The Full Wiki

More info on Chromatin Structure Remodeling (RSC) Complex

Chromatin Structure Remodeling (RSC) Complex: Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

AFM images showing single RSC complexes bound to dsDNA. The center and right images show RSC-generated DNA loops (bar = 50 nm).

RSC is a 17-subunit complex with the capacity to remodel the structure of chromatin. It exhibits a DNA-dependent ATPase activity stimulated by both free and nucleosomal DNA and a capacity to perturb nucleosome structures. It is at least 10-fold more abundant than the SWI/SNF complex and is essential for mitotic growth.[1]

Contents

Generation of loops in dsDNA

A single molecule study using magnetic tweezers has observed that RSC generates DNA loops in vitro while simultaneously generating negative supercoils in the template.[2] The figure above shows three AFM images from that study. On the left, a single RSC complex is bound to the end of a dsDNA template. The center image shows a DNA loop generated by RSC. The image on the right shows a loop generated by RSC which contains supercoils.

The current model for RSC translocation on dsDNA, proposed by Cairns et al.

The current model of translocation on dsDNA is shown in the figure to the right, whereby RSC binds the DNA at two locations. Hydrolysis of ATP allows the complex to translocate the DNA into a loop. RSC can release the loop either by translocating back to the original state at a comparable velocity, or by losing one of its two contacts.


RSC components

The following is list of RSC components that have been identified in yeast and the corresponding human orthologs:

yeast human function
RSC1
RSC2
RSC3
RSC4
RSC6 SMARCD1, SMARCD2, SMARCD3
RSC7
RSC8 SMARCC1, SMARCC2
RSC9
RSC11
RSC12
RSC14
RSC30
RSC58

See also

References

  1. ^ Cairns BR, Lorch Y, Li Y, Zhang M, Lacomis L, Erdjument-Bromage H, Tempst P, Du J, Laurent B, Kornberg RD (1996). "RSC, an essential, abundant chromatin-remodeling complex". Cell 87 (7): 1249–60. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81820-6. PMID 8980231.  
  2. ^ Lia G, Praly E, Ferreira H, Stockdale C, Tse-Dinh YC, Dunlap D, Croquette V, Bensimon D, Owen-Hughes T (2006). "Direct observation of DNA distortion by the RSC complex". Mol. Cell 21 (3): 417–25. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2005.12.013. PMID 16455496.  

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message