The Full Wiki

Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference emblem.png
Emblem of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Jia Qinglin

since March 2003
Appointer CPPCC National Committee
Inaugural holder Mao Zedong
Formation October 1949
Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
People's Republic of China

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the People's Republic of China

See: Politics of Hong Kong and Macau

Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal

The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference [About this sound Listen ] (simplified Chinese: 中国人民政治协商会议traditional Chinese: 中國人民政治協商會議pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Zhèngzhì Xiéshāng Huìyì, shortened as 人民政协, Rénmín Zhèngxié, i.e. "People's PCC"; or just 政协, Zhèngxié, i.e. "The PCC"), abbreviated CPPCC, is a political advisory body in the People's Republic of China. The organization consists of delegates from a range of political parties and organizations, as well as independent members, in China. The proportion of representation of the various parties is determined by established convention, negotiated between the parties.

In practice, the largest and dominant party in the Conference is the Communist Party of China. Other members are drawn from the United Front parties allied with the CPC, and from independent members who are not members of any party. The Conference is, to a large degree, controlled by the Communist Party, but it is intended to appear to be more representative and be composed of a broader range of people than is typical of government office in the People's Republic of China.

The National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会, Zhōngguó Rénmín Zhèngzhì Xiéshāng Huìyì Quanguo Weiyuanhui, shortened as 全国政协, Quánguó Zhèngxié, i.e. "National PCC") typically holds a yearly meeting at the same time as plenary sessions of the National People's Congress (NPC). Both CPPCC and NPC plenary sessions are often called the Lianghui (The Two Meetings), making important national level political decisions.

A less common translation is "the National Congress". This translation is discouraged, as it causes confusion with the National People's Congress as well as with the National Congress of the Communist Party of China.



The Conference dated prior to the existence of People's Republic of China. During negotiations between the Communist Party of China and the Kuomintang in 1945, the two parties agreed to open multi-party talks on post-war political reforms via a Political Consultative Conference. This was included in the Double Ten Accord. This agreement was implemented by the National Government, who organised the first Political Consultative Assembly from January 10 - 31, 1946. Representatives of the Kuomintang, Communist Party of China, Chinese Youth Party, and China Democratic League, as well as independent delegates, attended the conference in Chongqing.

In 1949, with the Communist Party having gained control of most of mainland China, they organised a "new" Political Consultative Conference in September, inviting delegates from various friendly parties to attend and discuss the establishment of a new state. This conference was then renamed the People's Political Consultative Conference. The first conference approved the Common Program, which served as the de facto Constitution for the next five years. The conference approved the new national anthem, flag, capital city, and state name, and elected the first government of the People's Republic of China. In effect, the first People's Political Consultative Conference served as a constitutional convention.

From 1949 to 1954, the conference became the de-facto legislature of the PRC. In 1954, the Constitution transferred this function to the National People's Congress.

Present role

The role that CPPCC plays in the Chinese government is stated in the preamble of the PRC Constitution. In practice, its role and powers are somewhat analogous to an advisory legislative upper house and there have been occasional proposals to formalize this role in the PRC Constitution.

The People’s Political Consultative Daily

The People’s Political Consultative Daily (《人民政协报》) is the press window of information on direct policies and viewpoints of the CPPCC. Like most of the Chinese political organs, the newspaper serves as the mouthpiece and press for the conference. Compare with other governmental newspapers, such as The People's Daily or The PLA Daily, The People’s Political Consultative Daily is not as hard line, but rather smooth in terms of wording. This is geared towards the nature of the organization which many non-party members also participate in the conference.

List of Chairmen

# Chairmen of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Took office Left office Term
Romanized Hanzi
(Simplified / Traditional)
01 Mao Zedong 毛泽东 / 毛澤東 Mao Zedong portrait.jpg October 1949 December 1954 01
02 Zhou Enlai 周恩来 / 周恩來 Cropped ZhouAndDeng.png December 1954 April 1959 02
April 1959 January 1965 03
January 1965 January 8, 1976 04
(vacant) January 8, 1976 March 1978
03 Deng Xiaoping 邓小平 / 鄧小平 DengXiaoping.jpg March 1978 June 1983 05
04 Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 / 鄧穎超 Cropped ZhouAndDeng1.png June 1983 April 1988 06
05 Li Xiannian 李先念 Li Xiannian.jpg April 1988 March 1993 07
06 Li Ruihuan 李瑞环 / 李瑞環 Li Ruihuan.png March 1993 March 1998 08
March 1998 March 2003 09
07 Jia Qinglin 贾庆林 / 賈慶林 Jia Qinglin VOA.jpg March 2003 March 2008 10
March 2008 Incumbent 11

Annual sessions

External links



Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address