Chocolate chip cookie: Wikis

  
  

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Chocolate Chip Cookie
Chocolate chip cookies.jpg
A plate of chocolate chip cookies.
Origin
Place of origin United States
Region or state Whitman, Massachusetts
Creator(s) Toll House Inn - multiple versions
Dish details
Course served Dessert
Main ingredient(s) flour
sugar
butter/shortening
chocolate chips
eggs
vanilla
baking soda
salt
Variations Multiple

A chocolate chip cookie is a drop cookie that originated in the United States and features chocolate chips as its distinguishing ingredient. The traditional recipe combines a dough composed of butter and both brown and white sugar with semi-sweet chocolate chips. Variations include recipes with other types of chocolate or additional ingredients, such as nuts or oatmeal.

Contents

History

The chocolate chip cookie was accidentally developed by Ruth Wakefield in 1933. She owned the Toll House Inn, in Whitman, Massachusetts, a very popular restaurant that featured home cooking in the 1930s. The restaurant's popularity was not just due to its home-cooked style meals; her policy was to give diners a whole extra helping of their entrées to take home with them and a serving of her homemade cookies for dessert. Her cookbook, Toll House Tried and True Recipes, was published in 1936 by M. Barrows & Company, New York. It included the recipe "Toll House Chocolate Crunch Cookie", which rapidly became a favourite to be baked in American homes.[1]

Nestlé marketing

Chocolate chip cookie

Wakefield is said to have been making chocolate cookies, and, on running out of regular baker's chocolate, substituted broken pieces of semi-sweet chocolate from Nestlé for it, thinking that it would melt and mix into the batter. It clearly did not, and the chocolate chip cookie was born. Wakefield sold the recipe to Nestlé in exchange for a lifetime supply of chocolate chips. Every bag of Nestlé chocolate chips sold in North America has a variation (butter vs. margarine is now a stated option) of her original recipe printed on the back.

During WWII, GIs from Massachusetts who were stationed overseas shared the cookies they received in care packages from back home with soldiers from other parts of the U.S. Soon, hundreds of GIs were writing home asking their families to send them some Toll House Cookies, and Wakefield was soon inundated with letters from around the country asking for her recipe. Thus began the nation-wide craze for the chocolate chip cookie.[2][3]

Toll House employees' account

A different history of the cookie derives from George Boucher, who was at one time head chef at the Toll House Inn, and his daughter, Carol Cavanagh, who also worked there. Contradicting Nestlé's claim that Wakefield put chunks of chocolate into cookie dough hoping they would melt, the daughter stated that the owner, already an accomplished chef and author of a cookbook, knew enough about the properties of chocolate to realize it would not melt and mix into the batter while baking. Boucher said that the vibrations from a large Hobart electric mixer dislodged bars of Nestlé's chocolate stored on the shelf above the mixer so they fell into the sugar cookie dough it was mixing, then broke them up and mixed the pieces into it. He claimed to have overcome Wakefield's impulse to discard the dough as too badly ruined to waste effort baking them, leading to the discovery of the popular combination.

Present day

Chocolate chip cookies fresh from the oven

Although the Nestlé's Toll House recipe is the most widely known, every brand of chocolate chips ("semi-sweet chocolate morsels," in Nestlé parlance) sold in the U.S. and Canada contains a variant of the chocolate chip cookie on its packaging, and almost all baking-oriented cookbooks will contain at least one type of recipe.

Practically all commercial bakeries offer their own version of the cookie in packaged baked or ready-to-bake forms. There are at least three national (U.S./North America) chains that sell freshly baked chocolate chip cookies in shopping malls and standalone retail locations. Several businesses—including Doubletree hotels, Citibank, Aloha, and Midwest Airlines—offer freshly baked cookies to their patrons to differentiate themselves from their competition.

There is an urban legend about Neiman Marcus' chocolate chip cookie recipe that has gathered a great deal of popularity over the years.[4]

To honor the cookie's creation in the state, on July 9, 1997, Massachusetts designated the chocolate chip cookie as the Official State Cookie, after it was proposed by a third-grade class from Somerset, Massachusetts.

Composition and variants

Chocolate chip bar cookies

Chocolate chip cookies are commonly made with white sugar; brown sugar; flour; a small portion of salt; eggs; a leavening agent such as baking powder; a fat, typically butter or shortening; vanilla extract; and semi-sweet chocolate pieces. Some recipes also include milk or nuts (such as chopped walnuts) in the dough.

Depending on the ratio of ingredients, mixing and cooking times, some recipes are optimized to produce a softer, chewy style cookie while others will produce a crunchy/crispy style.[5] Regardless of ingredients, the procedure for making the cookie is fairly consistent in all recipes: First, the sugars and fat are creamed, usually with a wooden spoon or an electric mixer. The eggs and vanilla extract are added next followed by the flour and the leavener. Depending on the additional flavoring, its addition to the mix will be determined by the type used: peanut butter will be added with the wet ingredients while cocoa powder would be added with the dry ingredients. The titular ingredient, chocolate chips, as well as nuts are typically mixed in towards the end of the process to minimize breakage, just before the cookies are scooped and positioned on a cookie sheet. Most cookie dough is baked, although some eat the dough as is, or use it as an addition to vanilla ice cream to make chocolate chip cookie dough ice cream.

Common variants

  • The M&M cookie, or party cookie, replaces the chocolate chips with M&M's candies (an American candy similar to the British Smarties). This recipe uses shortening as the fat.[6]
  • The chocolate chocolate chip cookie uses a dough that is chocolate flavored by the addition of cocoa or melted chocolate.[7] Variations on this cookie include replacing chocolate chips with white chocolate or peanut butter chips.[8][9]
  • The macadamia chip cookie has macadamia nuts and white chocolate chips.[10] It is a signature cookie of Mrs. Fields bakeries.
  • The chocolate chip peanut butter cookie replaces the vanilla flavored dough with a peanut butter flavored one.
  • Other variations include different sizes and shapes of chocolate chips, as well as dark or milk chocolate chips. These changes lead to differences in both flavor and texture. There are also vegan chocolate chip cookies.

Popular brands

References

  1. ^ "Home Made Toll House Cookies sent to WW2 soldiers." - LR 0015-0029
  2. ^ Jones, Charlotte Foltz (1991). Mistakes That Worked. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-26246-9. 
  3. ^ ""History of Nestlé Toll House"". http://www.verybestbaking.com/products/tollhouse/history.aspx. 
  4. ^ "Neiman Marcus cookie legend". http://www.snopes.com/business/consumer/cookie.asp. 
  5. ^ Jonathan Levitt, "They're Not As Easy To Make As To Eat," Boston Globe, 7 June 2006, C2. Available through ProQuest eLibrary.
  6. ^ The M&M Party Cookie recipe on m-m.com
  7. ^ Chocolate Chocolate Chip cookie recipe on FoodTV.com
  8. ^ White Chip Chocolate Cookie recipe on AllFood.com
  9. ^ Chocolate Peanut Butter Chip Cookie recipe on AllFood.com
  10. ^ Macadamia Nut Chocolate Chip Cookies recipe on AllFoods.com

External links


Simple English

Chocolate Chip Cookie
File:Cookie monsters - vegan chocolate chip
Chocolate chip cookies on a wire rack.
Origin
Place of origin United States
Region or state Whitman, Massachusetts
Creator(s) Toll House Inn - multiple versions
Dish details
Course served Dessert
Main ingredient(s) flour
sugar
butter/shortening
chocolate chips
eggs
vanilla
baking soda
salt
Variations Multiple

A chocolate chip cookie is a cookie that came from the United States. It has chocolate chips inside them, which are the most important ingredient. The original recipe has a dough made of butter and both brown and white sugar. Other kinds have additional ingredients, such as nuts and oatmeal. Its type can also change according to the type of chocolate in it.

Chocolate chip cookies can be bought premade. Several brands sell them. They are one of the more common types of cookies.

History

The chocolate chip cookie was accidentally made by Ruth Graves Wakefield in 1933.[1] She owned the Toll House Inn, in Whitman, Massachusetts. The Toll House Inn was a very famous restaurant that served and made food in a home cooking style. The restaurant's popularity in the 1930s was not just because of its style, but it was also because Ruth gave diners a whole extra helping and some home made cookies to take home with them.[2] Her cookbook, Toll House Tried and True Recipes, was published in 1936 by M. Barrows & Company, New York. It included the recipe "Toll House Chocolate Crunch Cookie", which rapidly became a favorite to be baked in American homes. Toll House still sells chocolate chips for the cookies today.

The history of chocolate chip cookies is said to have started from Wakefield's accident. According to the saying, Wakefield was making chocolate cookies and because there was no more regular chocolate, she used broken pieces of semi-sweet chocolate instead, thinking it would melt and mix into the batter. Instead, it did not, and that was how chocolate chip cookies were made.

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References








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