The Full Wiki

Chiayi: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chiayi
嘉義
—  Provincial city  —
Chiayi City · 嘉義市
Jia (嘉市)

Seal
Nickname(s): Peach city (桃城)
Country  Taiwan
Region Southwestern Taiwan
Capital East Dist.(東區)
Government
 - Mayor Huang Ming-hui
(黃敏惠)
Area (Ranked 24 of 25)
 - Total 60.0256 km2 (23.2 sq mi)
Population (April 2009)
 - Total 274,212
 Density 4,568.3/km2 (11,831.7/sq mi)
  Population ranked 21 of 25
Districts 2
Bird
Flower Hong Kong orchid tree
(Bauhinia blakeana)
Tree Hong Kong orchid tree
Website English Chinese

Chiayi City (sometimes romanized as Jiayi) (traditional Chinese: 嘉義Tongyong Pinyin: Jiayì Shìh; Hanyu Pinyin: Jiāyì ShìWade-Giles: Chia-i Shih; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Ka-gī chhī) is a city located in the plains of southwestern Taiwan. It is surrounded by Chiayi County and is currently governed as a provincial city of Taiwan Province, Republic of China. Formerly called Kagee during the late Qing Dynasty and Kagi during the Japanese era, its historical name is Tirosen.

Contents

History

First inhabited by the Hoanya aborigines, the region was named Tirosen.

With the arrival of Han Chinese in southwestern Taiwan, the name Tirosen evolved to become Chu-lô-san (Chinese characters: 諸羅山) in the Minnan (Taiwanese) language. Eventually, Chu-lô-san was shortened to simply Chu-lô. Because of the choice of the characters, it has been mistakenly suggested that the origin of the name Chu-lô-san or Chu-lô came from the expression "mountains surrounding the east." "Peach City" is another name for Chiayi City due to its peach-shaped territory in ancient times. The tip of the peach is around current Central Fountain and was called "Peach-tip" by citizens.

Chulôsan was once the foothold from which a large scale of people from mainland immigrated in. In 1621, Yen Szu-Chi, who came from Zhangzhou, Fujian Province, first led his people to cultivate this land after they landed at Penkang (Peikang). In 1661 (the 15th year of Yung-Li, Ming Dynasty), Koxinga defeated the Dutch based in Taiwan. Then he established one province, Cheng-Tien-Fu (承天府), and two counties, Tien-Hsing (天興縣) and Wan-Nien (萬年縣), demarcated by the Hsin-Kang River (新港溪, the Yen-Shui River now). Chiayi was under the jurisdiction of the Tien-Hsing County.

In 1684 (the 23rd year of Kangxi, the Qing Dynasty, see Taiwan under Qing Dynasty rule), Taiwan was established as Taiwan Sub-Province governing three counties, Taiwan (台灣) and Feng-Shan, which were divided from Wan-Nien County in Ming Dynasty, and Chu-Lo (諸羅縣), which was changed from Tien-Hsing County. The county government of Chu-Lo County was in Chia-li Hsing (佳里, modern Jiali, Tainan).

In 1704 (the 43rd year of Kangxi), the county government of Chu-Lo County moved from Chia-li Hsing to Chulosan, the current Chiayi City, with city walls in wood railing. In 1727 (5th year of the Yongzheng Emperor), the county magistrate, Liu Liang-Bi rebuilt the gatehouses and set a gun platform for each gatehouse. The four gatehouses were named: "Chin Shan" (襟山) for East, "Tai Hai" (帶海) for West, "Chung Yang" (崇陽) for South, and "Kung Chen" (拱辰) for North. In 1734 (the 12th year of Yongzheng), magistrate Lu-Hung built piercing-bamboo to better protect the city.

In 1786 (the 51st year of Qianlong), Lin Shuang-Wen headed his people to siege Chulosan but failed because of the assisting defense from the inhabitants. Consequently, on November 3 of the next year, the Qing Emperor made an imperial announcement: awarded the name "Chiayi" to replace "Chulosan" for praising the citizens' loyalty.

In 1885 (the 11th year of Guangxu Emperor), Taiwan was approved to be a province. Two years later, the jurisdiction was divided as three sub-provinces, one direct county, eleven counties and three bureaus. Chiayi belonged to Taiwan sub-province and the hall was still in Chiayi.

In 1895, Taiwan was ceded to Japan in the Treaty of Shimonoseki.

In 1906, a major earthquake devastated the entire city wall except the Eastern Gate. The Japanese authorities reconstructed the city and made it the most modern. Industries and trades started to flourish. In 1907, the construction of forest railroad to Alishan (Mt. Ali) was begun. Chiayi became an autonomy group as Chiayi Town and later (1930) promoted as an autonomous city.

In 1945, when Japan relinquished control of Taiwan, Chiayi City was elevated to a provincial city under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China.

In 1950, because of the re-allocation of administrative areas in which Taiwan was divided into 16 counties, 5 provincial cities, and a special bureau, Chiayi City was downgraded to a county-government status. As a result, a shortage of capital largely hindered its development.

On July 1, 1982, it was elevated again to a provincial city as a result of pressure from local elites.

Climate

Climate data for Chiayi, Taiwan (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.8
(71)
22.0
(72)
24.7
(76)
27.9
(82)
30.3
(87)
32.2
(90)
32.9
(91)
32.2
(90)
31.6
(89)
29.8
(86)
26.9
(80)
23.7
(75)
28.0
(82)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.1
(61)
16.8
(62)
19.4
(67)
22.9
(73)
25.5
(78)
27.6
(82)
28.4
(83)
27.8
(82)
26.7
(80)
24.3
(76)
20.9
(70)
17.4
(63)
22.8
(73)
Average low °C (°F) 12.1
(54)
13.3
(56)
15.5
(60)
18.9
(66)
21.8
(71)
24.0
(75)
24.9
(77)
24.6
(76)
23.2
(74)
20.6
(69)
16.8
(62)
13.0
(55)
19.1
(66)
Precipitation mm (inches) 27.6
(1.09)
57.7
(2.27)
62.2
(2.45)
107.6
(4.24)
189.2
(7.45)
350.7
(13.81)
304.3
(11.98)
422.1
(16.62)
148.9
(5.86)
22.7
(0.89)
12.2
(0.48)
20.9
(0.82)
1,726.1
(67.96)
Sunshine hours 153.2 121.8 143.0 150.3 156.8 176.9 208.6 184.1 186.9 174.0 151.7 158.7 1,966.0
% Humidity 81.8 83.1 83.7 84.1 84.5 82.0 80.4 83.6 84.7 84.1 81.4 80.3 82.8
Avg. precipitation days 5.4 7.0 7.4 8.4 11.1 14.4 14.9 18.1 9.8 3.6 3.0 3.7 106.8
Source: [1] 2009-06-08

Administration

Chiayi has 2 districts (區 qu): District Population Land area
Districts of Chiayi-Taiwan.png as of 2009 km²
East District 東區 128,282 29.1195
West District 西區 145,786 30.9061

City Attractions

  • Chiayi Park
  • Sun Shooting Tower (射日塔) (in Chiayi Park)
  • Lantan (蘭潭水庫) (also known as Dutch Lake or Holland Lake)
  • Historic Archives Building of Chiayi City(史蹟博物館)
  • University of Chiayi
  • Chiayi Museum
  • Wenhua Road (文化路) Night Market
  • Carrefour Night Market
  • The High Speed Railway
Name Feature Location
Wenhua Night Market Thousand of venders gather here, and there are various cooked cuisine. Among these cuisines,” fountain chicken rice", "Kuo-jing-chen flat noodles soup" and "fried preserved cabbage and shrimp egg" are the famous dishes. At fountain traffic circle on Jungshan Rd. extend to Chuei-yang Rd., Chiai

quote from Tourism Bureau, MOTC, R.O.C.

  • Chiayi International Band Festival

Chiayi is the city of wind music in Taiwan. The wind music festival started as a local event in 1988, when it was more like a joint performance by local wind music bands. Over the years the festival has become the most anticipated annual event in Chiayi.[2]

Chiayi is only fifteen kilometers (or approximately ten miles) away from National Chung Cheng University, one of Taiwan's most outstanding research institutions.

International relations

Advertisements

Twin towns — Sister cities

Chiayi is twinned with:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Statistics > Monthly Mean". Central Weather Bureau. http://www.cwb.gov.tw/eng/index.htm. 
  2. ^ "The sound of wind music: 2008 Chiayi City International Band Festival"by Eva Tang, 17 January 2009,Taiwan Culture Portal. http://www.culture.tw/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1080&Itemid=157

External links

This article contains Chinese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.

Coordinates: 23°20′00″N 120°27′00″E / 23.3334°N 120.45°E / 23.3334; 120.45


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Downtown Chiayi
Downtown Chiayi

Chiayi (嘉義), also spelled Jiayi, is the main city of Chiayi County, southern Taiwan.

Understand

Chiayi is best known as the access point of the scenic mountain area of Alishan. The city itself has little to recommend: it's a cluster of unremarkable lowrise houses crammed tightly together with uneven pavements.

Get in

HSR Chiayi (Taibao) station is on the high-speed line between Taipei (1:30 hours, $1080) and Kaohsiung. The HSR station is over 15 km out of town, but linked to the city by the Chiayi BRT system.

Chiayi is also served by mainline TRA trains and the scenic narrow-gauge Alishan Forest Railway to Alishan, which both leave from the same station, but have separate ticketing counters. Long-distance buses leave from the terminal immediately outside the station, but local buses (notably those to nearby hot spring town Guanzihling) use the Zhongshan Rd bus terminal a few hundred meters down the street.

Get around

The Chiayi Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) [1] system has three lines, with the main line linking the HSR and TRA railway stations. The trip between the two takes around 30 minutes ($40, exact change - no charge if going directly between the HSR & TRA stations), but note that the BRT stop is on the rear side of the TRA station, so you need to take the pedestrian bridge to cross to the other side. The location of the TRA station is not obvious from the BRT stop. If coming from the direction of the HSR railway, after you get off at the stop, cross to the other side of the street at the intersection you have just passed. The "back station" area is under construction - bear to the right and you should find the pedestrian bridge.

Buses have announcements and signage in English as well as Chinese.

Taxis are plentiful, especially around the train stations, but no English is spoken.

See

Chiayi Park and Botanical Gardens are a lovely way to spend the afternoon. The Botanical Gardens provide pleasant trails that weave you through a large variety of plants and trees native to the area. Ponds hold koi, turtles, and frogs. You can even see hints of a traditional cemetery through the trees in some places. Chiayi park is well-maintained and serves as a center of activity for local adults and children.

Buy

Zhongshan Road (中山路) is Chiayi's main shopping street. It stretches from the train station to a fountain (噴水) at Wenhua Road -- although the water is usually turned off.

One specialty chain store that's located on Zhongshang Road is the "Guang Nan" (光南), which caters in small electronics and other media-related goods. Catch a good deal on cables and computer accessories here, along with VCDs of Taiwan dramas/Japanese anime/American films (subtitled in traditional Chinese).

There are two night markets in Chiayi. One is the Wenhua night market on Wenhua road. The other is the Carrefour Night Market next to the Carrefour on Bo Ai Road.

It's turkey! It's rice! It's... turkey rice!
It's turkey! It's rice! It's... turkey rice!

Chiayi is famous in tourist guides for turkey rice (鶏肉飯), a popular dish of turkey strips and a savory sauce ladled on the rice. Most people call it "chicken rice" but it's really turkey meat. Go figure. At any rate, it's available in practically every eatery town, at prices starting from $20.

  • Fountain Turkey Rice (噴水鶏肉飯), 325 Zhongshan Rd (中山路325號). One of the most popular turkey rice joints in town, with a number of franchises. But the joint on Culture Road, around the corner, is the real deal. Don't go to this tourist trap at No. 325. $50-100.  edit

Drink

Chiayi has countless tea stalls and quite a few KTV lounges, but virtually no bars in the Western sense.

  • Cha-no-Michi (茶の道), Zhongshan Rd 505-1. Pleasant little modern tea shop right next to the Zhongshan Rd bus terminal, offering up a vast range of strange Taiwanese drinks like milk tea with pudding chunks (布丁奶茶) as well as more traditional fruit juices. $15-40.  edit

Sleep

There are a large number of mostly identical motels just outside the TRA Chiayi station.

  • Chiayi Dream Hotel (嘉興旅館), Zhongzheng Rd 750 (中正路730號. Recently renovated clean but no-frills motel just around the corner from the station. Beds are small and the bathrooms could do with a bit of polishing.  edit
  • New Alishan Hot Spring Motel (新阿里山溫泉汽車旅館), Siwei Rd 269 (四維路269號), 05-2314046, [2]. Modern motel about 2km west of the station, offering fancy spa bathrooms in most (but not all) rooms. Standard rooms from $1200, spa rooms from $1680.  edit
  • Alishan — one of Taiwan's best known scenic mountain areas
  • Guanziling — muddy hot spring resort
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology

From Mandarin 嘉義 (Jiāyì) from  (jiā), excellent) +  (), justice, meaning)

Alternative forms

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Singular
Chiayi

Plural
-

Chiayi

  1. A city in south-western Taiwan.
  • 2007 Robert Kelly, Joshua Samuel Brown - Taiwan, page 232
    The narrow-gauge train to the Alishan Forest Recreation Area leaves from Chiayi train station, as do buses and taxis.

Translations


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message