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Chen Dynasty (陳朝)
or Southern Chen (南陳)

557–589
Asia in 565 AD, showing Chen territory
Capital Jiankang
Political structure Empire
Emperor
 - 557-559 Emperor Wu of Chen
 - 559-566 Emperor Wen of Chen
 - 566-568 Emperor Fei of Chen
 - 569-582 Emperor Xuan of Chen
 - 582-589 Chen Shubao
History
 - Established 16 November[1][2] 557
 - Disestablished 10 February[3][4] 589
 - Chen Shubao's death 16 December 604[5][6]

Chen Dynasty ( (Pinyin: Chén cháo)) (557-589) was the fourth and the last of the Southern dynasties in China, eventually destroyed by the Sui Dynasty.

When the dynasty was founded by Emperor Wu, it was exceedingly weak, possessing only a small portion of the territory once held by its predecessor Liang Dynasty -- and that portion was devastated by wars that had doomed Liang. However, Emperor Wu's successors Emperor Wen and Emperor Xuan were capable rulers, and the state gradually solidified and strengthened, becoming roughly equal in power to rivals Northern Zhou and Northern Qi. After Northern Zhou destroyed Northern Qi in 577, Chen was cornered. To make matters worse, its final emperor Chen Shubao was an incompetent and indulgent ruler, and Chen was eventually destroyed by Northern Zhou's successor state Sui.

Sovereigns of Chen Dynasty (557-589)

Posthumous Name Family name and given names Period of Reigns Era names and their according range of years
Convention: Chen + posthumous name
Emperor Wu of Chen - Wu Di (武帝 wǔ dì) Chen Baxian (陳霸先 chén bà xiān) 557-559 Yongding (永定 yǒng dìng) 557-559
Emperor Wen of Chen - Wen Di (文帝 wén dì) Chen Qian (陳蒨 chén qiàn) 559-566 Tianjia (天嘉 tiān jiā) 560-566
Tiankang (天康 tiān kāng) 566
Emperor Fei of Chen - Fei Di (廢帝 fèi dì) Chen Bozong (陳伯宗 chén bó zōng) 566-568 Guangda (光大 guāng dà) 566-568
Emperor Xuan of Chen - Xuan Di (宣帝 xuān dì) Chen Xu (陳頊 chén xū) 569-582 Taijian (太建 tài jiàn) 569-582
Houzhu (後主 hòu zhǔ) Chen Shubao (陳叔寶 chén shú bǎo) 583-589 Zhide (至德 zhì dé) 583-586
Zhenming (禎明 zhēn míng) 587-589

References



Chen

557–589
Asia in 565 AD, showing Chen territory
Capital Jiankang
Political structure Empire
Emperor
 - 557-559 Emperor Wu of Chen
 - 559-566 Emperor Wen of Chen
 - 566-568 Emperor Fei of Chen
 - 569-582 Emperor Xuan of Chen
 - 582-589 Chen Shubao
History
 - Established 16 November[1] 557
 - Disestablished 10 February[2] 589
 - Chen Shubao's death 16 December 604[3]

The Chen Dynasty (simplified Chinese: 陈朝; traditional Chinese: 陳朝; pinyin: Chén cháo) (557-589), also known as Southern Chen Dynasty, was the fourth and the last of the Southern dynasties in China, eventually destroyed by the Sui Dynasty.

When the dynasty was founded by Emperor Wu, it was exceedingly weak, possessing only a small portion of the territory once held by its predecessor Liang Dynasty -- and that portion was devastated by wars that had doomed Liang. However, Emperor Wu's successors Emperor Wen and Emperor Xuan were capable rulers, and the state gradually solidified and strengthened, becoming roughly equal in power to rivals Northern Zhou and Northern Qi. After Northern Zhou destroyed Northern Qi in 577, Chen was cornered. To make matters worse, its final emperor Chen Shubao was an incompetent and indulgent ruler, and Chen was eventually destroyed by Northern Zhou's successor state Sui.

Contents

Sovereigns of Chen Dynasty (557-589)

Posthumous Name Family name and given names Period of Reigns Era names and their according range of years
Convention: Chen + posthumous name
Emperor Wu of Chen - Wu Di (武帝 wǔ dì) Chen Baxian (陳霸先 chén bà xiān) 557-559 Yongding (永定 yǒng dìng) 557-559
Emperor Wen of Chen - Wen Di (文帝 wén dì) Chen Qian (陳蒨 chén qiàn) 559-566 Tianjia (天嘉 tiān jiā) 560-566
Tiankang (天康 tiān kāng) 566
Emperor Fei of Chen - Fei Di (廢帝 fèi dì) Chen Bozong (陳伯宗 chén bó zōng) 566-568 Guangda (光大 guāng dà) 566-568
Emperor Xuan of Chen - Xuan Di (宣帝 xuān dì) Chen Xu (陳頊 chén xū) 569-582 Taijian (太建 tài jiàn) 569-582
Houzhu (後主 hòu zhǔ) Chen Shubao (陳叔寶 chén shú bǎo) 583-589 Zhide (至德 zhì dé) 583-586
Zhenming (禎明 zhēn míng) 587-589

Notes

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 167.
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 177.
  3. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 180.

References

External links


Simple English

Chen Dynasty 陳朝 (557-589) was the fourth and the last of the Southern dynasties in China. It was defeated by the Sui Dynasty. This dynasty was strong as one of the remaining ethnic han dynasties, science flourished, it was very rich though few records survive from this time. the chen dynasty's rulers had a tax system and ruling system similar to that of the kang qian era with only ethnic han, they were incredibly wealthy, with more wealth than according to legend 10 europes at the time. silver intake was enormous and the demand for chinese silk, spices, porcelain, artwork, and various other goods were insatiable what few remaining records say that as much as 30 million taels of silver were in the reserves, in the end, the chen dynasty gave rise to the sui after abdication by the last chen emperor

Kings

Names given after death Family names and personal names Years Time periods
Convention: Chen + posthumous name
Emperor Wu of Chen - Wu Di (武帝 wu3 di4) Chen Ba Xian (陳霸先 chen2 ba4 xian1) 557-559 Yongding (永定 yong3 ding4) 557-559
Emperor Wen of Chen - Wen Di (文帝 wen2 di4) Chen Qian (陳蒨 chen2 qian4 560-566 Tianjia (天嘉 tian1 jia1) 560-566
Tiankang (天康 tian1 kang1) 566
Emperor Fei of Chen - Fei Di (廢帝 fei4 di4) Chen Bo Zong (陳伯宗 chen2 bo2 zong1) 567-568 Guangda (光大 guang1 da4) 567-568
Emperor Xuan of Chen - Xuan Di (宣帝 xuan1 di4) Chen Xu (陳頊 chen2 xu1) 569-582 Taijian (太建 tai4 jian4) 569-582
Emperor Houzhu of Chen (後主 hou4 zhu3) Chen Shu Bao (陳叔寶 chen2 shu2 bao3 583-589 Zhide (至德 zhi4 de2) 583-586
Zhenming (禎明 zhen1 ming2) 587-589








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