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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Chinese cuisine
HistoryHistorical books
Regional cuisines
Eight Great Traditions[citation needed]

Anhui - Cantonese - Fujian - Hunan
Jiangsu - Shandong - Szechuan - Zhejiang

Four Great Traditions[1]

Shandong - Sichuan - Cantonese - Huaiyang

Beijing and the vicinity

ImperialaristocratLiaoningTianjin

People's Republic of China

Chaozhou – Guangxi – HubeiJiangxi
Hainan – Hakka - Shanxi - Hong Kong
Huaiyang - Northeastern - Guizhou - Shaanxi
Shanghai - Macanese - Henan - Yunnan
Tibetan (Xizang)* - Xinjiang (Uyghurs)*

Republic of China

Taiwanese

Overseas cuisine

Australia – BurmaCanadaCaribbean
Philippines – Germany – India
IndonesiaJapanKorea
MalaysiaPeranakan - PerúSingapore – Thailand
Vietnam – United States

Religious cuisines

Buddhist - Islamic

Ingredients and types of food

Main dishes – Desserts – Bread
Drinks – Noodles – Condiments

Preparation and cooking

Stir fryingDouble steamingRed cooking


Chinese cuisine is a term for styles of food originating in the regions of China, many of which have become widespread and popular in other parts of the world — from Asia to the Americas, Australia, Western Europe and Southern Africa. Where there are historical immigrant Chinese populations, the style of food has evolved – for example, American Chinese cuisine and Indian Chinese cuisine are prominent examples of Chinese cuisine that has been adapted to suit local palates. In recent years, connoisseurs of Chinese have also sprouted in Eastern Europe and South Asia. The culinary Michelin Guide has also taken an interest in Chinese cuisine, establishing Hong Kong and Macao versions of its publication.

Contents

Presentation

A Chinese painting of an outdoor banquet. The painting is a Song Dynasty remake of a Tang Dynasty original.

In most dishes in Chinese cuisine, food is prepared in bite-sized pieces, ready for direct picking up and eating. In traditional Chinese cultures, chopsticks are used at the table.

Traditional Chinese cuisine is also based on opposites, whereby hot balances cold, pickled balances fresh and spicy balances mild.

Contemporary health trends

According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimates for 2001–2003, 12% of the population of the People’s Republic of China was undernourished.[2] The number of undernourished people in the country has fallen from 386.6 million in 1969–1971 to 150.0 million in 2001–2003.[3]

Undernourishment is a problem mainly in the central and western part of the country, while "unbalanced nutrition" has made chronic diseases more prevalent. As of 2008, 22.8 percent of the population were overweight and 18.8 percent had high blood pressure. The number of diabetes cases in China is the highest in the world. In 1959, the incidence of high blood pressure was only 5.9 percent.[4][5]

Prior to the increased industrialization and modernization following the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, a typical Chinese peasant would have eaten meat or animal products (including eggs) rarely and most meals would have consisted of rice accompanied with green vegetables, with protein coming from foods like peanuts and soy products. Fats and sugar were luxuries not eaten on a regular basis by most of the population. With increasing wealth, Chinese diets have become richer over time, consuming more meats, fats, and sugar.

Health advocates put some of the blame on the increased popularity of US foods, especially fast food, and other culinary products and habits. Many US fast food chains have appeared in China, and are highly successful economically. These include McDonald's, Pizza Hut, and Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC).

An extensive epidemiological study called the China Project is being conducted to observe the relationship of disease patterns to diet, particularly the move from the traditional Chinese diet to one which incorporates more rich US-style foods. Controversially, Professor T. Colin Campbell, an "outspoken vegan",[6] has implicated the increased consumption of animal protein in particular as having a strong correlation with cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and other diseases that, while common in Western countries, were once considered rare in China. He suggests that even a small increase in the consumption of animal protein can dramatically raise the risk of the aforementioned diseases.[citation needed]

Notes

External links

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Singular
Chinese cuisine

Plural
uncountable

Chinese cuisine (uncountable)

  1. The various styles of cuisine in the various regions of China
  2. The generalised style of food found in Chinese restaurants elsewhere in the world

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