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The Chota Nagpur Plateau (also Chhota Nagpur) is a plateau in eastern India, which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Orissa, West Bengal, Bihar and Chhattisgarh. The Indo-Gangetic plain lies to the north and east of the plateau, and the basin of the Mahanadi River lies to the south. Chota Nagpur is made up of three smaller plateaus, the Ranchi, with an average elevation of 700 meters, Hazaribagh, and Kodarma plateaus. The total area of the Chota Nagpur Plateau is approximately 65,000 km².

The Chota Nagpur Plateau receives an average annual rainfall of around 1400 mm, almost all of it in the monsoon months between June and August.[1]The plateau is the source of the Koel, Damodar, Brahmani, Kharkai, and Subarnarekha rivers, which have many beautiful waterfalls such as Lodh Falls.

The plateau is made up of ancient Precambrian rocks. Deposits of coal support the industries of the Damodar Valley.

Much of the plateau is forested, with Sal trees predominant, and is covered by the Chota Nagpur dry deciduous forest ecoregion. The plateau is home to the Palamau Tiger Reserve, one of the few remaining refuges left in India for tigers and Asian Elephants.

Great Nagpuri Writers

Authors from this region include: Giridhari Ram Gonjhu, Kasinath Singh, Biseswar PD Keshri, Prafull Kr Rai, Ranvijai Nath Sahdeo, Sudhir Rai, Sakuntala Mishra and Manmath Nath Sharma.

References

  1. ^ "Damodar Valley". About the Region – Damodar Basin. Ministry of Environments and Forests. http://envfor.nic.in/divisions/cltech/Damodar/1.1.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-25.  

Sources

  • Gupta, Satya Prakash. Tribes of Chotanagpur Plateau: An Ethno-Nutritional & Pharmacological Cross-Section. Land and people of tribal Bihar series, no. 3. [Patna]: Govt. of Bihar, Welfare Dept, 1974.
  • Mukhopadhyay, Subhash Chandra. Geomorphology of the Subarnarekha Basin: The Chota Nagpur Plateau, Eastern India. [Burdwan]: University of Burdwan, 1980.
  • Sinha, Birendra K. Light at the End of the Tunnel: A Journey Towards Fulfilment in the Chotanagpur Plateau : a Study in Dynamics of Social-Economic-Cultural-Administrative-Political Growth. [S.l: s.n, 1991.
  • Sinha, V. N. P. Chota Nagpur Plateau: A Study in Settlement Geography. New Delhi: K.B. Publications, 1976.

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