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Christopher Columbus Augur
July 10, 1821(1821-07-10) – January 16, 1898 (aged 76)
Christopher C. Augur - Brady-Handy.jpg
Christopher C. Augur
Place of birth Kendall, New York
Place of death Georgetown, Washington, D.C.
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch Union Army
Rank Major General
Battles/wars American Civil War

Christopher Columbus Augur (July 10, 1821 – January 16, 1898) was an American military officer, most noted for his role in the American Civil War. Although less well known than other Union commanders, he was nonetheless considered an able battlefield commander.


Early life

Augur was born in Kendall, New York. He moved with his family to Michigan and entered West Point in 1839. Following his graduation in 1843, Augur served as aide-de-camp to Generals Hopping and Cushing during the Mexican-American War, and during the 1850s took an active part in the campaigns of the western frontier against the Yakima and Rogue River tribes of Washington and, in 1856, against the Oregon Indians. In Oregon, he was responsible for building Fort Hoskins in Kings Valley.[1]

Civil War

Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, Augur served as commandant of cadets at West Point. Appointed brigadier general of volunteers in 1861, he commanded a brigade under Irvin McDowell during the early part of the war. He was severely wounded at Cedar Mountain in August 1862 while leading a division under Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Banks. He was promoted to major general in the same month and subsequently commanded a division in the Army of the Gulf during the siege of Port Hudson. He commanded the XXII Corps and the Department of Washington (1863–66), ending the war with an exemplary record.

Postbellum career

Following the war, Augur also would command the departments of the Platte (1867–71), of Texas (1871–75), and of the Gulf (1875–78). He also played a major role in negotiations of the Treaties of Medicine Lodge in 1867 and Fort Laramie in 1868. A fort in the Wyoming Territory was briefly named Fort Augur in his honor. In 1886, he retired from the military service. He died in Georgetown, Washington, D.C., and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

See also


  1. ^ Corning, Howard M. (1989) Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing. p. 15.
This article incorporates text from an edition of the New International Encyclopedia that is in the public domain.
  • Augur, E.P. The Augur Family. Middletown, Connecticut, 1904.
  • Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Keenan, Jerry. Encyclopedia of American Indian Wars, ABC-CLIO, Inc.: California, 1997. ISBN 0-87436-796-4

External links



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