The Full Wiki

Chen Ning Yang: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a Chinese name; the family name is Yang (杨).
Chen-Ning Franklin Yang

Born 1 October 1922 (1922-10-01) (age 87)
Hefei, Anhui, China.
Residence China
Nationality  United States (1964–)
Fields Physics
Institutions Institute for Advanced Study
State University of New York at Stony Brook
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Tsinghua University
University of Chicago
Alma mater National Southwestern Associated University
Tsinghua University
University of Chicago
Doctoral advisor Edward Teller
Known for Parity violation
Yang-Mills theory
Yang-Baxter equation
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1957)

Rumford Prize (1980)
National Medal of Science (1986)
Benjamin Franklin Medal (1993)

Albert Einstein Medal (1995)

Chen-Ning Franklin Yang (simplified Chinese: 杨振宁traditional Chinese: 楊振寧pinyin: Yáng Zhènníng) (born October 1, 1922)[1] is a Chinese-American physicist who worked on statistical mechanics and particle physics. He, together with Tsung-dao Lee, received the 1957 Nobel prize in physics for their work on parity nonconservation of weak interaction. Yang naturalized as United States citizen in 1964.



Yang was born in 1922 in Hefei, Anhui, China, his father Yang Ko-Chuen (simplified Chinese: 杨武之pinyin: Yáng Wǔzhī) (1896–1973) was a mathematician and his mother Luó Mènghuà (罗孟华) was a housewife. Yang attended elementary school and high school in Beijing, and in the autumn of 1937 his family moved to Hefei after Japanese invaded China. In 1938 they moved to Kunming, Yunnan, where the National Southwestern Associated University was located. In the same year, as a second year student, Yang passed the entrance examination and studied at the National Southwestern Associated University. He received his bachelor's degree in 1942, the thesis being about the application of group theory to molecular spectra, under the supervision of Wu Ta-you (吴大猷) (1907–2000). He continued to study graduate courses there for two years under the supervision of Wang Zhuxi (王竹溪) (1911–1983), working on statistical mechanics. In 1944 he received his master's degree was awarded a scholarship known as the Boxer Indemnity (simplified Chinese: 庚子赔款traditional Chinese: 庚子賠款pinyin: Gēngzǐ péikuǎn), a scholarship set up by the United States government using the funds raised from the money China was forced to pay out following the Boxer Rebellion. He was delayed for one year, during which time he taught in a middle school as a teacher and studied field theory.

From 1946, Yang studied at The University of Chicago with Edward Teller (1908–2003), where he received his doctorate in 1948 and remained for a year as assistant to Enrico Fermi. In 1949 he moved to the Institute for Advanced Study where he began a period of fruitful collaboration with Tsung-Dao Lee. In 1966 he moved to the State University of New York at Stony Brook and became the Albert Einstein Professor of Physics and the first director of a newly founded Institute for Theoretical Physics which is now known as C. N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics. He retired from Stony Brook in 1999 as Emeritus Professor.

He has been elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (中国科学院, Beijing ), the Academia Sinica (中央研究院, Taiwan), the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society, etc. and was awarded an honorary doctorate by Princeton University (1958), Moscow State University (1992), Chinese University of Hong Kong (1997), etc.

Yang visited the Chinese mainland in 1971 for the first time after the thaw in China-US relations, and has subsequently made great efforts to help the Chinese physics community to rebuild research atmosphere which was destroyed by the radical political movements during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. After retiring from Stony Brook he returned as honorary director of Tsinghua University, Beijing, where he is the Huang Jibei – Lu Kaiqun professor at the Center for Advanced Study (CASTU).

Yang married Chih-li Tu (traditional Chinese: 杜致禮pinyin: Dù Zhìlǐ), a teacher, in 1950 and has two sons and a daughter: Franklin Jr., Gilbert, and Eulee (in order of age). His father-in-law was the Kuomintang General Du Yuming. His wife died in the winter of 2003. At the age of 82, Yang became engaged to 28-year old Weng Fan (simplified Chinese: 翁帆pinyin: Wēng Fān) who was studying for her master's degree at Guangdong University of Foreign Studies. They married in early 2005. Due to his flaunting "marriage of the century" to a very conservative Chinese society, respect for Yang has deteriorated considerably in China. Currently, he is also facing some emabarrasing scrutiny on his academic integrity, or lack of, based on a new book just published in Beijing. (Check websites and newspapers in Beijing and Shanghai for the month of Dec 2009).


See also


  1. ^ Bing-An Li, Yuefan Deng. "Biography of C.N. Yang" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-09-11. "His birth date was erroneously recorded as September 22, 1922 in his 1945 passport. He has used this incorrect date on all subsequent official documents."  


  • Yang, C.N. (1952) [1952]. Special problems of statistical mechanics. Seattle: University of Washington Press. ASIN B0007FZHH4.  
  • Yang, C.N. (1963) [1961]. Elementary Particles: A Short History of Some Discoveries in Atomic Physics. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ASIN B000E1CBGG.  
  • Yang, C.N. (1983) [1983]. Selected papers 1945-1980, with commentary (Chen Ning Yang). San Francisco: W.H. Freeman. ISBN 071671406X.  
  • "C.N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics (YITP)". Retrieved 2008-01-05.  

External links



Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address