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The term Chinese people may refer to any of the following:
.
  • People who reside in and hold citizenship of the People's Republic of China (mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau) or the Republic of China (Taiwan).^ After the People's Republic of China was built up.

    ^ All persons holding the nationality of the People's Republic of China are citizens of the People's Republic of China.
    • Constitution of the People's Republic of China - Wikisource 14 January 2010 17:017 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]
    • CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA 15 September 2009 6:45 UTC english.peopledaily.com.cn [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Taiwan is part of the sacred territory of the People's Republic of China.
    • Constitution of the People's Republic of China - Wikisource 14 January 2010 17:017 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]
    • CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA 15 September 2009 6:45 UTC english.peopledaily.com.cn [Source type: Original source]

    This definition stems from a legal perspective. .(Note: Whether citizenship in the Republic of China makes one "Chinese" is subject of some political debate as supporters of Taiwan independence do not consider Taiwan to be part of China)
  • The Zhonghua minzu (sometimes translated as "Chinese nation"), a supra-ethnic concept which includes all 56 ethnic groups live in China that are officially recognized by the government of the People's Republic of China, such as Han, Zhuang, Manchu, Tibetans, and other established ethnic groups who have lived within the borders of China since at least the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911).^ The demonstration of Han Chinese politeness .

    ^ After the People's Republic of China was built up.

    ^ This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the People's Republic of China .
    • http://w2.hidemyass.com/index.php?q=aHR0cDovL2VuLndpa2lwZWRpYS5vcmcvd2lraS9Gb3JlaWduX3JlbGF0aW9uc19vZl90aGVfUGVvcGxlJTI3c19SZXB1YmxpY19vZl9DaGluYQ%3D%3D 15 September 2009 4:04 UTC w2.hidemyass.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    It may also include overseas Chinese.
  • People of Han Chinese ancestry, who are often simply referred to as "Chinese" or "ethnic Chinese" in English.
Apart from nationality (legal) reasons, place of residence (geographical factors), race (biological reasons), and ancestry (historical and genealogical factors) are involved in defining "Chineseness".

Contents

Chinese-language terms

Mandarin

Term Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Explanation
Zhōnggúorén 中國人 中国人 refers to a person of a state called "China". Some use this term to refer to anyone who holds citizenship of the People's Republic of China or the Republic of China, regardless of ethnicity. Others use it only for citizens of the People's Republic of China. Usage can depend on political views about the status of the Republic of China.
Huárén 華人 华人 an overall term to refer to any person of Chinese descent, including those in China and abroad. However, this term is more commonly used in referring to the overseas Chinese community and sometimes overseas Chinese minorities.
Huáqíao 華僑 华侨 refers to a Chinese national or citizen living in a foreign country, who still holds Chinese citizenship. This term was more commonly used before 1949, when China provided citizenship for many overseas Chinese.
Huáyì 華裔 华裔 refers to a person of Chinese descent living in a foreign country, who does not hold a citizenship from People's Republic of China or the Republic of China.

Cantonese

Term Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Explanation
Lou5 wah4 kiu4 老華僑 老华侨 used by overseas Cantonese-speakers to refer to a person who has lived outside of China for a long period, usually 10 or more years.
Tong4 jan4 唐人 唐人 .Tang Chinese, generally synonymous with Han Chinese.^ It is because of Han Chinese ranking difference between different generations and because the rights/obligations are different between different ranks.

^ Generally, if we want to answer the question, how do Han Chinese treat others, we can say they treat others one-sidedly.

^ Generally, we can research Han Chinese by acknowledging today’s Han Chinese, and how Han Chinese evaluate their history or others’ history.

Tou5 zyu5 土著 土著 literally means "from the soil"; refers to a Chinese person of minority ethnic groups.
Zuk1 sing1 竹昇 竹升 more commonly spelled as ".jook-sing" in English, used to describe a westernized person of Chinese descent.^ Whom do Han Chinese use it to describe?

^ Nowadays tends to be used to describe persons from the Central Belt - having implications similar to 'schemie' with regard to dress sense, intellect and big dug ownership.
  • Scottish Vernacular Dictionary 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC www.firstfoot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The vegetalistas of Iquitos and other areas of the Peruvian Amazon also use the verb icarar, which means to sing or whistle an icaro over a person, an object or a preparation to give them power."
  • Magic to Miracles by Alan Shoemaker 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC csp.org [Source type: Original source]

See also

References

External links


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 13, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Chinese language, which are similar to those in the above article.








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