Chesterfield Township, New Jersey: Wikis

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Chesterfield Township, New Jersey
—  Township  —
Chesterfield Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Chesterfield Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°7′45″N 74°38′14″W / 40.12917°N 74.63722°W / 40.12917; -74.63722
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Burlington
Formed November 6, 1688
Royal Charter January 10, 1713
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government
 - Type Township (New Jersey)
 - Mayor Michael Hlubik
Area
 - Total 21.5 sq mi (55.7 km2)
 - Land 21.4 sq mi (55.5 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation [1] 72 ft (22 m)
Population (2006)[2]
 - Total 6,451
 - Density 278.1/sq mi (107.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08505, 08515
Area code(s) 609
FIPS code 34-12670[3][4]
GNIS feature ID 0882109[5]
Website http://www.chesterfieldtwp.com

Chesterfield Township is a Township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 5,955.

Chesterfield was originally formed on November 6, 1688. It was reformed by Royal Charter on January 10, 1713, and was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken to form New Hanover Township (December 2, 1723) and Bordentown borough (December 9, 1825).[6]

Chesterfield Township comprises three distinct communities: Chesterfield, Crosswicks and Sykesville. The area was first settled in 1677, when a group primarily consisting of Quakers settled in the area of Crosswicks, the oldest of the Chesterfield's three "villages".[7]

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 21.5 square miles (55.7 km²), of which, 21.4 square miles (55.5 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.42%) is water.

What is now the unincorporated village of Chesterfield was known as Recklesstown in the 18th and early 19th centuries, named for one of its founders, Joseph Reckless. The name was changed in 1888, when the district's Congressman thought it an object of ridicule.[8]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1930 1,269
1940 1,766 39.2%
1950 2,020 14.4%
1960 2,519 24.7%
1970 3,190 26.6%
1980 3,867 21.2%
1990 5,152 33.2%
2000 5,955 15.6%
Est. 2006 6,451 [2] 8.3%
Population 1930 - 1990.[9]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 5,955 people, 899 households, and 744 families residing in the township. The population density was 278.1 people per square mile (107.4/km²). There were 924 housing units at an average density of 43.1/sq mi (16.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 49.71% White, 37.36% African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 8.45% from other races, and 3.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.34% of the population. The census statistics above include residents of a youth detention center located at the northwest edge of Chesterfield Township, on the border with Hamilton Township.

There were 899 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.6% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.2% were non-families. 12.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the township the population was spread out with 11.8% under the age of 18, 40.7% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 12.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 345.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 423.4 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $85,428, and the median income for a family was $91,267. Males had a median income of $50,305 versus $44,659 for females. The per capita income for the township was $17,193. About 0.4% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 1.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government

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Local government

Chesterfield Township is governed under the Township form of government with a three-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year.[10] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor. The committee traditionally selects the committeeperson serving the last year of his/her term to serve as mayor.The Township Committee derives from the state statutes which delegates powers, prescribe the offices and structure and establish various procedures under which the Township must operate. The committee serves both legislative and executive functions.[11]

As of 2009, members of the Chesterfield Township Committee are Mayor Michael Hlubik, Deputy Mayor Brian Kelly and Lawrence H. Durr.[11]

Federal, state and county representation

Chesterfield township is in the Fourth Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 30th Legislative District.[12]

New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District, covering portions of Burlington County, Mercer County, Monmouth County and Ocean County, is represented by Christopher Smith (R). New Jersey is represented in the Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

For the 2008-2009 Legislative Session, the 30th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Robert Singer (R, Lakewood Township) and in the Assembly by Ronald S. Dancer (R, New Egypt) and Joseph R. Malone (R, Bordentown).[13] The Governor of New Jersey is Jon Corzine (D, Hoboken).[14]

Burlington County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, elected at-large to three-year terms on a staggered basis. As of 2008, Burlington County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director James K. Wujcik (Cinnaminson Township, 2009), Deputy Director Joseph B. Donnelly (Cinnaminson Township, 2010), Dawn Marie Addiego (Evesham Township, 2008), Aubrey A. Fenton (Willingboro Township, 2008) and William S. Haines, Jr. (Medford Township, 2009).[15]

Education

The Chesterfield School District serves students in public school for grades K - 6. As of the 2007-08 school year, Chesterfield Elementary School had an enrollment of 408 students.[16] Soon there will be a new school for grades K-6. A referendum was passed in November 2007. The new school is scheduled to open in September 2010.

Public school students in grades 7 - 12 attend the schools of the Northern Burlington County Regional School District, which also serves students from Mansfield Township, North Hanover Township and Springfield Township, along with children of United States Air Force personnel based at McGuire Air Force Base.[17] The schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[18]) are Northern Burlington County Regional Middle School for grades 7 and 8 (665 students) and Northern Burlington County Regional High School for grades 9-12 (1,264 students). Both schools are in the Columbus section of Mansfield Township.

History

Crosswicks played a role in the American Revolution. On June 23, 1778, British soldiers near the Crosswicks Creek shot the horse out from under Elias Dayton, a captain with the New Jersey militia. A cannon ball from the period remains lodged in the side of the Friends Meeting House.

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Township of Chesterfield, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed January 4, 2008.
  2. ^ a b Census data for Chesterfield township, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 24, 2008.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  6. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 87.
  7. ^ History of Chesterfield Township, Chesterfield Township. Accessed March 6, 2007.
  8. ^ Chesterfield Township: Recklesstown Historic District, accessed April 26, 2007. "What is now the unincorporated village of Chesterfield was known as Recklesstown in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Its name derived not from the behavior of its inhabitants, but from one of its founders, Joseph Reckless. The name was changed in 1888, when the then Congressman for the district, himself a resident of the village, thought it an object of ridicule."
  9. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.
  10. ^ 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 103.
  11. ^ a b Twp. Committee, Chesterfield Township. Accessed February 12, 2009.
  12. ^ 2008 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters. p. 55. Accessed September 30, 2009.
  13. ^ Legislative Roster: 2008-2009 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed June 6, 2008.
  14. ^ "About the Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 6 June 2008.  
  15. ^ The Burlington County Board Of Chosen Freeholders, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed January 30, 2008.
  16. ^ Data for the Chesterfield Elementary School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 24, 2008.
  17. ^ Northern Burlington County Regional School District 2007 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed April 24, 2008. "The Northern Burlington County Regional School District is an important part of its growing community. The Northern Burlington County Regional Middle School and High School are located in Mansfield Township. Its constituent elementary districts are Chesterfield, Mansfield, North Hanover, and Springfield Townships. In addition, the district serves the children of United States Air Force personnel stationed at McGuire Air Force Base."
  18. ^ Data for the Northern Burlington County Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 24, 2008.

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