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Cherokee, Iowa
—  City  —
Location of Cherokee, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°45′3″N 95°33′2″W / 42.75083°N 95.55056°W / 42.75083; -95.55056Coordinates: 42°45′3″N 95°33′2″W / 42.75083°N 95.55056°W / 42.75083; -95.55056
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Cherokee
Area
 - Total 6.4 sq mi (16.7 km2)
 - Land 6.4 sq mi (16.6 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 1,194 ft (364 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 5,369
 - Density 837.8/sq mi (323.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 51012
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-13080
GNIS feature ID 0455370

Cherokee is a city in Cherokee County, Iowa, United States. The population was 5,369 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Cherokee County.[1] Cherokee is the home of the Sanford Museum and Planetarium which has exhibits and activities on a variety of subjects including: archaeology, art, astronomy, geology, history, natural history, and paleontology. Cherokee is the smallest town in the world to have its own symphony orchestra, the Cherokee Symphony. This 60-member orchestra has been referred to as "the best kept secret in Northwest Iowa". City events include the annual jazz festival in January, the Cherokee County Fair, and the Cherokee Rodeo. Cherokee is also the home of the Cherokee Mental Health Institute, under the Iowa Department of Human Services. The nearby Cherokee Sewer Site is a well-preserved prehistoric Indian bison processing site which helped to redefine the Archaic period in the Midwest and the Phipps Site is a National Historic Landmark 1000-year old Plains farming village that may have been fortified.

Contents

Geography

Cherokee is located at 42°45′03″N 95°33′02″W / 42.750818°N 95.550472°W / 42.750818; -95.550472.[2] It is situated near the Little Sioux River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.4 square miles (16.7 km²), of which, 6.4 square miles (16.6 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.31%) is water.

Demographics

Cherokee Historical Population
Year Pop.  %±
1870 438
1880 1,523 247.7%
1890 3,441 125.9%
1900 3,865 12.3%
1910 4,884 26.4%
1920 5,824 19.2%
1930 6,443 10.6%
1940 7,469 15.9%
1950 7,705 3.2%
1960 7,724 0.2%
1970 7,272 −5.9%
1980 7,004 −3.7%
1990 6,026 −14.0%
2000 5,369 −10.9%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov.  

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 5,369 people, 2,362 households, and 1,393 families residing in the city. The population density was 837.8 people per square mile (323.4/km²). There were 2,556 housing units at an average density of 398.9/sq mi (154.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.50% White, 0.54% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population.

There were 2,362 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,240, and the median income for a family was $42,333. Males had a median income of $28,350 versus $21,333 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,846. About 5.0% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Famous people

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
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