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City of Chester
County constituency
ChesterConstituency.svg
EnglandCheshire.svg
City of Chester shown within Cheshire, and Cheshire shown within England
Created: 1545
MP: Christine Russell
Party: Labour
Type: House of Commons
County: Cheshire
EP constituency: North West England

City of Chester is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Contents

Boundaries

The constituency covers the city of Chester, and parts of the surrounding Cheshire West and Chester unitary authority, including the villages of Aldford, Capenhurst, Christleton, Guilden Sutton, Pulford and Saughall.

Much of the city of Chester itself is residential of varying characteristics, with more middle-class areas such as Upton and the large rural council estate of Blacon. However, the estate of Blacon is now owned, run and maintained by the Chester And District Housing Trust CDHT.

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Boundary Review

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Cheshire, the Boundary Commission for England made minor changes to the existing arrangement as a consequence of population changes. The electoral wards included in this modified constituency were (as at 12 April 2005):

The changes were approved in 2007 and will come into effect at the 2010 general election [2].

History

Prior to 1997, Chester was a seat traditionally held by the Conservative Party, although their majorities over Labour were not always large. At the 1992 general election, the author and television personality Gyles Brandreth held Chester for the Conservatives, but only with a majority of just over 1,000.

Labour's Christine Russell gained the seat easily at the 1997 election and has held it since then, but her majority over the Conservatives was reduced to under 1,000 at the 2005 election.

Four of the six candidates at the next General Election have contested the seat previously; Christine Russell (1997, 2001, 2005); Allan Weddell (2001, 2005); Ed Abrahms (2005) and Tom Barker (1992). All candidates have contested at least one election for local authorities for wards inside the constituency.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1660-1880

Year First member First party Second member Second party
1660 John Ratcliffe William Ince
1661 Sir Thomas Smith, Bt
1673 Robert Werden Tory
1675 William Williams
1679 Sir Thomas Grosvenor, Bt Tory
1681 Roger Whitley Whig
1685 Sir Thomas Grosvenor, Bt Tory Robert Werden Tory
1689 Roger Whitley Whig George Mainwaring Whig
1690 Sir Thomas Grosvenor, Bt Tory Sir Richard Levinge, Bt Tory
1695 Roger Whitley Whig
January 1698 Thomas Cowper
July 1698 Peter Shakerley Tory
1701 Sir Henry Bunbury, Bt Tory
1715 Sir Richard Grosvenor, Bt
1727 Sir Thomas Grosvenor, Bt
January 1733 Sir Robert Grosvenor, Bt
March 1733 Sir Charles Bunbury, Bt
1742 Philip Henry Warburton
1754 Sir Richard Grosvenor, Bt
1755 Thomas Grosvenor
1761 Richard Wilbraham-Bootle
1790 Viscount Belgrave
1795 Thomas Grosvenor
1802 Richard Erle-Drax-Grosvenor
1807 John Grey Egerton
1818 Viscount Belgrave Tory
1826 Lord Robert Grosvenor Whig
1830 Sir Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton, Bt Conservative
1831 Foster Cunliffe-Offley
May 1832 John Finchett Maddock
December 1832 Sir John Jervis

Liberal

1847 Earl Grosvenor Liberal
1850 William Owen Stanley
1857 Enoch Gibbon Salisbury
1859 Philip Stapleton Humberston
1865 William Henry Gladstone

Liberal

1868 Henry Cecil Raikes Conservative
1869 Norman de L'Aigle Grosvenor
1874 John George Dodson Liberal
1880 Beilby Lawley
  • Constituency suspended (1880)

MPs since 1885

  • Voting restored (1885)
Election Member Party
1885 Balthazar Walter Foster Liberal
1886 Robert Armstrong Yerburgh Conservative
1906 Alfred Moritz Mond Liberal
1910, January Robert Armstrong Yerburgh Conservative
1916 by-election Sir Owen Cosby Philipps Conservative
1922 Sir Charles William Cayzer Conservative
1940 by-election Sir Basil Nield Conservative
1959 John Meredith Temple Conservative
1974, February Peter Morrison Conservative
1992 Gyles Brandreth Conservative
1997 Christine Russell Labour

Election results

Confirmed candidates for the next UK general election [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
English Democrats Ed Abrams
Green M.T. Barker
Liberal Democrat Lizzie Jewkes
Conservative Stephen Mosley
Labour Christine Russell
UKIP Allan Weddell
General Election 2005: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Christine Russell 17,459 38.9 -9.6
Conservative Paul Offer 16,542 36.8 +3.7
Liberal Democrat Mia Jones 9,818 21.9 +7.2
UKIP Allan Weddell 776 1.7 -0.3
English Democrats Ed Abrams 308 0.7 +0.7
Majority 917 2.0
Turnout 44,903 64.3 +0.5
Labour hold Swing -6.7
General Election 2001: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Christine Russell 21,760 48.5 -4.5
Conservative David Jones 14,866 33.1 -1.1
Liberal Democrat Tony Dawson 6,589 14.7 +5.2
UKIP Allan Weddell 899 2.0 N/A
Independent George Rogers 763 1.7 +1.4
Majority 6,894 15.4
Turnout 44,877 63.8 -14.7
Labour hold Swing -1.7
General Election 1997: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Christine Russell 29,806 53.0 +11.0
Conservative Gyles Brandreth 19,253 34.2 -9.9
Liberal Democrat David Simpson 5,353 9.5 -3.4
Referendum Party R. Mullen 1,487 2.6 N/A
Monster Raving Loony I Sanderson 204 0.4 N/A
West Cheshire College In Crisis J Gerrard 154 0.3 N/A
Majority 10,553 18.2
Turnout 78.4 -5.5
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 10.5
General Election 1992: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gyles Brandreth 23,411 44.1
Labour D.E. Robinson 22,310 42.0
Liberal Democrat J.G. Smith 6,867 12.9
Green M.T. Barker 448 0.8
Natural Law S.R.H. Cross 98 0.2
Majority 1,101 2.1
Turnout 53,134 83.9
Conservative hold Swing

References

  1. ^ The Chester district and its constituent wards were abolished on 1 April 2009, when they became part of the new unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester; however, the boundaries of the parliamentary constituency remain fixed according to the wards in operation at 12 April 2005.
  2. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007, S.I. 2007/1681.
  3. ^ City of Chester, UKPollingReport

See also

Coordinates: 53°10′N 2°55′W / 53.167°N 2.917°W / 53.167; -2.917


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