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Chiba Prefecture
Japanese: 千葉県
Chiba-ken
Map of Japan with Chiba highlighted
Capital Chiba
Region Kantō
Island Honshū
Governor Kensaku Morita
Area (rank) 5,156.15 km² (27th)
 - % water 0.8%
Population  (2000)
 - Population 6,006,185 (6th)
 - Density 1,165 /km²
Districts 6
Municipalities 56
ISO 3166-2 JP-12
Website http://www.pref.chiba.lg.jp/
english/index.html
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Rape blossom
 - Tree Kusamaki
 - Bird Meadow Bunting
 - Fish Seabream
Symbol of Chiba Prefecture
Symbol of Chiba Prefecture
Template ■ Discussion ■ WikiProject Japan

Chiba Prefecture (千葉県 Chiba-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Greater Tokyo Area. Its capital is Chiba City.

Contents

History

Chiba Prefecture was established on June 15, 1873 with the merger of Kisarazu Prefecture and Inba Prefecture. Historically, the prefecture constituted three provinces of Awa, Kazusa, and Shimōsa.

Geography

Chiba borders Ibaraki Prefecture to the north at the Tone River, Tokyo and Saitama Prefecture to the west at the Edo River, the Pacific Ocean to the east and Tokyo Bay around its southern boundary. Most of Chiba lies on the hilly Boso Peninsula, a rice farming region: the east coast, known as the Ninety-Nine League Plain, is an especially productive area. The most populous zone, in the northwest of the prefecture, is part of the Kantō region that extends into the urban agglomeration of Tokyo and Saitama. The Kuroshio Current flows near Chiba, which keeps it relatively warm in winter and cooler in summer than neighbouring Tokyo.

Cities

Thirty-six cities are located in Chiba Prefecture:

Chūō-ku
Hanamigawa-ku
Inage-ku
Midori-ku
Mihama-ku
Wakaba-ku

‡ Scheduled to be dissolved after mergers.

Towns and villages

Boso Peninsula
Map of Chiba Prefecture

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Kyonan
Chōnan
Chōsei
Ichinomiya
Mutsuzawa
Nagara
Shirako
Inba
Motono
Sakae
Shisui
Onjuku
Ōtaki
Kōzaki
Tako
Tōnoshō
Kujūkuri
Ōamishirasato
Shibayama
Yokoshibahikari

Mergers

Economy

Chiba is one of Japan's largest industrial areas, thanks to its long coastline on Tokyo Bay. After Chiba was chosen as the site for a major Kawasaki Steel factory in 1950, the prefectural government embarked on a large-scale land reclamation program that dredged up large plots of waterfront property for factories, warehouses, and docks. Chemical production, petrochemical refining, and machine production are the three main industries in Chiba today; together, they account for forty-five percent of the prefecture's exports. In recent years, the government has funded more than eighty industrial parks to bring development further inland as well.

The prefecture also boasts Japan's second-highest agricultural output. Among all the prefectures, only Hokkaidō produces more agricultural products, and Chiba leads Hokkaidō in vegetable production.[citation needed] Seaweed is harvested in large quantities from Tokyo Bay.

Demographics

Chiba's population is one of the wealthiest in Japan due to the prefecture's strong commercial and industrial sectors. Per capita GDP is ¥3.1 million, the fifth-highest in the country. 70% of the population is employed in the service sector, with 25% in industry and 5% in agriculture.[citation needed]

Education

The Chiba Prefectural Board of Education oversees municipal school districts in the prefecture. The board also directly operates the prefecture's public high schools.

Culture

Sunset over Chiba, with Yokoshibahikari and Sosa visible.

Chiba in popular culture

Sports

The prefecture plays host to two major events in the Japanese athletics calendar: the International Chiba Ekiden and the Chiba International Cross Country.

The following sports teams are based in Chiba.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Rugby

Transportation

Most Tokyo-bound visitors arriving on international flights land in Narita International Airport, which is situated in Narita in the north of the prefecture, and connected to Tokyo by the East Japan Railway's Narita Express and the Keisei Electric Railway's Skyliner.

Railway

Tourism

The Tokyo Disney Resort is located in Urayasu near the western border of the prefecture.

There are also a number of tourist sites on the Chiba peninsula, such as Nokogiriyama; Kujūkuri Beach; and Onjuku beach.

Chiba is linked to Tokyo by several railway lines; the main trunk lines are the Keiyo Line and Sobu Line. The Musashino Line connects Chiba to Saitama and northern Tokyo. Southern Chiba is connected to Kanagawa Prefecture by the Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line bridge-tunnel.

Prefectural symbols

Chiba is famous for peanuts. Most of Japan's peanuts are harvested in this prefecture and are also processed into peanut oil.[citation needed]

External links

Coordinates: 35°36′18″N 140°07′24″E / 35.605°N 140.12333°E / 35.605; 140.12333


Simple English

Chiba Prefecture
Japanese: 千葉県
Chiba-ken
[[Image:|250px|Map of Japan with Chiba highlighted]]
Capital Chiba
Region Kantō
Island Honshū
Governor Kensaku Morita
Area (rank) 5,156.15 km² (27th)
 - % water 0.8%
Population  (2008)
 - Population 6,122,000 (6th)
 - Density 1,187 /km²
Districts 6
Municipalities 56
ISO 3166-2 JP-12
Website http://www.pref.chiba.lg.jp/
english/index.html
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Rape blossom
 - Tree Kusamaki
 - Bird Meadow Bunting
 - Fish Seabream
[[Image:|130px|Symbol of Chiba Prefecture]]
Symbol of Chiba Prefecture
Template ■ Discussion

Chiba Prefecture (千葉県 Chiba-ken?) is part of Japan. It is in the Kanto area near Tokyo. Its capital is Chiba City.

Contents

History

Chiba Prefecture was established on June 15, 1873 by combining Kisarazu Prefecture and Inba Prefecture.

Geography

Chiba borders Ibaraki Prefecture to the north at the Tone River, Tokyo and Saitama Prefecture to the west at the Edo River, the Pacific Ocean to the east and Tokyo Bay around its southern boundary. Most of Chiba lies on the hilly Boso Peninsula, a rice farming region: the east coast, known as the Ninety-Nine League Plain, is an especially productive area. The most populous zone, in the northwest of the prefecture, is part of the Kantō region that extends into the urban agglomeration of Tokyo and Saitama. The Kuroshio Current flows near Chiba, which keeps it relatively warm in winter and cooler in summer than neighbouring Tokyo.

Cities

There are thirty-six cities in Chiba Prefecture:

  • Abiko ‡
  • Asahi
  • Chiba (capital)
  • Chōshi
  • Funabashi
  • Futtsu
  • Ichihara
  • Ichikawa
  • Inzai
  • Isumi
  • Kamagaya ‡
  • Kamogawa
  • Kashiwa ‡
  • Katori
  • Katsuura
  • Kimitsu
  • Kisarazu
  • Matsudo ‡
  • Minamibōsō
  • Mobara
  • Nagareyama ‡
  • Narashino
  • Narita
  • Noda ‡
  • Sakura
  • Sanmu
  • Shiroi
  • Sodegaura
  • Sōsa
  • Tateyama
  • Tomisato
  • Tōgane
  • Urayasu
  • Yachimata
  • Yachiyo
  • Yotsukaidō

‡ Scheduled to be dissolved after mergers.

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

  • Awa District
Kyonan
  • Chōsei District
Chōnan
Chōsei
Ichinomiya
Mutsuzawa
Nagara
Shirako
  • Inba District
Sakae
Shisui
  • Isumi District
Onjuku
Ōtaki
  • Katori District
Kōzaki
Tako
Tōnoshō
  • Sanbu District
Kujūkuri
Ōamishirasato
Shibayama
Yokoshibahikari

Economy

Chiba is one of Japan's largest industrial areas because it has a long coastline on Tokyo Bay. After Chiba was chosen as the site for a major Kawasaki Steel factory in 1950, the prefectural government started a very large land reclamation program. They filled in the water areas to make large, new waterfront properties for factories, warehouses, and docks. Chemical production, petrochemical refining, and machine production are the three main industries in Chiba today; together, they account for forty-five percent of the prefecture's exports. In recent years, the government has funded more than eighty industrial parks to bring development further inland as well.

Chiba also has the second-highest farming output in Japan. Only Hokkaidō produces more farm products, and Chiba leads Hokkaidō in vegetable production. Seaweed is harvested in large quantities from Tokyo Bay.

Culture

File:Sunset over
Sunset over Chiba, with Yokoshibahikari and Sosa visible.

Chiba in popular culture

  • Novels set in Chiba include: Neuromancer by William Gibson (set in Chiba city), Ningen Shikkaku by Osamu Dazai (Funabashi), and Nogiku no Haka by Sachio Itō (Matsudo).
  • Manga include: Be Free!, Chameleon, Kyō Kara Ore Wa!!, Makuhari (set in Chiba city), Makuhari Saboten Campus (Chiba city), Susume!! Pirates, and Urayasu Tekkin Kazoku (Urayasu).
  • Anime include: Chikyū Bōei Kazoku (set in Funabashi), Battle Programmer Shirase (Narashino), and Zegapain (Urayasu).
  • TV programs include: Kisarazu Cat's Eye (set in Kisarazu), Mio Tsukushi (Chōshi), Beach Boys (filmed in Tateyama and Shirahama (now Minamiboso) and Yappari Neko ga Suki (Chiba city).
  • Many rock bands started in Chiba, including the popular X Japan, Plastic Tree, girugamesh and punk bands like Nicotine and Ellegarden.
  • Aiba Masaki of Arashi, Yamashita Tomohisa of NEWS, Tanaka Koki and Akanishi Jin of KAT-TUN, Ryo, Satoshi, Ni and ShuU Girugamesh, Tsugunaga Momoko of Berryz Kobo and Arioka Daiki of Hey! Say! JUMP are all from the Chiba Prefecture.

Sports

Two major Japanese sport events happen in Chiba each year: the International Chiba Ekiden and the Chiba International Cross Country.

These sports teams are based in Chiba.

Football

Baseball

  • Chiba Lotte Marines

Rugby

  • IBM Big Blue (Yachiyo)
  • Kubota Spears (Funabashi)
  • NEC Green Rockets (Abiko)

Transportation

Most Tokyo-bound visitors going to Tokyo arriving on international flights land in Narita International Airport, which is situated in Narita in the north of the prefecture, and connected to Tokyo by the East Japan Railway's Narita Express and the Keisei Electric Railway's Skyliner.

Railway

  • East Japan Railway Company
    • Sōbu Main Line
      • Chūō-Sōbu Line
      • Sōbu Line (Rapid)
    • Jōban Line
      • Jōban Line (Local)
      • Jōban Line (Rapid)
    • Narita Line
    • Uchibō Line
    • Sotobō Line
    • Keiyō Line
    • Musashino Line
    • Tōgane Line
    • Kashima Line
    • Kururi Line
    • Isumi Line
    • Kominato Line

Tourism

The Tokyo Disney Resort is in Urayasu near the western border of the prefecture.

There are several tourist sites on the Chiba peninsula, such as Mount Nokogiri; Kujūkuri Beach; and Onjuku beach.

Chiba is linked to Tokyo by several railway lines; the main ones are the Keiyo Line and Sobu Line. The Musashino Line connects Chiba to Saitama and northern Tokyo. Southern Chiba is connected to Kanagawa Prefecture by the Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line bridge-tunnel.

Prefectural symbols

Chiba is famous for peanuts. Most of Japan's peanuts are harvested in this prefecture and are also processed into peanut oil.[needs proof]

Other websites








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