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China Railways CRH3: Wikis


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China Railways CRH3 EMU
CRH3 high-speed train
In service 2008 - Present
Manufacturer Siemens,
Tangshan Railway Vehicle
Family name Siemens Velaro
Number under construction CRH3C: 46 trainsets (368 cars)
CRH3D: 100 trainsets (in design)
Number built CRH3C: 14 trainsets (112 cars), as of August 2009
Formation CRH3C: 8 cars/trainset (4M4T)
CRH3D: 16 cars/trainset (8M8T)
Capacity CRH3C: 556
- 16 Deluxe class (only 8 seats in the rear sold for the public)
- 50 First class
- 490 Second class[1]
Operator Chinese Ministry of Railways
- Beijing Railway Bureau
Line(s) served Beijing-Tianjin high-speed rail
Train length CRH3C: 200m
Width 3265mm
Height 3890mm
Platform height 1250mm[1]
Maximum speed 350 km/h
Weight 447 tonnes[2]
Traction system IGBT VVVF inverter control
Power output CRH3C: 8.8 MW[2]
Transmission AC-DC-AC
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC Overhead[2]
Braking system(s) Regenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Gauge 1,435 mm[2]

The CRH3 is a version of the Siemens Velaro high-speed train used in China on the Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Rail line and Wuhan-Guangzhou Passenger Dedicated Line and will shortly be put in service on the Zhengzhou-Xi'an Passenger Dedicated Line. It is capable of service speed of 350km/h as the very similar Velaro E used in Spain, but 300 mm wider to fit in more seats in a 2+3 layout.



In November 2005 the Ministry of Railways ordered 60 Velaro trains for use on the Beijing-Tianjin high-speed rail line. Those trains are based on the German Deutsche Bahn's ICE 3 high-speed trains. The first three trains were built in Germany by Siemens, and the rest are being built by Tangshan Railway Vehicle with some components from Germany.[3]

On July 27, 2006, the joint project office was opened at Tangshan.[4] Of the German trains, the first one was shipped from Bremerhaven on December 19, 2007.[5] The first Chinese-built CRH3 was unveiled on April 11, 2008.[3]

In March 2009, a new contract was signed with China Northern Railways (CNR) to supply 100 x 16-car trainsets for 39.2B RMB with delivery from Oct 2010 onwards. This order for a total of 1600 railway cars is greater than the total production of all Velaro and ICE trains that have ever been manufactured in the past. It is planned that the trains will be produced by CNR subsidiaries, Tangshan Railway Vehicles and Changchun Railway Vehicles, using technology from the previous technology transfer agreement.


The 8-car trains are similar to the Velaro E design in Spain, but 300 mm (11.8 in) wider to fit more seats in a 2+3 layout; a 200 m (656 ft) CRH3 train will seat 548 passengers: 16 deluxe class (only 8 of them sold public), 50 in first class, 490 in second class.[1]

The trains are designed for running at 350 km/h (217 mph). On June 24, 2008, a CRH3 reached a top speed of 394.3 km/h (245 mph) during a test on the Beijing to Tianjin high speed line.[6]

Inside the car

Train series number

Not all trains in service are numbered CRH3C. Trains imported are numbered as CRH3A. They are CRH3-002A, CRH3-003A and CRH3-004A. The first Chinese made CRH3 was numbered as CRH3-001C. Later Chinese made trains are numbered as CRH3-005C, CRH3-006C, and CRH3-007C.

See also




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