The Full Wiki

More info on Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chionanthus virginicus
Foliage
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Chionanthus
Species: C. virginicus
Binomial name
Chionanthus virginicus
L.

Chionanthus virginicus[1] (White Fringetree) is a tree native to the eastern United States, from New Jersey south to Florida, and west to Oklahoma and Texas.[2] [3]

Contents

Growth

Flowers

It is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing to as much as 10–11 m tall, though ordinarily less. The bark is scaly, brown tinged with red. The shoots are light green, downy at first, later becoming light brown or orange. The buds are light brown, ovate, acute, 3 mm long. The leaves are opposite, simple, ovate or oblong, 7.5–20 cm long and 2.5–10 cm broad, with a petiole 2 cm long, and an entire margin; they are hairless above, and finely downy below, particularly along the veins, and turn yellow in fall. The richly-scented[4] flowers have a pure white, deeply four-lobed corolla, the lobes thread-like, 1.5–2.5 cm long and 3 mm broad; they are produced in drooping axillary panicles 10–25 cm long when the leaves are half grown, in mid- to late May in New York City, earlier in the south.

Fruits

It is usually dioecious, though occasional plants bear flowers of both sexes. The fruit is an ovoid dark blue to purple drupe 1.5–2 cm long, containing a single seed (rarely two or three), mature in late summer to mid fall.[3][5][6][7][8]

Etymology

The species name was originally cited by Linnaeus as Chionanthus virginica, treating the genus as feminine; however, under the provisions of the ICBN, the genus is correctly treated as masculine, giving the species ending as virginicus.[2][9] Other English names occasionally used in the Appalachians include Grancy Gray Beard and Old Man's Beard.[8]

Cultivation and uses

Although native of the south United States it is hardy in the north and is extensively planted in gardens, where the best specimens are grown on multiple trunks. The flowers are best seen from below; fall color is a fine, clear yellow, a good contrast with viburnums and evergreens. It prefers a moist soil and a sheltered situation and may be propagated by grafting on the ash. The wood is light brown, sapwood paler brown; heavy, hard, close-grained.[8]

Advertisements

Medicinal uses

The dried roots and bark were used by Native Americans to treat skin inflammations. It has also been used to treat liver problems and gall-bladder inflammation. There is some evidence that it reduces sugar levels in urine. The crushed bark can be used in treatment of sores and wounds.[10][5]

References

  1. ^ Literally "Virginian snowy-flower"
  2. ^ a b Germplasm Resources Information Network: Chionanthus virginicus
  3. ^ a b USDA Woody Plant Seed Manual: Chionanthus virginicus (pdf file)
  4. ^ The perfume is similar to common lilac and as strong, particularly at dawn and in the evening.
  5. ^ a b Missouriplants: Chionanthus virginicus
  6. ^ Oklahoma Biological Survey: Chionanthus virginicus
  7. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  8. ^ a b c Keeler, H. L. (1900). Our Native Trees and How to Identify Them. New York: Charles Scriber's Sons. pp. 222–224. 
  9. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Chionanthus
  10. ^ Plants for a Future: Chionanthus virginicus

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Lamiales
Familia: Oleaceae
Tribus: Oleeae
Genus: Chionanthus
Species: Chionanthus virginicus

Name

Chionanthus virginicus L.

References

  • Species Plantarum 1:8. 1753 "virginica"
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message