Chippenham (UK Parliament constituency): Wikis

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Chippenham
County constituency
Chippenham2007Constituency.svg
EnglandWiltshire.svg
Chippenham shown within Wiltshire, and Wiltshire shown within England
Created: for 2010 election
MP:
Party:
Type: House of Commons
County: Wiltshire
EP constituency: South West England
Chippenham is the largest town in rural North Wiltshire and in the new constituency

Chippenham will be a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like all such constituencies, it will elect one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

The original borough constituency was enfranchised in 1295. It sent two burgesses to Parliament until 1868 and one thereafter until the borough constituency was abolished in 1885. There was a county division constituency named after the town of Chippenham from 1885 to 1983, when the name of that constituency was changed to North Wiltshire.

Following the 2003–2005 review into parliamentary representation in Wiltshire, the Boundary Commission created a new constituency, reviving the name of Chippenham as a seat. It is formed from parts of the existing

Meanwhile, the name of the latter seat changes to South West Wiltshire. After a review process, the new seat was approved in 2005.

Contents

Boundaries

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1295 to 1983

1295-1832: The parliamentary borough of Chippenham in the unreformed Parliament consisted of only part of the parish of Chippenham in Wiltshire. (However, as Chippenham was a burgage borough, in which the right to vote was confined to the resident occupiers of specific properties, the boundary had no practical function.) The borough had a population of 1,620 in 1831, and 283 houses.

1832-1885: The Boundary Act which accompanied the Great Reform Act extended the boundaries of the parliamentary borough, to include the whole of Chippenham parish, the adjoining parishes of Hardenhuish and Langley Burrell, and the extra-parochial district of Pewisham. This more than trebled the borough's population, to 5,270 by the 1831 figures, and 883 houses.

1885-1918: During this period, Wiltshire was split into five county divisions and one borough, of which The North-Western (or Chippenham) Division of Wiltshire was one; it was often colloquially referred to simply as either Chippenham or as North-West Wiltshire. It was bordered by the Cricklade division to the east, Westbury to the south and Devizes to the south-east. (Over the county boundary were the Thornbury division of Gloucestershire to the west, the Cirencester division of Gloucestershire to the north and the Frome division of Somerset to the south-west.)

The Chippenham division included the towns of Calne and Malmesbury as well as Chippenham, both of which had also been parliamentary boroughs in their own right before 1885. By the outbreak of World War I, the population of the constituency was about 45,000.

1918-1950: In 1918 Wiltshire was split into five divisions, but there was no borough constituency in the county. The Wiltshire, Chippenham division was expanded, taking in the towns of Cricklade and Wootton Bassett, also former parliamentary boroughs, and the surrounding rural areas: in full, it was composed of the then Municipal Boroughs of Calne, Chippenham, and Malmesbury and the Rural Districts of Calne, Chippenham, Malmesbury, part of Cricklade and Wootton Bassett, and Tetbury Rural District (excluding the part in the administrative county of Gloucestershire).

1950-1983: In the redistribution, which took effect at the United Kingdom general election, 1950, Wiltshire was divided into one borough and four county constituencies. Chippenham County Constituency consisted of the same Municipal Boroughs as in 1918 and the Rural Districts of Calne and Chippenham, Cricklade and Wootton Bassett and Malmesbury.

Modern Constituency

The electoral wards which form the new Chippenham seat are taken from the former districts of North Wiltshire and West Wiltshire.

  • From North Wiltshire: Cepen Park, Chippenham Allington, Chippenham Audley, Chippenham Avon, Chippenham Hill Rise, Chippenham London Road, Chippenham Monkton Park, Chippenham Park, Chippenham Pewsham, Chippenham Redland, Chippenham Westcroft/Queens, Corsham, Lacock with Neston and Gastard, and Pickwick
  • From West Wiltshire: the wards of Atworth and Whitley, Bradford-on-Avon North, Bradford-on-Avon South, Holt, Manor Vale, Melksham North, Melksham Spa, Melksham Without, Melksham Woodrow, and Paxcroft

Members of Parliament

1295-1640

  • 1553: Henry Goldney
  • 1614: William Maynard
  • 1621-1622: Sir Edward Hungerford

1640-1868

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Sir Edward Hungerford [1] Parliamentarian  ?
November 1640 Sir Edward Bayntun Parliamentarian
1648 William Eyre
1653 Chippenham was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Sir Edward Hungerford James Stedman
May 1659 Chippenham was unrepresented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Edward Hungerford Edward Poole
April 1661 Henry Bayntun
July 1661 Sir Hugh Speke
August 1661 Sir Edward Hungerford
1673 Francis Gwyn
February 1679 Sir John Talbot
August 1679 Samuel Ashe
1681 Sir George Speke
March 1685 Henry Bayntun Sharington Talbot
August 1685 Richard Kent
1689 Nicholas Bayntun
February 1690 Richard Kent Alexander Popham
December 1690 Sir Basil Firebrace
1692 Thomas Tollemache
1694 Richard Long
1695 Walter White
1698 Edward Montagu
1701 Viscount Mordaunt
1702 James Montagu
May 1705 Walter White Sir James Long
November 1705 Viscount Mordaunt
1708 James Montagu
1710 Joseph Ashe [2]
1711 Francis Popham
1713 (Sir) John Eyles [3] John Norris
1715 Giles Earle
1722 Edward Rolt
1723 Thomas Boucher
1727 Rogers Holland Gabriel Roberts
1734 Richard Long
1737 (Sir) Edward Bayntun-Rolt [4]
1741 Sir Edmond Thomas
1754 (Sir) Samuel Fludyer [5]
1768 Sir Thomas Fludyer
1769 Henry Dawkins
1774 Samuel Marsh
1780 Henry Dawkins Giles Hudson
1783 George Fludyer
1784 James Dawkins
1802 Charles Brooke [6]
1803 John Maitland
1806 Charles Brooke
1807 James Dawkins
1812 Charles Brooke Robert Peel
1817 John Maitland
1818 William Miles Tory Marquess of Blandford
1820 William Madocks John Rock Grossett
1826 Ebenezer Fuller Maitland Frederick Gye
1830 Joseph Neeld Tory Philip Pusey
1831 Henry George Boldero Tory
1832 Conservative William Henry Fox Talbot Whig
1835 Henry George Boldero Conservative
1856 Robert Parry Nisbet Conservative
1859 Richard Penruddocke Long Conservative William John Lysley Liberal
1865 Sir John Neeld Conservative Gabriel Goldney Conservative
1868 Representation reduced to one member

1868-1983

Election Member Party
1868 Gabriel Goldney, created Baron Goldney of Bradenstoke Abbey on 11 May, 1880 Conservative
1885 borough constituency abolished - county division created
1885 Banister Fletcher Liberal
1886 Lord Henry Bruce, later The 5th Marquess of Ailesbury Conservative
1892 Sir John Poynder Dickson-Poynder, Bt, later The 1st Baron Islington Conservative
1904 Liberal
1910 George Terrell Conservative
1918 Coalition Conservative
1922 Alfred James Bonwick Liberal
1924 Victor Cazalet Conservative
1943 by-election Sir David Eccles Conservative
1962 by-election Daniel Awdry Conservative
1979 Richard Needham [7] Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see North Wiltshire

Notes

Election results

Elections in the 1940s

Chippenham by-election, 24th August 1943
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Eccles 8,310 50.6 −2.7
Independent Liberal Donald Johnson 8,115 49.4 N/A
Majority 195 1.2 −17.6
Turnout 16,425 41.4 −36.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

Chippenham by-election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Daniel Awdry 13,439 36.80 −15.3
Liberal Christopher Layton 11,851 32.50 +15.6
Labour R. W. Portus 10,633 29.10 −1.9
Independent K. Jerrome 260 0.71
Independent J. Naylor 237 0.65
Independent M. Smith 88 0.24
Majority 1,588 4.3 −16.8
Turnout 36,508
Conservative hold Swing −15.5
General Election 1966: Chippenham[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Daniel Awdry 18,275 39.63 +2.83
Liberal Christopher Layton 17,581 38.13 +5.63
Labour Giles Radice 10,257 22.24 -6.86
Majority 694 1.5 -1.8
Turnout 46,115 84.28

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1970: Chippenham[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Daniel Awdry 24,371 49.73
Liberal ME Wingfield 13,833 28.22
Labour J Eddie 10,807 22.05
Majority 10,538 21.5
Turnout 49,010 77.42

Future elections

Confirmed candidates for General Election 2010[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Wilfred Emmanuel-Jones
English Democrats John Maguire
Liberal Democrat Duncan Hames
UKIP Julia Reid[11]
BNP Michael Simpkins[12]
Labour Greg Lovell
Green Samantha Fletcher

See also

References

  1. ^ Died October 1648
  2. ^ On petition, Ashe was found not to have been duly elected and his opponent, Popham, was declared elected in his place
  3. ^ Succeeded to baronetcy, May 1716
  4. ^ Created a baronet, July 1762
  5. ^ Knighted, September 1755; created a baronet, November 1759
  6. ^ Brooke was initially declared elected in 1802, but on petition he was found not to have been duly elected and his opponent, Maitland, was declared elected in his place
  7. ^ Needham is an Irish peer as The 6th Earl of Kilmorey, but does not use the title.
  8. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge66/i05.htm
  9. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge70/i05.htm
  10. ^ Chippenham, UKPollingReport
  11. ^ UKIP Regional Members Notice, undated. Retrieved on March 23, 2008.
  12. ^ BNP fields candidate This Is Bath

Bibliography

  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1983)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume IV 1945-1979, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1981)
  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Frederic A Youngs, jr, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol I (London: Royal Historical Society, 1979)
  • Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page

External links


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