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Chorioretinitis
Classification and external resources

Photograph taken of the back of the eye (fundoscopy) of an AIDS patient with chorioretinitis.
ICD-10 H30.9
ICD-9 363.20
DiseasesDB 2613
MeSH D002825
Chorioretinitis ophthalmoscopy.ogv
Ophthalmoscopic findings during vitrectomy. The video shows the whitish cloudy cords and the white retinal spots found during vitrectomy. In a case of placoid chorioretinitis due to Treponema pallidum.

Chorioretinitis is an inflammation of the choroid (thin pigmented vascular coat of the eye) and retina of the eye. It is also known as choroid retinitis.

Contents

Symptoms

The symptoms are the presence of floating black spots and blurry vision.

Causes

Chorioretinitis is often caused by toxoplasmosis and cytomegalovirus infections and mostly affects young children or immunocompromised subjects (such as people with AIDS or Herpes Simplex Virus).[1] Congenital toxoplasmosis via transplacental transmission can also lead to sequelae such as chorioretinitis along with hydrocephalus and cerebral calcifications. Other possible causes of chorioretinitis are syphillis and onchocerciasis.

Treatment

It is treated with a combination of corticosteroids and antibiotics. If there is an underlying cause such as AIDS, specific therapy can be started as well.

References

  1. ^ Kasper et al., eds. p.959, 1038.

Kasper et al., ed (2005). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine (16th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-140235-7.  

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