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China Railways CRH1: Wikis


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China Railways CRH1 EMU
China railways CRH1 high speed train cimg1667bvehk.jpg
CRH1 high-speed train
In service 2007 - Present
Manufacturer Bombardier Sifang (Qingdao) Transportation Ltd. (BST)
Family name Bombardier Regina
Number built CRH1A: 40 trainsets (320 cars)
CRH1B: 20 trainsets (320 cars)
CRH1E: 20 trainsets (320 cars)
Formation CRH1A: 8 cars per trainset (5M3T)
CRH1B/E: 16 cars per trainset (10M6T)
Capacity CRH1A:670
Operator Chinese Ministry of Railways
- Guangzhou Railway Group Co.,Ltd.
- Shanghai Railway Bureau
- Nanchang Railway Bureau
- Chengdu Railway Bureau
Line(s) served Guangshen railway,
Hukun railway, Jinghu railway
Train length CRH1A: 213.5m
CRH1B: 426.3m
CRH1E: 429m
Width 3328mm
Height 4040mm
Platform height 500-1200mm
Maximum speed CRH1A: 200 km/h
Traction system IGBT VVVF inverter control
Power output CRH1A: 5.3 MW
Transmission AC-DC-AC
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC Overhead
Braking system(s) Regenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Gauge 1,435 mm

The CRH1 EMU is a Chinese high-speed train based on Bombardier technology and built by a Chinese-Canadian joint venture between Bombardier and Sifang at Bombardier Sifang Power Transportation factory in Qingdao, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China. Chinese Ministry of Railways. At the same time as ordering the Shinkansen-based CRH2 and the Pendolino-based CRH5, the Chinese Ministry of Railways ordered 20 CRH1 trainsets in June and then ordered an additional 20 CRH1 trains, each with 8 cars that have total standard capacity of 670 people. The total value of the order is €560 million.[1]

Most CRH1 trains were allocated to Guangshen Railway for replacing all locomotive-hauled trains between Guangzhou and Shenzhen in Guangdong Province. Some are also used on the line Shanghai – Nanjing.


CRH1A and CRH1B are based on Bombardier's Regina family.[2] The train was designed by Sifang and Bombardier jointly in Västerås, Sweden and originally named C2008.[1][2] The CRH1E is based on Bombardier's ZEFIRO 250km/h design. The train was designed by Bombardier and Zagato.

In Sep 2009, it was announced that Bombardier Sifang (Qingdao) Transportation Ltd had received a 27.4 Bil RMB order for 80 x Zefiro 380km/h trains. Design of this new train will be undertaken in both Europe and China.

Technical details

The CRH1 has a power output of 5.3 MW and uses 25kV AC Overhead for power input. Traction is supported by IGBT-VVVF inverters.


  1. ^ a b "Sleeper EMU to be developed under co-operation deal". Railway Gazette International. 2007-08-01. Retrieved 2007-12-14.  
  2. ^ a b "High speed trainsets take shape". Railway Gazette International. 2005-08-01. Retrieved 2009-10-20.  


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