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Chief of Naval Operations

ADM Gary Roughead CNO.jpg

ADM Gary Roughead
since: September 29, 2007
First ADM William S. Benson
Formation May 11, 1915
Website Official Website


The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the highest ranking officer in the United States Navy and is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.[1] The CNO reports directly to the Secretary of the Navy for the command, utilization of resources and operating efficiency of the operating forces of the Navy and of the Navy shore activities assigned by the Secretary.[2] Under the authority of the Secretary of the Navy, the CNO also designates naval personnel and naval resources to the commanders of Unified Combatant Commands.[3][4] The CNO also performs all other functions prescribed under 10 U.S.C. § 5033 and those assigned by the secretary[3] or delegates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in his administration under his name. Like the other joint chiefs, the CNO is an administrative position and has no operational command authority over United States naval forces.[2]

Mullen (CNO in December 2006) with some of his predecessors: Clark, Watkins, Hayward and Johnson

The CNO is the principal adviser to the President of the United States, the Secretary of Defense and to the Secretary of the Navy on the conduct of naval warfare.[2] The Chief of Naval Operations is nominated by the President for appointment and must be confirmed via majority vote by the Senate.[5] A requirement for being Chief of Naval Operations is having significant experience in joint duty assignments, which includes at least one full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment as a flag officer.[5] However the president may waive those requirements if he determines the officer is necessary for national interest.[5] By statute, the CNO is appointed as a four-star admiral.[5]

The position of CNO replaced the position of Aide for Naval Operations, which was a position established by administrative law rather than statute.


Organization of the CNO's Office

Organization of the CNO's Office

The Office of the Chief of Naval Operations includes the Chief of Naval Operations, the Vice Chief of Naval Operations, the Deputy Chiefs of Naval Operations, the Assistant Chiefs of Naval Operations, the Surgeon General of the Navy, the Chief of Naval Personnel, the Chief of Legislative Affairs, the Chief of Chaplains of the Navy, and other members of the Navy or Marines or civilians in the Department of the Navy assigned or detailed to the Office.[6][7]

Past Chief of Naval Operations

Chief of Naval Operations Photo Term began Term ended
1 ADM William S. Benson William S. Benson.jpg May 11, 1915 September 25, 1919
2 ADM Robert E. Coontz Robert E. Coontz.jpg November 1, 1919 July 21, 1923
3 ADM Edward W. Eberle Edward Walter Eberle.jpg July 21, 1923 November 14, 1927
4 ADM Charles F. Hughes Charles Frederick Hughes.jpg November 14, 1927 September 17, 1930
5 ADM William V. Pratt William Veazie Pratt.jpg September 17, 1930 June 30, 1933
6 ADM William H. Standley William H Standley.jpg July 1, 1933 January 1, 1937
7 ADM William D. Leahy William Leahy cropped.jpg January 2, 1937 August 1, 1939
8 ADM Harold R. Stark Harold Rainsford Stark.jpg August 1, 1939 March 2, 1942
9 FADM Ernest J. King FADM Ernest J. King.jpg March 2, 1942 December 15, 1945
10 FADM Chester W. Nimitz Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz portrait.jpg December 15, 1945 December 15, 1947
11 ADM Louis E. Denfeld Louis E. Denfeld - Project Gutenberg etext 20587.jpg December 15, 1947 November 2, 1949
12 ADM Forrest P. Sherman Forrest P SHerman.jpg November 2, 1949 July 22, 1951
13 ADM William M. Fechteler William Fechteler.jpg August 16, 1951 August 17, 1953
14 ADM Robert B. Carney Robert Bostwick Carney.jpg August 17, 1953 August 17, 1955
15 ADM Arleigh A. Burke Arleigh Burke 1951.jpg August 17, 1955 August 1, 1961
16 ADM George W. Anderson Jr. Georgewandersonjr(big).gif August 1, 1961 August 1, 1963
17 ADM David L. McDonald David L McDonald.jpg August 1, 1963 August 1, 1967
18 ADM Thomas H. Moorer ADM Thomas Moorer.JPG August 1, 1967 July 1, 1970
19 ADM Elmo R. Zumwalt Elmo Zumwalt.jpg July 1, 1970 June 29, 1974
20 ADM James L. Holloway III James Holloway III.jpg June 29, 1974 July 1, 1978
21 ADM Thomas B. Hayward ThomasBHayward.jpg July 1, 1978 June 30, 1982
22 ADM James D. Watkins Admiral James Watkins, official military photo.JPEG June 30, 1982 June 30, 1986
23 ADM Carlisle A.H. Trost Admiral Carlisle Trost, official military photo.JPEG July 1, 1986 June 29, 1990
24 ADM Frank B. Kelso II Admiral Frank Kelso, official military photo.JPEG June 29, 1990 April 23, 1994
25 ADM Jeremy M. Boorda Jeremy M. Boorda.jpg April 23, 1994 May 16, 1996
26 ADM Jay L. Johnson Admiral Jay Johnson, official military photo.JPEG May 16, 1996 July 21, 2000
27 ADM Vern Clark VernClark.jpg July 21, 2000 July 22, 2005
28 ADM Michael Mullen Michael Mullen, CJCS, official photo portrait, 2007.jpg July 22, 2005 September 29, 2007
29 ADM Gary Roughead ADM Gary Roughead CNO.jpg September 29, 2007 Present

See also


  1. ^ [1] 10 USC 151. Joint Chiefs of Staff: composition; functions
  2. ^ a b c ""The US Navy"". Retrieved September 24, 2007. 
  3. ^ a b [2] 10 USC 5013(f). Secretary of the Navy
  4. ^ [3] 10 USC 165. Combatant commands: administration and support
  5. ^ a b c d ""10 USC 5033. Chief of Naval Operations"". Retrieved September 24, 2007. 
  6. ^ ""10 USC 5031. Office of the Chief of Naval Operations"". Retrieved September 24, 2007. 
  7. ^ "Chief of Legislative Affairs". United States Navy. Retrieved May 24, 2008. 

External links



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