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Christian Pineau: Wikis

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Christian Pineau meeting with David Ben Gurion in Israel, January 1959

Christian Pineau (14 October 1904 - 5 April 1995) was a noted French Resistance fighter.

He was born in Chaumont-en-Bassigny, Haute-Marne, France and died in Paris.

A World War II French Resistance leader and a close ally of Charles de Gaulle, he was arrested by the Gestapo in 1943 and survived Buchenwald concentration camp.

He represented the Sarthe Department as a Socialist in the National Assembly from 1946 to 1958. After the war, he served as a Minister in French governments between 1945-1958. He was minister of Supply in de Gaulle's government (1945) and Minister of Public works (1947-1950) in different governments. For a short time, he was Finance Minister in 1948. Designated as Prime minister by president Coty after Mendes France's fall in February 1955, the National Assembly refused to invest his cabinet by 312 votes against 268. So he was for two days between 17 February and 19, 1955 the Prime Minister of France.

As Foreign Minister (February 1956 - May 1958), he was responsible for handling the Suez canal crisis and he signed the Treaty of Rome on behalf of France. With Guy Mollet, he visited Moscow.

He was always an advocate of European integration.

Protocols of Sèvres

In October 1956 he signed the Protocols of Sèvres with Britain and Israel on behalf of France. He wrote several books:

  • La simple v√©rit√©, regard sur la p√©riode 1940-1945, Editions Julliard
  • Khrouchtchev, Perrin, 1964
  • Suez, Robert Laffont, 1976
  • Mon cher d√©put√©, Julliard, 1959
  • Le grand pari, l'aventure du Trait√© de Rome (with Christiane Rimbaud)

and also children's books: Plume et le saumon, L'ourse aux pattons verts, Histoire de la forêt de Bercé, La planète aux enfants perdus.

He is buried in Le Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, France.

Political offices
Preceded by
Paul Ramadier
Minister of Supply
1945
Succeeded by
François Tanguy-Prigent
Preceded by
Jules Moch
Minister of Public Works and Transport
1947‚Äď1948
Succeeded by
Henri Queuille
Preceded by
Paul Reynaud
Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs
1948
Succeeded by
Henri Queuille
Preceded by
Henri Queuille
Minister of Public Works, Transport, and Tourism
1948‚Äď1950
Succeeded by
Jacques Chastellain
Preceded by
Antoine Pinay
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1956‚Äď1958
Succeeded by
René Pleven
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