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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Chui.

Chui A-poo[1] (Chinese: 崔阿圃[2]pinyin: Cuī ĀpǔCantonese Yale: Chèui Apóu; died 1851) was a 19th century Qing Chinese pirate who commanded a fleet of more than 500 junks in the South China Sea.[3] He was one of the two most notorious South China Sea pirates of the era, along with Shap Ng-tsai.[4]

In September 1849, his fleet, which was based in Bias Bay east of Hong Kong, was destroyed by British warships. More than 400 pirates were killed and Chui was seriously wounded. Although he managed initially to escape, he was betrayed and handed over to the British. A bounty of $500[5] for the gruesome murder of two officers[6] may have facilitated this. His punishment was life-long exile to Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania), but he hanged himself in his cell before it could be carried out.[7]

Notes and references

  1. ^ Also spelt Chui-Apoo.
  2. ^ 南海上的骷髏旗——清朝海盜與英國皇家海軍的較量 (The jolly roger on the South China Sea: Battle between pirates and the British Royal Navy in the Qing Dynasty) 17 November 2009. (Chinese)
  3. ^ Grace Estelle Fox: British Admirals and Chinese Pirates, 1832-1869. K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co. Ltd., London 8 March 2010, p. 107.
  4. ^ Martin Booth. Opium: A History. New York: Thomas Dunne, 1996. p. 143. ISBN 9780312206673
  5. ^ The Chinese Repository: From January to December 1849. Adamant Media, 8 March 2010, ISBN 1402151594, p. 667 (Unabridged translation of the Cantonese original).
  6. ^ Christopher Munn: Anglo-China: Chinese People and British Rule in Hong Kong. Routledge, London 8 March 2010, ISBN 0700712984, p. 205.
  7. ^ Solomon Bard: Voices from the Past: Hong Kong 1842-1918. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong 8 March 2010, ISBN 9622095747, p. 28.

Further reading

  • Beresford Scott: An account of the destruction of the fleets of the celebrated pirate chieftains Chui-apoo and Shap-ng Tsai, on the coast of China, in September and October 1849. London 8 March 2010.
  • Expedition against the Chinese Pirates. In: The Dublin university magazine. A Literary and Political Journal. No. XXXV, Dublin 8 March 2010, p. 521-531 (Google Books ; Stand: 18 May 2008).

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