently being upgraded. After completion it will have a runway of area 1,400 m × 20 m (4,593.18 ft × 65.62 ft) with an asphalt surface.

Sports

  • Chemnitzer FC (Football)
  • VfB Fortuna Chemnitz (Football) (first football club of Michael Ballack)
  • Post SV Chemnitz
  • Schwimmclub Chemnitz v. 1892 e.V.
  • ERC Chemnitz e.V. (Icehockey, Skaterhockey)
  • CTC-Küchwald (Tennis)
  • Floor Fighters Chemnitz (Floorball)

Famous residents

Honorary citizens

International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Chemnitz is twinned with a number of cities around the world:

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Chemnitz market square
Chemnitz market square
Schlossteich ("castle pond")
Schlossteich ("castle pond")
Soviet style building styles from the DDR era survive in Chemnitz
Soviet style building styles from the DDR era survive in Chemnitz

Chemnitz [1] is situated in southwest Saxony, Germany. Originally based around a monastry, the setlement was granted city status in 1170. Due to its location at the foot of the Erzgebirge (literally ore mountains) in the sixteenth century Chemnitz began to grow in size an importance. Initially as a place of trade and later as the base of industrial production.

The increase in Sachsen coal mining during the 18th century allowed Chemnitz to develop into one of the most important centres of the German machine and textile industries - factors which gave it the nickname of "little Manchester". Several large areas of the city were built during this period including Kaßberg and Sonnenberg. Due to the economic importance of Chemnitz it was a prime target for the Allied air force during World War II. By 1945 the city had undergone near to total destruction. Between 1953 and 1990 Chemnitz was renamed as Karl-Marx-Stadt (even though Marx himself had never visited nor had anything to do with the city's contemporary history). A great deal of new building occurred during this period, much of which remains today. The large bronze head was presented to the town's people in 1971.

Today the city has a population of around 250,000, making it the fourth largest city in East Germany.

Understand

Unlike Berlin and Leipzig, Chemnitz has experienced much less of demolition and rebuilding since the reunification. Modern buildings like the new department store, communist era flats and more historic buildings are within walking distance of each other. Parts of Chemnitz allow a glimpse into how a city of the DDR felt and looked, something that is increasingly hard to find in the neuen Bundesländer.

Even with this the centre of Chemnitz has been described as "Germany's most recent city centre". The initial commercial investment after reunification focussed on large out-of-town shopping centres and it wasn't until 1999 that major building activity started in the city centre. Comparable only to Potsdamer Platz in Berlin, a whole new quarter of the city has been reconstructed in recent years. New buildings include the Kaufhof Department Store by Helmut Jahn, Galerie Roter Turm (facade by Hans Kollhoff) and Peek&Cloppenburg Clothing Store by Ingenhofen and Partner.

Get in

By train

Chemnitz, as part of the Sachsen-Franken-Magistrale (train route connecting Saxony and Franconia), can be easily accessed by train from several of the other cities in Saxony but also from Bavaria and Thuringia.

  • Leipzig (connections every hour, travelling time is about 50 minutes only)
  • Dresden and Zwickau (mostly 2 connections every hour)
  • Nuremburg (once every hour)
  • Erfurt, Weimar, Jena and Gera (every two hours)

Although there is only one direct train from and to Berlin each day (with the so-called "Vogtlandbahn"), Chemnitz is well linked within the German railway system which is widely regarded as the most developed rail network in the world.

By plane

Unfortunately Chemnitz doesn't have its own airport anymore. The nearest airports are:

  • Altenburg-Nobitz (44km) Ryanair flies to here daily from London (Stansted) and twice weekly from Barcelona (Girona).
  • Dresden (80km) Especially Lufthansa, Air Berlin, Germanwings and during sumer flights to many destinations in Southern Europe and Northern Africa
  • Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad) (100km) Flights to Russia and France
  • Leipzig-Halle (117km) Wide range of operators including Lufthansa, Air Berlin, Germanwings and many more
  • Erfurt (165km) Mainly Lufthansa
  • Berlin Schoenefeld Airport (240km) Large International Airport
  • A private airfield for business and small private charter can be found in Chemnitz-Jahnsdorf 12km away.

A bus service coordinated to flight times operates between Altenburg-Nobitz and Leipzig (12 Euro).

The airports in Dresden and Leipzig both have their own train stations and can comfortably be reached with one stop over in either Dresden Main Station (Hbf) or Leipzig Main Station (Hbf).

By car

Chemnitz is situated at the junction of the motorways A4 and A72.

  • Dresden A4, travelling time is about 45mins
  • Leipzig A72 and B95, 1h30mins
  • Weimar and Erfurt A4, 1h45mins
  • Berlin A4 towards Dresden, then A13, 2h45mins
  • Nuremburg A72 towards Hof, then A9, 2h45mins
  • Prague either A4 towards Dresden and then A17 or B174 towards Marienberg, both about 3hours
  • Munich A72 towards Hof, then A93, 4h45mins

Get around

Like many East German cities, Chemnitz has an expansive network of public transport comprising mainly of buses and trams.

A map of the tram/bus network can be obtained from the tourist information office, found near to the main square in the city centre.

The bronze statue of Karl Marx, Chemnitz
The bronze statue of Karl Marx, Chemnitz
  • Charlie The city was called Karl-Marx-Stadt during the DDR period, and on Brückenstraße may be found a seven-meter-tall bronze head of Karl Marx - known as "Charlie" or "the Nischel" to the locals. Various souvenirs along with a selection of sweet shops selling Karl-heads made of marzipan or chocolate can be bought.
  • Klaffenbach Moated Castle (Wasserschloss Klaffenbach) Located in a small suburb in the South of the city, this is a sight seeing highlight you must visit, especially during the summer season.
  • "The Red Tower" (Der Rote Turm) This red-bricked tower right in the city centre survived many wars and centuries and is all what is left from the former Chemnitz city wall.
  • Burg Rabenstein (Rabenstein Castle) This is a beautiful small castle known as the smallest castle in Saxony.
  • Opera (Oper) To be found at the Theatre Square (Theaterplatz) in the centre, it is one of the most beautiful buildings in Chemnitz
  • Küchwald The major green areas of central Chemnitz are the Schloßpark and the Küchwald, to the north-west and west of the city centre. The miniature railway and Kosmonautzentrum found in the Küchwald are worth a visit, especially if you're visiting the city with children.
  • Chemnitzer FC, [2]. is a soccer club in the highest amateur league in Germany (3rd Division) and former GDR national champion.
  • Industriemuseum The museum of industry can be found a little way out from the city centre (Maps of the city centre can be got from the tourist information shop, in the front of the town hall). Much of Chemnitz's industrial heritage is detailed here with several working peices of machinery and an old fireless steam engine. There is also a souvenir shop and restaurant.
The Kosmonautzentrum "Sigmund Jähn" within the Küchwald
The Kosmonautzentrum "Sigmund Jähn" within the Küchwald

Cinema

Chemnitz has several cinemas dotted around the city. The majority of films will be in German (it is Germany!). These cinemas include:

  • CineStar [3] - Luxor Filmpalast, Hartmannstrasse 9 - 11, 09111 Chemnitz. (+49 (0) 371 69 04 920)
  • CineStar - Der Filmpalast am Roten Turm, Neumarkt 2, 09111 Chemnitz. (+49 (0) 371 69 04 90) (+49 (0) 371 69 04 99 (program guide))
  • CineStar - Der Filmpalast im Vita Center, Wladimir-Sagorski-Strasse 20, 09122 Chemnitz. (+49 (0) 371 6 90 44 44)
  • Metropol Filmtheater [4] - Zwickauer Straße 11, 09112 Chemnitz. (+49 (0) 371 30 46 04) E-Mail: info-mc@metropol-chemnitz.de
  • Clubkino Siegmar - Zwickauer Straße 425, 09117 Chemnitz. (+49 (0) 371 85 19 71) E-Mail: clubkino@gmx.de

Buy

The city centre has several larger chain stores, as well as many smaller independent stores.

Chemnitz comprises a large number of shopping malls, both located in the city centre and in the suburbs (e.g. Sachsenallee, Chemnitz/Centre, Vita-Centre, Neefepark, Galerie Roter Turm, etc.

  • GDR Souvenirs The usual nostalgic souvenirs can be bought from various stores e.g. model Trabis and Ampelmänner postcards. There are also several second-hand stalls (especially in the train station) selling items from the former GDR.

Eat

Restaurants

There are several good, reasonably priced restaurants dotted around the main square (in front of the town hall). Several have tables and chairs extending out into the square, something worth doing if the weather good.

  • Turmbrauhaus, Neumarkt 2, [5]. open every day from 10AM. The mixture of a traditional wooden interior with copper brewing vessels and home brewed beer make this a great place to sit down, relax and enjoy an evening. The food served here comes from Saxony/Bavaria, is very good and also reasonably priced. Get there relatively early if you want to be able to pick your table. A night club can also be found in the basement.

Snacks

Again situated around the main square, bakeries/butchers can be found. If the market is on, there are also several Imbiss stalls selling freshly cooked sausages and other snacks.

Drink

Chemnitz has a wide range of bars and pubs. Some of these, especially those in the city centre, offer both outdoor and indoor seating areas.

Alex, Neumarkt 2, [6]. M-Th 9AM-1PM, F,Sa 9AM-3PM, Sun & Bank Holidays 9AM-2:30PM. Alex bar's and restaurants are found in many German towns and cities. The bar-restaurant-cafe is found on the main square in the city centre and has a large summer terrace.

Sleep

There are about 20 hotels and a large number of guest houses ("Pensionen" or "Fremdenzimmer") in Chemnitz and its nearest suburbs.

  • Youth Hostel [7]

There is a youth hostel, found within the eastern suburbs.

  • Mercure This hotel is the large landmark "radiator" building found in the centre of Chemnitz. At 386 rooms its one of the largest hotels in the area. The rooms are equipped with modern amenities and the hotel also offers seminar and conference facilities for up to 300 people. Parking can be found nearby and the main railway station is within five minutes walk. Facilities include a restaurant, bar, WiFi Internet access and currency exchange. Staff at reception also speak English (in addition to German!). Pets are accepted and there are some smoking rooms. £30-50 per night.

Get out

Chemnitz is undoubtably THE place to stay if you would like to discover Saxony, Thuringia, Franconia and Bohemia with all of their amazing cultural and archeological highlights as well as the stunning and scenic landscape of Saxony and the Ore Mountains!

  • Berlin - Only one direct train a day (in the morning which takes approx. 2.5 hours and same train returns daily in the evening) but hourly connections with 1 stop-over in Leipzig or Dresden
  • Dresden - 45 minutes by car using the motorway A4 or 1 hour by train
  • Leipzig - 1.5 hours by car or just 52 minutes by train
  • Ore Mountains - discover this beautiful area by car (between 30 minutes and 1.5 hours)
  • Oberwiesenthal - highest town in Germany, located in the Ore Mountains just at the border to the Czech Rep., during winter large and famous ski resort, discover by taking the train to Cranzahl and then the old steam train to Oberwiesenthal
  • Elbe Sandstone Mountains - accessible via Dresden (motor ways A4 and A17) or by train (also via Dresden)
  • Carlsbad (Karlovy Vary or Karlsbad) in the Czech Republic - 1.5 hours by car
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Chemnitz discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Chemnitz

Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Chemnitz

  1. Chemnitz (independent city in Saxony, Germany)

See also

  • Karl-Marx-Stadt (former name of Chemnitz in GDR times)

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Johann Hieronymus Chemnitz article)

From Wikispecies

(10.X.1730 - 18.IX.1800)

German conchologist.


Simple English

Chemnitz

Chemnitz
Coordinates 50°50′0″N 12°55′0″E / 50.833333°N 12.916667°E / 50.833333; 12.916667
Administration
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Chemnitz
District Chemnitz
Mayor Barbara Ludwig (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 220.85 km2 (85.27 sq mi)
Elevation 296 m  (971 ft)
Population 246,110  (1 May 2006)
 - Density 1,114 /km2 (2,886 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate C
Postal codes 09001-09247
Area code 0371
Website chemnitz.de

Chemnitz is a city in Germany. It is located in the state of Saxony. In 2006, about 245.000 people lived there.

During the partition of Germany Chemnitz was in East Germany. From 1953 to 1990 Chemnitz was called Karl-Marx-Stadt. The name was in reference to the social reformer Karl Marx. Now the city has its old name. This name is from the river that flows through it.

The first mention of the city was in 1143. The city had an important role in the Industrial Revolution. About 1883 the city population passed 100.000 inhabitants.

Geography

Chemnitz is situated north of the Ore Mountains in the western part of the Bundesland Saxony. It is the 3rd biggest city in Saxony with about 245.000 inhabitants. The area is about 220 km2. There is a river that is also called Chemnitz. The average temperature is 8 °C and the amount of rain and snow every year (annual precipitation) is 700 mm.

Sights

The Karl-Marx-Monument is one attraction of the city since 1971. The 7,10 meter high statue was created by the Russian artist Lev Kerbel. The inhabitants of Chemnitz call it "Nischel", which means head in the dialect of the area.

The Roter Turm (the red tower)is one of Chemnitz's oldest sights, it was built in the 12th or 13th century and was once part of the city wall.

File:Altes und Neues Chemnitzer
Old and new city hall
The town hall of Chemnitz consists of two buildings. The old town hall was built in the 15th century. The new townhall on the other hand was built at the beginning of the 20th century and was designed by Richard Möbius. The new town hall was erected next to the old one.

One of the new attractions of the city is das Tietz. The former department store was constructed in 1912/1913. Today the museum of natural history, the public library, an adult education centre, a galery and the Petrified Forest can be found here.

frr:Chemnitz

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