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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Borough of Chesterfield
View of Chesterfield from Old Brampton

Coat of Arms of the Borough Council
Shown within Derbyshire
Coordinates: 53°14′N 1°25′W / 53.233°N 1.417°W / 53.233; -1.417
Country United Kingdom
Constituent Country England
Region East Midlands
County Derbyshire
Founded ??
Market Charter 1204
Borough status 1204/1594
Government
 - Type Non-metropolitan district
 - Local Authority Chesterfield Borough Council
 - MPs Paul Holmes, Natasha Engel, Dennis Skinner
Population (2008 est.)
 - Total 100,800 (Ranked 221st)
 - Ethnicity 96.6% White
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
Postcode S40
ISO 3166-2
ONS code 17UD
OS grid reference SK382711
NUTS
Demonym
Website www.chesterfield.gov.uk

Chesterfield is a market town and a borough of Derbyshire, England. It lies north of the city of Derby, on a confluence of the rivers Rother and Hipper. Including Staveley, the population (2001) is 100,879, although that of the town itself is 70,260. It is Derbyshire's largest town, although the county town of Derbyshire is Matlock in the Derbyshire Dales. Around 250,000 people live in the immediate area nearby including Dronfield, Bolsover, Staveley, Shirebrook and Clay Cross. It is located on the A61, 6 miles from the M1[1] (via the A617 to J29 and A632 to J29A), and forms part of the Sheffield City Region.[2]

Contents

History

The town received its market charter in the year 1204 from King John and around two hundred and fifty stalls can still be found in the town centre every Monday, Friday and Saturday.

The 1204 charter also constituted the town as free borough, granting the burgesses of Chesterfield the same privileges as those of Nottingham. Elizabeth I granted a charter of incorporation in 1594, creating a corporation consisting of a mayor, six aldermen, six brethren, and twelve capital burgesses.[3] This remained the governing charter until the borough was reformed under the Municipal Corporations Act 1835.[4] The borough originally consisted only of the township of Chesterfield, but was extended in 1892 to include parts of surrounding townships. In 1920 there was a major extension to the borough when it absorbed Whittington and Newbold urban district.[5] Chesterfield's current boundaries date from April 1, 1974, when under the Local Government Act 1972, the Borough of Chesterfield was formed by the amalgamation of the municipal borough with the urban district of Staveley and the parish of Brimington from Chesterfield Rural District.[6]

'The church in the eighteenth century as sketched by Samuel Hieronymus Grimm.'

Chesterfield benefited greatly from the building of the Chesterfield Line - part of the Derby to Leeds railway (North Midland Line), which was begun in 1837 by George Stephenson. During its construction, a sizeable seam of coal was discovered during the construction of the Clay Cross Tunnel. This and the local ironstone were promptly exploited by Stephenson who set up a company in Clay Cross to trade in the minerals.

During his time in Chesterfield, Stephenson lived at Tapton House, and remained there until his death in 1848. He is interred in Trinity Church. In 2006, a statue of Stephenson was erected outside Chesterfield railway station.

Governance

Local government in Chesterfield is organised in a two-tier structure. At the upper tier, services such as consumer protection, education, main roads and social services are provided by Derbyshire County Council.[7] At the lower tier, services such as housing, planning, refuse collection and burial grounds are provided by Chesterfield Borough Council.[8] The borough is unparished with the exception of Brimington and Staveley: Brimington Parish Council and Staveley Town Council exercise limited functions in those areas.

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County council

Derbyshire County Council has sixty-four elected county councillors, each representing a single-member electoral division. The entire council is elected every four years. At the last elections in June 2009 the Conservative Party took control from the Labour Party after 28 years.[9]

Borough council

Chesterfield Borough Council consists of forty-eight councillors. Elections of the whole council take place every four years, the last elections having occurred in 2007. The borough is divided nineteen wards, with between 1 and 3 councillors elected for each ward.[10] As of 2009 the Liberal Democrats control the borough council with 38 councillors, while the Labour Party has 10 councillors.[8]

The council choose one of their members annually to be mayor of Chesterfield, with the 368th mayor elected in May 2008.[11]

The borough council set up a system of community forums in 1999 as part of their decision making process. There are eight forums which meet at least six times a year and consist of the borough and county councillors for the area and a number of co-opted members. The eight community forums are:[12]

  • Barrow Hill and Whittington
  • Brimington and Tapton
  • Dunston, Moor and St Helen’s
  • Hasland and St Leonard’s
  • Holmebrook and Rother
  • Newbold and Brockwell
  • Staveley
  • Walton and West

Coat of arms

The borough council uses armorial bearings originally granted (to the previous borough corporation) by letters patent dated 10 November 1955.[13] The blazon of the arms is as follows:

Gules a Device representing a Pomegranate Tree as depicted on the ancient Common Seal of the Borough the tree leaved and eradicated proper flowered and fructed Or and for the Crest on a Wreath of the Colours Issuant from a Mural Crown Gules Masoned Or a Mount Vert thereon a Derby Ram passant guardant proper. Supporters: On the dexter side a Cock and on the sinister side a Pynot or Magpie proper each Ducally gorged Or [14]

The shield is based on the borough's ancient common seal, which is believed to date from the first half of the sixteenth century. The seal depicts a stylised pomegranate tree. When the arms were formally granted, the College of Arms expressed the opinion that the plant had been adopted by the town as a symbol of loyalty to the crown, as it was a royal badge used by Katherine of Aragon, Henry VIII and Mary Tudor.[14]

The crest depicts a Derby Ram, representing the county of Derbyshire, and a mural crown, suggestive of a town wall and thus borough status.[14]

The supporters on either side of the arms represent the Cock and Pynot Inn, Old Whittington. The inn, now Revolution House, was the site of a meeting between conspirators against James II in 1688. Among those meeting there were the Earls of Danby and Devonshire, commemorated by the ducal crowns around the supporters' necks. The two birds stand on a compartment of rocks and moorland.[14] The motto is "aspire", a punning reference to the crooked spire of the parish church.[14]

Economy

In the last 30 years, the economy in and around Chesterfield has experienced major change, moving the employment base away from the primary and secondary sectors, and towards the tertiary area. The area sits on a large coalfield and the area played host to many coal mines,[15] including:

From 1981 to 2002, 15,000 jobs in the coal industry disappeared[16] and not a single colliery remains open, although open cast mining continued at Arkwright until a few years ago. Many of the sites were restored by contractor Killingleys for Derbyshire County Council.

Very little evidence of the mining industry remains today; a cyclist and walkers route, the "Five Pits Trail" now links some of the former collieries and most of the sites are now indistinguishable from the surrounding countryside.[17]

Within the town itself, large factories and major employers have disappeared or relocated in the last 10 years including:

  • Markham & Co. (The Channel Tunnel between England and France used tunnel boring Machines manufactured here. The company was bought out by Norway's Kvaerner and subsequently merged with Sheffield based Davy. Their factory on Hollis Lane is now a housing estate) and the former offices were converted into flats and serviced office suites.[18]
  • Dema Glass's factory near Lockoford Lane shut as is now host to a Tesco Extra and the B2net Stadium, Chesterfield F.C.'s new home ground.[19]
  • GKN plc closed it's factory and the site is now being turned in to a business park[20]

Whilst others have downsized significantly:

  • Robinson's, who manufacture paper-based packaging in the town,[21] divested their healthcare interests which led to significant downsizing in both the workforce and facilties in Chesterfield.
  • Trebor merged with Bassetts sweets of Sheffield and relocated a modern unit at Holmewood Business park and were taken over by Cadbury. The former factory near Chesterfield railway station has been demolished and is awaiting further development.
  • Chesterfield Cylinders relocated to a much smaller site in Sheffield. Chesterfield Cylinder's Derby Road site, is now Alma Leisure Park , which includes a Nuffield Health Club, Cineworld, Frankie & Benny's, McDonald's, Hobby Horse pub, and a Blockbusters). Their main cylinder factory opposite is now The Spires housing estate.
  • Bryan Donkin Valve's relocated to Staveley, a few miles away. Their former factory on Derby Road is under development as Spire Walk Business Park, a B&Q Mini-warehouse and Chesterfield's new fire station.

Manufacturing employment has fallen by a third since 1991, though the percentage of the population employed in manufacturing is still above the national average,[16] underlining how critical it has been to Chesterfield in the past. Today, smaller scale firms are to be found on several industrial estates, the largest of which is located at Sheepbridge. Business located on the estate include SIG plc subsidiary Warren Insulations, Franke Sisons Ltd (founded in 1784 in Sheffield, and one of the first to manufacture stainless steel kitchen sinks in the 1930s), Rhodes engineering, Chesterfield Felt, and others.

Between the A61 and Brimington Road there is a 40 acre clearing due to Arnold Laver's relocating to a modern sawmill at Halfway, on the Sheffield border. The former sawmill being demolished, with plans being proposed for a new waterside village built around a new marina at the end of the Chesterfield Canal which currently terminates at a weir adjacent to the site.

There is a Morrisons on the junction of Chatsworth Road (A619) and Walton Road (A632), a Sainsburys on Rother Way (A619 for Staveley), and a Tesco Extra on the junction of the A619 and A61 (known locally as the Tesco Roundabout). The Institute of Business Advisers][22] is based on Queen Street North. Chesterfield Royal Hospital[23] is on the A632 out towards Calow and Bolsover and the only A&E Department in Derbyshire outside of Derby.[24]

Peak FM broadcasts from Sheepbridge on 107.4FM and 102FM via the nearby Chesterfield Transmitter, which also hosts BBC Radio Sheffield on 94.7FM. DAB transmissions for Chesterfield come from the Chesterfield Transmitter, however only Digital One is currently broadcast and NOW Derbyshire is due to start soon, although some digital radio stations can be received from outlying transmitters. The local television stations are ITV Yorkshire and BBC Look North, both transmitted from Leeds. The digital switchover date for the area is 2011. Also in the town are the headquarters of the Derbyshire Times, the local newspaper, which does not cover all of the county.

Chesterfield is also home to the area's only RSPCA Branch. Other centres are further afield and obviously do not cover the same area. These are in Sheffield, Derby, Radcliffe on Trent and Bawtry. The Chesterfield and North Derbyshire Branch][25] serves the whole of the North East Derbyshire area, and is not government funded. The centre holds many events to raise money, one being an annual Dog Show held in the summer. The centre itself is on the verge of a major rebuild.

The town's biggest employer is now the "Post Office" administration department located in a newly constructed building located on the edge of the town centre. The Royal Mail's Pensions Service Centre is near the town on Boythorpe Road, in Rowland Hill House. There is another Royal Mail building in the town on West Bars called Future Walk, recently sold to CPP.[26] Formerly this was Chetwynd House, now substantially demolished and replaced by the new Post Office building.

Shopping, entertainment and leisure

Town centre

Part of Chesterfield's market

The Town centre of Chesterfield has retained much of its pre-war era layout. Chesterfield is home to one of the largest open air markets in Britain, the stalls sitting either side of the historic Market Hall. In the middle of town, a collection of narrow medieval streets make up "The Shambles", which house The Royal Oak, one of Britain's oldest pubs.

Near Holywell Cross is Chesterfield's largest department store, the Co-operative or Co-op. Their buildings occupy the majority of Elder Way and include an enclosed bridge. In 2001, The Chesterfield and District Co-operative Society was incorporated into a larger regional entity, the Midlands Co-operative Society Limited, now the biggest independent retail Society in the UK. [27]

The Pavements

In the late 1970s a large area between Low Pavement (in the Market Square) and New Beetwell Street was completely demolished (except the original shop fronts) to build "The Pavements" shopping centre, known by some local residents as "The Precinct", with larger shops such as Boots the Chemist, which was opened in November 1981 by the Prince and Princess of Wales. It has entrances located opposite Chesterfield Market and escalators leading down to New Beetwell Street and the Bus station. An enclosed bridge links the site to a multi-storey car park built at the same time adjacent to the town's coach station.

Chesterfield Library's is located just outside The Pavements on New Beetwell Street. The library spans several floors and was planned as part of the development. The building was erected later and opened in 1985. In annual figures compiled by the Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy the Library ranked 5th in the UK for the number of issues in 2008, a rise of one place on the previous year.[28][29] The area to the side of the library was redeveloped retaining the old narrow passage ways but creating various small shop units & offices in the style of "The Shambles".

On 27 June 2007 the Somerfield store in the Precinct was completely gutted in a fire during which the roof collapsed. Only a few shoppers suffered minor injuries.[30] The fire was reportedly the result of an accidental ignition. The fire started at 13:10 on 27 June and was not extinguished until 23:30 the same day. All the shops in The Pavements were closed and evacuated. Other areas including the Market Hall were later evacuated as cordons were placed as a result of the smoke becoming worse.[30]

Following the fire, Somerfield announced their intention to cease trading in Chesterfield. The unit re-opened in September 2008 as a Tesco Metro store.

Vicar Lane

Vicar Lane after it was re-developed

Vicar Lane was redeveloped in 2000 to become a pedestrianised, open-air shopping area, that involved almost all of the existing buildings being demolished including the now closed Woolworths and the old bus station.[31] The project was so large that two new shopping streets were created as part of the development. It now hosts major chains such as BHS and Argos.[32] The development was originally planned in the 1980s but was delayed due to the economics at the time. A new multistorey car park on Beetwell Street was added as part of the revised plan. The area is located between the "Pavements Centre" & Markets and the "crooked spire".

Food and drink

Cuisine available in the area includes Chinese, Mexican, Japanese, Indian and Thai restaurants and takeaways. Several night clubs are located around the town, predominantly towards "The Doughnut", more correctly called "Holywell Cross Car Park". Scattered around the town are many bars and pubs and west of the town centre the "Brampton Mile" provides 13 pubs on a one mile section of Chatsworth Road. Chesterfield's night-life is well-regarded by many within the area for both its variety and number of venues located within a relatively compact area, although there are now very little if any that cater for alternative tastes.

The arts

The Winding Wheel, previously an Odeon Cinema and Fusion nightclub, is a multi-purpose venue, hosting concerts, exhibitions, conferences, dinners, family parties, dances, banquets, wedding receptions, meetings, product launches and lectures.[33] Past notable appearances include Ricky Tomlinson and Patrick McGuinness. Chesterfield Symphony Orchestra[34] give three concerts a year at the Winding Wheel.

"The Pomegranate Theatre" (formerly known for many years as 'Chesterfield Civic Theatre', and prior to that 'The Stephenson Memorial Theatre') is a listed Victorian building (in what is now known as the Stephenson Memorial Building), with a small auditorium, seating around 500 people.[35] A variety of shows are performed throughout the year. Also in the Stephenson Memorial Building is the Chesterfield Museum, until 1984 it was used for the town's lending library. The museum is owned by Chesterfield Borough Council, as are the Winding Wheel and the Pomegranate Theatre. The box office for both entertainment venues is located in the entrance area of the theatre.

The Royal Mail building Future Walk, on West Bars, was the former site of Chetwynd House (referred to locally as "the AGD"). Here a work by sculptor Barbara Hepworth Carved Reclining Form or Rosewall was prominently displayed for many years and nicknamed Isaiah by local critics, due to it resembling a crude human face with one eye higher than the other ("eye's higher"). Soon after its installation a painted nose and mouth were added, and the work was surrounded by screens for some time while cleaning took place. The work was under the threat of being sold in 2005, but the plan was eventually scrapped, recognising the piece's national significance.[36] Other artworks of note include 'A System of Support and Balance' by Paul Lewthwaite located outside Chesterfield Magistrates' Court.

Transport

Roads

Junction 29 of the M1 motorway at Heath links Chesterfield to the motorway network to the south, via the A617 dual-carriageway. Construction of the new Junction 29a has been completed at Markham Vale, Duckmanton, and the new junction opened at the end of June 2008, (The signs do not signpost Chesterfield). With Links to the M1 at Junction 30 and the North via the A619. Other major roads include the A61 Sheffield Road (north)/ Derby Road (south) (with a dual carriageway beginning in the town centre and continuing onto Sheffield) and the A619 (a major inroad to the Peak District, eventually joining the A6 near Bakewell) and the A632 to Matlock.

Buses, taxis and coaches

Stagecoach plc are the predominant operator of buses in Chesterfield, others operators include Trent Barton and TM Travel. Buses stop in several areas around the town centre rather than at a central bus station. The Stagecoach depot at Stonegravels is notable for its size and many vehicles stored there are not in regular use, formerly being the Chesterfield Corporation bus depot.

A new coach station was recently built, with scheduled services provided by National Express. A number of tour companies also operate there. The main taxi ranks are located on Elder Way in the town centre and can be easily recognised to hail as they are black in colour with distinctive white bonnets and tailgates.

Railways

Chesterfield railway station is located on the Midland Main Line, with East Midlands Trains providing services to London, Sheffield, Leicester, Leeds, Liverpool, Nottingham and Norwich and CrossCountry serving Newcastle, Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Edinburgh and Plymouth.

Chesterfield previously had two other rail stations:

These railways all crossed each other at Horns Bridge, the Midland Mainline passed over the GCR loop in to Chesterfield, and the LD&ECR passed over both on a 700 feet long viaduct. Horns Bridge has been substantially redeveloped since the latter two railways closed and Horns Bridge Roundabout, where the A61 Derby Road and A617 Lordsmill Street meet, now occupies the site. The viaduct was demolished in the 1970s.

In addition to railways, Chesterfield had a tramway system, built in 1882, and closed in 1927.

Air

The nearest airfield is Netherthorpe Aerodrome near Worksop in Nottinghamshire, but it is not licensed for commercial flights. When travelling by air, passengers usually do so via East Midlands, Leeds Bradford, Doncaster Robin Hood and Manchester airports. These are all within 2 hours travel time by road.

Canal

The Chesterfield Canal linked the town to the national network of waterways, and was the most important trade route through the 19th century. Overtaken by rail and then road for freight transport it fell into disuse, but has been partially restored since the mid-20th century for leisure use. However, the section through Chesterfield remains isolated from the rest of the waterway network.

Education

The borough of Chesterfield has many schools within and around it. There are several secondary schools in the area (most of which are community schools; Hasland Hall, Brimington Junior School, Brookfield, Tupton Hall School, Parkside, Meadows, Netherthorpe, Newbold Community (which has moved into a new £17 million school building), Deincourt, The Bolsover School and Springwell) almost half have a Sixth Form. There is also a Roman Catholic school, St Mary's Roman Catholic High School, in Newbold.

A Further Education college, Chesterfield College, is located within a five minute walk of Chesterfield railway station and offers many courses. It has over 15,000 students.[37]

Religious sites

The crooked spire today

Chesterfield is perhaps best known for the "Crooked Spire" of its Church of Saint Mary and All Saints and is why the local football team is known as The Spireites.

The twist in the Spire

The spire is both twisted and leaning, twisting 45 degrees and leaning 9 feet 6 inches from its true centre. The leaning characteristic is believed to be the result of the absence of skilled craftsmen (the Black Death had been gone only twelve years prior to the spire's completion), insufficient cross-bracing, and the use of unseasoned timber.[citation needed] There have been other explanations: one is that the spire was so shocked to learn of the marriage of a virgin in the church that it bent down to get a closer look. Should that happen again, it is said that the spire will straighten and return to its true position. Another is that a Bolsover blacksmith mis-shod the Devil, who leaped over the spire in pain, knocking it out of shape.[38] However it is now believed that the bend began when the original wooden roof tiles were replaced by heavier slate and lead. The bend in the spire (the twist being deliberate[citation needed]) follows the direction of the sun and has been caused by heat expansion and a weight it was never designed for (as explained to us by curators at the Chesterfield Museum)[citation needed]. There is also no record of a bend until after the slate change.[citation needed] An interesting point is that the spire is not attached to the church building but is kept on by its own weight.[citation needed]

Church of St Mary and All Saints - "The Crooked Spire"

Sports and leisure

Chesterfield is home to the Football League Two club Chesterfield F.C. who play at the Recreation Ground (usually referred to as Saltergate). Chesterfield FC are known as the Spireites, after the Crooked Spire in the town. In 2005 plans were announced to build a new stadium on the old Dema Glass site north of the town in Whittington Moor. Construction of the new stadium, named the 'B2net Stadium' began in summer 2009 and should be completed for the start of the 2010/2011 season. The team's most notable achievement of recent years occurred in April 1997, when they reached the semi-final of the FA Cup, losing to Middlesbrough in a replay following a 3–3 draw at Old Trafford. It turned out to be one of the most controversial games in recent history with Chesterfield having a goal not given when referee David Elleray decided the ball had not crossed the goal line from a Jonathan Howard shot, a decision which was later proved incorrect by video replays. Had the goal stood the club would have progressed to the final of the FA Cup for the first time in its history—a feat which no club in the third tier of the league has achieved. The team has a fierce rivalry with neighbouring town Mansfield. In 2006 Chesterfield FC beat Premiership heavyweights Manchester City and West Ham to move into the last 16 of the Carling Cup where they were narrowly beaten on penalties by Charlton. Despite their Carling Cup exploits, Chesterfield were relegated on the penultimate game of the season

Also Chesterfield has a competitive athletic team which competes regularly all over England. Chesterfield & District Athletic Club[39] is based at Queen’s Park Annexe[40] - near Boythorpe Road south of the town centre, close to the cricket club.[41] Chesterfield Swimming Club is based at the Queens Park Sports Centre on Boythorpe Road.[42]

Queen's Park also plays host to Chesterfield Cricket Club and is an outground of Derbyshire County Cricket Club

Chesterfield also has its own amateur Sunday football league that plays host to over 100 teams on a Sunday morning. The Chesterfield and District Sunday Football League consists of nine divisions and 3 cup competitions.

Chesterfield Spires RLFC are a Rugby League club formed in the town in 2003 and currently play in the RL Merit League

A speedway training track operated at Glasshouse Farm in the early 1950s.

Chesterfield also has a mildly successful Men's Hockey Team which typically competes in the Midland's Premier Hockey League. The side has typically been midtable or battled against relegation until its greatest success when it recruited Australian import striker Adam Clifford from Tasmania. During his two seasons Clifford scored over 50 goals and Chesterfield narrowly lost the league in the final weeks by a single point.

Chesterfield Rugby Union Football Club was initially formed in 1919 and played their first game in 1920.[43]

Queens Park Leisure Centre

The Queens Park is located within the town centre and recently benefited from a multi-million pound programme of investment, allowing to host county cricket games once again. It has a boating lake and miniature railway. Also on the outskirts of the park is Queens Park Leisure Centre, which has a large swimming pool and gym, several indoor courts (for a variety of sports) and several more outdoor tennis courts.[44]

Healthy Living Centre, Staveley

The town also has a brand new £8m Healthy Living Centre[45] within the Borough at Staveley (opened in Spring 2008), which has a 25m swimming pool with a movable platform, an 11m climbing wall, leisure facilities including an indoor children's soft play area, crèche facilities, a fitness suite, health spa and dance studios.

Public services

Chesterfield is policed by Derbyshire Constabulary, and Chesterfield Police Station, on New Beetwell Street, is the Division 'C' Headquarters, with local police stations in Bolsover, Clay Cross, Dronfield, Killamarsh, Newbold, Staveley, and Shirebrook.

In terms of healthcare, Chesterfield is served by Chesterfield Royal Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, and has two hospitals. The bigger one, located in Calow, is known as Chesterfield Royal Hospital and has an A&E department. Walton Hospital is the town's other hospital. As with the rest of Derbyshire, Chesterfield is covered by the East Midlands Ambulance Service (EMAS) and Derbyshire, Leicestershire & Rutland Air Ambulance. In the 1980s, a portion of the former Royal Hospital in Chesterfield town centre was converted into the Alexandra Private Hospital, the town's only private hospital.

Chesterfield is served by Derbyshire Fire and Rescue Service, which has Fire stations in Chesterfield, Clay Cross, Clowne and Staveley. Chesterfield Fire Station is moving in 2010 from Whittington Moor to a new build station located behind B&Q at Horns Bridge.[46]

Notable people

Notable people to come from Chesterfield include:

Other prominent people connected with the town:

Twinnings

Chesterfield is twinned with:

International events

Chesterfield is home to gluten free beer, with the first ever international gluten free beer festival held in Chesterfield in February 2006.[58] The event was hailed internationally as a success, organisers are working to repeat the event for the future. The Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA) hosted the event with the cooperation of Glutenfreebeerfestival.com and brewers of gluten free beer from all parts of the globe have announced that they wish to attend and present their brews to the public at the next Chesterfield event, which is under discussion between the organisers and the local authority.[59]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=53.249296,-1.329346&daddr=Unknown+road+to:Chesterfield,+Derbyshire,+UK&hl=en&geocode=%3BFfJRLAMdyMTr_w%3BFZ5OLAMd7kTq_w&mra=dme&mrcr=0&mrsp=0&sz=13&via=1&sll=53.241078,-1.348743&sspn=0.053625,0.154324&ie=UTF8&ll=53.262133,-1.356125&spn=0.107198,0.308647&z=12
  2. ^ "Sheffield City Region Forum". Sheffield City Region. http://www.sheffieldcityregion.org.uk/scr-forum. Retrieved 2009-01-13. 
  3. ^ "Parishes: Calke - Chesterfield". Magna Britannia: volume 5: Derbyshire. British History Online. 1817. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50724. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  4. ^ "Chesterfield (All Saints)". A Topographical Dictionary of England. British History Online. 1848. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50871#s8. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  5. ^ Young, Frederic A Jr. (1991). Local Administrative Units of England. II: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 70, 660. ISBN 0861931270. 
  6. ^ Local government in England and Wales: A Guide to the New System. London: HMSO. 1974. p. 40. ISBN 0117508470. 
  7. ^ "Council Departments". Derbyshire County Council. http://www.derbyshire.gov.uk/council/council_works/departments/default.asp. Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  8. ^ a b "Council Structures". Chesterfield Borough Council. 2009. http://www.chesterfield.gov.uk/default.aspx?CATID=168. Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  9. ^ "Tories take overall control of Derbyshire County Council", Derby Telegraph, 5 July 2009
  10. ^ "Borough Councillors". Chesterfield Borough Council. http://www.chesterfield.gov.uk/communities/councillors/. Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  11. ^ "New Mayor Takes Office". Chesterfield Borough Council. 2008. http://www.chesterfield.gov.uk/default.aspx?CATID=290. Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  12. ^ "Community Section". Chesterfield Borough Council. http://www.chesterfield.gov.uk/default.aspx?CATID=2&TType=Summary&CID=139. Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  13. ^ "Derbyshire". Civic Heraldry of England and Wales. http://www.civicheraldry.co.uk/derbys.html. Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  14. ^ a b c d e The History of the Borough, Chesterfield Borough Council, undated
  15. ^ http://www.ichesterfield.co.uk/chesterfield-photographs-old/old-collieries.html
  16. ^ a b Chesterfield's unsuccessful bid for a casino accessed June 27th 2007
  17. ^ http://www.derbyshire.gov.uk/leisure/countryside/countryside_sites/walks_and_trails/five_pits_trail/default.asp
  18. ^ Markham & Company of Chesterfield, ISBN 1-898937-64-8
  19. ^ http://www.chesterfield.gov.uk/default.aspx?CATID=660&CID=5013
  20. ^ http://www.derbyshiretimes.co.uk/features/Meltdown-in-manufacturing.2023163.jp
  21. ^ http://www.robinsonpackaging.com/Group/history.html
  22. ^ http://www.iba.org.uk
  23. ^ http://www.chesterfieldroyal.nhs.uk
  24. ^ http://www.nhs.uk/ServiceDirectories/Pages/ServiceResults.aspx?Place=derbyshire&Coords=3605,4258&ServiceType=AandE&JScript=1
  25. ^ http://www.chesterfield-rspca.org.uk
  26. ^ http://www.cppchesterfield.co.uk/
  27. ^ Midlands Co-operative website ref. About Us
  28. ^ "Norfolk Boasts Busiest Library in England, survey shows". Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy. http://www.cipfa.org.uk/Press/press_show.cfm?news_id=32026. Retrieved 2009-12-30. 
  29. ^ a b Town Centre Store Fire - Chesterfield Today
  30. ^ http://www.vicarlane.com
  31. ^ http://www.vicarlaneshoppingcentre.co.uk/storeguide.htm
  32. ^ Winding Wheel at Chesterfield council site accessed August 2007
  33. ^ http://www.chesterfieldsymphonyorchestra.co.uk/
  34. ^ Pomegranate Theatre site
  35. ^ "Sculpture sell-off plans scrapped", BBC News, 21 October 2005. Retrieved on 124 September 2007.
  36. ^ The College
  37. ^ Chesterfield Parish Church home page
  38. ^ http://www.chesterfieldac.co.uk
  39. ^ http://www.runtrackdir.com/details.asp?track=chesterfield-qp
  40. ^ http://www.chesterfieldcc.co.uk
  41. ^ http://www.chesterfieldsc.co.uk
  42. ^ http://www.chesterfieldrugby.co.uk
  43. ^ http://www.chesterfield.gov.uk/queenspark/
  44. ^ Healthy Living Centre accessed 8 October 2008
  45. ^ "Chesterfield Fire Station". Derbyshire Fire & Rescue Service. 2009. http://www.derbyshire-fire-service.co.uk/stations.ihtml?sid=12. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  46. ^ Timeline, Olave Baden Powell, assessed 8 October 2008
  47. ^ Paul Burrell biography at IMDb
  48. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/womanshour/timeline/barbara_castle.shtml
  49. ^ Simon Groom biography at IMDb accessed June 2007
  50. ^ HARVEY, William Edwin’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007 accessed 8 Oct 2008
  51. ^ John Hurt biography at IMDb accessed June 2007
  52. ^ Jeremy Kemp biography at IMDb accessed June 2007
  53. ^ LEE, Frank’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007 accessed 8 Oct 2008
  54. ^ Violet Markham, British Library, accessed 23 August 2008
  55. ^ ‘ROBINSON, Sir Robert’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007 accessed 8 Oct 2008
  56. ^ Peter Wright's biography
  57. ^ "CAMRA & The First International Gluten Free Beer Festival". Carolyn Smagalski, Bella Online. 2006. http://www.bellaonline.com/articles/art39558.asp. 
  58. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20080201174347/http://www.glutenfreebeerfestival.com/ Gluten free beer Festivals

External links

Coordinates: 53°14′09″N 1°25′39″W / 53.23583°N 1.4275°W / 53.23583; -1.4275


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Whatever is worth doing at all, is worth doing well.

Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield (22 September 1694 - 24 March 1773) was a British statesman and man of letters.

Contents

Sourced

  • The chapter of knowledge is a very short, but the chapter of accidents is a very long one.
    • To Solomon Dayrolles (February 16, 1753)
  • I assisted at the birth of that most significant word "flirtation," which dropped from the most beautiful mouth in the world.
    • The World, no. 101 (December 5, 1754)
  • Unlike my subject will I frame my song,
    It shall be witty, and it shan't be long.
    • Epigram on ("Long") Sir Thomas Robinson
  • The dews of the evening most carefully shun —
    Those tears of the sky for the loss of the sun.
    • Advice to a Lady in Autumn
  • Religion is by no means a proper subject of conversation in a mixed company.
    • Letter to his godson, No.112 (undated).
  • Tyrawley and I have been dead these two years; but we don't choose to have it known.
    • Quoted in Boswell's Life of Johnson.

Letters to His Son

  • Whatever is worth doing at all, is worth doing well.
    • March 10, 1746
  • The knowledge of the world is only to be acquired in the world, and not in a closet.
    • October 4, 1746
  • An injury is much sooner forgotten than an insult.
    • October 9, 1746
  • There is time enough for everything, in the course of the day, if you do but one thing at once; but there is not time enough in the year, if you will do two things at a time.
    • April 14, 1747
  • I really know nothing more criminal, more mean, and more ridiculous than lying. It is the production either of malice, cowardice, or vanity; and generally misses of its aim in every one of these views; for lies are always detected, sooner or later.
    • September 21, 1747
  • Courts and camps are the only places to learn the world in.
    • October 2, 1747
  • The world is a country which nobody ever yet knew by description; one must travel through it one's self to be acquainted with it.
    • October 2, 1747 [1]
  • Do as you would be done by, is the surest method of pleasing.
    • October 9, 1747
  • Take the tone of the company you are in.
    • October 9, 1747
  • The young leading the young, is like the blind leading the blind; “they will both fall into the ditch.”
    • November 24, 1747
  • Patience, to hear frivolous, impertinent, and unreasonable applications: with address enough to refuse, without offending; or, by your manner of granting, to double the obligation: dexterity enough to conceal a truth, without telling a lie: sagacity enough to read other people’s countenances: and serenity enough not to let them discover anything by yours; a seeming frankness, with a real reserve. These are the rudiments of a politician; the world must be your grammar.
    • January 15, 1748
  • Advice is seldom welcome; and those who want it the most always like it the least.
    • January 29, 1748
  • Speak of the moderns without contempt, and of the ancients without idolatry.
    • February 22, 1748
  • Never seem wiser, nor more learned, than the people you are with. Wear your learning, like your watch, in a private pocket: and do not pull it out and strike it; merely to show that you have one.
    • February 22, 1748
  • In my mind, there is nothing so illiberal and so ill-bred, as audible laughter.
    • March 9, 1748
  • I am sure that since I have had the full use of my reason, nobody has ever heard me laugh.
    • March 9, 1748
  • The characteristic of a well-bred man is, to converse with his inferiors without insolence, and with his superiors with respect and with ease.
    • May 17, 1748
  • Manners must adorn knowledge, and smooth its way through the world. Like a great rough diamond, it may do very well in a closet by way of curiosity, and also for its intrinsic value.
    • July 1, 1748
  • Women who are either indisputably beautiful, or indisputably ugly, are best flattered upon the score of their understandings; but those who are in a state of mediocrity are best flattered upon their beauty, or at least their graces; for every woman who is not absolutely ugly thinks herself handsome.
    • September 5, 1748
  • Little minds mistake little objects for great ones, and lavish away upon the former that time and attention which only the latter deserve. To such mistakes we owe the numerous and frivolous tribe of insect-mongers, shell-mongers, and pursuers and driers of butterflies, etc. The strong mind distinguishes, not only between the useful and the useless, but likewise between the useful and the curious.
    • December 6, 1748
  • The herd of mankind can hardly be said to think; their notions are almost all adoptive; and, in general, I believe it is better that it should be so; as such common prejudices contribute more to order and quiet, than their own separate reasonings would do, uncultivated and unimproved as they are.
    • February 7, 1749
  • Without some dissimulation no business can be carried on at all.
    • May 22, 1749
  • I recommend to you, in my last, an innocent piece of art: that of flattering people behind their backs, in presence of those who, to make their own court, much more than for your sake, will not fail to repeat, and even amplify, the praise to the party concerned. This is of all flattery the most pleasing, and consequently the most effectual.
    • May 22, 1749
  • Idleness is only the refuge of weak minds.
    • July 20, 1749
  • Abject flattery and indiscriminate assentation degrade, as much as indiscriminate contradiction and noisy debate disgust. But a modest assertion of one’s own opinion, and a complaisant acquiescence in other people’s, preserve dignity.
    • August 10, 1749
  • Style is the dress of thoughts.
    • November 24, 1749
  • Women are much more like each other than men: they have, in truth, but two passions, vanity and love; these are their universal characteristics.
    • December 19, 1749
  • We must not suppose that, because a man is a rational animal, he will, therefore, always act rationally; or, because he has such or such a predominant passion, that he will act invariably and consequentially in pursuit of it. No, we are complicated machines; and though we have one main spring that gives motion to the whole, we have an infinity of little wheels, which, in their turns, retard, precipitate, and sometime stop that motion.
    • December 19, 1749
  • Dispatch is the soul of business.
    • February 5, 1750
  • I wish to God that you had as much pleasure in following my advice, as I have in giving it to you.
    • February 5, 1750
  • Knowledge may give weight, but accomplishments give luster, and many more people see than weigh.
    • May 8, 1750
  • Let blockheads read what blockheads write.
    • November 1, 1750
  • It is commonly said, and more particularly by Lord Shaftesbury, that ridicule is the best test of truth.
    • February 6, 1752
  • Let dull critics feed upon the carcasses of plays; give me the taste and the dressing.
    • February 6, 1752
  • Every woman is infallibly to be gained by every sort of flattery, and every man by one sort or other.
    • March 16, 1752
  • It is a great advantage for any man to be able to talk or hear, neither ignorantly nor absurdly, upon any subject; for I have known people, who have not said one word, hear ignorantly and absurdly; it has appeared by their inattentive and unmeaning faces.
    • May 11, 1752
  • A proper secrecy is the only mystery of able men; mystery is the only secrecy of weak and cunning ones.
    • January 15, 1753
  • There are some occasions in which a man must tell half his secret, in order to conceal the rest; but there is seldom one in which a man should tell all. Great skill is necessary to know how far to go, and where to stop.
    • January 15, 1753
  • The reputation of generosity is to be purchased pretty cheap; it does not depend so much upon a man’s general expense, as it does upon his giving handsomely where it is proper to give at all. A man, for instance, who should give a servant four shillings, would pass for covetous, while he who gave him a crown, would be reckoned generous; so that the difference of those two opposite characters, turns upon one shilling.
    • January 15, 1753
  • People will no more advance their civility to a bear, than their money to a bankrupt.
    • December 25, 1753
  • Let this be one invariable rule of your conduct—never to show the least symptom of resentment, which you cannot, to a certain degree, gratify; but always to smile, where you cannot strike.
    • March 26, 1754
  • Our conjectures pass upon us for truths; we will know what we do not know, and often, what we cannot know: so mortifying to our pride is the base suspicion of ignorance.
    • December 14, 1756
  • In short, let it be your maxim through life, to know all you can know, yourself; and never to trust implicitly to the informations of others.
    • March 16, 1759

Misattributed

  • A weak mind is like a microscope, which magnifies trifling things but cannot receive great ones.
- Possibly said by G. K. Chesterton

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Chesterfield is a market town and borough of Derbyshire, England. It is the largest town in Derbyshire, and is situated on a confluence of the rivers Rother and Hipper.

Understand

Chesterfield originally had been a regarded as a berewick of Newbold in the doomsday book, though during the Medieval period this relationship changed with Chesterfield being the prime destination.

Along the river Hipper in particular Chesterfield gained a reputation for leather tanning in this period and its prominence was confirmed in 1204 with the granting of a market charter. It is reasonable to expect that there was a market before this date, located on the north side of the current St Mary’s church, though sometime after the granting of the charter, the market moved to its’ current position. In all likelihood, this would have occurred over a period of years. The success of the Market is largely due to the geographical position of Chesterfield. Livestock and woollen products farmed in the peak district would have been traded with arable products farmed in Lincolnshire. There was also a trade in salt from Cheshire, which is still reflected in street names such as Saltergate. In essence, most of the trade was East- West.

At the start of the industrial revolution, Chesterfield and its’ surrounding areas sat upon large coal reserves and the growth of areas that make up much of the Modern town, such as Brampton, Whittington and Hasland can be attributed to mining and the development of a manufacturing base. Pottery, Engineering and beauty products made at Robinsons as well as coalmining and coal product manufactures were the prevalent industries, effectively until the 1980’s.It is a little known fact in this period that Chesterfield was the first town in Britan to have electric street lighting

From the 1960’s Royal mail became the towns’ largest single employer, with many functions such as accountancy and IT being performed in the town. Today, Chesterfield retains much of its’ historic character in the town centre, despite recent shopping developments, particularly on Vicar Lane, and has latterly been the benefactor of substantial regeneration of some of its’ old industrial sites within the borough and beyond.

Getting in

By Bus

Stagecoach Express coaches run to and from Sheffield.

National Express coaches run all over England, some routes stopping at Chesterfield.

Trent Barton operates coaches to and from Nottingham (via Derby). This service is called the Red Arrow.

Local buses run to and from Bolsover, Mansfield, Nottingham, Clay Cross, Alfreton, Matlock, Dronfield, Sheffield and Eckington.

As usual, there is a much reduced service on Sundays.

By Car

Chesterfield is close to the M1 motorway and is reached via the A617. However, from Sheffield, it is probably quicker to use the A61. If approaching from the north via the M1, it is recommended that you exit the M1 at Junction 29, as this is considerably quicker. (Junction 30 will also be signposted towards Chesterfield, but that route is a slower journey.

Once you are in Chesterfield, there are some spacious car parks dotted around the town centre. Most of these have a moderate parking charge.

By Train

Frequent trains link Chesterfield with Sheffield, Derby, Manchester, Leicester and London.If you want to travel on a local train into the Peak District: Hathersage, Edale and Hope, these can be reached from Chesterfield by changing at Sheffield. Through tickets are available.

  • St Mary's and All Saint Church "The Crooked Spire The Towns' most famous landmark
  • Revolution House, Old WhittingtonThree hundred years ago, this cottage was an alehouse, the 'Cock and Pynot' ('Pynot' is a dialect word for magpie), and it was here, as history and tradition relate, that three local noblemen- the Earl of Devonshire (from nearby Chatsworth), the Earl of Danby and Mr. John D'Arcy - met to begin planning their part in events which led to the overthrow of King James II in favour of Willam and Mary of Orange.
  • George Stephensons' Grave At Holy Trinity Church, to the north of the Town Centre
  • Hardwick Hall Close to the Town; this is possibly Britains' finest Tudor House
  • Chesterfield Market is the largest market in the area and was given a charter in 1204. This charter states that the market cannot be closed down unless nothing is bought there for a week.
  • The Yards features a handful of local independent shops, such as Organic Heaven, Petwise, M's gallery and much more.
  • Almost every Sunday morning,there is a car boot sale at Holywell Cross car park. This is an ideal place to buy second-hand goods (and get a bargain!). As a result, the car park is closed to traffic on Sundays. However, there is a multi-storey car park adjacent to the car boot sale (open every day including Sundays).
  • Vicar Lane and The Pavements Provide most of the usual chanstores you would expect in a large town, The town centre itself, which links the two, also has numerous chainstores and independent shops
  • Peacocks Coffee Lounge (on Low Pavement) is a marvellous coffee shop with plenty of seating and, more importantly, brilliant refreshments.

Sleep

Cheap:

Ibis - Town Centre

Premier Inn - Chesterfield North ( behind Tesco Superstore A61 )

Premier Inn - Chesterfield West (Highwayman Pub A619)

Travel Lodge (A61 North of Town )

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


Simple English

Chesterfield is a town in Derbyshire in England. It is on the River Rother and the River Hipper.

In 2001, the population of the town was about 100,000. It is Derbyshire's largest town (as Derby is a city).


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