The Full Wiki

Chinese Mountain Cat: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chinese Mountain Cat[1]
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Felis
Species: F. bieti
Binomial name
Felis bieti
Milne-Edwards, 1892

The Chinese Mountain Cat (Felis bieti), also known as the Chinese Desert Cat, is a small wild cat of western China. It is the least known member of the genus Felis, the common cats. A 2007 study found that it is more likely a subspecies of Felis silvestris; if so, it would be named Felis silvestris bieti.[3]

Some authorities regard the chutchta and vellerosa subspecies of the Wildcat as Chinese Mountain Cat subspecies.[1]

Contents

Description

Except for the colour of its fur, this cat resembles a European Wildcat in its physical appearance. It is 27–33 in (68.6–83.8 cm) long, plus a 11.5–16 in (29.2–40.6 cm) tail. The adult weight can range from 4.5 to 9 kg (10 to 20 lbs). The fur is sand-coloured; the underside is whitish, legs and tail bear black rings. In addition there are pallid vertical bars, which may be hardly visible.

Range and Habitat

The Chinese Mountain Cat is endemic to China and has a limited distribution over the northeastern parts of the Tibetan Plateau in Qinghai and northern Sichuan [4] It inhabits sparsely-wooded forests and shrublands, and is occasionally found in true deserts. It can live in environments as much as 3,000 meters (10,000 feet) in elevation.

History

The species was first described in 1892 and is known only from six animals, which lived in Chinese Zoos in 2007 and a few skins in museums. In summer 2007 some photos of this elusive cat were caught by camera traps in Sichuan.[5]

Hunting and Diet

The Chinese Mountain Cat is active at night; it hunts for rodents, pikas and birds. This cat is protected in China, but it is still endangered due to the organised poisoning of pikas, its main prey; these poisonings either kill the cats unintentionally, or withdraw their food basis.

References

  1. ^ a b Wozencraft, W. C. (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds). ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 534. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3.  
  2. ^ Breitenmoser, U., Breitenmoser-Wursten, C., Sanderson, J., Mallon, D.P. & Driscoll, C. (2008). Felis silvestris ssp. bieti. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 18 January 2009. Database entry includes justification for why this species is vulnerable
  3. ^ "The Near Eastern Origin of Cat Domestication". http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/1139518. Retrieved July 7, 2007.  
  4. ^ Li He, Rosa García-Perea, Ming Li and Fuwen Wei: Distribution and conservation status of the endemic Chinese mountain cat Felis bieti. Oryx (2004), 38: 55-61 Cambridge University Press. 2004
  5. ^ Science 317, S. 1151, 31. August 2007 pdf

External Links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message