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Christian Democrats
Finnish name Kristillisdemokraatit
Swedish name Kristdemokraterna
Leader Päivi Räsänen
President Päivi Räsänen
Founded 1958
Headquarters Karjalankatu 2 C 7 krs.
FIN - 00520 HELSINKI
Ideology Christian democracy[1]
Political position Centre
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International
European affiliation European People's Party (observer)
European Parliament Group European People's Party
Official colours Blue, Orange
Parliament:
European Parliament:
Website
www.kristillisdemokraatit.fi
Politics of Finland
Political parties
Elections

The Christian Democrats (Finnish: Kristillisdemokraatit, KD; Swedish: Kristdemokraterna) is a political party in Finland. The party was founded in 1958, chiefly from the Christian faction of the National Coalition Party. The name was initially Finnish Christian League (in Finnish Suomen Kristillinen Liitto, SKL; in Swedish Finlands Kristliga Förbund) but it was changed in 2001.

The Christian Democrats have a tendency of forming alliances with other parties during elections and their success in elections is mainly determined by their success in these alliances. Their own voter base is stable and loyal, totaling around 5% of the electorate.

Contents

Ideology

The party follows the tenets of Christian Democracy. It emphasizes "respect of human dignity, the importance of family and close communities, defending the weak, encouraging resourcefulness and individual and collective responsibility, not just for themselves but also for their neighbours and the rest of creation". Membership is open to everyone who agrees with these values and aims.[1]

The party cherishes the environment and is committed to protection of the environment.[2]

The Christian Democrats has allied itself with the Centre Party, and in the 2003 elections with National Coalition Party, and in the 2009 European Parliament elections with True Finns.

The Party as lost many of its members to bigger parties, mainly to the National Coalition and Center Party. Its MP Lyly Rajala and MEP Eija-Riitta Korhola defected to the National Coalition in 2003, and the former party secretary Annika Kokko moved National Coalition in 2007.

The party has a high number of members of immigrant backgrounds.

English-speaking members of the party founded their own chapter in Helsinki in 2004. Its monthly meetings attract immigrants to participate in societal matters and the issues that are particularly important to them. In 2005, the Russian speaking chapter was founded in Helsinki.[3]

The party is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP).

KD-lehti (English: CD News) is the party's weekly newspaper.

Politicians

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List of party chairs

  • Olavi Päivänsalo (1958-1964)
  • Ahti Tele (1964-1967)
  • Eino Sares (1967-1970)
  • Olavi Majlander (1970-1973)
  • Raino Westerholm (1973-1982)
  • Esko Almgren (1982-1989)
  • Toimi Kankaanniemi (1989-1995)
  • Bjarne Kallis (1995-2004)
  • Päivi Räsänen (2004-)

Current members of parliament

  • Päivi Räsänen (Häme constituency)
  • Kari Kärkkäinen (Pohjois-Savo constituency)
  • Sari Palm (Kymi constituency)
  • Bjarne Kallis (Vaasa constituency)
  • Toimi Kankaanniemi (Keski-Suomi constituency)
  • Leena Rauhala (Pirkanmaa constituency)
  • Tarja Tallqvist (Uusimaa constituency)

European Parliament

Sari Essayah represents the party in the European Parliament.

Election results

Parliament elections

Year MPs Votes Share of votes
1958 0 3,358 0.17%
1966 0 10,646 0.45%
1970 1 28,228 1.40%
1972 4 65,228 2.53%
1975 9 90,599 3.29%
1979 9 138,244 4.77%
1983 3 90,410 3.03%
1987 5 74,209 2.58%
1991 8 83,151 3.05%
1995 7 82,311 2.96%
1999 10 111,835 4.17%
2003 7 148,987 5.34%
2007 7 134,643 4.9%

Local council elections

Year Councillors Votes Share of votes
1972 134 49,877 2.0%
1976 322 85,792 3.2%
1980 333 100,800 3.7%
1984 257 80,455 3.0%
1988 273 71,614 2.72%
1992 353 84,481 3.2%
1996 353 75,494 3.2%
2000 443 95,009 4.3%
2004 392 94,666 4.0%

European parliamentary elections

Year MEPs Votes Share of votes
1996 0 63,134 2.8%
1999 1 29,637 2.4%
2004 0 70,845 4.3%
2009 1 69 467 4.2%

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Christian Democracy. Christian Democrats official website
  2. ^ Environment and Energy. Christian Democrats
  3. ^ Immigrants. Christian Democrats

External links


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