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Chiques Creek
Kauffman's Distillery Covered Bridge Side View 3000px.jpg
Kauffman's Distillery Covered Bridge spans Chiques Creek in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Origin Mount Gretna Heights, Pennsylvania
Mouth Susquehanna River at Marietta, Pennsylvania
Basin countries Lebanon and Lancaster Counties, Pennsylvania, United States
Length 29.9 miles (48.1 km)
Source elevation 1100 feet (335 m)
Mouth elevation 230 feet (70.1 m)
Basin area 126 square miles (326 km²)

Chiques Creek (known as Chickies Creek until 2002) is a 29.9 mile (48.1 km) long tributary of the Susquehanna River located in Lebanon and Lancaster Counties in Pennsylvania in the United States. The source is at an elevation of 1100 feet (335 m) near Mount Gretna Heights in Lebanon County. The mouth is the confluence with the Susquehanna River at an elevation of 230 feet (70.1 m) at Marietta in Lancaster County.[1]

Contents

Name

The name of the creek comes from the Lenape "Chiquesalunga", meaning "place of crayfish".[2]

The United States Geological Survey Board on Geographic Names has made three official decisions on the name of the creek, deciding it was Chickies Creek in 1896 and 1916 before changing it to Chiques Creek in 2002. The USGS Geographic Names Information System recognizes the following thirteen variant names for the creek: Big Chickies Creek, Big Chiques Creek, Big Chiquesalunga Creek, Chickesalapga Creek, Chickeswalungo Creek, Chickies Creek, Chickisalungo Creek, Chicques Creek, Chikiswalunga Creek, Chikiswalungo Creek, Chiquasatunga Creek, Chiquesatonga Creek, and Chiquesatunga Creek.[3]

Course and watershed

Chiques Creek flows generally south its entire course. The Chickies Creek watershed has a total area of 126 square miles (326 km²) and is part of the larger Chesapeake Bay drainage basin. Chiques Creek's major tributary is Little Chiques Creek, entering roughly one mile upstream its mouth. (hence the variant names with Big in them for the main creek). [4]

Covered bridges

Five covered bridges cross the creek in Lancaster County:

Tributaries

See also

References

  1. ^ Shaw, Lewis C.. Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams Part II (Water Resources Bulletin No. 16). Prepared in Cooperation with the United States Department of the Interior Geological Survey (1st Edition ed.). Harrisburg, PA: Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Resources (no ISBN).  
  2. ^ "Indian Names Data Chart". Susquehanna River Basin Commission. http://www.srbc.net/docs/IndianNamesDataChart.PDF. Retrieved 2006-09-04.  
  3. ^ Geographic Names Information System, United States Geological Survey (August 30, 1990). "Geographic Names Information System Feature Detail Report: Chiques Creek". http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=135:3:3703138462268723259::NO::P3_FID:1171772. Retrieved 2006-09-05.  
  4. ^ "Chesapeake Bay Program: Watershed Profiles: The Chickies Creek - At Marietta Watershed". Chesapeake Bay Program Office, 10 Severn Avenue, Suite 109, Annapolis, MD 21403. http://www.chesapeakebay.net/wspv31/(3fwefm55tzka3q45qloiyxbu)/WspAbout.aspx?basno=254&topic=5. Retrieved 2006-09-03.  

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