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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a Chinese name; the family name is Chiang.
Chiang Peng-chien

In office
November 10, 1986 – November 10, 1987
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Yao Chia-wen

Born April 25, 1940(1940-04-25)
Taipei, Taiwan
Died December 15, 2000 (aged 60)
Taipei, Taiwan
Political party Democratic Progressive Party
Alma mater National Taiwan University
Occupation Politician
Profession Lawyer

Chiang Peng-chien (traditional Chinese: 江鵬堅pinyin: Jiāng PéngjiānWade-Giles: Chiāng P'éng-chiēn; April 25, 1940–December 15, 2000) was the co-founder and first chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party. Chiang was elected a member of the Legislative Yuan, the legislative body of the Republic of China (Taiwan), in 1983 and became a member of the Control Yuan in 1996.


Early life

Chiang Peng-chien was born April 25, 1940, in Dadaocheng, Taipei, Taiwan. His father was a shoemaker from Fujian, China.[1]

In 1955, Chiang entered the Taipei Municipal Jianguo High School. He then got into the National Taiwan University, majoring in law. After graduation, he passed the bar examination in 1964.[2] Chiang began practicing law after earning his master's degree.

Chiang advocated for human rights. He founded the Taiwan Association of Human Rights. On the 1979 Human Rights Day (December 10), members of the Formosa Magazine and other Tangwai pro-democracy advocates went on a demonstration. Many of the participants were arrested by the Kuomintang government and tried in military court. Chiang defended Lin Yi-hsiung, one of the "Kaohsiung Eight."[3]

Political career

Chiang became involved in politics and supported the Tangwai movement. He was elected a member of the Legislative Yuan in 1983.[4] In September 1986, about 130 pro-democracy advocates, including Chiang, gathered at the Grand Hotel in Taipei to establish the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). On November 10, 1986, he was elected the first chairperson of the party.[4]

In 1994, Chiang was a candidate for the DPP's nomination in the 1994 Taipei mayoral election. He competed against legislators Chen Shui-bian and Frank Hsieh and lost.[5] In 1996, Chiang became a member of the Control Yuan. He worked to prevent any activities associated with black gold and actively investigated sensitive cases involved with former political oppression.[4]

Death and legacy

Chiang died in December 2000 of pancreatic cancer.[3] His widow Peng Feng-mei donated his writings and books to the Academia Historia for display.[6]




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