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For current information on this topic, see 2010 in Chinese football.
China
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) The Great Wall
Association Chinese Football Association
Confederation AFC (Asia)
Head coach People's Republic of China Gao Hongbo
Asst coach People's Republic of China Fu Bo
Captain Du Wei
Most caps Li Ming (141)
Top scorer Hao Haidong (41)
Home stadium Workers Stadium
FIFA code CHN
FIFA ranking 83
Highest FIFA ranking 37 (December 1998)
Lowest FIFA ranking 108 (July 2009)
Elo ranking 50
Highest Elo ranking 26 (October 2001)
Lowest Elo ranking 80 (December 2008)
Home colours
Away colours
First international
 Philippines 0–1 China Republic of China
(Manila, Philippines; January 31, 1913)
 Finland 4–0 China People's Republic of China
(Helsinki, Finland; August 4, 1952)
Biggest win
People's Republic of China China 19–0 Guam 
(Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; January 26, 2000)
Biggest defeat
 United States 5–0 China People's Republic of China
(Palo Alto, United States; April 4, 1992)
World Cup
Appearances 1 (First in 2002)
Best result Round 1, 2002
AFC Asian Cup
Appearances 9 (First in 1976)
Best result Runners-Up, 1984 and 2004

The China PR national football team (simplified Chinese: 中国国家足球队traditional Chinese: 中國國家足球隊; Pinyin:Zhōngguó Guójiā Zúqiú Duì) is the national football (soccer) team of People's Republic of China and is governed by the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

The China national team was founded in 1924 in the Republic of China under the auspices of the China Football Association and joined FIFA in 1931. Following the Chinese Civil War, the Chinese Football Association was formed in the newly founded People's Republic of China. This body remained part of FIFA until 1958, when it withdrew, rejoining in 1979. They have been perennial contenders for the Asian Cup, most recently finishing second in the 2004 AFC Asian Cup at home. Although China failed to score a goal in their maiden FIFA World Cup appearance in the 2002 FIFA World Cup, losing all their matches, just qualifying for the tournament has been considered the greatest accomplishment in its football history.

After the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom in 1997, and Macau from Portugal in 1999, these two special administrative regions have continued to have their own teams, which play as "Hong Kong, China" and "Macau, China", respectively.

As football is widely followed in China, national team success is considered to be a source of national pride. Around 300 million people tuned in to broadcasts of China's World Cup 2002 matches with a staggering 170 million new television sets being bought by citizens in order to watch their nation's first World Cup appearance. There were over 250 million viewers for the 2004 Asian Cup final, the largest single-event sports audience in the country's history.[1] The team is colloquially referred to as Team China (中国队), the National Team (国家队) or Guozu (国足, lit. "national foot").

Contents

History

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1949–1978

The national team under PRC name, played their first match in a friendly against Finland on 4 August 1952, which was one of the first nations to have diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.

For nearly 30 years, the team primarily played only friendly matches with nations that recognized the PRC, such as Albania, Cambodia, Egypt, Guinea, Hungary, North Korea, North Vietnam, and Sudan.

China also played once in the World Cup qualifying rounds, in 1958.

After re-joining in 1978

The national team began to make their way to national and international prominence in the beginning of the late—1980s through the introduction of televisions in Chinese households. Previously, the most popular international sports in China were badminton and table tennis. By 1980, China could start competing for a berth in the 1982 World Cup Finals.

Over the next 16 years, however, China missed the World Cup qualification time after time. In 1981, China lost a playoff game against the New Zealand team in a heartbreaking loss for the large home audience that followed the qualification process. During 1986 World Cup qualifying, China faced Hong Kong team in Beijing in the final match of the first qualifying round on May 19, 1985, where China only needed a draw for advance. However, Hong Kong team produced a 2–1 upset win, which resulted in a riot by local fans. During the 1998 World Cup qualifiers, China was on the verge of qualifying, but lost crucial matches at home, especially the matches against Qatar and Iran. Simply because of the demographics of the People's Republic of China, the team arguably has the most fans of any sporting team in the world, as with basketball. As a result, expectations soared in 2001 as China, under the direction of head coach Bora Milutinović, advanced to the World Cup finals in 2002. This was the first time in its history that China reached the finals.

However, the team failed to score a single goal, losing all three group matches and was eliminated from the competition.

Recent history

In recent years, many have pointed to two main weaknesses of the team. Despite a very organized and well-drilled defense, team China lacks good strikers and creative playmakers, who can also keep possession of the ball well. The team's main tactics against stronger teams tend to be both defensive and counterattacking, with long balls to a lone striker, who is quickly dispossessed of the ball due to lack of support.

In 2004, Dutch coach Arie Haan summed up his impression of Chinese football by saying, "Chinese players are very skilled, but the problem seemed to be related to the culture and psychology of the players," and that the psychological aspect tended to strongly influence the players. Former captain Li Weifeng illustrated this when he said that the Chinese team usually expects wins against weaker opposition but quickly gets irritated when things do not go to plan. This has often been attributed to the pressure, due to massive public expectations of the team during the World Cup qualifiers, for example. Many critics also point to the complacency of the team at critical moments, especially when they are holding a lead or playing weaker teams. In the 2006 World Cup qualifiers, the team managed to only score a single goal against Hong Kong in Hong Kong, a team which China was expected to washout with goals. European coaches who have worked or been in China often cite a lack of professionalism and discipline in Chinese football as the reasons for the Chinese national team's overall weakness. An example of this is the rampant corruption of the first division of the professional Chinese football league, especially the 'black whistles' scandals involving bribed referees fixing matches. This may be seen as an extension of modern Chinese society developing in a complex world of traditional culture involving personal relationships and capitalism.

Recently, an increasing number of talented, young Chinese players have moved to Europe to gain experience in a professional setting. Many are or were key players in the national team, such as Du Wei (Celtic), Zheng Zhi (Charlton Athletic), Li Tie (mainly Everton), Sun Jihai (Manchester City and Sheffield United), Shao Jiayi (1860 Munich and Energie Cottbus), Sun Xiang (PSV), Zhang Enhua (Grimsby Town), Ma Mingyu (Perugia), Fan Zhiyi (Crystal Palace and Dundee), Li Jinyu (Nancy), Yang Chen (best performances for Eintracht Frankfurt), and Xie Hui (best performances for Alemannia Aachen). Rising star striker Dong Fangzhuo played for Manchester United, and after several successful seasons with Belgian club Royal Antwerp, his Premiership debut came in a match against Chelsea at Stamford Bridge. Another potential star is Yu Dabao, who has been regularly scoring for the Benfica B team and is touted to break into the senior Benfica team next season. More players with European experience may yield better results for the national team. Key players Li Tie and Li Jinyu were part of the 'Jianlibao' team in the mid—1990s that trained young, talented players in Brazil.

The national team has produced some displays of controlled and creative football in friendlies, especially during the 0–0 draw against Brazil in November 2002 and the 3–1 loss to France in May 2006. After the 0–0 draw with Brazil, Cafu complimented the Chinese performance and said they were definitely capable of qualifying for the 2006 World Cup. The team, however, failed to advance through the preliminary qualification stage, losing to Kuwait on goals scored, even though China scored seven goals in a blow-out against Hong Kong in the last qualifying match. While qualifying for the 2007 Asian Cup, the team became the subject of immense criticism in the media and a national embarrassment when it scored only one goal (a Shao Jiayi penalty kick well into final injury time) against Singapore at home in Tianjin, and tied the Southeast Asian city-state in the away game. In preparation for the 2007 Asian Cup, the team spend the weeks leading up to the tournament on a tour of the United States. While the 4–1 loss to a streaking United States was not unexpected, a 1–0 loss to a Real Salt Lake team that had been winless in MLS raised many eyebrows.

In the Asian Cup 2007 tournament, the team played three inconsistent games, winning against Malaysia, drawing Iran after leading 2–0 at half time, and losing to Uzbekistan with an embarrassing 3–0 scoreline. Under high expectations, China's performance drew immense criticism on online communities, which condemned the coach Zhu Guanghu, players, along with the Chinese Football Association in general. Zhu was later replaced by Vladimir Petrović for this poor performance. Some commented that China's reliance on foreign coaches for the past decade has been an indicator of its poor domestic coach development system.[2] In June 2008, China had another poor performance at the World Cup Qualifiers, losing against Qatar and Iraq, and therefore missed the 2010 World Cup.

Rivalries

Traditionally, China's greatest rival has been Japan (although this is not typically reciprocated from the Japanese side). This was exemplified after the Asian Cup 2004 final, which Japan won 3–1 (accompanied by a handball), when rioting by Chinese fans erupted near the north gate of Beijing's Workers Stadium.[3] The rioting was said to be provoked by controversial officiating and heightened anti-Japanese sentiment at the time resulting from historical tensions arising from several military conflicts between the two nations from the late-nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century (see First and Second Sino-Japanese Wars), as well as from lingering controversies, such as the issue of Japan's use of comfort women during World War II. China's most recent major tournament meeting with Japan was at the 2010 East Asian Football Championship in Tokyo, where the two sides drew 0-0. China went on to win the tournament after winning its remaining two matches.

Another well-known rivalry is with neighbour Korea Republic. Although not as flammable as the rivalry with Japan, it is interesting to note that while China has played 27 matches against Korea between 1978 and 2010, they had not won a single match (11 draws and 16 losses). The media has coined the term "Koreaphobia" to describe this embarrassing phenomenon. The record lasted for 31 years until China registered its first win on February 10, 2010 when it beat Korea 3-0 in the 2010 East Asian Football Championship, eventually going on to win the tournament.

Fixtures and results

China recently won the 2010 East Asian Football Championship in 6–14 February 2010 (Final) in Tokyo.


China's next big tournament is the 2011 AFC Asian Cup to be held between 7-29 January 2011 in Qatar.

Home stadium

The Workers Stadium Chinese: 工人体育场 is a multi-purpose stadium in Beijing, China. It is mostly used for football matches. The stadium was built in 1959 and it was last renovated in 2004. It currently has a capacity of 70,161.

The stadium was the main venue for the 1990 Asian Games, where the opening and closing ceremonies were held. Beijing Guoan Football Club also play their home league games at the stadium.

Media coverage

Home and away matches are shown on CCTV-5, GDTV-Sports, STV-Sports, BTV-6 and the other local sports channels.

Kits

China's home kit is all white and the away kit is all red. The team's kit is currently sponsored by Adidas. China in certain climates use special heat body cooling vests.[4][5]

Honours

Runners-up (2): 1984, 2004
Third places (2): 1976, 1992
Silver medal (1): 1994
Bronze medal (2): 1978, 1998
Winners (2): 2005, 2010
Runners-up (2): 1990, 1998
Third places (2): 2003, 2008

Competition history

  • Pos = Position; P = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against.
  • Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.

FIFA World Cup record

Year Result Pos P W D L F A
1930 to 1954 Did not enter - - - - - - -
1958 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1962 to 1978 Did not enter - - - - - - -
1982 to 1998 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
2002 First round 31 3 0 0 3 0 9
2006 to 2010 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
Total 1/19 - 3 0 0 3 0 9

AFC Asian Cup record

Year Result Pos P W D L F A
1956 to 1972 Did not enter - - - - - - -
1976 Third Place 3 4 1 1 2 2 4
1980 First round 7 4 1 1 2 9 5
1984 Runner-up 2 6 4 0 2 11 4
1988 Fourth Place 4 6 2 2 2 7 5
1992 Third Place 3 5 1 3 1 6 6
1996 Quarter-finals 6 4 1 0 3 6 7
2000 Fourth Place 4 6 2 2 2 11 7
2004 Runner-up 2 6 3 2 1 13 6
2007 First round 9 3 1 1 1 7 6
2011 Qualified - - - - - - -
Total 10/15 - 44 16 12 16 72 50

For 2011, see 2011 AFC Asian Cup qualification

Olympic Games record

Year Result Pos P W D L F A
1900 to 1928 Did not enter - - - - - - -
1936 First round 12 1 0 0 1 0 2
1948 First round 14 1 0 0 1 0 4
1952 to 1956 Withdrew after qualifying - 0 0 0 0 0 0
1960 to 1976 Did not enter - - - - - - -
1980 to 1984 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1988 First round 14 3 0 1 2 0 5
Total* 4/25 - 8 0 2 6 1 17

* Including 1988 onwards

For 1992 to 2012, see China national under-23 football team

Asian Games record

Year Result Pos P W D L F A
1951 to 1970 Did not enter - - - - - - -
1974 First round 10 3 1 0 2 7 4
1978 Third place 3 7 5 0 2 16 5
1982 Quarter-finals 11 4 2 1 1 4 3
1986 Quarter-finals 9 4 2 1 1 10 7
1990 Quarter-finals 10 4 2 0 2 8 4
1994 Runners-up 2 7 5 1 1 16 8
1998 Third place 3 8 6 0 2 24 7
Total* 9/15 - 45 29 4 12 102 43

* Including 1998 onwards

For 2002 to 2010, see China national under-23 football team

East Asian Cup record

Year Result Pos P W D L F A
1990 Runners-up 2 4 2 1 1 4 2
1992 Fourth place 4 3 0 1 2 2 6
1995 Fourth place 4 4 0 3 1 2 3
1998 Runners-up 2 3 2 0 1 4 2
2003 Third place 3 3 1 0 2 3 4
2005 Champions 1 3 1 2 0 5 3
2008 Third place 3 3 1 0 2 5 5
2010 Champions 1 3 2 1 0 5 0
Total - 26 9 8 9 30 25

Far Eastern Championship Games record

Year Result Pos P W D L F A
1913 Runners-up 2 2 1 0 1 2 2
1915 Champions 1 3 1 2 0 2 1
1917 Champions 1 2 2 0 0 8 0
1919 Champions 1 3 2 0 1 5 3
1921 Champions 1 2 2 0 0 5 1
1923 Champions 1 2 2 0 0 8 1
1925 Champions 1 2 2 0 0 7 1
1927 Champions 1 2 2 0 0 8 2
1930 Champions 1 2 1 1 0 8 3
1934 Champions 1 3 3 0 0 7 3
Total 10/10 9 23 18 3 2 60 17

Player history

China captains

Period Captain Vice Captain Third Captain
1951 Wang Shouxian - -
1952–1954 Guo Hongbin - -
1955–1959 Sun Fucheng - -
1960–1964 Chen Jialiang - -
1965–1969 Gao Fengwen Xu Genbao -
1969–1972 Gao Fengwen Qi Wusheng Xiang Hengqing
1972–1975 Qi Wusheng Xu Genbao Xiang Hengqing
1976–1979 Xiang Hengqing Chi Shangbin He Jia
1979–1981 Chi Shangbin Rong Zhihang Huang Xiangdong
1981–1982 Chi Shangbin Huang Xiangdong Zuo Shusheng
1983–1985 Zuo Shusheng Li Fusheng
1986–1987 Zhu Bo Jia Xiuquan Ma Lin
1987–1988 Jia Xiuquan Zhu Bo Ma Lin
1989–1992 Zhu Bo Jia Xiuquan Ma Lin
1993–1994 Zhu Bo Wu Qunli Xu Hong
1994–1996 Xu Hong
1996–1997 Fan Zhiyi Xu Hong
1998–1999 Fan Zhiyi Zhang Enhua
2000–2001 Ma Mingyu Li Ming Qi Hong
2002 Ma Mingyu Fan Zhiyi Jiang Jin
2003–2004 Li Weifeng Zheng Zhi Zhao Junzhe
2005–2006 Li Weifeng Zhao Junzhe Ji Mingyi
2006 Zheng Zhi Zhao Junzhe Ji Mingyi
2007 Zheng Zhi Sun Jihai Ji Mingyi
2008 Zheng Zhi Li Weifeng Zhao Junzhe
present Du Wei Wang Xiao Zhou Haibin

Most capped players

As of June 22, 2008, the players with the most caps for China are:

Pos Player Caps Tenure
1 Li Ming 141 1991–2004
2 Jia Xiuquan 136 1982–1993
3 Fan Zhiyi 132 1987–2002
4 Xie Yuxin 120 1987–1996
5 Li Fusheng 119 1976–1984
6 Hao Haidong 116 1987–2004
7 Lin Lefeng 113 1977–1986
8 Ou Chuliang 109 1990–2002
9 Li Weifeng 105 1997–present

* The players in bold typeface are still active in football.

Top goalscorers

As of February 14, 2010, the players with the most goals scored for China are:

Pos Player Goals Tenure
1 Hao Haidong 41 1987 - 2004
2 Liu Haiguang 36 1983 - 1990
3 Ma Lin 33 1984 - 1990
4 Li Hui 28 1983 - 1988
5 Su Maozhen 26 1992 - 2002
5 Li Jinyu 26 1996 - present
7 Zuo Shusheng 23 1979 - 1985
8 Zhao Dayu 19 1982 - 1986
8 Fan Zhiyi 19 1987 - 2002
8 Mai Chao 19 1986 - 1992
11 Qu Bo 16 2000 - present
12 Gu Guangming 15 1979 - 1985
13 Jia Xiuquan 14 1982 - 1993
14 Xie Yuxin 13 1987 - 1996
14 Li Weifeng 13 1997 - present
16 Peng Weiguo 12 1992 - 2000
16 Huang Xiangdong 12 1977 - 1983
16 Ma Mingyu 12 1993 - 2002
16 Zheng Zhi 12 1998 - present
20 Gao Hongbo 11 1992 - 1997
20 Yang Chen 11 1995 - 2004
20 Qi Hong 11 1997 - 2004

* The players in bold typeface are still active in football.

Squad

Current squad

Squad for training session from 21 February to 5 March 2010

Name DoB (Age) Club Caps (Goals) Latest Cap
Goalkeepers
Guan Zhen 6 February 1985 (1985-02-06) (age 25) People's Republic of China Jiangsu Sainty 1 (0) v  Kyrgyzstan, 25 July 2009
Zhang Lu 6 September 1987 (1987-09-06) (age 22) People's Republic of China Liaoning Hongyun 1 (0) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Defenders
Du Wei 9 February 1982 (1982-02-09) (age 28) People's Republic of China Hangzhou Greentown 48 (3) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Cao Yang 15 December 1981 (1981-12-15) (age 28) People's Republic of China Tianjin Teda 33 (2) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Rong Hao 7 April 1984 (1984-04-07) (age 25) People's Republic of China Hangzhou Greentown 17 (0) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Feng Xiaoting 22 October 1985 (1985-10-22) (age 24) South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai 17 (0) v  Hong Kong, 14 February 2010
Liu Jianye 17 June 1987 (1987-06-17) (age 22) People's Republic of China Changsha Ginde 8 (0) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Zhang Linpeng 9 May 1989 (1989-05-09) (age 20) People's Republic of China Shanghai East Asia 7 (2) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Wang Qiang 23 July 1984 (1984-07-23) (age 25) People's Republic of China Changsha Ginde 5 (0) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
He Yang 23 February 1983 (1983-02-23) (age 27) People's Republic of China Tianjin Teda 2 (0) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Midfielders
Zheng Zhi 20 August 1980 (1980-08-20) (age 29) Scotland Celtic 50 (12) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Shao Jiayi 10 April 1980 (1980-04-10) (age 29) Germany Energie Cottbus 41 (8) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Zhao Xuri 3 December 1985 (1985-12-03) (age 24) People's Republic of China Shaanxi Neo-China 36 (1) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Hao Junmin 24 March 1987 (1987-03-24) (age 22) Germany Schalke 04 29 (5) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Yu Hai 4 June 1987 (1987-06-04) (age 22) People's Republic of China Shaanxi Neo-China 12 (4) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Deng Zhuoxiang 24 October 1988 (1988-10-24) (age 21) People's Republic of China Shandong Luneng 10 (1) v  Hong Kong, 14 February 2010
Strikers
Qu Bo 15 July 1981 (1981-07-15) (age 28) People's Republic of China Shaanxi Neo-China 59 (16) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Gao Lin 14 February 1986 (1986-02-14) (age 24) People's Republic of China Guangzhou Evergrande 35 (7) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Jiang Ning 1 September 1986 (1986-09-01) (age 23) People's Republic of China Qingdao Jonoon 25 (2) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Zhang Chengdong 9 February 1989 (1989-02-09) (age 21) Portugal Mafra 1 (0) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010
Wang Gang 17 February 1989 (1989-02-17) (age 21) Portugal Beira-Mar 1 (0) v  Portugal, 3 March 2010

Players capped within the last 12 months

Name DoB (Age) Club Caps (Goals) Latest Cap
Goalkeepers
Yang Zhi 6 June 1983 (1983-06-06) (age 26) People's Republic of China Beijing Guoan 15 (0) v  Hong Kong, 14 February 2010
Zeng Cheng 8 January 1987 (1987-01-08) (age 23) People's Republic of China Henan Construction 3 (0) v  Malaysia, 15 August 2009
Yang Jun 10 June 1981 (1981-06-10) (age 28) People's Republic of China Tianjin Teda 4 (0) v  Saudi Arabia, 4 June 2009
Defenders
Zhao Peng 20 June 1983 (1983-06-20) (age 26) People's Republic of China Henan Construction 15 (1) v  Hong Kong, 14 February 2010
Sun Xiang 15 January 1982 (1982-01-15) (age 28) People's Republic of China Shanghai Shenhua 51 (4) v  Japan, 6 February 2010
Cheng Liang 3 March 1977 (1977-03-03) (age 33) People's Republic of China Shanghai Shenhua 4 (0) v  Kuwait, 8 November 2009
Wan Houliang 25 February 1986 (1986-02-25) (age 24) People's Republic of China Shaanxi Neo-China 2 (0) v  Kuwait, 8 November 2009
Chen Lei 16 October 1985 (1985-10-16) (age 24) People's Republic of China Shanghai Shenhua 2 (0) v  Singapore, 12 August 2009
Midfielders
Yang Hao 19 August 1983 (1983-08-19) (age 26) People's Republic of China Beijing Guoan 14 (2) v  Hong Kong, 14 February 2010
Wu Lei 19 November 1991 (1991-11-19) (age 18) People's Republic of China Shanghai East Asia 1 (0) v  Hong Kong, 14 February 2010
Yan Feng 7 February 1982 (1982-02-07) (age 28) People's Republic of China Changchun Yatai 3 (0) v  Korea Republic, 10 February 2010
Huang Bowen 13 July 1987 (1987-07-13) (age 22) People's Republic of China Beijing Guoan 13 (1) v  Vietnam, 17 January 2010
Han Yanming 26 October 1982 (1982-10-26) (age 27) People's Republic of China Tianjin Teda 1 (0) v  Jordan, 30 December 2009
Zheng Long 15 April 1988 (1988-04-15) (age 21) People's Republic of China Qingdao Jonoon 6 (1) v  Lebanon, 14 November 2009
Yu Hanchao 25 February 1987 (1987-02-25) (age 23) People's Republic of China Liaoning Hongyun 3 (0) v  Kuwait, 8 November 2009
Cui Peng 31 May 1987 (1987-05-31) (age 22) People's Republic of China Shandong Luneng 3 (0) v  Botswana, 30 September 2009
Liu Jindong 9 December 1981 (1981-12-09) (age 28) People's Republic of China Shandong Luneng 14 (1) v  Singapore, 12 August 2009
Chen Tao 11 March 1985 (1985-03-11) (age 25) People's Republic of China Shanghai Shenhua 9 (0) v  Kyrgyzstan, 25 July 2009
Wang Xinxin 27 April 1981 (1981-04-27) (age 28) People's Republic of China Tianjin Teda 5 (1) v  Saudi Arabia, 4 June 2009
Wu Wei'an 1 September 1981 (1981-09-01) (age 28) People's Republic of China Tianjin Teda 5 (1) v  Saudi Arabia, 4 June 2009
Zhou Haibin 19 July 1985 (1985-07-19) (age 24) People's Republic of China Shandong Luneng 39 (3) v  Iran, 1 June 2009
Liu Jian 20 August 1984 (1984-08-20) (age 25) People's Republic of China Qingdao Jonoon 21 (4) v  Iran, 1 June 2009
Wang Yongpo 19 January 1987 (1987-01-19) (age 23) People's Republic of China Shandong Luneng 1 (0) v  Iran, 1 June 2009
Xu Yang 18 June 1987 (1987-06-18) (age 22) People's Republic of China Henan Construction 1 (0) v  Iran, 1 June 2009
Strikers
Yang Xu 12 February 1987 (1987-02-12) (age 23) People's Republic of China Liaoning Hongyun 3 (1) v  Japan, 6 February 2010
Han Peng 13 September 1983 (1983-09-13) (age 26) People's Republic of China Shandong Luneng 29 (10) v  Syria, 6 January 2010
Mao Jianqing 8 April 1986 (1986-04-08) (age 23) People's Republic of China Shaanxi Neo-China 8 (2) v  Syria, 6 January 2010
Lü Zheng 25 February 1985 (1985-02-25) (age 25) People's Republic of China Shandong Luneng 3 (0) v  Jordan, 30 December 2009
Tan Yang 9 January 1989 (1989-01-09) (age 21) People's Republic of China Hangzhou Greentown 1 (0) v  Palestine, 18 July 2009
Mao Biao 24 July 1987 (1987-07-24) (age 22) People's Republic of China Tianjin Teda 1 (0) v  Saudi Arabia, 4 June 2009
Cao Tianbao 3 April 1982 (1982-04-03) (age 27) People's Republic of China Changchun Yatai 1 (0) v  Iran, 1 June 2009

Previous squads

Coaching staff

Current coaching staff

Head Coach People's Republic of China Gao Hongbo
Assistant coaches People's Republic of China Fu Bo
People's Republic of China Ou Chuliang

List of head coaches

# Name Period Played Won Drawn Lost GF GA Win % Achievements
1 People's Republic of China Li Fenglou 1951–1952 1 0 0 1 0 4 00.00%
2 Hungary A Joseph 1954–1956 3 2 0 1 4 6 66.67%
3 People's Republic of China Dai Linjing 1957 4 1 1 2 5 7 25.00%
4 People's Republic of China Chen Chengda 1958–1962 7 4 0 3 14 8 57.14%
5 People's Republic of China Nian Weisi 1963 13 7 3 3 26 11 53.85%
6 People's Republic of China Fang Renqiu 1964 0 0 0 0 0 0 00.00%
7 People's Republic of China Nian Weisi (2nd time) 1965–1973 28 19 6 3 97 40 67.86%
People's Republic of China Nian Weisi
People's Republic of China Ren Bin
1974–1976 27 14 5 8 58 40 51.85% 3rd place at the 1976 AFC Asian Cup
8 People's Republic of China Zhang Honggen 1977 10 6 1 3 20 12 60.00%
9 People's Republic of China Nian Weisi (3rd time) 1978 14 8 1 5 25 12 57.14% Bronze medal at the 1978 Asian Games
10 People's Republic of China Zhang Honggen (2nd time) 1979 0 0 0 0 0 0 00.00%
11 People's Republic of China Nian Weisi (4th time) 1980 5 2 2 1 11 4 40.00%
12 People's Republic of China Su Yongshun 1980–1982 20 9 5 6 20 18 45.00%
13 People's Republic of China Zhang Honggen (3rd time) 1982 10 3 5 2 11 10 30.00%
14 People's Republic of China Zeng Xuelin 1983–1985 42 24 6 12 99 35 57.14% Runners-up of the 1984 AFC Asian Cup
15 People's Republic of China Nian Weisi (5th time) 1985–1986 26 14 7 5 44 24 53.85%
16 People's Republic of China Gao Fengwen 1986–1990 56 27 13 16 112 40 48.21% 4th place at the 1988 AFC Asian Cup
17 People's Republic of China Xu Genbao 1991–1992 5 3 0 2 9 10 60.00%
18 Germany Klaus Schlappner 1992–1993 25 9 6 10 35 27 36.00% 3rd place at the 1992 AFC Asian Cup
19 People's Republic of China Qi Wusheng 1994–1997 55 27 13 15 97 60 49.09% Silver medal at the 1994 Asian Games
20 England Bobby Houghton 1997–1999 17 10 3 4 36 15 58.82% Bronze medal at the 1998 Asian Games
* People's Republic of China Jin Zhiyang (caretaker) 2000 5 5 0 0 31 0 100.00%
21 Serbia Mexico Bora Milutinović Jan 2000–Jun 2002 46 20 11 15 75 50 43.48% Round 1 of the 2002 FIFA World Cup
4th place at the 2000 AFC Asian Cup
* People's Republic of China Shen Xiangfu (caretaker) 2002 3 1 2 0 5 3 33.33%
22 Netherlands Arie Haan Dec 2002–Nov 2004 30 17 7 6 52 22 56.67% Runners-up of the 2004 AFC Asian Cup
23 People's Republic of China Zhu Guanghu Mar 2005–Jul 2007 27 9 6 12 35 37 33.33% Winners of the East Asian Cup 2005
24 Serbia Vladimir Petrović
Serbia Ratomir Dujković
Sep 2007–Jun 2008 18 6 7 5 28 16 33.33% Third place at the East Asian Cup 2008
* People's Republic of China Yin Tiesheng (caretaker) Dec 2008–Jan 2009 6 2 0 4 11 12 33.33%
25 People's Republic of China Gao Hongbo Apr 2009– 19 9 8 2 26 14 50.00% 2010 East Asian Football Championship Winners

References and notes

See also

External links


For current information on this topic, see 2009 in Chinese football.
China
File:China
Nickname(s) The Great Wall
Association Chinese Football Association
Confederation AFC (Asia)
Head coach Template:Country data CHN Gao Hongbo
Asst coach Template:Country data CHN Fu Bo
Captain Zheng Zhi
Most caps Li Ming (141)
Top scorer Hao Haidong (41)
Home stadium Workers Stadium
FIFA code CHN
FIFA ranking 108
Highest FIFA ranking 37 (December 1998)
Lowest FIFA ranking 108 (July 2009)
Elo ranking 71
Highest Elo ranking 26 (October 2001)
Home colours
Away colours
First international
 Philippines 0–1 China
(Manila, Philippines; January 31, 1913)
 Finland 4–0 China File:Flag of the People'
(Helsinki, Finland; August 4, 1952)
Biggest win
File:Flag of the People' China 19–0 Guam 
(Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; January 26, 2000)
Biggest defeat
 United States 5–0 China File:Flag of the People'
(Palo Alto, United States; April 4, 1992)
World Cup
Appearances 1 (First in 2002)
Best result Round 1, 2002
AFC Asian Cup
Appearances 9 (First in 1976)
Best result Runners-up, 1984 and 2004

The China national football team (simplified Chinese: 中国国家足球队; traditional Chinese: 中國國家足球隊; Pinyin:Zhōngguó Guójiā Zúqiú Duì) is the national football (soccer) team of China and is governed by the Chinese Football Association (CFA).

The China national team was founded in 1924 in the Republic of China under the auspices of the China Football Association and joined FIFA in 1931. Following the Chinese Civil War, the Chinese Football Association was formed in the newly founded People's Republic of China. This body remained part of FIFA until 1958, when it withdrew, rejoining in 1979. They have been perennial contenders for the Asian Cup, most recently finishing second in the 2004 AFC Asian Cup at home. But China failed to score a goal in their maiden FIFA World Cup appearance in the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Qualifying for the tournament has been considered the greatest accomplishment in China's football history.

After the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom in 1997, and Macau from Portugal in 1999, these two special administrative regions have continued to have their own teams, which play as "Hong Kong, China" and "Macau, China", respectively.

As football is widely followed in China, national team success is considered to be a source of national pride. Around 300 million people tuned in to broadcasts of China's World Cup 2002 matches with a staggering 170 million new television sets being bought by citizens in order to watch their nation's first World Cup appearance. There were over 250 million viewers for the 2004 Asian Cup final, the largest single-event sports audience in the country's history.[1] The team is colloquially referred to as Team China (中国队), the National Team (国家队) or Guozu (国足, lit. "national foot").

Contents

History

1949–1978

The national team under PRC name, played their first match in a friendly verse Finland on 4 August, 1952, which was one of the first nations to have diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.

For nearly 30 years, the team primarily played only friendly matches with nations that recognized the PRC, such as Albania, Cambodia, Egypt, Guinea, Hungary, North Korea, North Vietnam, and Sudan.

China also played once in the World Cup qualifying rounds, in 1958.

After re-joining in 1978

The national team began to make their way to national and international prominence in the beginning of the late—1980s through the introduction of televisions in Chinese households. Previously, the most popular international sports in China were the national women's football and volleyball teams as well as men's and women's table tennis. By 1980, China could start competing for a berth in the 1982 World Cup Finals.

Over the next 16 years, however, China missed the World Cup qualification time after time. In 1981, China lost a playoff game against the New Zealand team in a heartbreaking loss for the large home audience that followed the qualification process. During 1986 World Cup qualifying, China faced Hong Kong team in Beijing in the final match of the first qualifying round on May 19, 1985, where China only needed a draw for advance. However, Hong Kong team produced a 2–1 upset win, which resulted in a riot by local fans. During the 1998 World Cup qualifiers, China was on the verge of qualifying, but lost crucial matches at home, especially the matches against Qatar and Iran. Simply because of the demographics of the People's Republic of China, the team arguably has the most fans of any sporting team in the world, as with basketball. As a result, expectations soared in 2001 as China, under the direction of head coach Bora Milutinović, advanced to the World Cup finals in 2002. This was the first time in its history that China reached the finals.

However, the team failed to score a single goal, losing all three group matches and was eliminated from the competition.

Recent history

In recent years, many have pointed to two main weaknesses of the team. Despite a very organized and well-drilled defense, team China lacks good strikers and creative playmakers, who can also keep possession of the ball well. The team's main tactics against stronger teams tend to be both defensive and counterattacking, with long balls to a lone striker, who is quickly dispossessed of the ball due to lack of support.

In 2004, Dutch coach Arie Haan summed up his impression of Chinese football by saying, "Chinese players are very skilled, but the problem seemed to be related to the culture and psychology of the players," and that the psychological aspect tended to strongly influence the players. Former captain Li Weifeng illustrated this when he said that the Chinese team usually expects wins against weaker opposition but quickly gets irritated when things do not go to plan. This has often been attributed to the pressure, due to massive public expectations of the team during the World Cup qualifiers, for example. Many critics also point to the complacency of the team at critical moments, especially when they are holding a lead or playing weaker teams. In the 2006 World Cup qualifiers, the team managed to only score a single goal against Hong Kong in Hong Kong, a team which China was expected to washout with goals. European coaches who have worked or been in China often cite a lack of professionalism and discipline in Chinese football as the reasons for the Chinese national team's overall weakness. An example of this is the rampant corruption of the first division of the professional Chinese football league, especially the 'black whistles' scandals involving bribed referees fixing matches. This may be seen as an extension of modern Chinese society developing in a complex world of traditional culture involving personal relationships and capitalism.

Recently, an increasing number of talented, young Chinese players have moved to Europe to gain experience in a professional setting. Many are or were key players in the national team, such as Du Wei (Celtic), Zheng Zhi (Charlton Athletic), Li Tie (mainly Everton), Sun Jihai (Manchester City and Sheffield United), Shao Jiayi (1860 Munich and Energie Cottbus), Sun Xiang (PSV), Zhang Enhua (Grimsby Town), Ma Mingyu (Perugia), Fan Zhiyi (Crystal Palace and Dundee), Li Jinyu (Nancy), Yang Chen (best performances for Eintracht Frankfurt), and Xie Hui (best performances for Alemannia Aachen). Rising star striker Dong Fangzhuo played for Manchester United, and after several successful seasons with Belgian club Royal Antwerp, his Premiership debut came in a match against Chelsea at Stamford Bridge. Another potential star is Yu Dabao, who has been regularly scoring for the Benfica B team and is touted to break into the senior Benfica team next season. More players with European experience may yield better results for the national team. Key players Li Tie and Li Jinyu were part of the 'Jianlibao' team in the mid—1990s that trained young, talented players in Brazil.

The national team has produced some displays of controlled and creative football in friendlies, especially during the 0–0 draw against Brazil in November 2002 and the 3–1 loss to France in May 2006. After the 0–0 draw with Brazil, Cafu complimented the Chinese performance and said they were definitely capable of qualifying for the 2006 World Cup. The team, however, failed to advance through the preliminary qualification stage, losing to Kuwait on goals scored, even though China scored seven goals in a blow-out against Hong Kong in the last qualifying match. While qualifying for the 2007 Asian Cup, the team became the subject of immense criticism in the media and a national embarrassment when it scored only one goal (a Shao Jiayi penalty kick well into final injury time) against Singapore at home in Tianjin, and tied the Southeast Asian city-state in the away game. In preparation for the 2007 Asian Cup, the team spend the weeks leading up to the tournament on a tour of the United States. While the 4–1 loss to a streaking United States was not unexpected, a 1–0 loss to a Real Salt Lake team that had been winless in MLS raised many eyebrows.

In the Asian Cup 2007 tournament, the team played three inconsistent games, winning against Malaysia, drawing Iran after leading 2–0 at half time, and losing to Uzbekistan with an embarrassing 3–0 scoreline. Under high expectations, China's performance drew immense criticism on online communities, which condemned the coach Zhu Guanghu, players, along with the Chinese Football Association in general. Zhu was later replaced by Vladimir Petrović for this poor performance. Some commented that China's reliance on foreign coaches for the past decade has been an indicator of its poor domestic coach development system.[2] In June 2008, China had another poor performance at the World Cup Qualifiers, losing against Qatar and Iraq, and therefore missed the 2010 World Cup.

Rivalries

Traditionally, China's greatest rival has been Japan. This was exemplified in August 2004 that saw rioting by Chinese fans near the north gate of Beijing's Workers Stadium towards the end of the match between the two sides at the Asian Cup 2004 final, which Japan won 3–1 (accompanied by a handball).[3] The rioting was said to be provoked by controversial officiating and anti-Japanese sentiment resulting from historical tensions arising from several military conflicts between the two nations from the late-nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century (see First and Second Sino-Japanese Wars), as well as from lingering controversies, such as the issue of Japan's use of comfort women during World War II. China's most recent major tournament meeting with Japan was at the East Asian Cup 2005 final, in which the two teams drew 2–2. China went on to win the tournament, its first ever international football title.

One well-known rivalry is with neighbour South Korea. Although not as flammable as the rivalry with Japan, it is interesting to note that while China has played about 30 matches against South Korea since 1950 they have never won a head-to-head match. This is despite China finishing higher than South Korea in a number of tournaments. The media has coined the term "Koreaphobia" to describe such embarrassing phenomenon.

Home stadium

The Workers Stadium Chinese: 工人体育场 is a multi-purpose stadium in Beijing, China. It is mostly used for football matches. The stadium was built in 1959 and it was last renovated in 2004. It currently has a capacity of 70,161.

The stadium was the main venue for the 1990 Asian Games, where the opening and closing ceremonies were held. Some high attendance matches of Beijing Guoan Football Club are also held at the stadium.

Media coverage

Home and away matches are shown on CCTV-5, GDTV-Sports, STV-Sports, BTV-6 and the other local sports channels.

Kits

China's home kit is all red and the away kit is all white. The team's kit is currently sponsored by Adidas. China in certain climates use special heat body cooling vests.[4][5]

Fixtures and results

Honours

Runners-up (2): 1984, 2004
Third places (2): 1976, 1992
Runners-up (1): 1994
Third places (2): 1978, 1998
Winners (1): 2005
Runners-up (2): 1990, 1998
Third places (2): 2003, 2008

Competition history

  • DNE = Did not enter; DNQ = Did not qualify; QBW = Qualified but withdrew.
  • Pos = Position; P = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against.
  • Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.

FIFA World Cup record

Year Result Pos P W D L F A
1930 to 1954DNE-------
1958DNQ-------
1962 to 1978DNE-------
1982DNQ-------
1986DNQ-------
1990DNQ-------
Template:Country data USA 1994DNQ-------
1998DNQ-------
Template:Country data South KoreaTemplate:Country data Japan 2002First round 31300309
2006DNQ-------
2010DNQ-------
Total--300309

For 2014, see 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification

AFC Asian Cup record

Year Result Pos P W D L F A
1956 to 1972DNE-------
Template:Country data Iran 1976Third Place3411224
Template:Country data Kuwait 1980First round7411295
1984Runner-up26402114
1988Fourth Place4622275
Template:Country data Japan 1992Third Place3513166
Template:Country data UAE 1996Quarter-finals6410367
2000Fourth Place46222117
File:Flag of the People' 2004Runner-up26321136
Template:Country data Indonesia 2007First round9311176
Total--441612167250

For 2011, see 2011 AFC Asian Cup qualification

Olympic Games record

Year Result Pos P W D L F A
1900 to 1928DNE-------
1936First round12100102
Template:Country data GBR 1948First round14100104
Template:Country data FIN 1952QBW-000000
Template:Country data AUS 1956QBW-000000
1960 to 1976DNE-------
Template:Country data URS 1980DNQ-------
Template:Country data USA 1984DNQ-------
Template:Country data KOR 1988First round14301205
Total*--8026117

* Including 1988 onwards

For 1992 to 2012, see China national under-23 football team

Asian Games record

Year Result Pos P W D L F A
1951 to 1970DNE-------
Template:Country data IRN 1974First round10310274
Template:Country data THA 1978Third place37502165
Template:Country data IND 1982Quarter-finals11421143
Template:Country data KOR 1986Quarter-finals94211107
Template:Country data CHN 1990Quarter-finals10420284
Template:Country data JPN 1994Runners-up27511168
Template:Country data THA 1998Third place38602247
Total*--452941210243

* Including 1998 onwards

For 2002 to 2010, see China national under-23 football team

East Asian Cup record

Year Result Pos P W D L F A
Template:Country data CHN 1990Runners-up2421142
Template:Country data CHN 1992Fourth place4301226
Template:Country data Hong Kong 1995Fourth place4403123
Template:Country data JPN 1998Runners-up2320142
Template:Country data JPN 2003Third place3310234
Template:Country data KOR 2005Champions1312053
Template:Country data CHN 2008Third place3310255
Template:Country data JPN 2010--------
Total--237792525

Far Eastern Championship Games record

Year Result Pos P W D L F A
1913Runners-up2210122
1915Champions1312021
1917Champions1220080
File:Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg 1919Champions1320153
1921Champions1220051
1923Champions1220081
File:Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg 1925Champions1220071
1927Champions1220082
1930Champions1211083
File:Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg 1934Champions1330073
Total9 titles92318326017

Player history

China captains

Period Captain Vice Captain Third Captain
1951 Wang Shouxian - -
1952–1954 Guo Hongbin - -
1955–1959 Sun Fucheng - -
1960–1964 Chen Jialiang - -
1965–1969 Gao Fengwen Xu Genbao -
1969–1972 Gao Fengwen Qi Wusheng Xiang Hengqing
1972–1975 Qi Wusheng Xu Genbao Xiang Hengqing
1976–1979 Xiang Hengqing Chi Shangbin He Jia
1979–1981 Chi Shangbin Rong Zhihang Huang Xiangdong
1981–1982 Chi Shangbin Huang Xiangdong Zuo Shusheng
1983–1985 Zuo Shusheng Li Fusheng
1986–1987 Zhu Bo Jia Xiuquan Ma Lin
1987–1988 Jia Xiuquan Zhu Bo Ma Lin
1989–1992 Zhu Bo Jia Xiuquan Ma Lin
1993–1994 Zhu Bo Wu Qunli Xu Hong
1994–1996 Xu Hong
1996–1997 Fan Zhiyi Xu Hong
1998–1999 Fan Zhiyi Zhang Enhua
2000–2001 Ma Mingyu Li Ming Qi Hong
2002 Ma Mingyu Fan Zhiyi
2003–2004 Li Weifeng Zheng Zhi Zhao Junzhe
2005–2006 Li Weifeng Zhao Junzhe Ji Mingyi
2006 Zheng Zhi Zhao Junzhe Ji Mingyi
2007 Zheng Zhi Sun Jihai Ji Mingyi
2008 Zheng Zhi Li Weifeng Zhao Junzhe
present Du Wei Wang Xiao Zhou Haibin

Most capped players

As of June 22, 2008, the players with the most caps for China are:

PosPlayerCapsTenure
1Li Ming1411992–2004
2Jia Xiuquan1361983–1992
3Fan Zhiyi1321992–2002
4Xie Yuxin1201987–1996
5Li Fusheng1191976–1984
6Hao Haidong1161992–2004
7Lin Lefeng1131977–1986
8Ou Chuliang1091992–2002
9Li Weifeng1051998–present

* The players in bold typeface are still active in football.

Top goalscorers

As of Jan 21, 2009, the players with the most goals scored for China are:

PosPlayerGoalsTenure
1Hao Haidong411992 - 2004
2Liu Haiguang361983 - 1990
3Ma Lin331984 - 1990
4Li Hui281983 - 1988
5Su Maozhen261992 - 2002
5Li Jinyu261996 - present
7Zuo Shusheng231979 - 1985
8Zhao Dayu191982 - 1986
8Fan Zhiyi191992 - 2002
8Mai Chao191986 - 1992
11Gu Guangming151979 - 1985
12Jia Xiuquan141984 - 1993
13Xie Yuxin131988 - 1996
13Li Weifeng131998 - present
15Peng Weiguo121992 - 2000
15Huang Xiangdong121977 - 1983
15Ma Mingyu121996 - 2002
15Zheng Zhi122002 - present
19Gao Hongbo111992 - 1997
19Yang Chen111998 - 2004
19Qi Hong111998 - 2004
19Qu Bo112000 - present

* The players in bold typeface are still active in football.

China squad

Most recent squad

File:China national football team
Team photo versus Australia 22 June 2008 at Stadium Australia, Sydney. China won 1–0.

Squad called up for the training session from 9 July to 26 July, 2009.

Name DOB Club Caps (Goals)
Goalkeepers
Guan Zhen Feb 6, 1985 File:Flag of the People' Jiangsu Sainty 0 (0)
Yang Zhi Jun 6, 1983 File:Flag of the People' Beijing Guoan 3 (0)
Zeng Cheng Jan 8, 1987 File:Flag of the People' Henan Construction 1 (0)
Defenders
Chen Lei Oct 16, 1985 File:Flag of the People' Shenzhen Asia Travel 1 (0)
Cheng Liang Mar 3, 1977 File:Flag of the People' Shanghai Shenhua 2 (0)
Du Wei Feb 9, 1982 File:Flag of the People' Shanghai Shenhua 34 (2)
Liu Jianye Jun 17, 1987 File:Flag of the People' Changsha Ginde 0 (0)
Rong Hao Apr 7, 1984 File:Flag of the People' Jiangsu Sainty 2 (0)
Sun Xiang Jan 15, 1982 File:Flag of the People' Shanghai Shenhua 44 (4)
Wan Houliang Feb 25, 1986 Template:Country data South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors 1 (0)
Wang Qiang Jul 23, 1984 File:Flag of the People' Changsha Ginde 0 (0)
Zhang Xinxin Oct 19, 1983 File:Flag of the People' Beijing Guoan 0 (0)
Zhao Peng Jun 20, 1983 File:Flag of the People' Henan Construction 2 (0)
Midfielders
Chen Tao Mar 11, 1985 File:Flag of the People' Shanghai Shenhua 7 (0)
Deng Zhuoxiang Oct 24, 1988 File:Flag of the People' Jiangsu Sainty 0 (0)
Hao Junmin Mar 24, 1987 File:Flag of the People' Tianjin Teda 20 (4)
Liu Jindong Dec 9, 1981 File:Flag of the People' Shandong Luneng 12 (1)
Lu Feng Nov 12, 1981 File:Flag of the People' Henan Construction 3 (0)
Yan Feng Feb 7, 1982 File:Flag of the People' Changchun Yatai 0 (0)
Yang Hao Aug 19, 1983 File:Flag of the People' Beijing Guoan 2 (0)
Yu Hai Jun 4, 1987 File:Flag of the People' Shaanxi Chanba 1 (0)
Zhao Xuri Dec 3, 1985 File:Flag of the People' Dalian Shide 22 (1)
Zheng Long Apr 15, 1988 File:Flag of the People' Qingdao Jonoon 0 (0)
Strikers
Gao Lin Feb 14, 1986 File:Flag of the People' Shanghai Shenhua 22 (4)
Han Peng Sep 13, 1983 File:Flag of the People' Shandong Luneng 22 (7)
Jiang Ning Sep 1, 1986 File:Flag of the People' Qingdao Jonoon 13 (2)
Qu Bo Jul 15, 1981 File:Flag of the People' Qingdao Jonoon 45 (11)
Tan Si Jan 6, 1987 File:Flag of the People' Jiangsu Sainty 0 (0)
Tan Yang Jan 9, 1989 File:Flag of the People' Hangzhou Greentown 0 (0)

Recent call-ups (within the last 12 months)

Name DOB Club Caps (Goals) Last Appearance
Goalkeepers
Song Zhenyu Sep 11, 1981 File:Flag of the People' Changsha Ginde 12 (0) v Vietnam (Jan 21, 2009)
Yang Jun Jun 10, 1981 File:Flag of the People' Tianjin Teda 4 (0) v Saudi Arabia (Jun 4, 2009)
Zong Lei Jul 26, 1981 File:Flag of the People' Changchun Yatai 12 (0) v Iran (Dec 19, 2008)
Defenders
Cao Yang Dec 15, 1981 File:Flag of the People' Tianjin Teda 32 (2) v Saudi Arabia (Jun 4, 2009)
Feng Xiaoting Oct 22, 1985 Template:Country data South Korea Daegu FC 9 (0) v Iran (Jun 1, 2009)
He Yang Feb 23, 1983 File:Flag of the People' Tianjin Teda 1 (0) v Iran (Jun 1, 2009)
Jiao Zhe Aug 21, 1981 File:Flag of the People' Shandong Luneng 5 (0) v Vietnam (Jan 21, 2009)
Wang Xiao Aug 30, 1979 File:Flag of the People' Tianjin Teda 13 (0) v Syria (Jan 14, 2009)
Wu Hao Feb 19, 1983 File:Flag of the People' Shandong Luneng 8 (0) v Vietnam (Jan 21, 2009)
Yuan Weiwei Nov 25, 1985 File:Flag of the People' Shandong Luneng 3 (0) v Jordan (Dec 21, 2008)
Zhang Xiaofei Jul 11, 1982 File:Flag of the People' Changchun Yatai 7 (0) v Jordan (Dec 21, 2009)
Zhang Yaokun Apr 17, 1981 File:Flag of the People' Dalian Shide 39 (3) v Syria (Jan 14, 2009)
Midfielders
Cui Peng May 31, 1987 File:Flag of the People' Shandong Luneng 2 (0) v Iran (Dec 19, 2008)
Du Zhenyu Feb 10, 1983 File:Flag of the People' Changchun Yatai 24 (2) v Vietnam (Jan 21, 2009)
Huang Bowen Jul 13, 1987 File:Flag of the People' Beijing Guoan 8 (1) v Vietnam (Jan 21, 2009)
Hui Jiakang Jan 15, 1989 Unattached 1 (0) v Iran (Dec 19, 2008)
Liu Jian Aug 20, 1984 File:Flag of the People' Qingdao Jonoon 21 (4) v Iran (Jun 1, 2009)
Shen Longyuan Mar 2, 1985 File:Flag of the People' Shanghai Shenhua 5 (0) v Vietnam (Jan 21, 2009)
Wang Dong Sep 10, 1981 File:Flag of the People' Changchun Yatai 30 (4) v Syria (Jan 14, 2009)
Wang Xinxin Apr 27, 1981 File:Flag of the People' Tianjin Teda 5 (1) v Saudi Arabia (Jun 4, 2009)
Wang Yongpo Jan 19, 1987 File:Flag of the People' Shandong Luneng 1 (0) v Iran (Jun 1, 2009)
Wu Wei'an Sep 1, 1981 File:Flag of the People' Tianjin Teda 5 (1) v Saudi Arabia (Jun 4, 2009)
Xu Yang Jun 18, 1987 File:Flag of the People' Henan Construction 1 (0) v Iran (Jun 1, 2009)
Yu Hanchao Feb 25, 1987 File:Flag of the People' Liaoning Hongyun 2 (0) v Iran (Jun 1, 2009)
Zheng Zhi Aug 20, 1980 Unattached 48 (12) v Saudi Arabia (Jun 4, 2009)
Zhou Haibin Jul 19, 1985 PSV Eindhoven 39 (3) v Iran (Jun 1, 2009)
Strikers
Cao Tianbao Apr 3, 1982 File:Flag of the People' Changchun Yatai 1 (0) v Iran (Jun 1, 2009)
Du Wenhui Dec 19, 1983 File:Flag of the People' Beijing Guoan 3 (0) v Iran (Dec 19, 2008)
Mao Biao Jul 24, 1987 File:Flag of the People' Tianjin Teda 1 (0) v Saudi Arabia (Jun 4, 2009)
Shi Jun Oct 9, 1982 File:Flag of the People' Chengdu Blades 6 (0) v Jordan (Dec 21, 2008)
Zhu Ting Jul 15, 1985 File:Flag of the People' Dalian Shide 16 (3) v Iran (Jan 9, 2009)

Previous squads

Coaching staff

Current coaching staff

Head Coach Template:Country data CHN Gao Hongbo
Assistant coaches Template:Country data CHN Fu Bo
Template:Country data CHN Ou Chuliang

List of head coaches

# Name Period Played Won Drawn Lost GF GA Win % Achievements
1 File:Flag of the People' Li Fenglou 1951–1952 1 0 0 1 0 4 00.00%
2 A Joseph 1954–1956 3 2 0 1 4 6 66.67%
3 File:Flag of the People' Dai Linjing 1957 4 1 1 2 5 7 25.00%
4 File:Flag of the People' Chen Chengda 1958–1962 7 4 0 3 14 8 57.14%
5 File:Flag of the People' Nian Weisi 1963 13 7 3 3 26 11 53.85%
6 File:Flag of the People' Fang Renqiu 1964 0 0 0 0 0 0 00.00%
7 File:Flag of the People' Nian Weisi (2nd time) 1965–1973 28 19 6 3 97 40 67.86%
File:Flag of the People' Nian Weisi
File:Flag of the People' Ren Bin
1974–1976 27 14 5 8 58 40 51.85% 3rd place at the 1976 AFC Asian Cup
8 File:Flag of the People' Zhang Honggen 1977 10 6 1 3 20 12 60.00%
9 File:Flag of the People' Nian Weisi (3rd time) 1978 14 8 1 5 25 12 57.14% Bronze medal at the 1978 Asian Games
10 File:Flag of the People' Zhang Honggen (2nd time) 1979 0 0 0 0 0 0 00.00%
11 File:Flag of the People' Nian Weisi (4th time) 1980 5 2 2 1 11 4 40.00%
12 File:Flag of the People' Su Yongshun 1980–1982 20 9 5 6 20 18 45.00%
13 File:Flag of the People' Zhang Honggen (3rd time) 1982 10 3 5 2 11 10 30.00%
14 File:Flag of the People' Zeng Xuelin 1983–1985 42 24 6 12 99 35 57.14% Runners-up of the 1984 AFC Asian Cup
15 File:Flag of the People' Nian Weisi (5th time) 1985–1986 26 14 7 5 44 24 53.85%
16 File:Flag of the People' Gao Fengwen 1986–1990 56 27 13 16 112 40 48.21% 4th place at the 1988 AFC Asian Cup
17 File:Flag of the People' Xu Genbao 1991–1992 5 3 0 2 9 10 60.00%
18 Klaus Schlappner 1992–1993 25 9 6 10 35 27 36.00% 3rd place at the 1992 AFC Asian Cup
19 File:Flag of the People' Qi Wusheng 1994–1997 55 27 13 15 97 60 49.09% Silver medal at the 1994 Asian Games
20 Bobby Houghton 1997–1999 17 10 3 4 36 15 58.82% Bronze medal at the 1998 Asian Games
* File:Flag of the People' Jin Zhiyang (caretaker) 2000 5 5 0 0 31 0 100.00%
21 Bora Milutinović Jan 2000–Jun 2002 46 20 11 15 75 50 43.48% Round 1 of the 2002 FIFA World Cup
4th place at the 2000 AFC Asian Cup
* File:Flag of the People' Shen Xiangfu (caretaker) 2002 3 1 2 0 5 3 33.33%
22 Arie Haan Dec 2002–Nov 2004 30 17 7 6 52 22 56.67% Runners-up of the 2004 AFC Asian Cup
23 File:Flag of the People' Zhu Guanghu Mar 2005–Jul 2007 27 9 6 12 35 37 33.33% Winners of the East Asian Cup 2005
24 Vladimir Petrović
Ratomir Dujković
Sep 2007–Jun 2008 18 6 7 5 28 16 33.33%
* Template:Country data CHN Yin Tiesheng (caretaker) Dec 2008–Jan 2009 6 2 0 4 11 12 33.33%
25 Template:Country data CHN Gao Hongbo Apr 2009–Jan 2010 3 1 1 1 3 5 33.33%

References and notes

See also

External links

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