Children's Day: Wikis

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Children's Day
Observed by Many Countries
Type Historical
Date Varies regionally (Universal Children's Day is celebrated on November 20, and International Children's Day is celebrated on June 1)
Related to Father's Day, Mother's Day, International Men's Day, Parents' Day

Children's Day is an event celebrated on various days in many places around the world. International Children's Day is celebrated on June 1 and Universal Children's Day is on November 20.[1] Some countries celebrate a local 'children's day' on other dates. The holiday is simply set to honor children and minors.

Contents

International Children's Day

The International Children's Day had its origin in Turkey in 1920 (April 23, 1920) and later in the World Conference for the Well-being of Children in Geneva, Switzerland in 1925. It is not clear as to why June 1 was chosen as the International Children's Day: one theory has it that the Chinese consul-general in San Francisco (USA) gathered a number of Chinese orphans to celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival in 1925, which happened to be on June 1 that year, and also coincided with the conference in Geneva.

The holiday is celebrated on 1 June each year. It is usually marked with speeches on children's rights and wellbeing, children TV programs, parties, various actions involving or dedicated to children, families going out etc.[2][3][4]

It was adopted mostly by former and current Communist and Socialist countries.

Universal Children's Day

Universal Children's Day takes place on November 20 annually. First proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in 1954, it was established to encourage all countries to institute a day, firstly to promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and secondly to initiate action to benefit and promote the welfare of the world's children. It was also chosen as the day to celebrate childhood. Universal Children's Day is proceded by International Men's Day on November 19 creating a 48 hour celebration of men and children respectlively during which the positive roles men play in children's lives are recognized.[5][6]

The holiday was first celebrated worldwide in October 1953, under the sponsorship of International Union for Child Welfare in Geneva. The idea of a Universal Children's Day was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1954.

November 20 is also the anniversary of the day when the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959. The Convention on the Rights of the Child was then signed on the same day in 1989, which has since been ratified by 191 states.

2009 Universal Children's Day

To mark the 20th, 50th and 60th anniversaries of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and the Geneva Conventions, respectively, the International Committee of the Red Cross has issued a new brochure on children and war.[7]. This brochure examines the risks faced by children caught up in armed conflict, the steps taken to address their specific needs, and the rules of law defined to protect them.

Observance of Children's Day around the world

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Albania

In Albania, Children's Day is celebrated on June 1.

Argentina

In Argentina, Children's Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of August and it's known as Día del Niño.[8] Until the 1990s, the celebration was on the first Sunday of August. Because in some years most employees were not paid by the first Sunday, the celebration changed to the second Sunday of August.

Australia

Australia celebrates Children's Day on the 1st Sunday in July every year. Children's Day is a registered trade mark.

Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, Children's Day has not been celebrated in a manner that makes the community realise the importance of children's rights. However, on November 20 the Youth Change Makers (YCM) plans to inform people of Children Day by holding huge children competitions and fashion shows, although it is not be considered as a holiday.

In 1996-2000, the Government of Bangladesh observed national Children's Day on the birthday of the father of nation, Bangabandhu Shekh Mujibur Rahman on March 17. But under the Bangladesh Nationalist Party regime from 2001 to 2006, this celebration was stopped and the country only observed Universal Children's Day, which was recognised by UNICEF.

Brazil

In Brazil, Children's Day is celebrated on October 12, coinciding with Our Lady of Aparecida's day, the country's Patron Saint, which is a national holiday.

Bulgaria

In Bulgaria, children's day is celebrated on 1 June.

Canada

Canada's "Child Day" is held on November 20 each year as enacted in the 1993 Parliamentary Bill C-27.7, the Child Day Act.[9]

Central Africa

In Congo, Congo DR, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Chad, Central African Republic, São Tomé and Príncipe Children's Day is celebrated on December 25 to honour all the children there.

China

Hong Kong

Children's Day is celebrated on April 4, having been established in 1931 at the same time as the Republic of China. The practice is still observed by the public after the handover in 1997, even though this festival has never been a public holiday.[10] ,[11][12]

Mainland China

In the People's Republic of China, Children's Day is celebrated on June 1 and is formally known as "the June 1 International Children's Day" (Simplified Chinese: 六一国际儿童节; pinyin: lìu yī guó jì ér tóng jié). When the People's Republic of China was first established in 1949, the State Council (Cabinet) designated a half-day holiday for all primary schools on June 1. This was later made into a full day's break in 1956 with The Announcement by the State Council to make June 1 Children's Day a One-Day Holiday[13]. Schools usually hold activities such as camping trips or free movies on Children's Day to allow students to have fun, and children of civil servants might also receive small gifts from the government. Entrance ceremonies of the Young Pioneers of China (similar to boy scouts in the West) are usually held on June 1 as well. However on June 1, 2008 the day was made even more memorable, as many people remembered the children who died in the earthquake just a few weeks before.

Taiwan

The Republic of China (commonly known as Taiwan) designated April 4 as Children's Day (traditional Chinese: 兒童節), pursuant to Article 5 of the Order to Implement Commemoration Days and Holidays.[14] The holiday dates back to 1931, and despite not being a public holiday, schools often hold special activities in order to celebrate the occasion. Because of pressure from parents that demanded to accompany their children in the celebration, the ROC government celebrated Women’s Day together with Children’s Day on April 4, 1991. Since then, April 4 has been known as "The Combined Holidays of Women's Day and Children's Day" (traditional Chinese: 婦女節、兒童節合併假期). The Legislative Yuan is considering making this a national holiday starting in 2011.[15]

Colombia

In Colombia, Children's Day is celebrated in the last weekend of April. popo rico

Costa Rica

Children's day is celebrated on September 9 in Costa Rica.

Cuba

Children's day is celebrated in Cuba on the third Sunday of July.

Czech Republic

The International Children's Day is celebrated on June 1.

Ecuador

In Ecuador, Children's Day (Día Del Niño) is celebrated on June 1; kids up to 12 years old receive presents from their parents, and schools let them have a special celebration.

Egypt

Egypt celebrates every November 20 with festivals and games for children.

El Salvador

In El Salvador, Children's Day is celebrated on October 1.Parents play with children in this day.

Former and current Communist and Socialist countries

In Russia, as well as other former Soviet Union states, including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, other former or current communist states, Albania, Angola, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic and Slovakia, Ethiopia and Eritrea, Germany, Laos, Republic of Macedonia, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, Poland,Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Tanzania, Yemen, Children's Day is celebrated on June 1.

This list includes 25 countries which regained independence from USSR, seceded from Yugoslavia Federation, as well as Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia after their respective splits.

Germany

During the Cold War, Children's Day (Kindertag) was handled quite differently in West Germany and East Germany. They were held on different dates in these two states. East Germany celebrated Children's Day on June 1 while West Germany celebrated it on September 20. The official names of Children's Day were also different. In East Germany, it was known as "International Children's Day" (Internationaler Kindertag), whereas in West Germany, it was called "World Children's Day" (Weltkindertag).

The customs of Children's Day were also significantly different in West and East Germany. In East Germany, the holiday was introduced in 1950, and was from then held on a yearly basis for the children. On this day of the year, children would typically be congratulated and would receive presents from their parents and did special activities in school, such as field trips and the like. In West Germany, Children's Day did not have such meaning to the children, and was even mostly unknown to many people.

After the reunification of East and West Germany occurred in 1990, the date and name of the event used in the West have become the official ones for the former East as well. This however was not accepted by large parts of the former East German population. Most parents still celebrate Children's Day on the former date, June 1, and public events pertaining to Children's Day take place on the old date.

Guatemala

In Guatemala, Children's Day is celebrated on October 1.

Hungary

In 1931, Children's day started although then it was called Children's Week, but since 1950 it has only been a day, the last Sunday in May. International children's day is celebrated on the first Monday of October. Children's Day is special day for the children. Universally, Children’s Day is celebrated on 20 November, every year.

India

Children's Day is celebrated in India on the 14th of November, the birthday of India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, as a tribute to his love for children. He was very fond of children and believed that children are the future of the nation.[16]

Indonesia

Children's Day is celebrated on July 23.

Iran

Children's day is celebrated on October 8 (16 Mehr). In Iran, they have different campaigns and festivals.

Israel

Children's Day is celebrated on October 19.

Japan

Japan's Children's Day (in Japanese: こどもの日) is celebrated on May 5 and March 3, which was decided as a National Holiday in 1948. It has a long tradition, going back to at least the 8th century, to celebrate the children's day two times a year, on March 3 for young girls and on May 5 for young boys. On March 3, also known as Doll Festival, Japanese people decorate their households with traditional Heian Period doll sets and plum flowers, and drink low-alcohol Amazake to wish their young girls' good health and luck. On May 5, also known as Duanwu Festival, they fly carp streamers outside, decorate Samurai dolls inside the houses, and eat Zhongzi and other goodies to celebrate their young boys' good future.

There were many people who argued in 1948 that March 3 should also be a National Holiday, but nowadays there are more people who think that the girls are luckier because they can celebrate their Children's Day for a second time on March 3.

Kazakhstan

Also known as the Day of Children's Safety, Children's Day is celebrated on June 1.

Korea, Democratic People's Republic of

North Korean Children's Day is celebrated on June 2 (국제 아동절). Before 1945, it was celebrated on May 1, but in 1945, it was changed to its current date.

Korea, Republic of

In South Korea, [(어린이날) in Korean] May 5 is officially recognized as Children's Day. Parents give presents to their children as well as spend time with them. The children are taken on excursions to zoos and museums. It was originally celebrated on May 1, but was later moved to May 5. The children's author, Bang Jeong Hwan, was instrumental in creating Children's Day in Korea. He even developed the word "어린이", originally meant for "younger" as opposed to "older" (늙은이), into a word meaning "child".[17][18]

Laos

In Laos, Children's Day is celebrated on June 1.

Malaysia

In Malaysia, Children's Day is celebrated on the last Saturday of October annually. Primary schoolchildren normally go to school on this day to celebrate Children's Day. The schools that are involved would also organise numerous activities for their pupils.

Mexico

In Mexico, Children's Day is celebrated on April 30th. It is also known as "El Día Del Niño". Most kindergartens and elementary schools cancel regular classes and have a big parties instead, with piñatas and lots of candy. They play traditional games, like "Pin the Tail on the Donkey" and such. Some stores have big sales give candy away to children.

Mongolia

In Mongolia, the International Children's Day is celebrated on June 1. It is also known as "Эх үрсийн баяр".

Nigeria

Children's Day is celebrated on May 27 in Nigeria. It is a public holiday for Primary and Secondary school children. Depending on the state, a handful of children are selected to represent their schools in a march past for state officials.

Northern Cyprus

Northern Cyprus celebrates Children's Day on April 23 to coincide with Turkey's celebration.

Pakistan

In Pakistan, Children's Day is celebrated on November 20. There is no holiday on this day but it is observed by NGO working on Child Rights.

The electronic media in Pakistan broadcast special programmes on this occasion. All the newspapers publish informative articles/features on this day.

Also, functions are organised in major cities of Pakistan.

Special assemblies are held in schools.

Paraguay

In Paraguay, Children's Day is celebrated on August 16, day of the infamous Battle of Acosta Ñu, where 20,000 thousand men of the Brazilian Army crushed a Paraguayan battle made up of 3,500 children ages six to fifteen - even though Paraguay had been already completely defeated (see more in War of the Triple Alliance). It's a national holiday, used to remember the atrocities the Brazilians committed during the five-year war.setrghsdfgsdf

Poland

Children's Day (Dzień Dziecka, literally "child's day") is celebrated in Poland on June 1. The International Children's Day was introduced in Poland in 1952. It coincides with the beginning of summer and it is usually treated as a holiday, as it takes place near the end of the school year. Schools usually organize special activities for the day of the celebration, and the first week of June is a time of festivities organized in parks and entertainment centers for children. Parents usually buy small gifts for their children.

Portugal and former colonies

In Portugal, and also at some of its former colonies - Guinea-Bissau, Macau, Cape Verde, East Timor, Angola - Children's Day is celebrated on June 1.

Romania

In Romania, Children's Day (Romanian: “Ziua Copilului”) is celebrated on June 1. On that day, children don't go to school (or public kindergarten — private institutions' practices may vary) and they have free entrance to some museums, zoos etc. Various events are also organized.

Russian Federation

In Russia, Children's Day is celebrated on June 1.

Singapore

October 1 is the day which Singapore officially celebrates Children's Day, a similar event celebrated every year is Youth Day which is celebrated on the first Sunday of July each year. Children in Singapore do not have to attend school on this day.

Slovakia

In Slovakia, the day is called International Children's Day and is celebrated on June 1. Children get a free entrance to a zoo and some other attractions.

Sri Lanka

Universal Children's Day is celebrated on the first Sunday in Easter, this day was a holiday because it coincided with Ramazan, a Muslim festival. In Sri Lanka, it is a custom to take children somewhere special on this day. In schools, children are given sweets, and in nursery's and Grades 1 and 2 presents, while at home, various delicacies are made, and presents are given. Some Children's Parks will be free for children on October 1 in Sri Lanka. In 2008, Peter Hayes, the British High Commissioner for Sri Lanka, hosted a party- an event complete with free rides, a magic show and food for over a hundred children from nearby orphanages and from the streets. They were given gifts as well.

Sweden

The International Children's Day is celebrated on the first Monday of October.

Thailand

Thailand National Children's Day (Thai: วันเด็กแห่งชาติ) is celebrated on the second Saturday in January. Many organizations from both government and commercial sectors have celebration activities for children. Children can enter zoos or ride buses for free.

The Prime Minister usually gives each Children's Day a theme, that can be summarized by its motto.

Many Government offices are open to children and their family, this includes the Government House, the Parliament House Complex and various Military installation. These events may include a guided tour and an exhibition. A notable example is the guided tour at the Government House, where children have an opportunity to view the Prime Minister's office and sit at the bureau. The Royal Thai Air Force usually invite children to go and explore the aircraft.

Trinidad and Tobago

Universal Children's Day is celebrated on the 1st Monday in October. It is a day we observe the rights of children and to remind us that children are blessings sent from God.

According to http://www.internationalmensday.com, International Men's Day, inaugurated November 19, 1999 in Trinidad and Tobago. Since this forms part of a 48 hour celebration of men and children respectively, then the celebration of Universal Children's Day is on Nov 20th each year, as declared by the declaration and the convention of the rights of the child in 1959 and 1989 respectively.

Turkey

Official discourse in Turkey argues that Children's Day had its origin in Turkey. The Grand National Assembly of Turkey was established on 1920, April 23. Then, Atatürk presented that special day to children as Children's Day. The day is celebrated annually in Turkey.
In Turkish, it is "23 nisan ulusal egemenlik ve çocuk bayramı" which means "april 23 national sovereignty and children's day".

Ukraine

Children's Day (Ukrainian: День захисту дітей, literally "day of child's protection") is celebrated in Ukraine on June 1. It was introduced in Ukraine in 2009.

United States of America

Children’s Day observations in the United States predate both Mother’s and Father’s Day, though Children's Day is not celebrated in the United States anymore.

The celebration of a special children’s Day in America dates from the 1860s and earlier.

In 1856, Rev. Charles H. Leonard, D.D., then pastor of the First Universalist Church of Chelsea, Mass., set apart a Sunday for the dedication of children to the Christian life, and for the re-dedication of parents and guardians to bringing-up their children in Christian nurture. This service was first observed the second Sunday in June.[19]

The Universalist Convention at Baltimore in September 1867, passed a resolution commending churches to set apart one Sunday in each year as Children’s Day.[20]

The Methodist Episcopal Church at the Methodist Conference of 1868 recommended that second Sunday in June be annually observed as Children’s Day.[20]

The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in 1883 designated the “the second Sabbath in June as Children’s Day.”[21]

Also in 1883, the National Council of Congregational Churches and nearly all the state bodies of that denomination in the United States passed resolutions commending the observance of the day. About this time many other denominations adopted similar recommendations.[20]

Chase’s Calendar of Events cites Children’s Sunday and notes that The Commonwealth of Massachusetts issues an annual proclamation for the second Sunday in June.

Numerous churches and denominations currently observe the second Sunday in June including the African Methodist Episcopal Church[22] and the Church of the Nazarene.[23]

Children & Youth Day in Hawaii started in 1994, when the Hawaii became the first Legislature to pass a law to recognize the first Sunday in October as "Children's Day." In 1997, the Legislature passed another landmark law designating the entire month of October as "Children and Youth Month."

Children's Day was proclaimed by President Bill Clinton to be held on October 8, 2000.[24]

"National Child's Day" was proclaimed by President George W. Bush as June 3, 2001 and in subsequent years on the first Sunday in June.[25]

Nowhere in any of the proclamations did the President refer to the United Nations or the UN Resolution about Universal Child Day.

In 2007, Illinois Governor Rod R. Blagojevich issued a proclamation proclaiming the second Sunday in June as Children's Day. The mayors of Aurora and Batavia, Illinois, also issued proclamations.[26]

In May 2009, International Children's Day was celebrated at the Washington DC National Harborplace Hosted by the Ariel Foundation International and the Ariana-Leilani Children's Foundation.[27][28]

Uruguay

Children's Day is celebrated on the second Saturday of August.

Vanuatu

In Vanuatu, Children's Day is celebrated on the 24th of July.

Venezuela

In Venezuela, Children's Day is celebrated the third Sunday of July.

Vietnam

Children's Day is celebrated on June 1 as ICD and on the full moon of the 8th lunar month during the Mid-Autumn Festival.

References

  1. ^ United Nations Universal Children's Day
  2. ^ "International Children's Day Flag". Crwflags.com. http://www.crwflags.com/FOTW/FLAGS/int-chdn.html. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  3. ^ "June 1 International Children's Day". Diyifanwen.com. http://www.diyifanwen.com/sms/liuyiertongjieduanxin/19502063.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  4. ^ "1 June - International Children's Day". Qatar Living. 1920-04-23. http://www.qatarliving.com/node/113843. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  5. ^ International Men's Day and Universal Children's Day, Forbes
  6. ^ International Men's Day Global Website and Archive
  7. ^ "Children and the ravages of war". http://icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/children-interview-171109. 
  8. ^ Día del niño, en el sitio del Ministerio de Educación de Argentina.
  9. ^ "Child Day Act". Canlii. http://www.canlii.org/en/ca/laws/stat/sc-1993-c-18/latest/sc-1993-c-18.html. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  10. ^ "¤µÓ¨àµ£¸` ±Ð§AÀx¿ú¯µ³Z". News.gov.hk. 2005-04-04. http://www.news.gov.hk/tc/hkforkids/default/050404/html/050404tc50001.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ "香港郵政署長在「兒童郵票 ─ 小熊穿新衣」特別郵票發行儀式上致辭全文". Info.gov.hk. 2006-03-30. http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/200603/30/P200603300161.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  13. ^ 国务院关于“六一儿童节”改为放假一天的通知
  14. ^ 紀念日及節日實施辦法
  15. ^ "Children's Day to be a national holiday: MOI". The China Post. 2010-02-25. http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/national/national-news/2010/02/25/245790/Childrens-Day.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-25. ]
  16. ^ [2]
  17. ^ http://www.hani.co.kr/arti/opinion/column/380182.html
  18. ^ "Children's Day rooted in vision of one man| Korea.net News". Korea.net. 2007-05-05. http://www.korea.net/news/news/NewsView.asp?serial_no=20070504035. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  19. ^ McFarland, John T. (1915). "Children’s Day". The Encyclopedia of Sunday School and Religious Education. 1. New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons. pp. 237. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&id=yLoMAAAAIAAJ&dq=encyclopedia+of+sunday+school&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=VV1WFhesXo&sig=hodNbxkNFA2FP8pm29zAK191-Yw#PPA237,M1. Retrieved 2008-03-03. 
  20. ^ a b c McFarland, The Encyclopedia of Sunday School and Religious Education, vol.1, p. 238.
  21. ^ Moorehead, James H. (Spring/Summer 2005). "Our Documentary History: Children’s Sunday in the Presbyterian Church". The Journal of Presbyterian History 83 (1): 85. 
  22. ^ African Methodist Episcopal Church official website
  23. ^ Church of the Nazarene official website
  24. ^ National Children's Day, 2000, October 7, 2000. National Archives and Records Administration
  25. ^ The White House Proclamation by the President of the United States of America, 2001
  26. ^ NationalChildrensDay.us website
  27. ^ "Ariel Foundation International"
  28. ^ "International Childrens Day at National Harborplace 2009"

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