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Chiococca alba
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Chiococca
Species: C. alba
Binomial name
Chiococca alba
(L.) Hitchc., 1893
Synonyms

Chiococca racemosa L.
Lonicera alba L.[1]

Chiococca alba is a species of flowering plant in the coffee family, Rubiaceae, that is native to Florida and the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas in the United States,[2] Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, and tropical South America. Common names include David's Milkberry, West Indian Milkberry, Cahinca[3] and West Indian Snowberry.[4] The specific name, alba, means "white" in Latin and refers to the color of its fruits.[5]

Description

West Indian Snowberry is an evergreen[3] woody vine or scrambling shrub that often grows on other vegetation and may reach a height of 6 m (20 ft).[4] The opposite, simple leaves are 5–11 cm (2.0–4.3 in) long and may be elliptic to ovate or broadly lanceolate in shape. Yellow, bell-shaped flowers up to 1 cm (0.39 in) in length appear throughout the year[6] on racemes or panicles of six of to eight.[7] The fruit is a white drupe 4–7 mm (0.16–0.28 in) in diameter[6] that generally contains two dark brown seeds.[4]

Uses

C. alba is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental for its dark green, evergreen foliage and white drupes. It is used in espalier and grown on trellises.[7] The roots have several medicinal uses, including as a laxative, diuretic, emetic, and antidiarrhetic.[4] The plant was sold commercially in Europe and the United States for those purposes at one time.[8]

References

  1. ^ "Chiococca alba (L.) Hitchc.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-12-06. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?10209. Retrieved 2009-12-11.  
  2. ^ "David's Milkberry, Snowberry, Milkberry, David's Root, Perlilla, Canica, Cahinca, Cainea, Caninara, Aceitillo, Madreselva, Lagrimas de San Pedro, Lagrimas de Maria, Oreja de Raton, Suelda, Consuelda, Bejuco de Berac, Bejuco de Berraco, Xcanchac-che". Texas A&M University. http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/ornamentals/nativeshrubs/chiococcaalba.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-11.  
  3. ^ a b "Chiococca alba (L.) A.S. Hitchc.". Native Plant Information Network. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CHAL8. Retrieved 2009-12-11.  
  4. ^ a b c d "Chiococca alba (L.) A.S. Hitchc. West Indian snow-berry". International Institute of Tropical Forestry. United States Forest Service. http://www.fs.fed.us/global/iitf/pdf/shrubs/Chiococca%20alba.pdf. Retrieved 2009-12-11.  
  5. ^ Hammer, Roger L. (2004). Florida Keys Wildflowers: A Field Guide to Wildflowers, Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of the Florida Keys. Globe Pequot. p. 104. ISBN 9780762725694. http://books.google.com/books?id=ai97pkgIH5MC&dq.  
  6. ^ a b Nelson, Gil (1996). The Shrubs and Woody Vines of Florida: a Reference and Field Guide. Pineapple Press Inc. pp. 297. ISBN 9781561641109. http://books.google.com/books?id=Wzmo7cHvhZkC.  
  7. ^ a b Gilman, Edward F. (October 1999). "Chiococca alba" (PDF). Cooperative Extension Service Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. University of Florida. http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/shrubs/CHIALBA.PDF. Retrieved 2009-12-12.  
  8. ^ Austin, Daniel F. (2004). Florida Ethnobotany. CRC Press. pp. 200-202. ISBN 9780849323324. http://books.google.com/books?id=eS7lX_rC3GEC&dq.  
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Gentianales
Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Cinchonoideae
Tribus: Chiococceae
Genus: Chiococca
Species: Chiococca alba

Name

Chiococca alba (L.) Hitchc.

References

  • Annual. Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 4:94. 1893
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]

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