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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chernozem field in Black Dirt Region of Orange County, NY, USA

Chernozem (Ukrainian: Чорнозем, transliterated: chornozem; Russian: чернозём, transliterated: chernozyom; meaning: black soil), also known as "black land"[1] or "black earth", is a black-coloured soil containing a very high percentage of humus[2] — 3% to 15%, and high percentages of phosphoric acids, phosphorus and ammonia. Chernozem is very fertile and produces a high agricultural yield.

There are two "Chernozem belts" in the world: from Southern Romania (Wallachian Plain), to Northeast Ukraine across the Black Earth Region and Southern Russia into Siberia, and the other in the Canadian Prairies. Similar soil types occur in Texas and Hungary. It has a large depth, often more than 40 inches (1 m) and up to 250 inches (6 metres) in Ukraine. The terrain can also be found in small quantities elsewhere (for example, on 1% of Polish territory). It also exists in Northeast China, near Harbin.

Chernozemic soils are a soil type in the Canadian system of soil classification and the United Nations' FAO soil classification.

Chernozemic soil type equivalents, in Canadian, FAO, and USA soil taxonomy. Source:
Canadian FAO United States
Chernozemic Kastanozem, Chernozem, Greyzem, Phaeozem Borolls
Brown Chernozem Kastanozem (aridic) Aridic Boroll subgroups
Dark Brown Chernozem Kastanozem (Haplic) Typic Boroll subgroups
Black Chernozem Chernozem Udic Boroll subgroups
Dark Grey Chernozem Greyzem Boralfic Boroll subgroups, Albolls

See also


  1. ^ "blackland". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  2. ^ "chernozem". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Chernozemye article)

From Wikitravel

Europe : Russia : Chernozemye

Chernozem is the exceptionally fertile "Black Earth" belt in European Russia along the border with Ukraine, famous for its rich, deep, black soil. Its cities are best known to the English-speaking world for the vital importance they played as the principal battleground around the turning point of World War II, home to the massive tank battle of Kursk. Despite its enormous importance throughout Russian history, and its central location in the heart of European Russia, there is relatively little to sightsee, as most of the region's architectural heritage was destroyed during the war. Consequently, this is an off-the-beaten path destination in Russia, for independent travelers looking to travel deep into the "real" Russia.

Belgorod Oblast
Bryansk Oblast
Kursk Oblast
Lipetsk Oblast
Oryol Oblast
Tambov Oblast
Voronezh Oblast
  • Belgorod
  • Bryansk
  • Kursk
  • Lipetsk
  • Oryol
  • Tambov
  • Voronezh
  • Yelets — one of the region's oldest cities, sacked at least once by just about every invading force in Russian history, but still home to at least one beautiful cathedral
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