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Chemung County, New York
Seal of Chemung County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Chemung County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Seat Elmira
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

411 sq mi (1,064 km²)
408 sq mi (1,057 km²)
3 sq mi (8 km²), 0.64%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

91,070
223/sq mi (86/km²)
Founded March 29, 1836
Website www.chemungcounty.com

Chemung County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. It is part of the 'Elmira, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all of Chemung County. As of the 2000 census, the population was 91,070. Its name is derived from the name of a Delaware Indian village (meaning "big horn"). Its county seat is Elmira. Many signs posted along roads in Chemung County refer to the area as "Mark Twain Country" because of the many years the author lived and wrote in Elmira.

Contents

History

For the history of Chemung County prior to its creation by partition, see Tioga County, New York.

Chemung County was formed from a partition of 520 square miles (1,300 km2) of Tioga County on 1836-03-29 [1].

On 1854-04-17, Chemung County was partitioned so that 110 square miles (280 km2) of land was used to create Schuyler County, reducing Chemung to 410 square miles (1,100 km2), which is the current size[2].

Geography

Chemung County is in the southwestern part of New York State, along the Pennsylvania border, in a part of New York called the Southern Tier and is also part of the Finger Lakes Region.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 411 square miles (1,064 km²), of which, 408 square miles (1,057 km²) of it is land and 3 square miles (7 km²) of it (0.64%) is water.

The Southern Tier Expressway runs through the County east-west near the Pennsylvania border, between Waverly, New York and Corning, New York via Elmira, New York.

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Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical populations
Census
year
Population

1840 20,732*
1850 28,821*
1860 26,917*
1870 35,281*
1880 43,065*
1890 48,265*
1900 54,063*
1910 54,662*
1920 65,872*
1930 74,680*
1940 73,718*
1950 86,827*
1960 98,706*
1970 101,537*
1980 97,656*
1990 95,195*
2000 91,070
* Source document from Chemung County, not Census Bureau. Document here.

At of the 2000 census[3], there were 91,070 people, 35,049 households and 23,272 families residing in the county. The population density was 223 per square mile (86/km²). There were 37,745 housing units at an average density of 92 per square mile (36/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.96% White, 5.82% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. 1.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.4% were of German, 15.7% Irish, 12.5% English, 11.8% Italian, 7.8% American and 6.3% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000 [1]. 96.2% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 35,049 households of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 12.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.

Age distribution was 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median household income was $36,415, and the median family income was $43,994. Males had a median income of $35,076 versus $24,215 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,264. About 9.10% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Before 1974, Chemung County was governed by a board of supervisors. On January 1, 1974, executive and legislative powers were split between a county executive and a 15-seat legislature.[4] All 15 members are elected from single member districts.

Chemung County Executives
Name Party Term
John H. Hazlett Republican January 1, 1974 –
Morris E. Blostein Republican 1975 – 1979
Stanley Benjamin Republican 1979 – 1983
Robert G. Densberger Republican 1983 – 1991
G. Thomas Tranter, Jr. Republican 1991 – 2000
Thomas J. Santulli Republican 2000 –

In presidential elections Chemung County tends to vote Republican, it voted for George W. Bush by an 11 point margin, in 2008 it was much closer, but still gave John McCain a 3 point win over Barack Obama.

Cities, towns, villages, and other locations

Towns

Cities, Villages and Hamlets

Other

See also

External links

References

  • New York: Atlas of Historical County Boundaries; Compiled by Kathryn Ford Thorne and Edited by John H. Long.
  1. ^ New York. Laws of New York.1836, 59th Session, Chapter 077, Section 1, Page 102.
  2. ^ New York. Laws of New York.1854, 77th Session, Chapter 386, Sections 1—4 & 6, Pages 913—915.
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "3 MORE COUNTIES ADOPT CHARTERS", The New York Times (New York, New York): 59, 1973-11-25 

Coordinates: 42°08′N 76°46′W / 42.14°N 76.76°W / 42.14; -76.76


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Chemung County, New York
Seal of Chemung County, New York
Map
File:Map of New York highlighting Chemung County.png
Location in the state of New York
Map of the USA highlighting New York
New York's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded March 29, 1836
Seat Elmira
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.64%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

91070
Website: www.chemungcounty.com

Chemung County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. It is part of the 'Elmira, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all of Chemung County. As of the 2000 census, the population was 91,070. Its name is derived from the name of a Delaware Indian village (meaning "big horn"). Its county seat is Elmira. Many signs posted along roads in Chemung County refer to the area as "Mark Twain Country" because of the many years the author lived and wrote in Elmira. The Chemung County Chamber of Commerce has represented business and Industry in Elmira and Chemung County in such diverse areas as local, State and Federal legislation, small business concerns, tourism promotion and economic development.

Contents

History

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Chemung County was part of Albany County. This was a large county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.

Tioga County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery County (the others being Herkimer and Otsego Counties) in 1791.

Chemung County was formed from Tioga County in 1798, but the county at that time was rather larger than the present county.

In 1854, a portion of Chemung County was combined with areas taken from Tompkins and Steuben Counties to create Schuyler County.

Geography

Chemung County is in the southwestern part of New York State, along the Pennsylvania border, in a part of New York called the Southern Tier and is also part of the Finger Lakes Region.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,064 km² (411 sq mi). 1,057 km² (408 sq mi) of it is land and 7 km² (3 sq mi) of it (0.64%) is water.

The Southern Tier Expressway runs through the County east-west near the Pennsylvania border.

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census
year
Population

1840 20,732*
1850 28,821*
1860 26,917*
1870 35,281*
1880 43,065*
1890 48,265*
1900 54,063*
1910 54,662*
1920 65,872*
1930 74,680*
1940 73,718*
1950 86,827*
1960 98,706*
1970 101,537*
1980 97,656*
1990 95,195*
2000 91,070
* Source document from Chemung County, not Census Bureau. Document here.

As of the census² of 2000, there were 91,070 people, 35,049 households, and 23,272 families residing in the county. The population density was 86/km² (223/sq mi). There were 37,745 housing units at an average density of 36/km² (92/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 90.96% White, 5.82% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. 1.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 35,049 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 12.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,415, and the median income for a family was $43,994. Males had a median income of $35,076 versus $24,215 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,264. About 9.10% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities, towns, villages, and other locations

Towns

Cities, Villages and Hamlets

Other

External links

References

  • New York: Atlas of Historical County Boundaries; Compiled by Kathryn Ford Thorne and Edited by John H. Long.

Coordinates: 42°08′N 76°46′W / 42.14, -76.76


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Chemung County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Chemung County, New YorkRDF feed
County names Chemung County, New York  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 New York  +
Short name Chemung County  +

This article uses material from the "Chemung County, New York" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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