Chinese emperors family tree (ancient): Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a family tree of Chinese kings in the ancient periods before the rise of the First Emperor.

Chinese emperors family tree (ancient)Chinese emperors family tree (early)Chinese emperors family tree (middle)Chinese emperors family tree (late)


Five Emperors

The legendary Five Emperors were traditionally regarded as the founders of the Chinese state. The Records of the Grand Historian states that Shaohao (or Xuanxiao 玄囂 as he is known) did not accede to the throne while Emperor Zhi's ephemeral and uneventful rule disqualify him from the Five Emperors in all sources. Other sources name Yu the Great, the founder of the Xia Dynasty, as the last of the Five. Pretenders are italicized.

(1) Huangdi 黃帝
(2) Shaohao 少昊
Changyi 昌意
Jiaoji 蟜極
(3) Zhuanxu 顓頊
(4) Ku
Qiongchan 窮蟬
(5) Zhi
(6) Yao
Jingkang 敬康
(8) Yu
Danzhu 丹朱
Juwang 句望
Qiaoniu 橋牛
Gusou 瞽叟
Ehuang 娥皇
(7) Shun
Nuying 女英
Shangjun 商均

Xia Dynasty

This is a family tree for the Xia Dynasty which ruled circa 2100–1600 BC. The historicity of the dynasty has sometimes been questioned, but circumstantial archaeological evidence supports its existence.

(1) Yu the Great 大禹
(2) Qi
(3) Tai Kang 太康
(4) Zhong Kang 仲康
(5) Xiang
(6) Shaokang 少康
(7) Zhu
(8) Huai
(9) Mang
(10) Xie
(11) Bu Jiang 不降
(12) Jiong
(14) Kong Jia 孔甲
(13) Jin
(15) Gao
(16) Fa
(17) Jie

Shang Dynasty

This is a family tree for the Shang Dynasty, which ruled China proper between circa 1600 BC and 1046 BC. It should be noted that all dates prior to 841 BC are speculative, and subject to dispute. The dates given here are taken from this internet source.

1600-1588 BC
Da Ding 大丁
Wai Bing 外丙
1588-1586 BC
Zhong Ren 仲壬
1586-1582 BC
Tai Jia 太甲
1582-1570 BC
Wo Ding 沃丁
1570-1541 BC
Tai Geng 太庚
Xiao Jia 小甲
1516-1499 BC
Yong Ji 雍己
1499-1486 BC
Tai Wu 太戊
1486-1411 BC
Zhong Ding 仲丁
1411-1400 BC
Wai Ren 外壬
1400-1385 BC
He Dan Jia 河亶甲
1385-1376 BC
Zu Yi 祖乙
1376-1357 BC
Zu Xin 祖辛
1357-1341 BC
Wo Jia 沃甲
1341-1336 BC
Zu Ding 祖丁
1336-1327 BC
Nan Geng 南庚
1327-1321 BC
Yang Jia 陽甲
1321-1300 BC
Pan Geng 盤庚
1300-1272 BC
Xiao Xin 小辛
1272-1269 BC
Xiao Yi 小乙
1269-1259 BC
Wu Ding 武丁
1259-1200 BC
Zu Geng 祖庚
1200-1189 BC
Zu Jia 祖甲
1189-1156 BC
Lin Xin 廩辛
1156-1152 BC
Kang Ding 康丁
1152-1144 BC
Wu Yi 武乙
1144-1109 BC
Wen Ding 文丁
1109-1096 BC
Di Yi 帝乙
1096-1075 BC
Di Xin 帝辛
1075-1046 BC

Zhou Dynasty

This is a family tree for the Zhou Dynasty, descendants of Duke Wu of Zhou who overthrew the last Shang ruler Di Xin, thereby establishing the dynasty. Ruling from 1046 BC to 256 BC, it is notable as the longest dynasty in Chinese history, although the actual political and military control of China by the dynasty only lasted during the Western Zhou, and the first historically attested date is the start of the Gonghe regency in 841 BC: dates prior to this are speculative.

Wen wang 文王
(1099-1050 BC)
Wu wang 武王
(1050- ) 1046-1043 BC
Cheng wang 成王
1042-1021 BC
Kang wang 康王
1021-996 BC
Zhao wang 昭王
996-977 BC
Mu wang 穆王
977-922 BC
Gong wang 共王
922-900 BC
Xiao wang 孝王
891-886 BC
Yi wang 懿王
900-891 BC
Yi wang 夷王
885-878 BC
Li wang 厲王
877-841 BC
Gonghe 共和
as regent
841-828 BC
Xuan wang 宣王
827-782 BC
You wang 幽王
781-771 BC
Xie Wang 携王
Ping wang 平王
771-720 BC
Cr. Prince Xiefu 太子泄父
Huan wang 桓王
720-697 BC
Zhuang wang 莊王
697-682 BC
Xi wang 僖王
682-677 BC
Prince Tui 王子颓
Hui wang 惠王
677-652 BC
Xiang wang 襄王
651-619 BC
Prince Dai 王子带
Qing wang 頃王
618-613 BC
Kuang wang 匡王
612-607 BC
Ding wang 定王
606-586 BC
Jian wang 簡王
585-572 BC
Ling wang 靈王
571-545 BC
Jing wang 景王
544-520 BC
Prince Chao 王子朝
Dao wang 悼王
Jing wang 敬王
520-476 BC
Yuan wang 元王
475-469 BC
Zhending wang 貞定王
468-441 BC
Ai wang 哀王
441 BC
Si wang 思王
441 BC
Kao wang 考王
440-426 BC
Weilie wang 威烈王
425-402 BC
An wang 安王
401-376 BC
Lie wang 烈王
375-369 BC
Xian wang 顯王
368-321 BC
Shenjing wang 慎靚王
320-315 BC
Nan wang 赧王
314-256 BC


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