Chilean Navy: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Chilean Navy

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chilean Navy
''Armada de Chile''
Coat of arms of the Chilean Navy
Coat of arms of the Chilean Navy
Active 1817-present
Country  Chile
Size 25,000
Motto Vencer o Morir
("Victory or Death")
Anniversaries 21 May, Día de las Glorias Navales (Navy Day)
Engagements Chilean War of Independence (1810-1826)
Peruvian War of Independence (1811-1824)
War of the Confederation (1836-1839)
Chincha Islands War (1864-1866)
War of the Pacific (1879-1883)
Chilean Civil War (1891)
Commanders
Current
commander
Edmundo González Robles
Notable
commanders
Lord Thomas Cochrane
Manuel Blanco Encalada
Juan José Latorre
Arturo Prat
Jorge Montt
Juan Williams Rebolledo
Insignia
Naval Ensign[1] Ensign of Chile
Naval Jack Jack of Chile

The Chilean Navy (Armada de Chile) is the naval force of Chile.

Contents

History

The origin of the Chilean Navy dates back to 1817. A year before, following the Battle of Chacabuco, General Bernardo O'Higgins prophetically declared "this victory and another hundred shall be of no significance if we do not gain control of the sea".

This led to the development of Chilean Navy, and the first legal resolutions outlining the organization of the institution were created. Chile's First National Fleet and the Academy for Young Midshipmen (predecessor of the current Naval Academy) were founded, as were the Marine Corps and the Supply Commissary.

The British seaman Lord Thomas Cochrane was hired by O'Higgins to be the first commander of the Navy, who in turn hired an all-anglophone complement of officers and midshipmen, and crews of British, Irish and American seamen. He was a key figure in the war against loyalist forces in Peru. He later took control of the fortresses of Valdivia, but failed in his attempt to conquer Chiloé Island.

The Navy's Hydrographic Office was founded in 1874 with Francisco Vidal Gormaz as first director.

The Chilean war hero and martyr Arturo Prat is regarded as the ultimate example of the commitment of the Navy to its country, after his death while leading a boarding party onto the enemy ironclad Huáscar at the naval battle of Iquique on 21 May 1879, during the War against Peru and Bolivia. The anniversary of this battle is celebrated every year as a public holiday called Día de las Glorias Navales.

During the Chilean Civil War of 1891 a large part of the navy rebelled against the president José Manuel Balmaceda and critically helped depose him.

Present

The 25,000-person navy, including 5,200 Marines, is directed by Admiral Edmundo Gonzalez. Of the fleet of sixty-six surface vessels (soon to be increased to seventy-four),[citation needed] twenty-one are major combatant ships based in Valparaíso. The navy operates its own aircraft for transport and patrol; there are no fighter or bomber aircraft. The Navy also operates four submarines and a tender ship to support them, all based in Talcahuano. The Navy permits the integration of Chile's Pacific and Southern island regions, thus integrating its disjointed geography. The transport of passengers, especially during the school year or in cases of emergency, together with the supply of provisions and fuel, are of key importance to the inhabitants of these insular zones.

The Chilean Navy is generally considered to be among the most capable and professional in the Americas,[citation needed] and is heavily aligned with significant naval powers such as the United States Navy and several European navies, most notably the British Royal Navy.

The institution regularly carries out civil operations whereby Navy professionals provide social assistance and health care to the civilian population, and provide support in cases of natural catastrophe.

Chilean Navy Saar 4.jpg

It also undertakes preventative education campaigns for Chile's population on issues that include security on beaches and seaside resorts and measures to be taken in the case of a tsunami.

The most important naval bases and supply depots are (from north to south) in the Pacific Ocean: Iquique, Easter Island, Valparaíso, Talcahuano, Puerto Montt, in the atlantic zone: Strait of Magellan: Punta Arenas, in the Beagle Channel: Puerto Williams, and in Antarctica: Captain Arturo Prat Base.

Wars

The Chilean Navy has fought the following wars:

Order of Battle

See list of active Chilean Navy ships:

Chilean Type 23 frigate Almirante Cochrane (FF-05)

Harpoon Missile

  • 2 × Thomson class (Type 209/1400) submarines
    • Thomson (SS-20), refitted in ASMAR ("Astilleros y Maestranzas de la Armada") (MLU)
    • Simpson (SS-21), entering midlife upgrade and refit in 2009
  • 2 × Scorpène-class submarines
    • O'Higgins (SS-23)
    • Carrera (SS-22)
  • 2 × L class frigate
    • Almirante Latorre (FFG-14), ex-HNLMS Jacob van Heemskerck
    • Capitan Prat (FFG-11), ex-HNLMS Witte de With
  • 2 × M class frigate
    • Almirante Blanco Encalada (FF-15), ex-HNLMS Abraham van der Hulst
    • Almirante Riveros (FF-18), ex-HNLMS Tjerk Hiddes
  • 1 × Type 22 frigate
Almirante Lynch (FF-07)
Valdivia (LST-1189)
Advertisements

Recently decommissioned ships

The two Condell-class frigates were stricken from Chilean Navy service, after the arrival of their Type 23 frigate replacements in 2007. Despite their age, and due to their excellent condition and constant modernization, both ships were sold and delivered to the Ecuadorian Navy in 2008.

Aircraft inventory

AS 532SC Cougar de la Chilean Navy
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[2] Notes
Bell 206 JetRanger  United States Utility helicopter Model 206B
TH-57 Sea Ranger
4
2
CASA C-212 Aviocar  Spain Tactical transport C-212A 3
Cessna O-2 Skymaster  United States Liaison O-2A 8
Embraer EMB-111  Brazil Maritime patrol aircraft
transport
EMB-111AN
EMB-111C
3
1
Eurocopter Bo 105  European Union Utility helicopter Bo 105C 2
Eurocopter AS 532 Cougar  European Union Naval helicopter AS 532SC 5 1 lost in night-time ASW
training accident, 5 remaining
Eurocopter AS 365 Dauphin  European Union SAR helicopter AS 365 8 4 former Irish Air Corps
CASA C-295  Spain Maritime patrol aircraft C-295 Persuader 3[3] 3 acquired, with
option for 5 more
Lockheed P-3 Orion  United States Maritime patrol aircraft
VIP transport
P-3ACH 4 (+ 4 spares) To be replaced by C-295
in the near future
Pilatus PC-7 Turbo Trainer  Switzerland Trainer 7 Originally 10 PC-7 in fleet.
None lost in accidents

Marines

Chilean Navy special forces sailors seen here using the MP5N.

The Chilean Marines or (Infanteria de Marina de Chile) is the land/amphibious attack force of the Chilean Navy. The 5,200 man force combines special training and tactics with state of the art equipment.

Equipment Chilean Marines

Vehicles

artillery and Anti-Aircraft Artillery

  • 28 Soltam M-71 155 mm howitzer
  • KH-178 105 mm.
  • 30-40 GPFT (Puteaux)
  • Oerlikon Antiaéreo de 20 milímetros
  • Oerlikon GDF 35 mm.

anti-arms tamqueand and portable ground-air

  • AT4 anti-tank weapon.
  • Mistral Manportable surface-to-air missile Manportable superficie-a-aire de misiles.

Weapons

A Chilean Marine aiming the HK33A2 during training alongside U.S. Marines.

anti-ship missiles and naval air land

adquisisiones future Navy

SHOA

SHOA or Servicio Hidrográfico y Oceanográfico de la Armada de Chile (Spanish for Hydrological and Oceanographic Service of the Chilean Navy) is an agency of the Chilean Navy managing situations dealing with hydrology and oceanography including tides and tsunamis.

Grades

Navy Enlisted Personnel Ranks
Insignia Rank
Marinero-soldado armada chilena.jpeg Seaman (Marinero) / Marine (Soldado) (in the Marines)
Cabo-2 armada chilena.jpeg Able Rate (Cabo 2°)
Cabo-1 armada chilena.jpeg Leading Rate (Cabo 1°)
Sargento-2 armada chilena.jpeg Petty Officer (Sargento 2°)
Sargento-1 armada chilena.jpeg Chief Petty Officer (Sargento 1°)
Suboficial armada chilena.jpeg Warrant Officer (Suboficial)
Suboficial-mayor armada chilena.jpeg Chief Warrant Officer (Suboficial Mayor)
   
Navy Officer Ranks
Insignia Rank
Guardiamarina armada chile.jpeg Midshipman (Guardiamarina)
Subteniente armada chile.jpeg Sub-Lieutenant (Subteniente)
Teniente-2 armada chile.jpeg Lieutenant (Teniente 2°)
Teniente-1 armada chile.jpeg Lieutenant-Commander (Teniente 1°)
Capitan-corbeta armada chile.jpeg Corvette Captain (Capitán de Corbeta)
Capitan-fragata armada chile.jpeg Frigate Captain (Capitán de Fragata)
Capitan-navio armada chile.jpeg Ship-of-the-Line Captain (Capitán de Navío)
Contraarlmirante armada chile.jpeg Rear Admiral (Contraalmirante)
Vicearlmirante armada chile.jpeg Vice Admiral (Vicealmirante)
Arlmirante armada chile.jpeg Admiral (Almirante)

Commanders-in-chief

Picture Rank Name Entered
Office
Exited
Office
Position
Fco. de la Lastra.JPG Colonel Francisco de la Lastra de la Sotta 1812 1814 Valparaíso governor
Lieutenant Colonel Rudecindo Alvarado 1817 1817 Valparaíso governor
Fco. de la Lastra.JPG Colonel Francisco de la Lastra de la Sotta 1817 1818 Valparaíso governor
MBlancoE.jpg Navy Captain 1st Class Manuel Blanco Encalada 1818 1821 Navy General Commander
JIgnacioZenteno.jpg Colonel José Ignacio Zenteno del Pozo 1821 1825 Navy General Commander
Fco. de la Lastra.JPG General Francisco de la Lastra de la Sotta 1825 1829 Navy General Commander
JoseMariaCruz.jpg Division General José María de la Cruz Prieto 1829 1831 Navy General Commander
José Matías López Orrego 1831 1833 Navy General Commander
DPortalesP.jpg Colonel of Militia Diego Portales Palazuelos 1833 1834 Navy General Commander
Colonel Ramón de la Cavareda Trucios 1834 1837 Navy General Commander
Colonel Victorino Garrido 1837 1842 Navy General Commander
Division General José María de la Cruz Prieto 1842 1843 Navy General Commander
RWSimpson.jpg Commodore Robert Winthrop Simpson 1843 1844 Navy General Commander
Division General José Joaquín Prieto Vial 1844 1845 Navy General Commander
Navy Captain Robert Winthrop Simpson 1845 1846 Navy General Commander
JSAldunate.jpg General José Santiago Aldunate Toro 1846 1847 Navy General Commander
Vice Admiral Manuel Blanco Encalada 1847 1852 Navy General Commander
Rear Admiral Robert Winthrop Simpson 1852 1853 Navy General Commander
Julián Riesco Droguett 1853 1856 Navy General Commander
Domingo Espiñera Riesco 1856 1858 Navy General Commander
Manuel Valenzuela Castillo 1858 1858 Navy General Commander
Jovino Novoa Vidal 1859 1859 Navy General Commander
General Juan Vidaurre-Leal Morla 1859 1859 Navy General Commander
CSaavedraRodriguez.jpg Colonel Cornelio Saavedra Rodríguez 1860 1860 Navy General Commander
General José Santiago Aldunate Toro 1861 1864 Navy General Commander
Juan Ramón Lira 1864 1865 Navy General Commander
Vicente Villalón 1865 1865 Navy General Commander
Juan Ramón Lira 1865 1866 Navy General Commander
José María de la Cruz Salvo 1867 1867 Navy General Commander
Commodore José Anacleto Goñi Prieto 1867 1868 Navy General Commander
Juan Ramón Lira 1868 1868 Navy General Commander
Commodore José Anacleto Goñi Prieto 1869 1870 Navy General Commander
Francisco Echaurren García-Huidobro 1870 1876 Navy General Commander
Eulogio Altamirano Aracena 1876 1879 Navy General Commander
Rear Admiral José Anacleto Goñi Prieto 1879 1880 Navy General Commander
Eulogio Altamirano Aracena 1880 1880 Navy General Commander
Commodore Oscar Viel Toro 1881 1883 Navy General Commander
Domingo Toro Herrera 1884 1885 Navy General Commander
JJLatorreB.jpg Rear Admiral Juan José Latorre Benavente 1886 1887 Navy General Commander
LUribeO.jpg Rear Admiral Luis Uribe Orrego 1887 1889 Navy General Commander
Williams02.jpg Rear Admiral Juan Williams Rebolledo 1890 1891 Navy General Commander
Rear Admiral Oscar Viel Toro 1891 1891 Navy General Commander
Rear Admiral Francisco Javier Molinas Gacitúa 1892 1892 Navy General Commander
Rear Admiral Luis Anacleto Castillo Goñi 1893 1897 Navy General Commander
MonttJorge01.jpg Vice Admiral Jorge Montt Alvarez 1897 1913 Navy General Director
Vice Admiral Luis Alberto Goñi Simpson 1913 1916 Navy General Director
LindorPerezG.jpg Vice Admiral Lindor Pérez Gacitúa 1916 1916 Navy General Director
Vice Admiral Joaquín Muñoz Hurtado 1916 1922 Navy General Director
Nef.jpg Vice Admiral Francisco Nef Jara 1922 1924 Navy General Director
Vice Admiral Salustio Valdés Cortés 1924 1925 Navy General Director
Vice Admiral Luis Langlois Vidal 1925 1925 Navy General Director
Vice Admiral Juan Schroeder Peña 1925 1927 Navy General Director
Vice Admiral Jose Toribio Merino Saavedra 1927 1928 Navy Inspector General
Rear Admiral Felipe Wiegand Rodríguez 1928 1929 Navy Inspector General
Rear Admiral Alejandro García Castelblanco 1929 1930 Navy Inspector General
Vice Admiral Hipólito Marchant Morales 1930 1931 Navy Inspector General
Rear Admiral Alejandro García Castelblanco 1931 1931 Navy Inspector General
Vice Admiral Hipólito Marchant Morales 1931 1932 Navy Inspector General
Rear Admiral Edgardo von Schröeders Sarratea 1932 1932 Navy Inspector General
Rear Admiral Carlos Jouanne de la Motte du Portail 1932 1932 Navy General Director
Rear Admiral Luis Alvarez Jaramillo 1932 1932 Navy General Director
Rear Admiral Calisto Rogers Ceas 1932 1932 Navy General Director
Vice Admiral Olegario Reyes del Río 1932 1938 Navy Commander-in-chief
Vice Admiral Luis Alvarez Jaramillo 1938 1938 Navy Commander-in-chief
Vice Admiral Julio Allard Pinto 1938 1943 Navy Commander-in-chief
Vice Admiral Vicente Merino Bielich 1943 1947 Navy Commander-in-chief
Vice Admiral Emilio Daroch Soto 1947 1948 Navy Commander-in-chief
Vice Admiral Carlos Torres Hevia 1948 1952 Navy Commander-in-chief
Vice Admiral Danilo Bassi Galleguillos 1952 1952 Navy Commander-in-chief
Vice Admiral Enrique Lagreze Echavarría 1952 1954 Navy Commander-in-chief
FORyan.jpg Vice Admiral Francisco O'Ryan Orrego 1954 1958 Navy Commander-in-chief
Vice Admiral Leopoldo Fontaine Nakin 1958 1962 Navy Commander-in-chief
HCubillosLeiva.jpg Admiral Hernán Cubillos Leiva 1962 1964 Navy Commander-in-chief
Admiral Jacobo Neumann Etienne 1964 1966 Navy Commander-in-chief
Admiral Ramón Barros González 1966 1968 Navy Commander-in-chief
FPortaAngulo.jpg Admiral Fernando Porta Angulo 1968 1970 Navy Commander-in-chief
Admiral Hugo Tirado Barros 1970 1970 Navy Commander-in-chief
Admiral Raúl Montero Cornejo 1970 1973 Navy Commander-in-chief
JTMerino.jpg Admiral José Toribio Merino Castro 1973 1990 Navy Commander-in-chief
Admiral Jorge Martínez Busch 1990 1997 Navy Commander-in-chief
Admiral Jorge Arancibia Reyes 1997 2001 Navy Commander-in-chief
Admiral Miguel Ángel Vergara Villalobos 2001 2005 Navy Commander-in-chief
RCodina.jpg Admiral Rodolfo Codina Díaz 2005 2009 Navy Commander-in-chief
Admiral Edmundo González Robles 2009 Present Navy Commander-in-chief

Historic ships

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Chile uses its national flag as an ensign.
  2. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, 15 January 2007.
  3. ^ The Chilean Navy purchases EADS CASA C-295 aircraft, 18 October 2007

External links

Flag of Chile.svg
 
Chilean Armed Forces
Coat of arms of Chile.svg
Coat of arms of the Chilean Army.svg Ejército de Chile (Army)   Coat of arms of the Chilean Navy.svg Armada de Chile (Navy)   Coat of arms of the Chilean Air Force.svg Fuerza Aérea de Chile (Air Force)  


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message